Manual of Drill and Ceremonial | Change 2

A-PD-201-000/PT-000

The Canadian Forces Manual of Drill and Ceremonial

Issued on Authority of the Chief of the Defence Staff

OPI: DHH 3-2

2001-05-15

Ch 2 - 2004-01-30

Ch 2 – Page A

A-PD-201-000/PT-000

LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES

Insert latest changed pages and dispose of superseded pages in accordance with applicable orders.

NOTE

The portion of the text affected by the latest change is indicated by a black vertical line in the margin of the page. Changes to illustrations are indicated by miniature pointing hands or black vertical lines.

Dates of issue for original and changed pages are:

Original 0 2001-05-15
Ch/Mod 1 2003-02-13
Ch 2 2004-01-30
Ch 3 -
Ch 4 -
Ch 5 -

Zero in Change No. column indicates an original page. Total number of pages in this publication is 684 consisting of the following:

Page No. Change No.
Title 1
A to B/C 1
i/ii to xiv 0
xv 1
xvi to xxv/xxvi 0
1-1-1 to 1-1-13/1-1-14 0
1-1-4 2
1-2-1 to 1-2-2 0
1-2-3 1
1-2-4 to 1-2-11/1-2-12 0
1A-1 to 1A-7/1A-8 0
2-1 to 2-20 0
2-15 2
2-16 to 2-20 0
2-21 1
2-22 to 2-26 0
2-27 to 2-29 1
2-30 to 2-31/2-32 0
3-1 to 3-21 0
3-22 1
3-23 to 3-32 0
3-33 to 3-35 2
3-36 to 3-48 0
4-1-1 to 4-1-40 0
4-2-1 to 4-2-14 0
5-1-1 to 5-1-16 0
5-2-1 to 5-2-2 0
6-1-1 to 6-1-25/6-1-26 0
6-2-1 2
6-2-2 to 6-2-14 0
7-1-1 to 7-1-2 0
7-2-1 to 7-2-9/7-2-10 0
7-3-1 to 7-3-38 0
7-4-1 to 7-4-25/7-4-26 0
8-1-1 0
8-1-2 2
8-2-1 1
8-2-2 to 8-2-4 0
8-3-1 to 8-3-24 0
8-4-1 to 8-4-2 0
8-5-1 to 8-5-4 0
8-6-1 to 8-6-3/8-6-4 0
8-7-1 to 8-7-4 0
9-1-1 to 9-1-8 0
9-2-1 to 9-2-32 0
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Ch 2 – Page B/C

A-PD-201-000/PT-000

List of Effective Pages (Cont)

9-3-1 to 9-3-16 0
9-4-1 to 9-4-11/9-4-12 0
9-5-1 to 9-5-2 0
9-6-1 to 9-6-7/9-6-8 0
9A-1 to 9A-11/9A-12 0
9B-1 to 9B-26 0
10-1-1 to 10-1-2 0
10-2-1 to 10-2-6 0
10-3-1 to 10-3-38 0
10-4-1 1
10-4-2 0
10-4-3 to 10-4-4 1
10-4-5/10-4-6 0
11-1-1 to 11-1-4 0
11-2-1 to 11-2-10 0
11-2-11 1
11-2-12 to 11-2-28 0
11-3-1 to 11-3-2 0
11-3-3 to 11-3-4 2
11-3-4A to 11-3-4B 1
11-3-5 to 11-3-17/11-3-18 0
11-4-1 to 11-4-2 0
11-5-1 to 11-5-3/11-5-4 0
12-1-1 to 12-1-8 0
12-2-1 to 12-2-2 0
12-3-1 to 12-3-4 0
12-4-1 to 12-4-15/12-4-16 0
12-5-1 to 12-5-21/12-5-22 0
12-6-1 to 12-6-3/12-6-4 0
12A-1 to 12A-15/12A-16 0
13-1 to 13-10 0

Contact Officer: DHH 3-2

© 2001 DND/MDN Canada

ch 2 - 2004-01-30, page B/C

Ch 2 – Page 1-1-4

A-PD-201-000/PT-000

  1. Exaggerated or modified drill movements and idiosyncracies demonstrate inefficient and undisciplined training, and a failure of the unit to focus on the purpose and use of drill in a modern armed force.
  2. Military troops which display constant competence in drill are recognized universally as highly trained, well-disciplined and professional. Drill that is well taught and executed develops individual pride, mental alertness, precision and esprit-de-corps which will assist the individual service member to carry out orders instinctively at all times.
  3. Good drill, well rehearsed, closely supervised and precise, is an exercise in obedience and alertness. It sets the standard for the execution of any duty, both for the individual and the unit, and builds a sense of confidence between commander and subordinate that is essential to high morale.
  4. The personal qualities developed on the parade ground must be maintained in all aspects of military life. Commanders must insist on the same high standards both on and off parade to instill these qualities strongly enough to endure the strain of military duty in peace or war. The systematic correction of minor errors strengthens these characteristics and improves both individual and unit standards.

