Agreement-in-Principle reached to resolve Indian Day Schools litigation

News release

December 6, 2018 — Ottawa, ON — Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada

The Government of Canada is continuing the work of righting past wrongs, especially those involving Indigenous children, by resolving childhood claims through negotiation rather than litigation.

Today, the Honourable Carolyn Bennett, Minister of Crown-Indigenous Relations, along with Garry McLean, Claudette Commanda, Mariette Buckshot and Roger Augustine, announced that an Agreement-in-Principle has been reached in the Indian Day Schools (McLean) class action.

The signing of the Agreement-in-Principle marks an important milestone for thousands of Indigenous people who suffered cultural harm and physical and sexual abuse while attending federally operated Indian Day Schools.

The Agreement-in-Principle combines individual compensation for harms associated with attendance at an Indian Day School with a forward-looking investment to support healing, wellness, education, language, culture and commemoration for class members and their communities.

Over the past several months, the Government of Canada and counsel for the plaintiffs have been engaged in negotiations to resolve this litigation in a fair, compassionate, and respectful manner that promotes reconciliation and healing.

Canada will continue to work with survivors and Indigenous partners to advance reconciliation, promote Indigenous languages and culture, and support the healing and commemoration of those affected by the harmful policies of the past.


"The mistreatment of Indigenous children is a shameful part of Canada's history. This Agreement-in-Principle brings us one step closer to bringing lasting and meaningful resolution and healing to the legacy of Indian Day Schools. Canada is committed to reconciliation and laying the foundation for multi-generational healing and will continue to work with survivors toward righting historical wrongs."

The Honourable Carolyn Bennett, M.D., P.C., M.P.
Minister of Crown-Indigenous Relations

"Ever since 2006, when the Indian Residential Schools claim was settled, we have been struggling for recognition of the harms suffered by Indian Day School students, who were not part of the settlement. We are relieved that we have reached this milestone. This settlement will benefit all students who attended these federally operated day schools and their families and communities."

Garry McLean, Lead Plaintiff

Quick facts

  • Beginning in the 1920s, close to 200,000 Indigenous children attended federally operated Indian Day Schools. Many students who attended these schools experienced trauma associated with cultural harms, and in some cases, physical and sexual abuse at the hands of individuals entrusted with their care.

  • Indian Day Schools were operated separately from the Indian Residential Schools system and were not included in the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement. Unlike residential schools, which removed children from their families and communities, federally operated day schools did not board students overnight.

  • Parties are working to finalize the settlement agreement, and will seek court approval through a fairness hearing targeted for late Spring 2019.

  • Key elements of the Agreement-in-Principle include: individual compensation for harms associated with attendance at an Indian Day School; a $200 million investment to support healing, wellness, education, language, culture and commemoration; and funding for legal fees.

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For more information, media may contact

Matthew Dillon-Leitch
Director of Communications
Office of the Honourable Carolyn Bennett
Minister of Crown-Indigenous Relations

Media Relations
Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada

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