HIV in Canada - 2017 Surveillance Highlights

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Organization: Public Health Agency of Canada

Published: 2018-11-XX

  • 2,402 cases of HIV were reported in 2017
  • Males accounted for 75.2% of reported cases
  • Females accounted for 24.8% of reported cases

Reported HIV cases by exposure category in adult males in 2017:

  • Gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men exposure category (gbMSM) - 60.9%
  • Gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men and people who inject drugs (gbMSM-PWID) combined exposure category - 3.6%
  • People who inject drugs (PWID) exposure category-12.7%
  • Heterosexual contact exposure category - 18.7%, of which, 5.6% were from an HIV-endemic country
  • Other- 4.1%

Reported HIV cases by exposure category in adult females in 2017:

  • People who inject drugs (PWID) exposure category-27.6%
  • Heterosexual contact-61.2%, of which, 30.9% were from an HIV-endemic country
  • Other-11.2%

Reported HIV cases by race/ethnicity in 2017:

  • Indigenous -20.1%
  • Black-25.3%
  • Latin American-3.6%
  • Caucasian- 34.5%
  • Other - 13.9%

HIV diagnosis rate per 100,000 population in 2017

  • National HIV diagnosis rate was - 6.5
  • Provincial and territorial HIV diagnosis rates:
    • Territories-2.6
    • BC -3.9
    • AB -6.6
    • SK-15.5
    • MB -6.6
    • ON -6.6
    • QC -8.0
    • Atlantic -1.6

Number of reported HIV cases by age in 2017:

  • < 15 years of age - 18
  • 15-19 years of age -41
  • 20-29 years of age - 504
  • 30-39 years of age - 749
  • 40-49 years of age - 537
  • ≥ 50 years of age - 548

Perinatal HIV in 2017

  • 240 infants exposed to HIV during pregnancy
  • 96.7% of HIV positive mothers on perinatal antiretroviral therapy
  • 3 infants with HIV:
    • 1 infant: mother did not receive perinatal antiretroviral therapy
    • 2 infants: mothers received perinatal antiretroviral therapy
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