21A. Canadian Forces personnel, whether as individuals or formed contingents, are forbidden to use the drill movement of a foreign military or domestic organization. Only the CDS can personally, in writing, waive this direction. Requests for waivers must be staffed through the chain-of- command to DHH.

SYMBOLS


  1. The appointment symbols used in this manual are illustrated in Figure 1-1-1.

INSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES

  1. General. The instructor must continually work to improve the standard of instruction. The techniques in this article shall be adhered to, thus ensuring the success of the drill instruction.

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Ch 2 – Page 2-15

A-PD-201-000/PT-000

  1. On the command SQUAD – TWO, squad members shall shift the weight of the body to the right foot, bend the left knee and place the left foot smartly by the right to assume the position of attention.
  2. On the command ONE PACE LEFT CLOSE MARCH BY NUMBERS, SQUAD – ONE, the drill as outlined above in paragraphs 53 and 54 is followed except that the details of moving the feet and the direction are reversed.
  3. On the command ONE PACE RIGHT (LEFT) CLOSE – MARCH, the two movements are combined, observing the timing noted  in  paragraph 57.
  4. The timings for the above movements are counted as follows:
    1. for one pace, “one-one”;
    2. for two paces, “one-one, pause, one-two”;
    3. for three paces, “one-one, pause, one-two, pause, one-three”; and
    4. etc.

CALLING THE ROLL

  1. On the command ATTEN – TION, ANSWER TO YOUR NAME, STAND AT – EASE, each squad member shall come to attention as his name is called and answer in one of the following ways:
    1. “Sir” or “Ma’am” if the person calling the roll is an officer or a chief warrant officer;
    2. “Warrant” when the roll is called by a warrant officer;
    3. “Sergeant”, “Master Corporal” or “Corporal” or equivalent when the roll is called by a member holding these ranks; or
    4. “Present” if the person calling the roll is below the rank of Corporal.
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Ch 2 – Page 3-33

A-PD-201-000/PT-000

Figure 3-16 About Turn in Slow Time

  1. On the command SQUAD – FOUR, squad members shall step off in slow time with a half pace with the left foot in the new direction.
  2. On the command ABOUT – TURN, the four movements are combined and the cadence is maintained.
  3. The timing is:

Count: LEFT – IN – LEFT – RIGHT – LEFT

Feet: LEFT – RIGHT – LEFT – RIGHT – LEFT

ABOUT TURN ON THE MARCH IN QUICK TIME

  1. On the command ABOUT TURN BY NUMBERS, SQUAD – ONE given as the right foot is forward and on the ground (Figure 3-17), squad members shall:

ch 2 - 2004-01-30, page 3-33

Ch 2 – Page 3-34

A-PD-201-000/PT-000

    1. take a half pace with the left foot, placing the foot flat on the ground naturally;
    2. bring the right foot in to the left, in a straight-leg manner above the ground, to the position of attention;
    3. simultaneously, cut the right arm down and the left in from the rear as the right foot comes in; and
    4. maintain the cadence.
  1. On the command SQUAD – TWO, squad members shall:
    1. maintain the arms at the sides;
    2. pivot on the ball of the right foot to force the body through a turn of 90 degrees to the right;
    3. simultaneously, bend the left knee; and
    4. lower the leg smartly to the ground to assume the position of attention.
  2. On the command SQUAD – THREE, squad members shall:
    1. maintain the arms at the sides;
    2. pivot on the ball of the left foot to force the body through a turn of 90 degrees to the right;
    3. simultaneously, bend the right knee; and
    4. lower the leg smartly to the ground to assume the position of attention.
  3. On the command SQUAD – FOUR, squad members shall step off in quick time with a half pace with the left foot in the new direction.
  4. On the command ABOUT – TURN, the four movements are combined and the cadence is maintained.

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Ch 2 – Page 3-35

A-PD-201-000/PT-000

Figure 3-17 About Turn in Quick Time

  1. The timing is:

Count: LEFT – IN – LEFT – RIGHT – LEFT

Feet: LEFT – RIGHT – LEFT – RIGHT – LEFT

  1. When a blank file of one person exists in a squad which is in line, the person shall commence to step short on the cautionary word of command RETIRE (ADVANCE), and execute the about turn with the new leading rank on the executive word TURN.

