2021 Student Exit Survey Distribution of Respondents by Demographic Characteristics

Note: Due to rounding, percentages may not add to 100. Total responses reflect the number of respondents who answered the demographic question and have not been adjusted for non-response. The distribution of respondents by demographic characteristics is shown for reference purposes only and should never be used to determine the demographic composition of the federal public service. Suppression due to low respondent counts are shown as “N/A”.

Question 1. Through which program did you get your current student job? (Mark one only)
Demographic 2021
Federal Student Work Experience Program (FSWEP) 43.1%
Federal Student Work Experience Program (FSWEP) - Indigenous Student Employment Opportunity (ISEO) 3.7%
Federal Student Work Experience Program (FSWEP) - Employment Opportunities for Students with Disabilities (EOSD) 1.8%
Post-Secondary CO-OP / Internship Program (CO-OP) 37.4%
Research Affiliate Program (RAP) 0.3%
Young Canada Works (YCW) 0.3%
Department-specific program/website 3%
Other program 3.8%
Don’t know 6.5%
Total Responses 5,776
Question 4a. Was this your first student work term with your current team or work unit?
Demographic 2021
Yes 71.3%
No 28%
Not sure 0.7%
Total Responses 5,780
Question 4b. The interview process for my current student job was conducted:
Demographic 2021
In person 5.9%
Remotely (e.g., FaceTime, Zoom, Microsoft Teams, Webex, telephone, etc.) 89%
In person and remotely 1.3%
Not applicable 3.7%
Total Responses 4,161
Question 5a. The onboarding for my current student job was conducted:
Demographic 2021
In person - Go to next question 17.7%
Remotely (e.g., FaceTime, Zoom, Microsoft Teams, Webex, telephone, etc.) - Go to next question 63.2%
In person and remotely - Go to next question 16.9%
I did not receive onboarding - Go to question 5d 2.2%
Total Responses 4,161

Question 10a. Since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, which of the following best describes your work situation?

(Telework is defined as a voluntary arrangement, subject to operational requirements and management approval, where an employee works at a location other than a designated workplace on a full-time, part-time or occasional basis.)

