Manual of Drill and Ceremonial | Change 1
The Canadian Forces Manual of Drill and Ceremonial
Issued on Authority of the Chief of the Defence Staff
OPI: DHH 3-2
Ch 1 - 2003-02-13
LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES
Insert latest changed pages and dispose of superseded pages in accordance with applicable orders.
The portion of the text affected by the latest change is indicated by a black vertical line in the margin of the page. Changes to illustrations are indicated by miniature pointing hands or black vertical lines.
Dates of issue for original and changed pages are:
Zero in Change No. column indicates an original page. Total number of pages in this publication is 684 consisting of the following:
|Page No.||Change No.|
|A to B/C||1|
|i/ii to xiv||0|
|xvi to xxv/xxvi||0|
|1-1-1 to 1-1-13/1-1-14||0|
|1-2-1 to 1-2-2||0|
|1-2-4 to 1-2-11/1-2-12||0|
|1A-1 to 1A-7/1A-8||0|
|2-1 to 2-20||0|
|2-22 to 2-26||0|
|2-27 to 2-29||1|
|2-30 to 2-31/2-32||0|
|3-1 to 3-21||0|
|3-23 to 3-48||0|
|4-1-1 to 4-1-40||0|
|4-2-1 to 4-2-14||0|
|5-1-1 to 5-1-16||0|
|5-2-1 to 5-2-2||0|
|6-1-1 to 6-1-25/6-1-26||0|
|6-2-1 to 6-2-14||0|
|7-1-1 to 7-1-2||0|
|7-2-1 to 7-2-9/7-2-10||0|
|7-3-1 to 7-3-38||0|
|7-4-1 to 7-4-25/7-4-26||0|
|8-1-1 to 8-1-2||0|
|8-2-2 to 8-2-4||0|
|8-3-1 to 8-3-24||0|
|8-4-1 to 8-4-2||0|
|8-5-1 to 8-5-4||0|
|8-6-1 to 8-6-3/8-6-4||0|
|8-7-1 to 8-7-4||0|
|9-1-1 to 9-1-8||0|
|9-2-1 to 9-2-32||0|
|9-3-1 to 9-3-16||0|
|9-4-1 to 9-4-11/9-4-12||0|
|9-5-1 to 9-5-2||0|
|9-6-1 to 9-6-7/9-6-8||0|
|9A-1 to 9A-11/9A-12||0|
|9B-1 to 9B-26||0|
|10-1-1 to 10-1-2||0|
|10-2-1 to 10-2-6||0|
Ch 1 - 2003-02-13, page A
|10-3-1 to 10-3-38||0|
|10-4-3 to 10-4-4||1|
|11-1-1 to 11-1-4||0|
|11-2-1 to 11-2-10||0|
|11-2-12 to 11-2-28||0|
|11-3-1 to 11-3-2||0|
|11-3-3 to 11-3-4||1|
|11-3-4A to 11-3-4B||1|
|11-3-5 to 11-3-17/11-3-18||0|
|11-4-1 to 11-4-2||0|
|11-5-1 to 11-5-3/11-5-4||0|
|12-1-1 to 12-1-8||0|
|12-2-1 to 12-2-2||0|
|12-3-1 to 12-3-4||0|
|12-4-1 to 12-4-15/12-4-16||0|
|12-5-1 to 12-5-21/12-5-22||0|
|12-6-1 to 12-6-3/12-6-4||0|
|12A-1 to 12A-15/12A-16||0|
|13-1 to 13-10||0|
Contact Officer: DHH 3-2
© 2001 DND/MDN Canada
Ch 1 - 2003-02-13, page B/C
Table of Contents
|Section 4 – Ceremonial Arrival and Departure Guards||10-4-1|
|Ceremonial Arrival Guard||10-4-1|
|Positioning the Guard||10-4-2|
|Dismissing the Guard||10-4-5/10-4-6|
|Chapter 11 – Religious Services and Funerals||11-1-1|
|Section 1 – Religious Services||11-1-1|
|Church Parades in Churches||11-1-2|
|Church Parades Elsewhere||11-1-3|
|Section 2 - Funerals||11-2-1|
|The Next of Kin’s Wishes||11-2-2|
|The Funeral Procession||11-2-3|
|Procedure for the Departure of the Casket||11-2-14|
|The Church Service||11-2-17|
|The Move to the Graveside||11-2-22|
|Arrival at the Graveside||11-2-24|
|Section 3 – Instructions for the Bearer Party, Honorary Pallbearers and Insignia Bearers||11-3-1|
|The Bearer Party||11-3-1|
|Procedure to Move the Casket from the Church or Chapel to the Gravesite||11-3-16|
|Procedure for Honorary Pallbearers and Insignia Bearers||11-4-1|
|Section 4 – The Unloading of a Casket from an Overseas Aircraft||11-4-1|
|Composition of the Bearer Party||11-4-1|
|Position of the Bearer Party||11-4-2|
|Removal of the Casket|
|Section 5 – Burial or Scattering of Ashes at Sea||11-5-1|
|Bringing Remains on Board Ship||11-5-1|
Ch 1 - 2003-02-13, page xv
- When an officer approaches a group of non-commissioned members, the senior of the group or the person who recognizes the officer first shall take command and call the group to attention: the senior or person in charge shall then alone salute. Junior members shall draw their senior’s attention to approaching officers if the circumstances require and allow.
