Financial statements (Unaudited) Department of Finance Canada: 2020
For the year ended
March 31, 2020
Statement of Management Responsibility including Internal Control over Financial Reporting
Responsibility for the integrity and objectivity of the accompanying financial statements for the year ended March 31, 2020, and all information contained in these financial statements rests with the management of the Department of Finance Canada (the Department). These financial statements have been prepared by management using the Government of Canada's accounting policies, which are based on Canadian public sector accounting standards.
Management is responsible for the integrity and objectivity of the information in these financial statements. Some of the information in the financial statements is based on management's best estimates and judgment, and gives due consideration to materiality. To fulfil its accounting and reporting responsibilities, management maintains a set of accounts that provides a centralized record of the Department's financial transactions. Financial information submitted in the preparation of the Public Accounts of Canada, and included in the Department's Departmental Results Report, is consistent with these financial statements.
Management is also responsible for maintaining an effective system of internal control over financial reporting (ICFR) designed to provide reasonable assurance that financial information is reliable, that assets are safeguarded and that transactions are properly authorized and recorded in accordance with the Financial Administration Act and other applicable legislation, regulations, authorities and policies.
Management seeks to ensure the objectivity and integrity of data in its financial statements through careful selection, training, and development of qualified staff; through organizational arrangements that provide appropriate divisions of responsibility; through communication programs aimed at ensuring that regulations, policies, standards, and managerial authorities are understood throughout the Department and through conducting an annual risk-based assessment of the effectiveness of the system of ICFR.
The system of ICFR is designed to mitigate risks to a reasonable level based on an ongoing process to identify key risks, to assess effectiveness of associated key controls, and to make any necessary adjustments.
A risk-based assessment of the system of ICFR for the year ended March 31, 2020 was completed in accordance with the Treasury Board Policy on Financial Management and the results and action plans are summarized in the Annex.
The effectiveness and adequacy of the Department's system of internal control is reviewed by the work of internal audit staff, who conduct periodic audits of different areas of the Department's operations, and by the Departmental Audit Committee, which oversees management's responsibilities for maintaining adequate control systems and the quality of financial reporting, and which recommends the financial statements to the Deputy Minister.
The financial statements of the Department have not been audited.
Paul Rochon, Deputy Minister
Darlene Bess, Chief Financial Officer
October 7, 2020
|Deposit liabilities (note 4)||266,131||277,060|
|Accounts payable and accrued liabilities (note 5)||230,050||426,988|
|Taxes payable under tax collection agreements (note 6)||2,358,191||7,067,872|
|Interest payable (note 7)||4,024,063||4,148,724|
|Notes payable to international organizations (note 8)||150,375||195,955|
|Matured debt (note 9)||471,532||544,991|
|Unmatured debt (note 10)||777,924,282||730,152,813|
|Long-term annuity liability (note 12)||1,812,149||-|
|Employee future benefits (note 13)||4,177||4,074|
|Total gross liabilities||787,240,950||742,818,477|
|Liabilities owed on behalf of Government (note 14)||(150,375)||(195,955)|
|Total net liabilities||787,090,575||742,622,522|
|Cash awaiting deposit to the Consolidated Revenue Fund||4||-|
|Due from Consolidated Revenue Fund||4,221,079||4,330,382|
|Cash held as collateral (note 15)||9,974,647||7,162,664|
|Accounts receivable (note 16)||190,247||282,784|
|Taxes receivable under tax collection agreements (note 6)||9,258,159||9,947,344|
|Foreign exchange accounts (note 17)||104,902,706||99,688,385|
|Loans to Crown corporations (note 18)||68,894,849||58,391,613|
|Other loans receivable (note 19)||1,428,260||1,486,291|
|Investments and capital share subscriptions (note 20)||316,937||559,738|
|Total gross financial assets||199,196,958||181,858,024|
|Financial assets held on behalf of Government (note 14)||(3,809,552)||(3,384,707)|
|Total net financial assets||195,387,406||178,473,317|
|Departmental net debt||591,703,169||564,149,205|
|Tangible capital assets (note 23)||10,818||11,833|
|Total non-financial assets||10,858||11,897|
|Departmental net financial position||(591,692,311)||(564,137,308)|
Contractual obligations (note 24)
Contingent liabilities (note 25)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.
