Manual of Drill and Ceremonial | Change 4
The Canadian Forces Manual of Drill and Ceremonial
Issued on Authority of the Chief of the Defence Staff
OPI: DHH 3-2
Ch 4 – 2006-11-17
LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES
Insert latest changed pages and dispose of superseded pages in accordance with applicable orders.
The portion of the text affected by the latest change is indicated by a black vertical line in the margin of the page. Changes to illustrations are indicated by miniature pointing hands or black vertical lines.
Dates of issue for original and changed pages are:
Zero in Change No. column indicates an original page. Total number of pages in this publication is 684 consisting of the following:
|Page No.||Change No.|
|A to B/C||4|
|i/ii to vi||0|
|vii to xiv||0|
|xvi to xvii||0|
|xviii to xix||4F|
|xx to xxv/xxvi||0|
|1-1-1 to 1-1-3||0|
|1-1-5 to 1-1-13/1-1-14||0|
|1-2-1 to 1-2-2||0|
|1-2-4 to 1-2-11/1-2-12||0|
|1A-1 to 1A-2||0|
|1A-3 to 1A-4||4|
|2-1 to 2-5||0|
|2-6 to 2-8||4|
|2-9 to 2-14||0|
|2-16 to 2-20||0|
|2-22 to 2-26||0|
|2-27 to 2-29||1|
|2-30 to 2-31/2-32||0|
|3-1 to 3-2||0|
|3-4 to 3-15||0|
|3-17 to 3-21||0|
|3-23 to 3-32||0|
|3-33 to 3-35||2|
|3-36 to 3-42||0|
|3-43 to 3-47||4F|
|4-1-1 to 4-1-40||0|
|4-2-1 to 4-2-14||0|
|5-1-1 to 5-1-16||0|
Ch 4 – 2006-11-17, page A
List of Effective Pages (Cont)
|5-2-1 to 5-2-2||0|
|6-1-1 to 6-1-25/6-1-26||0|
|6-2-2 to 6-2-14||0|
|7-1-1 to 7-1-2||0|
|7-2-1 to 7-2-9/7-2-10||0|
|7-3-1 to 7-3-20||0|
|7-3-23 to 7-3-38||0|
|7-4-1 to 7-4-25/7-4-26||0|
|8-2-2 to 8-2-4||0|
|8-3-1 to 8-3-24||0|
|8-4-1 to 8-4-2||0|
|8-5-1 to 8-5-4||0|
|8-6-1 to 8-6-3/8-6-4||0|
|8-7-1 to 8-7-4||0|
|9-1-1 to 9-1-8||0|
|9-2-1 to 9-2-32||0|
|9-3-1 to 9-3-16||0|
|9-4-1 to 9-4-2||0|
|9-4-1 to 9-4-2||0|
|9-4-7 to 9-4-11/9-4-12||0|
|9-5-1 to 9-5-2||0|
|9-6-1 to 9-6-7/9-6-8||0|
|9A-1 to 9A-11/9A-12||0|
|9B-1 to 9B-26||0|
|10-1-1 to 10-1-2||0|
|10-2-1 to 10-2-6||0|
|10-3-1 to 10-3-38||0|
|10-4-3 to 10-4-4||1|
|11-1-3 to 11-1-4||0|
|11-2-1 to 11-2-7||0|
|11-2-12 to 11-2-28||0|
|11-3-1 to 11-3-2||0|
|11-3-3 to 11-3-4||2|
|11-3-4A to 11-3-4B||1|
|11-3-5 to 11-3-17/11-3-18||0|
|11-4-1 to 11-4-2||0|
|11-5-1 to 11-5-3/11-5-4||0|
|12-1-1 to 12-1-8||0|
|12-2-1 to 12-2-2||0|
|12-3-1 to 12-3-4||0|
|12-4-1 to 12-4-15/12-4-16||0|
|12-5-1 to 12-5-10||0|
|12-5-13 to 12-5-21/12-5-22||0|
|12-6-1 to 12-6-3/12-6-4||0|
|12A-1 to 12A-15/12A-16||0|
|13-1 to 13-10||0|
Contact Officer: DHH 3-2
© 2001 DND/MDN Canada
ch 4 - 2006-11-17, page B/C
The extent of ground occupied by a body of service personnel form front to rear. (profondeur)
The space between service personnel or bodies of service personnel from front to rear. (distance)
- Two or more brigades.
- A sub-unit of a ship’s company.
- A sub-unit of a guard of honour or of another guard. (division)
The act of taking up correct alignment and covering. (action de s’aligner)
file, moving to a flank in
A unit in two ranks moving to a flank. (déplacement en file vers un flanc)
Service personnel, one behind the other on a frontage of one person. (file simple)
A blank file is the second single file from the left, when:
- in three ranks, this single file is without a centre and/or rear rank person; and
- in two ranks, this single file is without a rear rank person. (file creuse)
Either side of a body of service personnel, as opposed to its front and rear. Designated as either the right or the left flank. (flanc)
The flank by which units march or dress. (flanc de direction)
Ch 4 – 2006-11-17, page 1A-3
STAND AT EASE FROM STAND EASY
- On the cautionary command SQUAD, squad members shall assume the position of stand at ease.
ATTENTION FROM STAND AT EASE
- On the command ATTENTION BY NUMBERS, SQUAD – ONE, squad members shall bend the left knee and shift their balance to the right foot.
