Some facts on the Canadian Francophonie

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The Canadian Francophonie by the numbers

Table 1: French-speaking population, provinces and territories, Canada (2021)
Province or territory French-speaking population
Newfoundland-and-Labrador 2,283 (0.5%)
Prince Edward Island 4,558 (3.0%)
Nova Scotia 27,937 (2.9%)
New Brunswick 231,850 (30.3%)
Quebec 7,074,328 (84.1%)
Ontario 533,560 (3.8%)
Manitoba 38,378 (2.9%)
Saskatchewan 12,243 (1.1%)
Alberta 72,203 (1.7%)
British Columbia 65,568 (1.3%)
Yukon 1,895 (4.8%)
Northwest Territories 1,213 (3%)
Nunavut 623 (1.7%)
Total 8,066,633 (22.0%)
Total Canadian population 36,620,960

Note: French-speaking populations have been calculated using the Census Dictionary 2021 definition of "first official language spoken" (FOLS).

The first official language spoken is a derived variable based on the responses to language questions in the Census of Canada.

Source: Official Languages Branch of Canadian Heritage, March 2024, based on data from the 2021 Census of Canada, Statistics Canada, 100% sample

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