Demographic 2021
Teleworking 61.5%
Teleworking but required to go into the workplace sometimes 12.2%
Working on-site 26.3%
Total Responses 5,779
Question 16. Including your current student work term, please provide the total number of student work terms you have worked in your current department or agency.
Demographic 2021
1 64.8%
2 14.5%
3 8.7%
4 5.4%
5 or more 6.6%
Total Responses 5,720
Question 17. Including your current student work term, please provide the total number of student work terms you have worked in the federal public service.
Demographic 2021
1 57.2%
2 15.6%
3 10.3%
4 7.1%
5 or more 9.8%
Total Responses 5,718
Question 18. In which province or territory are you currently working (either teleworking or on-site)?
Demographic 2021
National Capital Region (NCR) - Ottawa/Gatineau 32.2%
Ontario (excluding NCR) 22.3%
Québec (excluding NCR) 13.1%
Northwest Territories N/A
Nunavut N/A
Yukon 0.2%
British Columbia 8.1%
Alberta 5.6%
Saskatchewan 2.1%
Manitoba 3.6%
New Brunswick 4.1%
Nova Scotia 4.1%
Prince Edward Island 2.3%
Newfoundland and Labrador 2.1%
Outside of Canada N/A
Total Responses 5,777
Question 19. In which province or territory is your work unit normally located? If you aren't sure, please select "Don't know"
Demographic 2021
National Capital Region (NCR) - Ottawa/Gatineau 41.9%
Ontario (excluding NCR) 15.9%
Québec (excluding NCR) 10.5%
Northwest Territories N/A
Nunavut N/A
Yukon 0.2%
British Columbia 6.6%
Alberta 4.6%
Saskatchewan 1.9%
Manitoba 3.2%
New Brunswick 3.9%
Nova Scotia 3.4%
Prince Edward Island 2.3%
Newfoundland and Labrador 1.9%
Outside of Canada N/A
Don't know 3.5%
Total Responses 5,774
Question 20. What is the main type of work you were doing in your department or agency? (Please select only one of the following options that best describes your job.)
Demographic 2021
Administrative Support / Procurement 10.4%
Agriculture / Environment / Geography 2.3%
Arts / Social Sciences 0.7%
Business / Human Resources / Audit / Project Management 9%
Client Service / Guide / Visitor Experience 8.7%
Commerce / Retail Services / Insurance 0.2%
Data / Information Management / Information Technology / Tech support 14.4%
Education 1%
Enforcement / Security / Search and Rescue 2.6%
Engineering / Architecture 2.7%
Environmental Services 2.5%
Finance / Accounting / Tax / Financial Audit / Collections 8.2%
General Labour and Trades 0.7%
Health Care / Social Services 0.7%
Information Management 1.7%
Law 0.9%
Marketing / Communications / Events / Multimedia / Interpreting 4.4%
Outdoor Work 2.6%
Policies / Programs 7%
Real Property Management 0.6%
Research / Analysis 9.2%
Science / Math 2%
Supply Chain Management 0.2%
Translation and Editing 0.7%
Transportation  0.2%
Don’t know 2%
Other 4.4%
Total Responses 5,777
Question 21. What is your current level of education?
Demographic 2021
High School 2.8%
CEGEP - Years 1&2 2%
CEGEP - Year 3 1.1%
College - Years 1&2 5.4%
College - Years 3&4 3.2%
Bachelor's - Years 1&2 17.6%
Bachelor's - Years 3&4 48.6%
Graduate diploma 3.9%
Master's 12.7%
Doctorate 0.8%
Professional certification 0.9%
Other 1.1%
Total Responses 5,775
Question 22. From the list below, please select the field of study that most closely matches your current field of study. (Please note, your program may not specifically be identified below but may still fall into a general category listed.)
Demographic 2021
Architecture and related services 0.5%
Biology and Biomedical Sciences (which could include Marine Biology) 6.8%
Business, Management, Marketing and Related services (which could include Accounting, Finance, Human Resources, Office Administration and International Affairs) 20.3%
Chemistry 1%
Child education and family studies 0.2%
Communication, journalism and related programs (which could include Graphic and Media Design) 3.5%
Computer and information sciences (which could include Industrial Design) 8.5%
Criminology 3.2%
Economics 2.4%
Education 1.7%
Engineering 6.9%
Environmental studies (which could include Urban Planning) 5.1%
General arts and Sciences (which could include General Studies, Humanities, Visual and Performing Arts and Music) 1.5%
Geography and Geology 1.2%
Health Professions and related programs (which could include Medical Programs, Nursing, Dental, Veterinarian, Residency Programs, Nutrition, Pharmacy, Kinesiology and Epidemiology) 3.9%
History (which could include Archaeology) 1.5%
Information Technology and Support Services 2.8%
Law 3.1%
Linguistics/Language Studies (which could include Translation and Literature) 1.5%
Mathematics and Statistics 1.6%
Other Sciences (which could include Forensic Sciences, Ocean Science and Data Science) 0.8%
Philosophy and religious studies 0.3%
Physics 0.5%
Political science 5.3%
Psychology 3.3%
Public administration 2.9%
Security, Protective Services and Emergency Management Professions (which could include Paramedics, 911 Operators, Search and Rescue, Border Services and Law Enforcement) 0.8%
Social Sciences (which could include social work, Gender Studies, Human Rights and Conflict Studies) 5.1%
Trades (which could include Construction, General Labour and Other Trades) 0.4%
Other 3.3%
Total Responses 5,770
Question 23. What is your first official language?
Demographic 2021
English 75.5%
French 24.5%
Total Responses 5,777
Question 24. In which year were you born?
Demographic 2021
19 years and under 8%
20-21 years 32.6%
22-23 years 29.6%
24-25 years 12.7%
26-27 years 5.9%
28-29 years 3.3%
30 years and over 7.9%
Total Responses 5,740
Question 25. What is your gender?
(Gender refers to a social and personal identity and may be different than the person’s biological sex. )
Demographic 2021
Woman 61.2%
Man 36%
Another gender (Optional to specify) 1.1%
Prefer not to say 1.8%
Total Responses 5,772
Excluding responses of "Prefer not to say"
Demographic 2021
Woman 62.3%
Man 36.6%
Another gender 1.1%
Total Responses 5,670

Question 26. Are you a person with a disability?