Paul Rochon, Deputy Minister
Darlene Bess, Chief Financial Officer
October 7, 2020
|Economic and Fiscal Policy||98,926,514||100,240,958||94,155,019|
|Interest on bank deposits||688,936||771,740||737,628|
|Sale of domestic coinage||132,345||115,183||130,445|
|Net foreign currency gain||-||148,396||173,372|
|Revenues earned on behalf of Government (note 28)||(3,232,399)||(5,034,174)||(3,603,276)|
|Net cost of operations before
government funding and transfers
|Government funding and transfers|
|Net cash provided by Government||72,840,262||80,869,800|
|Change in due from Consolidated Revenue Fund||(109,303)||(46,486)|
| Services provided without charge by other Government
departments (note 26a)
|Net cost of operations after government funding and transfers||27,555,003||13,376,792|
|Departmental net financial position - beginning of year||(564,137,308)||(550,760,516)|
|Departmental net financial position - end of year||(591,692,311)||(564,137,308)|
Segmented information (note 27)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.
|Net cost of operations after government funding and transfers||27,555,003||13,376,792|
|Changes due to non-financial assets|
|Tangible capital assets||(1,015)||(1,297)|
|Total change due to non-financial assets||(1,039)||(1,317)|
|Net increase in departmental net debt||27,553,964||13,375,475|
|Departmental net debt - beginning of year||564,149,205||550,773,730|
|Departmental net debt - end of year||591,703,169||564,149,205|
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.
|Net cost of operations before government funding and transfers||100,312,421||94,225,505|
|Initial recognition of Department’s obligation under long-term annuity liability||(2,345,168)||-|
|Amortization of tangible capital assets||(1,050)||(1,313)|
|Amortization of discounts on loans to Crown corporations||32,484||27,750|
|Amortization of discounts on other loans receivable||5,181||5,181|
|Amortization of discounts/premiums on unmatured debt||(4,648,677)||(3,000,732)|
|Accretion of long-term annuity liability||(32,132)||-|
|Unrealized foreign exchange gains on the foreign exchange accounts||5,143,184||766,815|
|Unrealized foreign exchange losses on debt||(5,011,160)||(750,311)|
|Services provided without charge by other government departments||(26,459)||(25,399)|
|Variations in Statement of Financial Position:|
|Net decreases in assets||(247,440)||(3,120,290)|
|Net decreases in liabilities||5,029,499||208,991|
|Payment of long-term annuity liability||124,629||-|
|Change in cash collateral pledged to and by counterparties||2,824,590||(1,621,576)|
|Cash used in operating activities||101,159,902||86,714,621|
|Capital investing activities|
|Acquisition of tangible capital assets||35||16|
|Cash used in capital investing activities||35||16|
|Investments in foreign exchange accounts||30,111,090||31,527,994|
|Repayments from foreign exchange accounts||(30,841,184)||(29,313,325)|
|Issuance of loans to Crown corporations||52,837,700||43,563,489|
|Repayment of loans to Crown corporations||(42,366,948)||(40,347,754)|
|Issuance of other loans receivable||1,760||-|
|Repayment of other loans receivable||(23,920)||(13,500)|
|Cash used in investing activities||9,718,498||5,416,904|
|Net issuance of cross-currency swaps||769,247||1,261,828|
|Issuance of debt||(487,096,714)||(458,061,254)|
|Repayment of debt||448,289,294||445,537,685|
|Cash provided by financing activities||(38,038,173)||(11,261,741)|
|Net cash provided by Government of Canada||72,840,262||80,869,800|
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.
Notes to the Financial Statements (Unaudited)
1. Authority and objectives
The Department of Finance (the Department) is established under the Financial Administration Act as a department of the Government of Canada (the Government).
The Department is responsible for the overall stewardship of the Canadian economy. This includes preparing the annual federal budget, as well as advising the Government on economic and fiscal matters, tax and tariff policy, social measures, security issues, financial stability and Canada’s international commitments. The Department plays an important central agency role, working with other departments to ensure that the Government's agenda is carried out and that ministers are supported with high-quality analysis and advice.
The Department's responsibilities include the following:
- preparing the federal budget and the Update of Economic and Fiscal Projections;
- developing tax and tariff policy and legislation;
- managing federal borrowing on financial markets;
- designing and administering major transfers of federal funds to the provinces and territories;
- developing financial sector policy and legislation;
- representing Canada in various international financial institutions and groups; and
- preparing the Annual Financial Report of the Government and, in cooperation with the Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat and the Receiver General for Canada, the Public Accounts of Canada.
