2017 Public Service Employee Survey respondent distribution by demographic characteristics

Note: Due to rounding, percentages may not add to 100. Total responses reflect the number of respondents who answered the demographic question and have not been adjusted for non-response. The distribution of respondents by demographic characteristics is shown for reference purposes only and should never be used to determine the demographic composition of the federal public service.

Question 38. Are you a supervisor?
Demographic 2017 2014 2011 2008
Supervisor 22.3% 22.3% 23.5% 22.7%
Non-supervisor 77.7% 77.7% 76.5% 77.3%
Total responses 174,097 181,107 198,589 164,150
Question 99. Are you currently a shift worker?
Demographic 2017 2014 2011 2008
Shift worker 9.3% 9.8% 11.0% 8.9%
Non-shift worker 90.7% 90.2% 89.0% 91.1%
Total responses 173,842 180,322 197,600 164,236
Question 100. Do you work full-time or part-time?
Demographic 2017 2014 2011 2008
Full-time 95.1% 94.9% 95.80% 96.2%
Part-time 4.9% 5.1% 4.20% 3.8%
Total responses 173,809 180,521 197,670 164,211

Question 101. Do you currently work according to any of the following flexible working arrangements?

a. Compressed workweek
Demographic 2017 2014 2011 2008
Compressed workweek - yes 20.9% 22.6% 24.0% 24.1%
Compressed workweek - no 79.1% 77.4% 76.0% 75.9%
Total responses 172,742 178,822 192 278 161,952
b. Flexible work schedule (i.e., variable start and end times)
Demographic 2017 2014 2011 2008
Flexible work schedule - yes 16.3% 15.3% 28.9% 29.3%
Flexible work schedule - no 83.7% 84.7% 71.1% 70.7%
Total responses 172,742 178,822 188,261 159,887
c. Telework
Demographic 2017 2014 2011 2008
Telework - yes 8.0% 4.3% 6.20% 5.9%
Telework - no 92.0% 95.7% 93.80% 94.1%
Total responses 172,742 178,822 183,857 157,930
d. Job sharing
Demographic 2017 2014 2011 2008
Job sharing - yes 0.1% 0.1% 1.1% 1.2%
Job sharing - no 99.9% 99.9% 98.9% 98.8%
Total responses 172,742 178,822 182,656 157,386
e. Income averaging
Demographic 2017 2014 2011 2008
Income averaging - yes 2.5% 3.3% 5.5% 5.1%
Income averaging - no 97.5% 96.7% 94.5% 94.9%
Total responses 172,742 178,822 184,011 157,827
f. Pre-retirement transition leave
Demographic 2017 2014 2011 2008
Pre-retirement transition leave - yes 0.4% n/a n/a n/a
Pre-retirement transition leave - no 99.6% n/a n/a n/a
Total responses 172,742 n/a n/a n/a
g. Flexible working arrangements
Demographic 2017 2014 2011 2008
Works according to a flexible working arrangement 58.9% 40.2% n/a n/a
Does not work according to a flexible working arrangement 41.1% 59.8% n/a n/a
Total responses 172,742 178,822 n/a n/a
Question 102. What is your current employee status?
Demographic 2017 2014 2011 2008
Indeterminate (permanent)  84.4% 88.1% 90.0% 90.0%
Seasonal  0.5% 0.5% 0.5% 0.2%
Term 10.9% 8.3% 7.1% 7.6%
Casual 1.7% 1.5% 0.9% 0.9%
Student 2.4% 1.4% 1.1% 1.1%
Governor in Council appointment 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1%
Total responses 173,608 180,368 197,137 164,192
Question 103. Please indicate your occupational group.