- Individual compliments to a formed military group on the march and under the command of an officer shall be paid by halting, turning to face the group and saluting. The salute should be maintained until the entire group has passed.
- While bearing arms, individuals shall pay compliments to officers by saluting at the shoulder arms position. Sentries shall pay compliments in accordance with Chapter 10, Section 4.
- When in uniform and not wearing headdress, compliments shall be paid by standing at attention. If on the march, arms shall be swung and the head turned to the left or right as required.
- Appropriate compliments shall be paid when recognizing an officer dressed in civilian clothing.
- When dressed in civilian clothes, all members shall stand at attention and male members (less Sikhs) shall remove headdress, on any occasion when a salute would be correct in uniform and extreme winter weather conditions allow. On the march, the headdress is raised or removed, if applicable, and the head turned right or left. When headdress is not worn, it is correct to turn the head as required and offer a polite greeting.
- Buildings. Salutes are not given indoors in either public or service buildings except on parades, ceremonial occasions, in areas so designated by commanders, or when entering or leaving the office of an officer who should be paid compliments by virtue of his rank or appointment. Further
Ch 1 - 2003-02-13, page 1-2-3
- Dressing may be ordered by the centre when required if more than one squad is on parade in line or mass. The command is INWARD – DRESS and flanking squads shall dress by their left or right as appropriate.
- When a squad is formed with only one person in the blank file, that individual shall dress with the front rank when the squad is advancing and with the rear rank when the squad is retiring. When the squad is moving to a flank, the individual shall dress with the directing flank.
- When bearing arms, dressing is completed by raising the left arm rather than the right arm.
OPEN ORDER MARCH
- The open order is executed as follows:
- the front rank shall move forward three half paces, the rear rank shall step back three half paces and the centre rank shall stand fast;
- the cadence shall be in quick time; and
- the arms shall be kept still at the sides.
- On the command OPEN ORDER – MARCH, the movements will be executed as for three check paces forward and to the rear, the final movement being executed by bending the right knee, straightening it in double time and placing the right foot smartly on the ground by the left and assuming the position of attention.
- The timing for the movements is counted as one, one, one-two.
- When formed in two ranks, the front rank stands fast and the rear rank steps back three half paces (see figures 2-12 and 2-13).
CLOSE ORDER MARCH
- On the command CLOSE ORDER – MARCH, the squad shall reverse the movements in paragraphs 91 to 94.
Ch 1 - 2003-02-13, page 1-2-3
Figure 2-16 Sizing in Three Ranks
SIZING IN TWO RANKS AND REFORMING THREES
- On the command TALLEST ON THE RIGHT, SHORTEST ON THE LEFT, IN TWO RANKS – SIZE, the squad shall turn right, observe the standard pause, then arrange themselves according to height, with tallest on the right and shortest on the left in two ranks, shoulder to shoulder dressing and covering off front to rear.
- On the command MARKER STAND FAST, FRONT RANK RIGHT, REAR RANK LEFT – TURN, the ranks shall act as ordered.
- On the command REFORM THREES, QUICK – MARCH, the squad reforms three ranks as follows:
- The marker remains the right-hand person of the front rank.
Ch 1 - 2003-02-13, page 2-27
Figure 2-17 Sizing in Single Rank
- The second member of the front rank becomes the right-hand person of the centre rank.
- The third member of the front rank becomes the right-hand person of the rear rank.
- The rear rank wheels right following the front rank and as each member closes up towards his new position, he shall follow the procedure as detailed in sub-paragraphs a., b. and c.
- When each member arrives in his new position, he shall halt at arm’s-length interval, observe the standard pause, turn left and remain at attention.
SIZING IN SINGLE RANK AND REFORMING THREES
- On the command TALLEST ON THE RIGHT, SHORTEST ON THE LEFT, IN A SINGLE RANK – SIZE, the squad shall turn right, observe
Ch 1 - 2003-02-13, page 2-28
- the standard pause, then arrange themselves according to height, with tallest on the right and shortest on the left in one single rank, shoulder to shoulder dressing and covering off front to rear.
- On the command SQUAD – NUMBER, the squad shall act as ordered.
