How government works
Canada is a democratic constitutional monarchy, with a Sovereign as head of State and an elected Prime Minister as head of Government.
Canada has a federal system of parliamentary government, where federal, provincial and territorial governments share government responsibilities and functions.
The Monarchy and the executive, legislative and judicial branches of Government carry out federal responsibilities.
- Sovereign- Queen Elizabeth II: Monarch, Leader of Commonwealth, Canada's formal Head of State, head of both the executive and legislative branches
- Governor General- Viceroy - represents the Queen in Canada and carries out the duties of head of state
- Executive branch
- Legislative branch
- Judicial branch
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