Demographic 2017 2014
AB (Indian Oil and Gas Canada) 0.04% 0.04%
AC (Actuarial Science at the National Research Council of Canada) 0.01% 0.03%
AD (Administrative and Foreign Services at National Film Board of Canada) 0.04% n/a
AD (Administrative Support at National Research Council of Canada) 0.10% n/a
AG (Agriculture; includes AG group at Canadian Food Inspection Agency) 0.02% 0.11%
AI (Air Traffic Control) 0.01% 0.01%
AO (Aircraft Operations; includes subgroups CAI, ETP, HPS) 0.15% 0.16%
AP-FIN (Audit Professional - Financial Audits at the Office of the Auditor General of Canada) 0.09% 0.08%
AP-VM (Audit Professional – Performance Audits at the Office of the Auditor General of Canada) 0.05% 0.05%
AR (Architecture and Town Planning) 0.11% 0.09%
AS (Administrative Services) 12.56% 12.48%
AS (Administrative Support at National Film Board of Canada) 0.03% n/a
ASG-ITS-LA (Audit Services Group at the Office of the Auditor General of Canada) 0.06% 0.06%
AU (Auditing) 2.67% 2.75%
BI (Biological Sciences) 1.11% 1.26%
CH (Chemistry) 0.23% 0.27%
CIASC (CIASC group at the Canadian Institutes of Health Research) 0.00% 0.00%
CIEXC (EXC group at the Canadian Institutes of Health Research) 0.01% 0.00%
CIPTC (PTC group at the Canadian Institutes of Health Research) 0.08% 0.06%
CISPC (SPC group at the Canadian Institutes of Health Research) 0.02% 0.02%
CM (Communications) 0.03% 0.03%
CO (Commerce; does not include COOP students) 1.25% 1.33%
CR (Clerical and Regulatory) 7.88% 8.60%
CS (Computer Systems) 6.84% 7.31%
CX (Correctional Services) 1.07% 1.63%
DA (Data Processing; includes DAPRO and DACON) 0.02% 0.03%
DD (Drafting and Illustration) 0.03% 0.04%
DE (Dentistry) 0.00% 0.01%
DE (Executive at National Film Board of Canada) 0.01% n/a
DM (Deputy Minister) 0.01% 0.01%
DS (Defense Scientific Service) 0.19% 0.20%
DX (Director (Office of the Auditor General of Canada) 0.04% n/a
EC (Economics and Social Science Services) 6.37% 5.54%
EC-CRA (Executive at Canada Revenue Agency) n/a 0.23%
ED (Education; includes subgroups EDS, LAT, EST) 0.24% 0.22%
EG (Engineering and Scientific Support) 3.44% 3.53%
EL (Electronics) 0.42% 0.45%
EN (Engineering and Scientific Support) 1.34% 1.28%
ES (ES group at Canadian Food Inspection Agency, Parks Canada, and Canada Revenue Agency) 0.21% 0.16%
EU (Educational Support; includes subgroups PEI, TEA) 0.01% 0.00%
EX (Executive) 2.60% 2.43%
EX-PCX (Executive at Parks Canada) 0.04% 0.03%
FB (Border Services) 2.81% 3.42%
FI (Financial Management) 2.20% 2.20%
FO (Forestry) 0.03% 0.04%
FR (Firefighters) 0.09% 0.09%
FS (Foreign Service) 0.66% 0.53%
FT (FT group at Financial Transactions and Reports Analysis Centre of Canada) 0.19% 0.17%
GA (GA group at Statistics Canada) n/a 0.00%
GL (General Labour and Trades; includes subgroups AIM, COI, EIM, ELE, GHW, INM, MAM, MAN, MDO, MOC, MST, PCF, PIP, PRW, SMW, VHE, WOW) 1.27% 1.39%
GR (GR group at Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council, Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council) 0.29% 0.25%
GR-EX (Executive at Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council, Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council) 0.02% 0.02%