To achieve its strategic outcome the Department articulates its plans and priorities based on its core responsibility of Economic and Fiscal Policy, determined in accordance with the Departmental Results Framework, and its Internal Services functions.
Economic and Fiscal Policy: To develop the federal budget and Fall Economic Statement, as well as provide analysis and advice to the Government on economic, fiscal and social policy; federal-provincial relations, including the transfer and taxation payments; the financial sector; tax policy; and international trade and finance.
Internal Services: Internal Services are those groups of related activities and resources that the federal government considers to be services in support of programs and/or required to meet the corporate obligations of an organization. Internal Services are comprised of the following 11 service categories: acquisition management, communications, financial management, human resources management, information management, information technology, legal, management and oversight, material management, real property management, and security services.
2. Summary of significant accounting policies
These financial statements have been prepared using the Government of Canada's accounting policies which are based on Canadian public sector accounting standards. The presentation and results using the stated accounting policies do not result in any significant differences from Canadian public sector accounting standards.
The Department’s significant accounting policies are as follows:
a) Parliamentary authorities
The Department is financed by the Government through parliamentary authorities. Financial reporting of authorities provided to the Department does not parallel financial reporting under generally accepted accounting principles since authorities are primarily based on cash flow requirements. Consequently, items recognized in the Statement of Operations and Departmental Net Financial Position and the Statement of Financial Position are not necessarily the same as those provided through authorities from the Parliament of Canada (Parliament). Note 3 provides a reconciliation between these financial statements and the parliamentary authorities provided to the Department.
The planned results presented in the Statement of Operations and Departmental Net Financial Position are the amounts reported in the Future-oriented Statement of Operations included in the 2019-20 Departmental Plan. Planned results are not presented in the Government funding and transfers section of the Statement of Operations and Departmental Net Financial Position and in the Statement of Change in Departmental Net Debt because these amounts were not included in the 2019-20 Departmental Plan.
b) Net cash provided by Government
The Department operates within the Consolidated Revenue Fund (CRF), which is administered by the Receiver General for Canada. All cash received by the Department is deposited to the CRF, and all cash disbursements made by the Department are paid from the CRF. The net cash provided by Government is the difference between all cash receipts and all cash disbursements including transactions between departments of the Government.
c) Due from Consolidated Revenue Fund
Amounts due from the CRF are the result of timing differences at year-end between when a transaction affects authorities and when it is processed through the CRF. Amounts due from the CRF represent the net amount of cash that the Department is entitled to draw from the CRF without further authorities to discharge its liabilities.
- The Department reports revenues on an accrual basis.
- Investment income is recognized as revenue in accordance with the terms and conditions of underlying agreements or relevant legislation, as applicable.
- Sales of domestic coinage are recognized in the period in which the sales take place.
- Interest on bank deposits is recognized as revenue when earned.
- Net foreign currency gains are determined by reference to prevailing exchange rates at the time of the transaction and at the year-end date, as applicable, on foreign-currency denominated items.
- Guarantee fees are recognized when earned and are determined by reference to the terms of the guarantee program or underlying contract.
- Uncashed Receiver General cheques, warrants and bank account cheques for all departments and agencies are recognized as revenue of the Department if they remain outstanding for 10 years after the date of issue.
- Unclaimed matured bonds are recognized as revenue if they remain unredeemed for 15 years after the date of call or maturity, whichever is earlier.
- Unclaimed bank balances are recognized as revenue when there has been no owner activity in relation to the balance for a period of 40 years for balances under one thousand, and for 100 years for balances over one thousand.
- Other revenues are accounted for in the period in which the underlying transaction or event that gave rise to the revenue takes place.
- Revenues earned on behalf of Government are non-respendable revenues which are not available to discharge the Department's liabilities. While the Deputy Minister of the Department is expected to maintain accounting control, he has no authority regarding the disposition of non-respendable revenues. As a result, non-respendable revenues are presented as a reduction of the Department's gross revenues.
- The Department reports expenses on an accrual basis.
- Transfer payments are recorded as expenses when authorization for the payment exists and the recipient has met the eligibility criteria or the entitlements established therefore. In situations where payments do not form part of an existing program, transfer payments are recorded as expenses when enabling legislation or authorization for payment receives parliamentary approval prior to the completion of the financial statements.
