What is the purpose of international social security agreements?

Canada has international social security agreements with more than 50 countries that offer pension programs that are comparable to the Canada Pension Plan (CPP). The objectives of these agreements are to:

  • eliminate cases where workers might have to contribute to the social security system of the other country for the same work and to make sure that their coverage under the CPP will not be interrupted.
  • co-ordinate the pension programs of two countries where a person has lived or worked. If a person has lived or worked in another country, the person may be eligible for social security benefits, either from that country or from Canada. For more information on social security agreements and benefits paid, please contact Service Canada.

For an employee, an employer, or a self-employed worker to contribute only to the CPP and be exempt from contributing to the pension plan of the other country, they must have a certificate of coverage from the Canada Revenue Agency. A certificate of coverage is used to inform the other country that the worker is covered under the CPP.

To see Canada’s social security agreements, go to Search the Treaty List (Global Affairs Canada); under Subject select Social Security and under Parties select the country.

Countries that have an agreement with Canada

The following table shows the names of the countries that Canada has agreements with, their effective dates, the related form numbers, and the maximum periods of initial detachment.

Country Effective date Form number Maximum period of initial detachment
Antigua and Barbuda January 1, 1994 CPT111 60 months
Austria November 1, 1987 CPT112 60 months
Barbados January 1, 1986 CPT113 24 months
Belgium January 1, 1987 CPT121 24 months
Brazil August 1, 2014 CPT168 60 months
Bulgaria March 1, 2014 CPT170 60 months
Chile June 1, 1998 CPT114 60 months
China January 1, 2017 CPT171 72 months
Croatia May 1, 1999 CPT115 60 months
Cyprus May 1, 1991 CPT116 24 months
Czech Republic January 1, 2003 CPT137 60 months
Denmark January 1, 1986 CPT117 24 months
Dominica January 1, 1989 CPT118 24 months
Estonia November 1, 2006 CPT142 60 months
Finland February 1, 1988 CPT128 36 months
France August 1, 2017 CPT52 36 months
Germany April 1, 1988 CPT130 60 months
Greece December 1, 1997 CPT54 60 months
Grenada February 1, 1999 CPT119 60 months
Guernsey January 1, 1994 CPT120 36 months
Hungary October 1, 2003 CPT141 60 months
Iceland October 1, 1989 CPT49 24 months
India August 1, 2015 CPT169 60 months
Ireland January 1, 1992 CPT50 24 months
Israel September 1, 2003 CPT140 60 months
Italy January 1, 1979 CPT51 24 months
Jamaica January 1, 1984 CPT57 24 months
Japan March 1, 2008 CPT122 60 months
Jersey January 1, 1994 CPT120 36 months
Korea (South) May 1, 1999 CPT58 60 months
Latvia November 1, 2006 CPT143 60 months
Lithuania November 1, 2006 CPT144 60 months
Luxembourg April 1, 1990 CPT60 24 months
Macedonia November 1, 2011 CPT163 60 months
Malta March 1, 1992 CPT61 36 months
Mexico May 1, 1996 CPT62 60 months
Morocco March 1, 2010 CPT166 36 months
Netherlands October 1, 1990 CPT63 60 months
Norway January 1, 1987 CPT127 60 months
Peru March 1, 2017 CPT172 60 months
Philippines March 1, 1997 CPT64 60 months
Poland October 1, 2009 CPT161 60 months
Portugal May 1, 1981 CPT55 24 months
Romania November 1, 2011 CPT165 36 months
St. Kitts and Nevis January 1, 1994 CPT65 60 months
Saint Lucia January 1, 1988 CPT67 24 months
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines November 1, 1998 CPT66 60 months
Serbia December 1, 2014 CPT162 36  months
Slovakia January 1, 2003 CPT138 60 months
Slovenia January 1, 2001 CPT68 60 months
Spain January 1, 1988 CPT125 60 months
Sweden January 1, 1986 CPT129 60 months
Switzerland October 1, 1995 CPT69 60 months
Trinidad and Tobago July 1, 1999 CPT70 60 months
Turkey January 1, 2005 CPT72 24 months
United Kingdom April 1, 1998 CPT71 60 months
United States August 1, 1984 CPT56 60 months
Uruguay January 1, 2002 CPT136 36 months
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