GS (General Services; includes subgroups BUS, FOS, LAS, MES, MPS, PRC, STS, LE-GS) 0.83% 0.89%
GT (General Technical) 1.08% 1.06%
HP (Heating, Power and Stationary Plant Operation) 0.10% 0.12%
HR (Historical Research) 0.08% 0.07%
HR-RH-CRA (Human Resources at Canada Revenue Agency) 0.31% 0.30%
HS (Hospital Services) 0.07% 0.06%
IM (IM group at Parks Canada and Canadian Food Inspection Agency) 0.04% 0.04%
IN (IN group at Statistical Survey Operations) 0.50% 0.48%
IS (Information Services) 1.59% 1.54%
LA (Law) 0.01% 0.03%
LC (Law) 0.12% 0.14%
LI (Lightkeepers) 0.02% 0.03%
LIB (Library Science (National Research Council of Canada) 0.02% n/a
LP (Law) 1.07% 0.98%
LS (Library Sciences) 0.11% 0.12%
MA (Mathematics) 0.21% 0.21%
MD (Medicine; includes subgroups MOF and MSP) 0.08% 0.11%
MDMDG (MDMDG group at Canada Revenue Agency) 1.72% 0.00%
MG (MG group at Canada Revenue Agency and National Research Council of Canada) 0.03% 1.85%
MGT (Director at Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission) 0.05% 0.02%
MT (Meteorology) 0.19% 0.20%
NB (All employees at National Energy Board) 0.10% 0.11%
ND (Nutrition and Dietetics; includes subgroups ADV,DIT,HME) 0.02% 0.02%
NU (Nursing; includes subgroups EMA, CHN and HOS) 0.61% 0.63%
OE (Office Equipment; includes subgroups DEO, MEO) 0.00% 0.00%
OM (Organization and Methods) 0.02% 0.02%
OP (Occupational and Physical Therapy) 0.02% 0.02%
OP (Operational (National Film Board of Canada) 0.01% n/a
OP (Operational group at National Research Council of Canada) (includes sub-groups BLDG, CONT, ELEC, HP, HVAR, LSA, MECH, MECL, PLA, PR, PSF, RAC) 0.01% n/a
PC (Physical Sciences) 1.25% 1.09%
PE (Personnel Administration) 1.93% 1.87%
PG (Purchasing and Supply) 1.28% 1.29%
PH (Pharmacy) 0.03% 0.03%
PI (Primary Product Inspection at Canadian Grain Commission; includes PICGC) 0.06% 0.05%
PL (Leadership Programs Group) n/a 0.01%
PM (Programme Administration) 10.11% 9.24%
PM-MCO (Mediation and Conciliation) 0.04% 0.05%
PO-IMA (Intercept Monitor Analyst at Royal Canadian Mounted Police) 0.02% 0.01%
PO-TCO (Telecommunication Operators at Royal Canadian Mounted Police) 0.02% 0.02%
PR (Printing Operations; includes subgroups BIN, COM, OFO, PRC) 0.01% 0.02%
PS (Psychology) 0.19% 0.19%
PX (Principal/Assistant Auditor General/Auditor General) 0.02% n/a
PY (Photography) 0.00% 0.00%
RCO (Research Council Officer (National Research Council of Canada) 0.26% n/a
RE (All employees at Financial Consumer Agency of Canada) 0.05% 0.18%
REG (All employees at Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission) 0.36% 0.28%
REX (Executive at Financial Consumer Agency of Canada) 0.00% n/a
RLE (Executive at Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission) 0.03% 0.03%
RO (Radio Operations) 0.07% 0.07%
RO (Research Officer at the National Research Council of Canada) 0.28% n/a
SC (Ships’ Crews; includes subgroups DED, ERD, SPT, STD) 0.05% 0.19%
SE (Scientific Research; includes subgroups REM, RES) 0.43% 0.42%
SG (Scientific Regulation; includes subgroups PAT, SRE) 0.55% 0.51%
SI (SI group at Canada Revenue Agency) 0.05% 0.03%