A person with a disability is a person with any impairment, including a physical, mental, intellectual, cognitive, learning, communication or sensory impairment — or a functional limitation — whether permanent, temporary or episodic in nature, or evident or not, that, in interaction with a barrier, hinders a person’s full and equal participation in society.

A barrier means anything — including anything physical, architectural, technological or attitudinal, anything that is based on information or communications or anything that is the result of a policy or a practice — that hinders the full and equal participation in society of persons with an impairment, including a physical, mental, intellectual, cognitive, learning, communication or sensory impairment or a functional limitation.

For the purposes of this questionnaire, disabilities that have lasted or are expected to last 6 months or more were identified.

Demographic 2021
Person with a disability - Yes 11%
Not a person with a disability - No 85.5%
Prefer not to say 3.5%
Total Responses 5,778
Excluding responses of "Prefer not to say"
Demographic 2021
Person with a disability - Yes 11.4%
Not a person with a disability - No 88.6%
Total Responses 5,574

Question 27. You indicated that you are a person with a disability. If you wish to provide further details, please select the box(es) that apply to you. (Mark all that apply)

Question 27a. A seeing disability
(A seeing disability affects vision, including total blindness, partial sight, and visual distortion.)

Demographic 2021
A seeing disability affects vision, including total blindness, partial sight and visual distortion 3.2%
A seeing disability affects vision, including total blindness, partial sight and visual distortion - Not selected 96.8%
Total Responses
Question asked only to employees who responded "Yes" to question 26.
713

Question 27b. A hearing disability

(A hearing disability affects ability to hear, including being hard of hearing, deafness, or acoustic distortion.)

Demographic 2021
A hearing disability affects ability to hear, including being hard of hearing, deafness or acoustic distortion 6.5%
A hearing disability affects ability to hear, including being hard of hearing, deafness or acoustic distortion) - Not selected 93.5%
Total Responses
Question asked only to employees who responded "Yes" to question 26.
601

Question 27c. A speech disability

(A speech disability affects ability to talk, including total speech loss, partial speech, and speech distortion.)

Demographic 2021
A speech disability affects ability to talk, including total loss, partial speech, and speech distortion 1.8%
A speech disability affects ability to talk, including total loss, partial speech, and speech distortion - Not selected 98.2%
Total Responses
Question asked only to employees who responded "Yes" to question 26.
600

Question 27d. A mobility disability

(A mobility disability affects ability to move your body, including the required use of a wheelchair or a cane, or other issues impacting your mobility.)

Demographic 2021
A mobility issue affects ability to move your body, including the required use of a wheelchair or a cane, or other issues impacting your mobility 4.8%
A mobility issue affects ability to move your body, including the required use of a wheelchair or a cane, or other issues impacting your mobility - Not selected 95.2%
Total Responses
Question asked only to employees who responded "Yes" to question 26.
601

Question 27e. Challenges with flexibility or dexterity

(Challenges with flexibility or dexterity affects ability to move joints or perform motor tasks, especially with your hands.)

Demographic 2021
Challenges with flexibility or dexterity affects ability to move joints or perform motor tasks, especially with your hands. 4.8%
Challenges with flexibility or dexterity affects ability to move joints or perform motor tasks, especially with your hands. - Not selected 95.2%
Total Responses
Question asked only to employees who responded "Yes" to question 26.
600

Question 27f. A mental health disability

A mental health disability affects psychology or behaviour, such as anxiety, depression or social / compulsive disorder or phobia or psychiatric illness.)

