Child disability benefit
The child disability benefit is a tax-free monthly payment made to families who care for a child under age 18 with a severe and prolonged impairment in physical or mental functions.
To get the child disability benefit:
- You must be eligible for the Canada child benefit
- Your child must be eligible for the disability tax credit
If you are already getting the Canada child benefit for your child who is eligible for the disability tax credit, you do not need to apply for the child disability benefit. You will get it automatically.
A child is eligible for the disability tax credit when a medical practitioner certifies, on Form T2201, Disability Tax Credit Certificate, that the child has a severe and prolonged impairment in physical or mental functions, and the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) approves the form. You can send the form to the CRA at any time during the year.
For general questions related to the child disability benefit, call 1-800-387-1193 or for information related to the disability tax credit, call 1-800-959-8281.
Your child disability benefit payments are calculated using the following information:
Every July, your child disability payments are recalculated based on your AFNI from the previous year.
For example, July 2020 to June 2021 payments are based on your income from your 2019 tax return; and July 2019 to June 2020 payments are based on your income from your 2018 tax return.
For the period of July 2020 to June 2021, you could get up to $2,886 ($240.50 per month) for each child who is eligible for the disability tax credit.
The benefit starts being reduced when the adjusted family net income is greater than $68,708. The reduction is calculated as follows:
- For families with one child eligible for the benefit, the reduction is 3.2% of the amount of adjusted family net income greater than $68,708.
- For families with two or more children eligible for the benefit, the reduction is 5.7% of the amount of adjusted family net income greater than $68,708.
You can use the child and family benefits calculator to estimate how much you will get.
If this is the first time you’re getting the child disability benefit, the CRA will automatically calculate your payments for the current and two previous benefit years. For years before that, send a written request to your tax centre.
You must remain eligible for the Canada child benefit and your child must also remain eligible for the disability tax credit.
To avoid delays or interruption in your benefit payments, you need to do your taxes every year, even if you had no income at all or your income is tax exempt. If you have a spouse or common-law partner, they also need to do their taxes every year. The CRA uses the information from your income tax and benefit return to calculate your benefit and credit payments.
To make sure you are getting the right amount of benefits and credits, you must also keep your personal information updated with the CRA.
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