SO (Ships’ Officers; includes subgroups FLP, INS, MAO, RAD) 0.11% 0.19%
SP-CRA (SP group at Canada Revenue Agency) 9.95% 10.79%
SP (Scientific and Professional at National Film Board of Canada) 0.02% n/a
SR (Ship Repair; includes subgroups APC, APD, APP, BOB, CPS,
DNT, EEW, ELE, EME, INM, MAC, MAM, MDO, MGT, PIP, PLE, PRW, QCW, SMW, SPS, WOW)
0.18% 0.24%
ST (Secretarial, Stenographic and Typing; includes subgroups OCE, SCY) 0.09% 0.13%
SW (Social Work; includes subgroups CHA, SCW) 0.06% 0.07%
TC (Technical at National Film Board of Canada) 0.02%  
TI (Technical Inspection) 0.72% 0.60%
TO (Technical Officer at National Research Council of Canada) 0.34%  
TR (Translation) 0.30% 0.34%
UNI (Includes employees at Communications
Security Establishment)
0.54% 0.57%
UT (University Teaching) 0.01% 0.02%
VM (Veterinary Medicine) 0.26% 0.27%
WP (Welfare Programs) 1.37% 1.34%
Student 2.49% 1.45%
Governor in Council appointee 0.09% 0.14%
Other 0.37% 0.57%
Total responses 165,412 175,212
Question 103.1. Occupational category (variable derived from question 103)
Demographic 2017 2014 2011 2008
Executive (CI-EXC, DM, EC(CRA), EX, EXPCX, GR-EX, LC, MGT, PL, RLE) 2.9% 2.9% n/a n/a
Scientific and Professional (AC, AG, AR, AP-AA, AP-PA, ASG-ITS-LA, AU, BI, CH, CI-SPC, DE, DS, EC, ED, EN, ES, FO, HR, LA, LP, LS, MA, MD, MT, ND, NU, OP, PC, PH, PM-MCO, PS, SE, SG,SI, SW, UT, VM) 18.8% 17.2% n/a n/a
Administration and Foreign Services (AS, CO, CS, FI, FS, HR(CRA), IS, OM, PE, PG, PM, TR, WP) 50.1% 39.8% n/a n/a
Technical (AI, AO,CIPTC, DD, EG, EL, EU, GT, PI, PY, RO, SO, TI) 6.5% 6.2% n/a n/a
Administrative Support (CIASC, CM, CR, DA, OE, ST) 8.1% 8.8% n/a n/a
Operational (CX, FB, FR, GA, GL, GS, HP, HS, IN, LI, PO-IMA, PO-TCO, PR, SC, SR) 7.0% 8.6% n/a n/a
Other (AB, CIVIL, FT, Governor in Council, GR, IM, MDMDG, MG, NB, RE, REG, RM, SP(CRA), Student, UNI, Other) 6.6% 16.4% n/a n/a
Total responses  166,597 175,245 n/a n/a
Question 104. With which of the following communities do you most closely identify in relation to your current job?
Demographic 2017 2014 2011 2008
Client contact centre 5.9% 6.1% n/a n/a
Health care practitioners 1.3% 1.4% n/a n/a
Federal regulators 2.4% 2.7% n/a n/a
Compliance, inspection and enforcement 9.6% 10.7% n/a n/a
Communications or public affairs 2.5% 2.6% n/a n/a
Access to information and privacy 0.7% 0.7% n/a n/a
Security  2.9% 3.6% n/a n/a
Science and technology 6.5% 6.1% n/a n/a
Library services 0.3% 0.3% n/a n/a
Legal services 2.0% 2.0% n/a n/a
Administration and operations 15.2% 16.4% n/a n/a
Human resources 4.9% 4.9% n/a n/a
Financial management 4.0% 4.2% n/a n/a
Procurement 1.6% 1.7% n/a n/a
Real property 1.7% 1.9% n/a n/a
Material management 0.9% 1.1% n/a n/a
Information management 2.2% 2.6% n/a n/a
Information technology 6.8% 7.6% n/a n/a
Internal audit 0.6% 0.6% n/a n/a
Evaluation 0.8% 0.9% n/a n/a
Data sciences 1.3% n/a n/a n/a
Policy 4.8% n/a n/a n/a
Project management 4.2% n/a n/a n/a
Other services to the public 4.8% 6.6% n/a n/a
None of the above 12.3% 15.0% n/a n/a
Total responses 171,162 178,067 n/a n/a
Question 105. In total, how many years have you been working in the federal public service?