Demographic 2021
A mental health issue affects psychology or behaviour, such as anxiety, depression or social / compulsive disorder or phobia or psychiatric illness 49%
A mental health issue affects psychology or behaviour, such as anxiety, depression or social / compulsive disorder or phobia or psychiatric illness - Not selected 51%
Total Responses
Question asked only to employees who responded "Yes" to question 26.
620

Question 27g. A sensory or environmental disability

(A sensory or environmental disability affects sensitivity to light, sounds or other distractions, as well as allergens and other environmental sensitivities.)

Demographic 2021
A sensory / environmental disability affects sensitivity to light, sounds or other distractions, as well as allergens and other environmental sensitivities 7.3%
A sensory / environmental disability affects sensitivity to light, sounds or other distractions, as well as allergens and other environmental sensitivities - Not selected 92.7%
Total Responses
Question asked only to employees who responded "Yes" to question 26.
603

Question 27h. A chronic health condition or pain

(A chronic health condition or pain affects ability to function on a regular or episodic basis due to migraines, Crohn’s disease, colitis, fibromyalgia, multiple sclerosis, and other disabilities or health conditions.)

Demographic 2021
A chronic health condition or pain affects ability to function on a regular or episodic basis due to migraines, Crohn’s disease, colitis, and other disabilities or health conditions 18.8%
A chronic health condition or pain affects ability to function on a regular or episodic basis due to migraines, Crohn’s disease, colitis, and other disabilities or health conditions - Not selected 81.2%
Total Responses
Question asked only to employees who responded "Yes" to question 26.
605

Question 27i. A cognitive disability

(A cognitive disability affects ability to carry out tasks involving executive functioning, such as planning and organization, learning information, communication, and memory, including  autism spectrum disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and learning disabilities.)

Demographic 2021
A cognitive disability affects ability to carry out tasks involving executive functioning, such as planning and organization, learning information, communication and memory, including autism or Asperger’s syndrome, attention deficit disorder, and learning disabilities 44.6%
A cognitive disability affects ability to carry out tasks involving executive functioning, such as planning and organization, learning information, communication and memory, including autism or Asperger’s syndrome, attention deficit disorder, and learning disabilities - Not selected 55.4%
Total Responses
Question asked only to employees who responded "Yes" to question 26.
615

Question 27j. An intellectual disability

(An intellectual disability affects ability to learn and to adapt behaviour to different situations.)

Demographic 2021
An intellectual disability affects ability to learn and to adapt behaviour to different situations. 9.3%
An intellectual disability affects ability to learn and to adapt behaviour to different situations. 90.7%
Total Responses
Question asked only to employees who responded "Yes" to question 26.
604
Question 27k. Another disability (Optional to specify)
Demographic 2021
Other disability 9%
Other disability - Not selected 91%
Total Responses
Question asked only to employees who responded "Yes" to question 26.
598
Question 27l. Prefer not to specify
Demographic 2021
Other disability (including: learning disabilities, developmental disabilities and all other types of disabilities) 3.6%
Other disability (including: learning disabilities, developmental disabilities and all other types of disabilities) - Not selected 96.4%
Total Responses
Question asked only to employees who responded "Yes" to question 26.
554

Question 28. Do you identify as an Indigenous Person?

For the purposes of this form, the term “Indigenous” should be understood to mean persons who are First Nation, Inuk (Inuit), or Métis.

Demographic 2021
Indigenous 7.7%
Non-Indigenous 91.2%
Prefer not to say 1.1%
Total Responses 5,775
Excluding responses of "Prefer not to say"
Demographic 2021
Indigenous 7.8%
Non-Indigenous 92.2%
Total Responses 5,713

Question 29. You indicated that you identify as an Indigenous Person. If you wish to provide further details, please select the box(es) that apply to you. (Mark all that apply)

Question 29a. "First Nation"

