Federal Income Tax and Benefit Guide - 2018 - Federal tax and credits (Schedule 1)
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- Step B of Schedule 1 – Federal tax on taxable income
- Step C of Schedule 1 – Net federal tax
- Recapture of investment tax credit
- Federal logging tax credit
- Lines 413 and 414 – Labour-sponsored funds tax credit
- Line 418 – Special taxes
- Line 424 – Federal tax on split income
- Line 425 – Federal dividend tax credit
- Line 427 – Minimum tax carryover
Complete the appropriate column depending on the amount of your taxable income using the instructions provided in Step B of your Schedule 1.
Claim the tax credits and calculate other tax amounts that apply to you using your information slips along with the instructions provided in Step C of your Schedule 1, and on any applicable worksheet and form. In this section of the guide, you will find information you may need to supplement the instructions on the Schedule 1.
This section does not provide supplementary information for lines 405, 409, 410, 412, and 415, as the instructions on the Schedule 1 provide the information you need.
There are no lines on the return for the recapture of the investment tax credit or for the federal logging tax credit. If these amounts apply, use them to calculate your net federal tax on Schedule 1. If the result of these adjustments is negative and you do not have to pay minimum tax (see Line 427), enter “0” on line 417 of your Schedule 1.
If you have to repay all or part of an investment tax credit you received previously for scientific research and experimental development or for child care spaces, calculate on Form T2038(IND), Investment Tax Credit (Individuals), the amount you have to repay. Write “recapture of investment tax credit” and the amount below line 406 on your Schedule 1. Add it to the amount on line 406 of your Schedule 1.
If you paid logging tax to a province for logging operations you performed in the province, you may be able to claim a logging tax credit. To calculate your credit, use the lesser of the following two amounts for each province in which you had a logging operation:
- 66.6667% of the logging tax paid for the year to the province
- 6.6667% of your net logging income for the year in the province
Your allowable credit is the total of the credits for the year for all provinces, up to 6.6667% of your taxable income (line 260 of your return), not including any amounts on lines 208, 214, 215, 219, and 220 of your return. Write “federal logging tax credit” and enter the allowable amount below line 406 on your Schedule 1. Subtract it from the total of the amount on line 406 of your Schedule 1 and the amount of any applicable recapture of investment tax credits.
You may be able to claim this credit if you became the first registered holder to acquire or irrevocably subscribe to and pay for an approved share of the capital stock of a provincially registered labour-sponsored venture capital corporation (LSVCC) from January 1, 2018, to March 1, 2019.
If you became the first registered holder of an approved share from January 1, 2018, to March 1, 2018, and did not claim the whole credit for it on your 2017 return, you can claim the unused part on your 2018 return.
If you became the first registered holder of an approved share from January 1, 2019, to March 1, 2019, you can claim any part of the credit for that share on your return for 2018 and the unused part on your return for 2019.
Enter the net cost of your acquisition of provincially registered shares of a labour-sponsored venture capital corporation on line 413 of your Schedule 1. Net cost is the amount you paid for your shares minus any government assistance (other than federal or provincial tax credits) on the shares.
Claim the amount of your allowable credit on line 414 of your Schedule 1 to a maximum of $750.
The allowable credit is 15% of the lesser of:
- the net cost reported on line 413 of your Schedule 1
If the first registered holder of the share is an RRSP for a spouse or common-law partner, the RRSP contributor or the annuitant (recipient) can claim this credit for that share.
If you received an accumulated income payment from a registered education savings plan (RESP) in the year, you may have to pay an additional tax on all or part of the amount shown in box 040 of your T4A slips. Get and complete Form T1172, Additional Tax on Accumulated Income Payments from RESPs. For more information, see Guide RC4092, Registered Education Savings Plans (RESPs).
You may have to pay a tax if both of the following apply:
- you are a specified employee (an employee dealing with an employer in a non-arm’s length relationship or with a significant equity interest in their employer)
- your employer made contributions to your EPSP for the year that are more than a threshold equal to 20% of your employment income from that employer for the year
Get and complete Form RC359, Tax on Excess Employees Profit-Sharing Plan Amounts.
You must pay a special tax if you redeemed your shares in a Quebec labour-sponsored fund to participate in the Home Buyers’ Plan (HBP) or the Lifelong Learning Plan (LLP) but did not buy replacement shares within the prescribed time.
The special tax is the portion of the federal tax credit that you received for the acquisition of the shares that were redeemed to participate in the HBP or LLP and were not replaced within the prescribed time.
Report on line 418 of your Schedule 1 for 2018 the total of the following amounts:
- for credits claimed in all years other than 2015, include on this line the total of the amounts shown in boxes F and L1, plus 60 % of box L2 of your Relevé 10 information slips (official slip for the Province of Quebec)
- for credits claimed in 2015, enter on this line the tax credit you received (line 414 of your 2015 Schedule 1) on that portion of shares not reacquired within the prescribed time
NewAs of January 1, 2018, in addition to the tax on split income (TOSI) applying to certain types of income of a child born in 2001 or later, the TOSI may now also apply to amounts received by adult individuals from a related business. Where TOSI applies, the disability tax credit can now be used to reduce the individual’s tax payable for the year. However, income that is subject to TOSI must now be added to the individual’s net income to calculate various deductions, credits and benefits. For more information, see Form T1206, Tax on Split Income.
Calculate the federal dividend tax credit as follows:
|Amount of dividends (eligible)||Amount of dividends (other than eligible)|
|Multiply the taxable amount of eligible dividends you reported on line 120 of your return by 15.0198%.||Multiply the taxable amount you reported on line 180 of your return by 10.0313%.|
Foreign dividends do not qualify for this credit.
If you paid minimum tax on any of your 2011 to 2017 returns but do not have to pay minimum tax for 2018, you may be able to claim credits against your taxes for 2018 for all or part of the minimum tax you paid in those years.
Minimum tax limits the tax advantage you can receive in a year from certain incentives. You have to pay minimum tax if it is more than the federal tax you calculate in the usual manner.
To find out if you have to pay this tax, add the amounts shown in B below and 60% of the amount on line 127 of your return. If the total is $40,000 or less, you probably do not have to pay minimum tax. If the total is more than $40,000, you may have to pay minimum tax. Therefore, get and complete Form T691, Alternative Minimum Tax. You also may have to complete Form 428 to calculate additional provincial or territorial tax for minimum tax purposes.
Here is a list of the most common situations where you may have to pay minimum tax:
A. You reported a taxable capital gain on line 127 of your return.
B. You claimed any of the following on your return:
- a loss (including your share of a partnership loss) resulting from, or increased by, claiming capital cost allowance on rental properties
- a loss from a limited partnership that is a tax shelter
- most carrying charges (line 221) on certain investments
- a loss from resource properties resulting from, or increased by, claiming a depletion allowance, exploration expenses, development expenses, or Canadian oil and gas property expenses
- a deduction on line 249 for security options
C. You claimed any of the following tax credits on your Schedule 1:
- a federal political contribution tax credit on line 410
- an investment tax credit on line 412
- a labour-sponsored funds tax credit on line 414
- a federal dividend tax credit on line 425
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