- On the command ODD NUMBERS ONE PACE FORWARD, EVEN NUMBERS ONE PACE STEP BACK – MARCH, the squad shall act as ordered.
- On the command NUMBER ONE STAND FAST, ODD NUMBERS RIGHT, EVEN NUMBERS LEFT – TURN, the squad shall act as ordered.
- On the command REFORM THREES, QUICK – MARCH, the squad reforms three ranks (Figure 2-17) as follows:
- Number one remains the right-hand person of the front rank.
- Number three becomes the right-hand person in the centre rank.
- Number five becomes the right-hand person in the rear rank, and so on.
- When each person arrives in his new position, he shall halt, at arm’s-length interval, observe the standard pause, turn left and remain at attention.
FORMING TWO RANKS FROM THREE
- Prior to forming two ranks from three ranks, the squad shall be in close order, dressed at arm’s length interval and numbered.
- On the command FORM TWO RANKS BY NUMBERS, SQUAD – ONE, the centre rank takes one pace left.
Ch 1 - 2003-02-13, page 2-29
SECTION 2 THE COLOUR PARTY
COMPOSITION OF A COLOUR PARTY
- The composition of a colour party carrying one colour (Figure 8-2-1) shall be:
- Colour Officer – one junior officer (a Guidon is carried by a master warrant officer); and
- Colour Escorts – two sergeants (or below, if necessary);
- Colour orderly (corporal, drummer or private). The colour orderly usually marches in supernumerary ranks of formations near the guard until needed to attend the Colour, or wait off parade as required.
- The composition of a Colour party carrying two Colours (Figure 8-2-2) shall be:
- Colour officers – two junior officers; and
- Colour Escorts – one master warrant officer or warrant officer, and two sergeants (or below, if necessary);
- Two orderlies (corporals, drummers or privates). The colour orderlies usually march in supernumerary ranks of formations near the guard until needed to attend the Colours, or wait off parade as required.
- When a stand of Colours is carried, the Queen’s Colour occupies the position of honour, i.e., on the right of the Colour party (on the left from the spectators point of view).
COMPOSITION OF A FLAG PARTY
- When the National Flag, Canadian Forces (CF) Ensign or command flags are carried on parade, they shall normally be carried by senior non-commissioned officers.
- Normally, the National Flag has no escort. It may be given an armed escort if the troops on parade are armed.
Ch 1 - 2003-02-13, page 8-2-1
SECTION 4 CEREMONIAL ARRIVAL AND DEPARTURE GUARDS
- Ceremonial arrival guards may be mounted to line on entrance, stairway or corridor for dignitaries entering a building, or the last few meters of a departing dignitary’s exit route. They shall not be mounted when a guard of honour has been ordered for the occasion.
- Ceremonial arrival and departure guards may be armed or unarmed.
CEREMONIAL ARRIVAL GUARD
- Guards may be positioned to line a building’s entrance, stairway or corridor for any personage to whom a quarter guard would turn out in a normal context (see Section 3, paragraph 11).
- Ceremonial arrival guards shall be sized for their task. If the space to be lined is suitable, its composition is that of a ceremonial arrival guard (see Section 3, paragraph 7). Fewer personnel can be used if space is limited, i.e., when lining a short stairway. If alerts and salutes are to be sounded, the bugler/piper should be stationed near the doorway or entrance. If a band is present or no alerts or salutes are to be sounded, the bugler/piper may be omitted.
- Ceremonial arrival guards are normally only provided on state occasions, i.e., at Rideau Hall, the Governor General’s residence in Ottawa, for a reception for a visiting head of state or for investiture.
- A departure guard may be mounted to pay final compliments to a military or civilian dignitary leaving by air, sea, rail or motor car. Departure guards shall only be mounted for personages entitled to a guard of honour (Table 10-2-1).
Ch 1 - 2003-02-13, page 10-4-1
Figure 10-4-1 Departure Guard
- For a ceremonial arrival guard, the guard commander shall take post nearest the entrance on the right hand side of the dignitaries as they enter. The second in command shall take post on the opposite flank and opposite side. If a ceremonial arrival guard is maintained in place to pay compliments when the dignitaries leave the building, the commander and second in command shall change sides to place the former on the right hand side of the dignitaries as they leave.
- For a departure guard, the guard commander shall take post on the right flank of the rear rank, i.e., on the right hand side of the departing personage; the sergeant on the opposite flank of the front rank, nearest the personage’s arrival point, facing in the opposite direction from the commander.
- The band, if in attendance, should be positioned in the most suitable location.
- For a departure guard, the following flags shall be flown from two staffs as shown in Figure 10-4-1:
- the National Flag of Canada; and
Ch 1 - 2003-02-13, page 10-4-3
- either the national flag of the departing personage’s country or, if the latter is not applicable, the Canadian Forces Ensign or a command flag in accordance with the instructions in A-AD-200-000/AG-000, Honours, Flags and Heritage Structure of the CF, Chapter 13, Annex A.