Demographic 2021
First Nation 51.6%
First Nation - Not selected 48.4%
Total Responses
Question asked only to employees who responded "Yes" to question 26.
397
Question 29b. "Inuk (Inuit)"
Demographic 2021
Inuk (Inuit) 3%
Inuk (Inuit) - not selected 97%
Total Responses
Question asked only to employees who responded "Yes" to question 26.
398
Question 29c. Métis
Demographic 2021
Métis 42.6%
Métis - not selected 57.4%
Total Responses
Question asked only to employees who responded "Yes" to question 26.
397
Question 29d. Prefer not to specify
Demographic 2021
Prefer not to specify 3.5%
Prefer not to specify - Not selected 96.5%
otal Responses
Question asked only to employees who responded "Yes" to question 26.
397

Question 30. Are you a member of a visible minority group?

A member of a visible minority in Canada may be defined as someone (other than an Indigenous person) who is non-white in colour or race, regardless of place of birth. For example: Black, Chinese, Filipino, Japanese, Korean, South Asian or East Indian, Southeast Asian, non-white West Asian, North African or Arab, non-white Latin American, person of mixed origin (with one parent in one of the visible minority groups in this list), or other visible minority group.

Demographic 2021
Member of a visible minority group 32.5%
Not a member of a visible minority group 66%
Prefer not to say 1.5%
Total Responses 5,773
Excluding responses of "Prefer not to say"
Demographic 2021
Member of a visible minority group 33%
Not a member of a visible minority group 67%
Total Responses 5,688

Question 31. You indicated that you are a member of a visible minority. If you wish to provide further details, please select the box(es) that apply to you. (Mark all that apply)

Question 31a. Black

Demographic 2021
Black 16.6%
Black - Not selected 83.4%
Total Responses
Question asked only to employees who responded "Yes" to question 30.
1,809
Question 31b. Chinese
Demographic 2021
Chinese 23.1%
Chinese - Not selected 76.9%
Total Responses
Question asked only to employees who responded "Yes" to question 30.
1,817
Question 31c. Filipino
Demographic 2021
Filipino 6.1%
Filipino - Not selected 93.9%
Total Responses
Question asked only to employees who responded "Yes" to question 30.
1,801
Question 31d. Japanese
Demographic 2021
Japanese 1.4%
Japanese - Not selected 98.6%
Total Responses
Question asked only to employees who responded "Yes" to question 30.
1,799
Question 31e. Korean
Demographic 2021
Korean 2.2%
Korean - Not selected 97.8%
Total Responses
Question asked only to employees who responded "Yes" to question 30.
1,799
Question 31f. South Asian/East Indian (including: Indian from India; Bangladeshi; Pakistani; East Indian from Guyana, Trinidad, East Africa; etc.)
Demographic 2021
South Asian/East Indian (including: Indian from India; Bangladeshi; Pakistani; East Indian from Guyana, Trinidad, East Africa; etc.) 24.7%
South Asian/East Indian (including: Indian from India; Bangladeshi; Pakistani; East Indian from Guyana, Trinidad, East Africa; etc.) - Not selected 75.3%
Total Responses
Question asked only to employees who responded "Yes" to question 30.
1,815
Question 31g. Southeast Asian (including: Burmese; Cambodian; Laotian; Thai; Vietnamese; etc.)
Demographic 2021
Southeast Asian (including: Burmese; Cambodian; Laotian; Thai; Vietnamese; etc .) 6.3%
Southeast Asian (including: Burmese; Cambodian; Laotian; Thai; Vietnamese; etc .) - Not selected 93.7%
Total Responses
Question asked only to employees who responded "Yes" to question 30.
1,803
Question 31h. Non-White West Asian, North African or Arab (including: Egyptian; Libyan; Lebanese; Iranian; etc.)
Demographic 2021
Non-White West Asian, North African or Arab (including: Egyptian; Libyan; Lebanese; Iranian; etc.) 14.4%
Non-White West Asian, North African or Arab (including: Egyptian; Libyan; Lebanese; Iranian; etc.) - Not selected 85.6%
Total Responses
Question asked only to employees who responded "Yes" to question 30.
1,809
Question 31i. Non-White Latin American (including: indigenous persons from Central and South America, etc.)
Demographic 2021
Non-White Latin American (including: indigenous persons from Central and South America, etc.) 3.7%
Non-White Latin American (including: indigenous persons from Central and South America, etc.) - Not selected 96.3%
Total Responses
Question asked only to employees who responded "Yes" to question 30.
1,798
Question 31j. Person of mixed origin (with one parent in one of the visible minority groups)
Demographic 2021
Person of mixed origin (with one parent in one of the visible minority groups) 10%
Person of mixed origin (with one parent in one of the visible minority groups) - Not selected 90%
Total Responses
Question asked only to employees who responded "Yes" to question 30.
1,809
Question 31k. Other visible minority group
Demographic 2021
Other visible minority group 2.8%
Other visible minority group - Not selected 97.2%
Total Responses
Question asked only to employees who responded "Yes" to question 30.
1,799
Question 31l. Prefer not to specify
Demographic 2021
Prefer not to specify 2.9%
Prefer not to specify - not selected 97.1%
Total Responses
Question asked only to employees who responded "Yes" to question 30.
1,717

