Some facts on the Canadian Francophonie

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The Canadian Francophonie by the numbers

Table 1: French-speaking population, provinces and territories, Canada (2016)
Province or territory French-speaking population
Newfoundland-and-Labrador 2,428 (0.5%)
Prince Edward Island 4,665 (3.3%)
Nova Scotia 29,368 (3.2%)
New Brunswick 234,055 (31.8%)
Quebec 6,890,305 (85.4%)
Ontario 550,595 (4.1%)
Manitoba 40,978 (3.2%)
Saskatchewan 14,440 (1.3%)
Alberta 79,838 (2%)
British Columbia 64,323 (1.4%)
Yukon 1,635 (4.6%)
Northwest Territories 1,240 (3%)
Nunavut 630 (1.8%)
Total 7,914,498 (22.8%)
Total Canadian population 34,767,250

Note: French-speaking populations have been calculated using the Official Languages (Communications with and Services to the Public) Regulations (SOR/92-48) definition of "first official language spoken" (FOLS).

The first official language spoken is a derived variable based on the responses to language questions in the Census of Canada.

Source: Official Languages Branch of Canadian Heritage, February 2018, based on data from the 2016 Census of Canada, Statistics Canada, 100% sample

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© Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, 2019
Catalogue number: CH14-43/2019E-PDF, ISBN: 978-0-660-32297-1

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