- Interest and other costs are recognized when incurred and include interest; amortization of debt discounts, premiums and commissions; and servicing and issue costs. Discounts and premiums on debt are amortized on a straight-line basis.
- Operating expenses are recognized as incurred.
- The cost of domestic coinage sold is recognized in the period in which the related sale takes place.
- Net foreign currency losses are determined by reference to prevailing exchange rates at the time of the transaction and at the year-end date, as applicable, on foreign currency denominated items.
- Vacation pay and compensatory leave are accrued as the benefits are earned by employees under their respective terms of employment.
- Services provided without charge by other Government departments for accommodation, employer contributions to health and dental insurance plans and legal services are recorded as operating expenses at their estimated cost.
- Expenses include amortization of tangible capital assets, which are capitalized at their acquisition cost. Tangible capital assets used in operations are amortized on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful life of the asset.
f) Employee future benefits
Pension benefits: Eligible employees participate in the Public Service Pension Plan, a multi-employer pension plan sponsored and administered by the Government. The Department’s financial obligation with regard to the Plan is limited to its contributions. The Department’s contributions to the Plan are charged to expenses in the year incurred and represent the Department’s total obligation to the Plan. Actuarial surpluses or deficiencies are recognized in the financial statements of the Government, the plan sponsor.
Severance benefits: The accumulation of severance benefits for voluntary departures ceased for applicable employee groups. The remaining obligation for employees who did not withdraw benefits in cash is calculated using information derived from the results of the actuarially determined liability for employee severance benefits for the Government as a whole.
g) Coin inventory
Coin inventory is valued at the lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost is determined using the average cost method.
h) Accounts receivable
Accounts receivable are stated at the lower of cost and net recoverable value. A valuation allowance is recorded for accounts receivable where recovery is considered uncertain.
i) Foreign exchange accounts
Short-term deposits, marketable securities, and special drawing rights held in the foreign exchange accounts are recorded at cost. Marketable securities are adjusted for amortization of purchase discounts and premiums. Purchases and sales of securities are recorded at the settlement date. Write-downs to reflect other than temporary impairment in the fair value of securities, if any, are included in the net foreign currency gain or loss in the Statement of Operations and Departmental Net Financial Position.
Subscriptions to, allocation of special drawing rights by, notes payable to, and loans receivable from the International Monetary Fund are recorded at cost.
j) Foreign currency transactions
Transactions involving foreign currencies are translated into Canadian dollars using rates of exchange in effect at the time of the transactions. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in a foreign currency are translated into Canadian dollars using the rate of exchange in effect at the year-end date. Gains and losses resulting from foreign currency transactions are included in revenues or expenses in the Statement of Operations and Departmental Net Financial Position.
k) Loans receivable
Loans receivable, including loans to Crown corporations and other loans receivable, are initially recorded at cost and, where applicable, are adjusted to reflect the concessionary terms of those loans made on a long-term, low interest, or interest-free basis. An allowance for valuation is used to reduce the carrying value of loans receivable to the amount that approximates their net recoverable value. The allowance is determined based on estimated probable losses that exist for the remaining portfolio.
When the terms of a loan are concessionary, such as those provided with a low or no interest clause, the loan is initially recorded at its estimated net present value, with an immediate loss recognized in the Statement of Operations and Departmental Net Financial Position. The resulting discount is amortized to revenue to reflect the change in the present value of loans outstanding.
l) Investments and capital share subscriptions
Investments and capital share subscriptions are recorded at cost, net of valuation allowances. Allowances are determined based on a combination of expected return and likelihood of capital recovery. Given their nature, investments in certain international institutions are not expected to generate direct financial returns, and hence are not expected to be recovered. In such cases, allowances for non-recovery are established against the investments.
m) Derivative financial instruments
Derivative financial instruments are financial contracts that derive their value from underlying changes in interest rates, foreign exchange rates or other financial measures specified in the contracts. Derivative financial instruments to which the Department is party include cross-currency swap agreements and foreign exchange forward contracts.
Cross-currency swap agreements and foreign exchange forward contracts are initially recorded in the Statement of Financial Position at cost. At each reporting date, notional amounts denominated in foreign currencies are translated into Canadian dollars at the exchange rates in effect at that date. The associated unrealized gains or losses due to fluctuations in the foreign exchange value of the swaps and forward contracts are recognized in the Statement of Financial Position and as part of the net foreign currency gain or loss in the Statement of Operations and Departmental Net Financial Position.