- On the command SQUAD – TWO, squad members shall:
- straighten the left leg in double time, place the foot smartly on the ground, toe touching first, followed by the heel, and with heels aligned; and
- simultaneously, with a quick motion, bring the arms and hands to the position of attention.
- On the command ATTEN – TION, the two segments of the movements are combined as one.
CARRYING OF ARTICLES
- If any one article is carried, such as a briefcase, umbrella or raincoat, it shall be carried in the left hand. If an article is carried when marching, the left arm is not swung.
- Articles shall be carried in the manner illustrated in Figure 2-5.
- In all positions at the halt, the free arm shall be maintained at the side as for the position of attention.
- The order to remove headdress is customarily given on such occasions as outdoor church parades, during the consecration of colours and whenever it is desirable to honour a dignitary by giving three cheers. When ordered in connection with a religious event, it is optional for a CF member to remove or not to remove his or her headdress for religious or spiritual reasons.
Ch 4 – 2006-11-17, page 2-6
Figure 2-5 Carrying of Articles
- When ordered, all ranks on parade shall remove their headdress with the exception of:
- adherents of faiths for whom this is not permitted or acceptable (e.g., Sikhs).
- musicians when on parade with instruments.
- when ordered in connection with a religious event, it is optional for members to remove or retain his or her headdress in accordance with his or her belief.
- On the command REMOVE HEADDRESS BY NUMBERS SQUAD – ONE, squad members shall bring the right hand to the front of the headdress by the shortest route and grasp it in the front between the thumb and fingers, with the fingers aligned and parallel to the shoulders as much as practicable (Figure 2-6).
Ch 4 – 2006-11-17, page 2-7
- On the command SQUAD – TWO, squad members shall maintain the bend in the right arm, cut the upper arm to the right side of the body and the forearm parallel to the ground, and bring the right hand to the centre of the body. Maintaining the grasp on the peak of the headdress, squad members shall hold the headdress above the hand and in the centre of the chest.
- On the command REMOVE – HEADDRESS, the two movements are combined. The standard pause shall be observed between the movements.
- When a unit is carrying arms, all action is carried out with the left hand when the command REMOVE – HEADDRESS is ordered.
- Religious tenets, including those which are sexually based, shall be respected in a place of worship (see also A-AD-265-000/AG-001, CF Dress Instructions).
STAND AT EASE WITH HEADDRESS REMOVED
- On the command STAND AT – EASE, squad members shall assume the position for standing at ease when carrying articles, except that the right arm and hand will maintain the headdress in the position as detailed in paragraph 24.
STAND EASY WITH HEADDRESS REMOVED
- On the command STAND – EASY, squad members shall extend the right arm down the side with headdress held below the hand and, after a standard pause, relax (see Figure 2-7).
- On the command REPLACE HEADDRESS BY NUMBERS, SQUAD – ONE, squad members shall replace the headdress with the right hand. When wearing other than a service or wedge cap, two hands shall be used.
- On the command SQUAD – TWO, resume the position of attention by cutting the right arm or arms to the side.
- On the command REPLACE – HEADDRESS, the two movements are combined. The standard pause shall be observed between movements.
Ch 4 – 2006-11-17, page 2-8
|Serial||Deceased||Funeral Commander||Marching Elements|
|Escort||Guard||Bearer Party||Honorary Pallbearers||Rear Detachment|
|1||CDS||BGen or above||400||Col||50||Capt||8 CWOs||CWO||8||50||Capt|
|2||BGen and above||Col||225||LCol||50||Capt||8 CWOs||CWO||8||25||Lt|
|3||Maj to Col||Officer of equivalent rank||60||Maj||12||Sgt||8 WOs||MWO||8||25||Lt|
|4||OCdt to Capt||Sgt to Capt||40||Capt||12||Sgt||8 cpls to Sgts||WO||8||-||-|
|5||WO to CWO||Sgt to Capt||40||Lt||12||Sgt||8 cpls to Sgts||Sgt||8||-||-|
|6||Sgt and below||Sgt to Capt||20||Sgt||12||Sgt||8 Sgts or below||Sgt||-||-||-|
- When CWOs, MWOs or WOs are not available, the next lower rank shall be used.
- the numbers shown in columns (d) and (m) are subject to the resources available to the unit conducting the funeral.
- This table does not include mourners.
- Whenever possible, a band and trumpeter/bugler shall participate in a military funeral. A piper may also participate. Trumpet and bagpipe banners are to be draped with black crepe tied in a bow. Drums are to be muffled and draped with black material. Drum Major maces, less those for regiments of foot guards, are to have the head covered with a black bag.
- The strength of the guard bears the same relationship to the rank of the deceased as does a guard of honour (see A-AD-200-000/AG-000, The Honours Flags and Heritage Structure of the CF, Chapter 13). The guard for a deceased colonel and below is of the same strength as a ceremonial quarter guard, less two posts of double sentries, and is the strength required for a firing party.
- A firing party shall be used only on the specific request of the next of kin and shall be formed from the guard.
- The numbers shown in column (h) and (j) will depend on the size of the casket (either six or eight bearers may be used. When eight bearers are used, an additional two reserve bearers shall be tasked. The bearer party shall always include two headdress bearers.
Ch 4 – 2006-11-17, page 2-7
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