- For a ceremonial arrival guard mounted to honour a number of personages, e.g., at an investiture, clear instructions must be given to the guard commander on the levels of compliments to be paid to the different arriving personages. That is, when the guard is to be ordered to stand at ease, at attention and, if armed, when arms are to be shouldered or presented (for swords, the carry, recover or salute).
- For a personage entitled to full compliments on arrival or departure, when the vehicle carrying the personage comes to a stop, the guard commander shall bring the guard and band to attention and proceed as follows:
- With Arms. The guard commander shall order SHOULDER – ARMS and as the personage approaches to proceed without pause through the guard, GUARD, PRESENT – ARMS. The band shall softly play appropriate music. When the personage has passed through the guard, the guard commander shall order, GUARD, SHOULDER – ARMS.
- Without Arms. After the guard and band has been ordered to attention, the band shall softly play appropriate music. As the personage proceeds through the ranks, the guard commander only shall salute. The salute shall be terminated then the personage has passed through the guard, and the band shall then cease playing.
- The words of command for a ceremonial arrival guard lining an interior stairway or corridor shall only be loud enough to be heard by the guard. Pre-arranged signals may be used in lieu.
Ch 1 - 2003-02-13, page 10-4-4
- the next senior on the left of the casket at the foot (Number 2);
- the next senior on the right of the casket at the head (Number 3);
- the next senior on the left of the casket at the head (Number 4); and
- the sentinel-in-waiting (officer-in-waiting) (Number 5).
- The commander of each watch positions himself facing the foot of the casket, where he can see all the sentinels on duty. He shall stand at attention (if an officer, he does not draw his sword).
Figure 11-2-1 The Vigil
- Numbers 1 to 4 shall face outwards, obliquely, resting on their arms reversed.
- The sentinel-in-waiting positions himself where he can see the commander. He shall stand at ease (officers do not draw their sword).
Ch 1 - 2003-02-13, page 11-2-11
- and on the command STAND STILL they are to halt with their feet together. These movements are very difficult and must be carried out slowly.
- On the command SLOW – MARCH, the bearer party step off with the inside foot leading. The commander may keep step by saying very softly INSIDE; OUTSIDE.
- The commander should remain two paces from the head end and follow the casket.
- 8A. Whenever the casket of a deceased member of the Canadian Forces is being maneuvered up or down steps the upmost care must be taken. When a couple of steps or less are being navigated and the width of the tread of the steps is sufficient for the Bearer Party to remain in the forward movement position then the steps can be maneuvered slowly in that position. However should the riser of the steps be high, the weather inclement, the casket heavy, or there is any doubt at all the mind of the Bearer Party commander of the party's ability to safely maneuver the stairs then the following procedure should be used:
- The bearer party commander shall give the command HALT, INWARD TURN, PREPARE TO LOWER – LOWER, and then commence the maneuvering of the steps.
- On the command HALT, INWARD TURN, PREPARE TO LOWER – LOWER, the procedure outlined in Section 3 paragraph 9 shall be followed.
- The bearer party commander shall give the command STEP. On the command STEP the bearers close to the steps will take one step up or down the steps making sure to move their foot far enough in on the tread to ensure their will be room for their second foot. They will then move their other foot up (or down) the step at the same time. At the same time the other bearers will take one step towards the step. On each consecutive command STEP another step will be taken until all the steps have been maneuver.
Ch 1 - 2003-02-13, page 11-3-3
- The bearer party commander will maintain his position himself behind the casket and ensure that the consecutive STEP commands are given slowly and the casket is at all times level and in the control of the bearers. Should the casket slip, the bearer party commander is in a position to assist the bearers. Should the casket be very heavy or the steps long, the end bearers can move their hands to the end of the casket to assist in bearing the weight, or the bearer party commander can assist.
- Once the bearer party is completely on a flat surface then the bearer party commander shall give the command to PREPARE TO LIFT – LIFT, OUTWARDS TURN and continue to move forward with the casket.
- On the command PREPARE TO LIFT – LIFT, OUTWARDS TURN, the procedure outlined in Section 3 paragraph 9 shall be followed.
- Halting and Lowering the Casket
- On the command HALT, which is given as the outside feet come to the ground, the bearers are to complete the pace with the next foot and then place the outside foot beside it.
- On the command INWARDS, the bearers are to rotate the outside hand, so that the fingers are extended beneath the casket with the thumb running up the side, forward of the face.
- On the command TURN, the bearers are to turn and face the casket, the chest approximately 30 cm from it, taking the weight with the outside hand for a moment until they can withdraw the inside arm from beneath the casket so as to be able to place the inside hand back underneath the casket.
Ch 1 - 2003-02-13, page 11-3-4
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