In the Statement of Financial Position, cross-currency swaps are included in the balance of unmatured debt given their longer-term nature, while foreign exchange forward contracts are included in the balance of accounts payable and accrued liabilities given their short-term maturities.
In the Statement of Operations and Departmental Net Financial Position, interest income and expense on cross-currency swaps are presented in interest on unmatured debt.
For cross-currency swaps where domestic debt has been converted into foreign debt, any exchange gains or losses are offset by the exchange gains or losses on foreign currency investments held by the Exchange Fund Account. For foreign exchange forward contracts, any exchange gains or losses are offset by the exchange gains or losses on loan balances with the International Monetary Fund.
n) Tangible capital assets
All tangible capital assets and leasehold improvements having an initial cost of $10,000 or more are initially recorded in the Statement of Financial Position at their acquisition cost. The Department does not capitalize intangibles; works of art and historical treasures that have cultural, aesthetic or historical value; assets located on reserves as defined in the Indian Act; and museum collections.
Amortization of tangible capital assets is calculated on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the assets as follows:
|Asset class||Amortization Period|
|Computer hardware||Five to ten years|
|Informatics software||Three years|
|Leasehold improvements||Lesser of the remaining term of the lease or useful life of the improvement|
|Machinery and equipment||Five to ten years|
|Motor vehicles||Three years|
Debt is initially recognized in the Statement of Financial Position at the net proceeds received from issuance. Resulting premiums and discounts are amortized on a straight-line basis over the period to maturity. Debt that has reached its contractual maturity but which has not yet been repaid is reclassified at its face value from unmatured debt to matured debt.
For each series of real-return bonds issued, semi-annual interest and the principal payable upon maturity are indexed to the cumulative change in the consumer price index (CPI) for Canada relative to the CPI applicable to the original issue date of the series. The amounts recognized in the Statement of Financial Position for real return bonds’ accrued interest payable and principal payable are adjusted at each reporting date using the CPI indices applicable to each series as at those dates, with a corresponding gain or loss recognized in the Statement of Operations and Departmental Net Financial Position.
Exchange or repurchase of debt
When a marketable bond is exchanged or repurchased, and the transaction results in an extinguishment of the debt, the difference between the carrying amount of the debt and the net consideration paid is recognized in the Statement of Operations and Departmental Net Financial Position.
An extinguishment occurs on the repurchase of bonds, or when there is an exchange of bonds with an existing bond holder and the terms of the original debt and the replacement debt are substantially different. Exchanged bonds are considered to have substantially different terms when the discounted present value of the cash flows under the new terms, including any amounts paid on the exchange and discounted using the average effective interest rate of the original debt, is at least 10 percent different from the discounted present value of the remaining cash flows of the original debt.
If an exchange of bonds with an existing bond holder does not result in an extinguishment, the carrying amount of the debt is adjusted for any amounts paid on the exchange, and the unamortized premiums or discounts relating to the original debt and arising on the exchange transaction are amortized over the remaining term to maturity of the replacement debt on a straight-line basis.
p) Long-term annuity liability
The long-term annuity liability is measured in the Statement of Financial Position at the present value of estimated future net cash flows, discounted using the applicable rates as at the date of initial recognition. Interest expense from the accretion of the liability each period is recognized as an expense in the Statement of Operations and Departmental Net Financial Position. For presentation purposes, interest expense is included in transfer payments expense in the Segmented Information note (note 27).
q) Collateral under cross-currency swap agreements
Where the Government receives collateral from a swap counterparty in the form of cash, deposit liabilities are recognized in the Statement of Financial Position until the collateral is either returned to the counterparty or the counterparty defaults under the swap agreement. Collateral received by the Government in the form of securities pledged by a counterparty are not recognized as assets. Collateral provided by the Government in the form of cash is recorded as a separate asset, cash held as collateral, in the Statement of Financial Position. Where the Government posts collateral in the form of securities, the securities remain recognized in the Statement of Financial Position.
r) Deposit liabilities
Deposits that are repayable on demand, and collateral in the form of cash received by the Government under its cross-currency swap agreements are recorded as deposit liabilities.
s) Contingent liabilities
Contingent liabilities are potential liabilities that may become actual liabilities when one or more future events occurs or fails to occur. To the extent that the future event is likely to occur or fail to occur, and a reasonable estimate of the loss can be made, an estimated liability is accrued and an expense recorded. If the likelihood is not determinable or an amount cannot be reasonably estimated, the contingency is disclosed in the notes to the financial statements.