Question 32. Do you identify as LGBTQ2SIA+?

Please note that responses to this question will not be used for obligations under the Employment Equity Act, as LGBTQ2SIA+ (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer, Questioning, Two-Spirit, Intersex, Asexual) are not formally identified as designated groups in the Act. The Government of Canada is committed to equal participation of these groups in the workforce and is requesting this data for further understanding of representation in the workforce.

Demographic 2021
Yes 16.8%
No 78.7%
Prefer not to say 4.5%
Total Responses 5,771
Excluding responses of "Prefer not to say"
Demographic 2021
Yes 17.6%
No 82.4%
Total Responses 5,509

Question 33. You indicated that you identify as LGBTQ2SIA+. If you wish to provide further details, please select the box(es) that apply to you. (Mark all that apply)

Question 33a. Lesbian

Demographic 2021
Lesbian 10.5%
Lesbian - Not selected 89.5%
Total Responses
Question asked only to employees who responded "Yes" to question 32.
911
Question 33b. Gay
Demographic 2021
Gay 13.9%
Gay not selected 86.1%
Total Responses
Question asked only to employees who responded "Yes" to question 32.
908
Question 33c. Bisexual
Demographic 2021
Bisexual 49.8%
Bisexual - Not selected 50.2%
Total Responses
Question asked only to employees who responded "Yes" to question 32.
902
Question 33d. Transgender
Demographic 2021
Transgender 3.8%
Transgender - Not selected 96.2%
Total Responses
Question asked only to employees who responded "Yes" to question 32.
906
Question 33e. Queer
Demographic 2021
Queer 18.8%
Queer - Not selected 81.2%
Total Responses
Question asked only to employees who responded "Yes" to question 32.
914
Question 33f. Questioning
Demographic 2021
Questioning 5.6%
Questioning - Not selected 94.4%
Total Responses
Question asked only to employees who responded "Yes" to question 32.
908
Question 33g. Two-Spirit
Demographic 2021
Two-Spirit 1.2%
Two-Spirit - Not selected 98.8%
Total Responses
Question asked only to employees who responded "Yes" to question 32.
903
Question 33h. Intersex
Demographic 2021
Intersex N/A
Intersex - Not selected N/A
Total Responses
Question asked only to employees who responded "Yes" to question 32.
903
Question 33i. Asexual
Demographic 2021
Asexual 6.7%
Asexual - Not selected 93.3%
Total Responses
Question asked only to employees who responded "Yes" to question 32.
907
Question 33j. Another identity (Optional to specify)
Demographic 2021
Another identity 7.10%
Another identity - Not selected 92.9%
Total Responses
Question asked only to employees who responded "Yes" to question 32.
906
Question 33k. Prefer not to specify
Demographic 2021
Prefer not to specify 10%
Prefer not to specify - Not selected 90%
Total Responses
Question asked only to employees who responded "Yes" to question 32.
903
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