Demographic 2017 2014 2011 2008
Less than 3 years in the federal public service 15.3% 8.2% 12.7% 16.7%
3 to 10 years in the federal public service 32.5% 38.6% 39.8% 35.9%
11 to 20 years in the federal public service 33.6% 30.4% 23.6% 22.6%
More than 20 years in the federal public service 18.7% 22.8% 24.0% 24.8%
Total responses 171,539 177,807 196,159 162,622
Question 106. In total, how many years have you been working in your current department or agency?
Demographic 2017 2014 2011 2008
Less than 3 years in current department or agency 26.1% 18.1% n/a 26.8%
3 to 10 years in current department or agency 37.3% 45.1% n/a 37.1%
11 to 20 years in current department or agency 24.8% 23.0% n/a 20.0%
More than 20 years in current department or agency 11.8% 13.8% n/a 16.1%
Total responses 171,077 178,432 n/a 160,925
Question 107. What is your first official language?
Demographic 2017 2014 2011 2008
English 68.7% 68.5% 68.4%  68.6%
French 31.3% 31.5% 31.6% 31.4%
Total responses 173,866 180,208 197,559 163,935
108. What are the language requirements of your position?
Demographic 2017 2014 2011 2008
Bilingual 42.9% 42.7% 42.1%  41.6%
Unilingual English 40.7% 41.4% 41.7% 43.4%
Unilingual French 2.9% 3.2% 3.3% 3.2%
Either English or French 13.5% 12.7% 12.9% 11.9%
Total responses 173,868 180,041 197,370 163,702
Question 109. Do you occupy a position in which you provide services directly to the public as a regular part of your job?
Demographic 2017 2014 2011 2008
Provides services to the public 34.4% 34.8% 36.6% 39.2%
Does not provide services to the public 65.6% 65.2% 63.4% 60.8%
Total responses 173,898 180,154 197,621 164,076
Question 110. In what official language(s) do you provide services to the public?
Demographic 2017 2014 2011 2008
English only 53.4% 53.7% 53.0% 54.0%
French only 3.0% 2.9% 3.0% 2.9%
Both English and French 43.7% 43.4% 44.1% 43.1%
Total responses 59,671 62,533 72,128 64,181

Question asked only to employees who responded “Yes” to question 109.

Question 111. In which province or territory do you work?
Demographic 2017 2014 2011 2008
National Capital Region 43.8% 43.6% 42.0% 41.5%
Ontario (excluding National Capital Region) 14.0% 14.4% 14.8% 14.9%
Quebec (excluding National Capital Region) 10.9% 10.7% 11.0% 10.9%
Northwest Territories 0.2% 0.2% 0.3% 0.2%
Nunavut 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1%
Yukon 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.1%
British Columbia 8.3% 8.3% 9.0% 8.9%
Alberta 5.8% 5.5% 5.7% 5.5%
Saskatchewan 2.2% 2.2% 2.3% 2.4%
Manitoba 3.9% 4.0% 4.1% 4.4%
New Brunswick 3.3% 3.2% 3.0% 3.1%
Nova Scotia 3.6% 3.8% 4.0% 3.8%
Prince Edward Island 1.4% 1.4% 1.3% 1.6%
Newfoundland and Labrador 1.7% 1.5% 1.6% 1.8%
Outside of Canada 0.7% 1.0% 0.6% 0.7%
Total responses 173,836 180,002 197,816 163,857
Question 111.1. Region of work (variable derived from question 111)
Demographic 2017 2014 2011 2008
Atlantic 10.0% 9.8% 9.9% 10.3%
Quebec (excluding National Capital Region) 10.9% 10.7% 11.0% 10.9%
Ontario (excluding National Capital Region) 14.0% 14.4% 14.8% 14.9%
Prairies, Nunavut, NWT 12.2% 12.0% 12.4% 12.6%
British Columbia, Yukon 8.5% 8.5% 9.3% 9.1%
National Capital Region 43.8% 43.6% 42.1% 41.5%
Outside Canada 0.7% 1.0% 0.6% 0.7%
Total responses 173,836 180,002 197,816 163,857
Question 112. Do you work in one of the following designated bilingual areas of Quebec or Ontario?