CHANGE TO QUICK TIME FROM SLOW TIME

  1. On the command CHANGE TO QUICK TIME, QUICK – MARCH given as the right foot is forward and on the ground, squad members shall step forward with the left foot in quick time, swinging the right arm forward and the left arm to the rear.

ch 2 - 2004-01-30, page 3-35

Ch 2 – Page 6-2

A-PD-201-000/PT-000

SECTION 2 PACE STICK AND CANE DRILL

THE PACE STICK

  1. The pace stick (Figure 6-2-1) is a training instrument used to gauge the length of pace and measure distance and interval. It may be used by warrant officers and non-commissioned officers which are proficient at drill. This section is included as a guide to assist instructors in the use of the pace stick.
  2. The pace stick may be carried closed or open. The open position is the operating position.
  3. The pace stick is a demanding instrument and requires constant practice. The instructor should march beside the leading squad member with the stick open and turning to control pace length over a sufficient distance to instill a feel for the correct pace in the personnel under training. When the squad has learned to march correctly, the instructor should periodically check pace length by marching behind the squad with the stick open and turning.

THE CANE

  1. The cane is an optional accoutrement derived from riding crops, fashionable canes, etc., and still customarily used by some units (see A-AD-265-000/AG-001, CF Dress Instructions, Chapter 3). Cane drill is identical to drill with the closed pace stick.

DRILL ON THE MARCH

  1. The executive order for stick drill on the march shall be given as the left foot is forward and on the ground, and movements are executed in a normal manner on subsequent paces by the left foot.

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Ch 2 – Page 8-1-2

A-PD-201-000/PT-000

PARADING COLOURS AND FLAGS

  1. Guidelines for when Colours and flags may be carried on parade are given in A-AD-200-000/ AG-000, Honours, Flags and Heritage Structure of the CF.
  2. The Colour drill in this chapter applies equally to flags when carried on parade, unless specifically noted.

DRAPING THE COLOURS

  1. Colours only shall be draped for funerals (see Chapter 11). The Colour is draped with a piece of black crepe 2.5 m long and 33 cm wide, tied in a bow at the base of the pikehead so that the span of the bow is 30 cm. The ends, cut on the bias, should hang half-way down the sleeve of the Colour (Figure 8-1-1).

Figure 8-1-1 Draping the Colour

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Ch 2 – Page 11-3-2

A-PD-201-000/PT-000

    1. and on the command STAND STILL they are to halt with their feet together. These movements are very difficult and must be carried out slowly.
    2. On the command SLOW – MARCH, the bearer party step off with the inside foot leading. The commander may keep step by saying very softly INSIDE; OUTSIDE.
    3. The commander should remain two paces from the head end and follow the casket.

8A. Whenever the casket of a deceased member of the Canadian Forces is being maneuvered up or down steps the upmost care must be taken. When a couple of steps or less are being navigated and the width of the tread of the steps is sufficient for the Bearer Party to remain in the forward movement position then the steps can be maneuvered slowly in that position. However, should the riser of the steps be high, the weather inclement, the casket heavy, or there is any doubt at all the mind of the Bearer Party commander of the party's ability to safely maneuver the stairs then the following procedure should be used:

    1. The bearer party commander shall give the command HALT, INWARD TURN, PREPARE TO LOWER – LOWER, and then commence the maneuvering of the steps.
    2. On the command HALT, INWARD TURN, PREPARE TO LOWER – LOWER, the procedure outlined in Section 3 paragraph 9 shall be followed.
    3. The bearer party commander shall give the command STEP. On the command STEP the bearers close to the steps will take one step up or down the steps making sure to move their foot far enough in on the tread to ensure that there will be room for their second foot. They will then move their other foot up (or down) the step at the same time. At the same time the other bearers will take one step towards the step. On each consecutive command STEP another step will be taken until all the steps have been maneuvered.

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A-PD-201-000/PT-000

    1. The bearer party commander will maintain his position behind the casket and ensure that the consecutive STEP commands are given slowly and that the casket is at all times level and in the control of the bearers. Should the casket slip, the bearer party commander is in a position to assist the bearers. Should the casket be very heavy or the steps long, the end bearers can move their hands to the end of the casket to assist in bearing the weight, or the bearer party commander can assist.
    2. Once the bearer party is completely on a flat surface then the bearer party commander shall give the command PREPARE TO LIFT – LIFT, OUTWARDS TURN and continue to move forward with the casket.
    3. On the command PREPARE TO LIFT – LIFT, OUTWARDS TURN, the procedure outlined in Section 3 paragraph 9 shall be followed.
  1. Halting and Lowering the Casket
    1. On the command HALT, which is given as the outside feet come to the ground, the bearers are to complete the pace with the next foot and then place the outside foot beside it.
    2. On the command INWARDS, the bearers are to rotate the outside hand, so that the fingers are extended beneath the casket with the thumb running up the side, forward of the face.
    3. On the command TURN, the bearers are to turn and face the casket, the chest approximately 30 cm from it, taking the weight with the outside hand for a moment until they can withdraw the inside arm from beneath the casket so as to be able to place the inside hand back underneath the casket.

ch 2 - 2004-01-30, page 11-3-4

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