Demographic 2017 2014 2011 2008
The bilingual region of Montréal (the counties of Deux-Montagnes, Île-de-Montréal and Île-Jésus, La Prairie, and Vaudreuil) 19.9% 19.4% n/a n/a
The bilingual regions of other parts of Quebec (the counties of Bonaventure, Gaspé-Est, Brome, Compton, Huntingdon, Missisquoi, Richmond, Sherbrooke, Stanstead, Argenteuil and Pontiac) 2.3% 2.4% n/a n/a
The bilingual region of Eastern Ontario (the counties of Glengarry, Prescott, Russell and Stormont) 1.4% 1.2% n/a n/a
The bilingual region of Northern Ontario (the counties of Algoma, Cochrane, Nipissing, Sudbury and Timiskaming) 6.0% 5.3% n/a n/a
I do not work in one of these areas 70.4% 71.7% n/a n/a
Total responses 43,024 44,892 n/a n/a

Question asked only to employees who responded that they live in Ontario or Quebec for Q111.

Question 113. What is your age group?
Demographic 2017 2014 2011 2008
24 years and under 4.1% 2.4% 2.8% 3.2%
25 - 29 years 6.9% 6.3% 8.5% 8.7%
30 - 34 years 10.0% 11.3% 12.1% 11.7%
35 - 39 years 13.9% 14.3% 13.2% 12.7%
40 - 44 years 15.3% 14.9% 14.0% 14.5%
45 - 49 years 15.0% 15.6% 16.4% 17.7%
50 - 54 years 15.9% 17.8% 17.2% 17.3%
55 - 59 years 12.0% 11.4% 10.7% 10.2%
60 years and over 6.9% 5.9% 5.1% 4.1%
Total responses 172,143 178,312 196,757 162,974
Question 114. What is your gender?
Demographic 2017 2014 2011 2008
Male 41.8% 42.6% 42.5% 41.5%
Female 58.0% 57.4% 57.5% 58.5%
Other 0.2% n/a n/a n/a
Total responses 171,869 178,618 187,188 161,527
Question 115. What is the highest level of education you have ever completed?
Demographic 2017 2014 2011 2008
Secondary or high school graduation certificate or equivalent or less 14.0% 15.5% 17.4% 19.2%
Diploma or certificate from a community college, CEGEP, institute of technology, nursing school, etc., or a trades certificate or diploma 25.2% 27.0% 27.7% 27.6%
University certificate or diploma below the bachelor’s level 4.8% 5.0% 5.3% 5.3%
Bachelor’s degree 33.0% 31.3% 30.7% 29.8%
University certificate or diploma above the bachelor’s level including a master’s degree, a professional degree or an earned doctorate 23.0% 21.3% 18.9% 18.0%
Total responses 173,351 179,455 196,791 163,610
Question 116. Are you an Aboriginal person?
Demographic 2017 2014 2011 2008
Aboriginal 4.4% 4.4% 4.3% 4.2%
Non-Aboriginal 95.6% 95.6% 95.7% 95.8%
Total responses 173,158 179,610 196,799 163,759
Question 117. Are you a person with a disability?
Demographic 2017 2014 2011 2008
Person with a disability 6.9% 6.3% 5.7% 5.8%
Not a person with a disability 93.1% 93.7% 94.3% 94.2%
Total responses 173,023 179,552 196,352 163,861
Question 118. Are you a member of a visible minority group?
Demographic 2017 2014 2011 2008
Member of a visible minority group 17.5% 15.7% 14.4% 12.9%
Not a member of a visible minority group 82.5% 84.3% 85.6% 87.1%
Total responses 172,527 179,077 196,708 163,405
Question 119. Have you ever served in the Canadian Military?
Demographic 2017 2014 2011 2008
Have served in the Canadian Military 5.8% n/a n/a n/a
Have not served in the Canadian Military 94.2% n/a n/a n/a
Total responses 173,432 179,077 196,708 163,405
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