Provisions for liabilities arising under the terms of a loan guarantee program are established when it is likely that a payment will be made and an amount can be estimated.
t) Contingent assets
Contingent assets are possible assets which may become actual assets when one or more future events occurs or fails to occur. If the future confirming event is likely to occur, the contingent asset is disclosed in the notes to the financial statements.
u) Measurement uncertainty
The preparation of these financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported and disclosed amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses. At the time of preparation of these statements, management believes these estimates and assumptions to be reasonable. The most significant items where estimates are used are contingent liabilities, valuation allowances for loans receivable, valuation allowances for investments and capital share subscriptions, discounts on loans receivable, accruals of taxes receivable and taxes payable under tax collection agreements, the liability for employee future benefits, the estimated future cash flows of the long-term annuity liability, and the disclosed fair value of financial instruments. Actual results could significantly differ from those estimated. Management's estimates are reviewed periodically and any necessary adjustments are recognized or disclosed in the financial statements in the year they become known.
v) Liabilities owed and financial assets held on behalf of Government
Liabilities owed and financial assets held on behalf of Government are presented in these financial statements as the Deputy Minister of the Department must maintain accounting control over them. However, deductions are made for these items in arriving at the Department’s net liabilities and net financial assets in the Statement of Financial Position.
The classification of financial assets as being held on behalf of the Government is determined based on the (i) availability of the assets to discharge the Department’s liabilities; and (ii) the ability to increase holdings of the assets without further authority from Parliament. Financial assets that do not meet both of these criteria are considered to be held on behalf of the Government. Certain liabilities that directly fund such assets are considered to be owed on behalf of the Government.
w) Related party transactions
Related party transactions, other than inter-entity transactions, are recorded at the exchange amount.
Inter-entity transactions are transactions between entities under common control. Inter-entity transactions, other than restructuring transactions, are recorded on a gross basis and measured at the carrying amount, except for the following:
- services provided or received on a recovery basis are recognized as revenues and expenses, respectively, on a gross basis and measured at the exchange amount; and
- certain services received on a without-charge basis are recognized as expenses at the estimated cost of the services received.
3. Parliamentary authorities
a) Authorities provided and used
The Department receives most of its funding through annual parliamentary authorities. The authorities provided to and used by the Department are presented in the following table.
|Interest on unmatured debt||17,836,993||15,937,173|
|Other interest costs||5,951,868||6,306,704|
|Purchase of domestic coinage||86,363||90,738|
|Total statutory authorities||98,804,100||94,057,311|
|Loans to Crown corporations||52,867,082||43,596,084|
|Total non-budgetary authorities||53,318,029||43,877,472|
|Total authorities provided||152,232,465||138,046,746|
|Authorities available for future years||(68,572)||(68,572)|
|Current year authorities used||152,160,710||137,975,182|
b) Reconciliation of net cost of operations to authorities used
The Department’s net cost of operations before government funding and transfers in the Statement of Operations and the Departmental Net Financial Position is reconciled with the current-year authorities used by the Department in the following table.
|Net cost of operations before government funding and transfers||100,312,421||94,225,505|
|Adjustments for items affecting net cost of operations but not affecting authorities|
|Allowances on loans, investments and advances||1,803||(255,559)|
|Inventory charged to program expense||1,568||918|
|Employee future benefits||(103)||83|
|Amortization of tangible capital assets||(1,050)||(1,313)|
| Services provided without charge by other Government
|Transfer payment accruals|
|Initial recognition of Department’s obligation under long-term annuity liability||(2,345,168)||-|
|Other transfer payment accruals||101,713||(174,176)|
|Other expenses not being charged to authorities||(4,156)||(576)|
|Total items affecting net cost of operations but not affecting authorities||(2,271,852)||(456,022)|
|Adjustments for items not affecting net cost of operations but affecting authorities|
|Loans made to the International Monetary Fund||439,948||23,991|
|Payment to the Canada Infrastructure Bank||759,154||552,862|
|Payment to the Canadian Commercial Corporation||4,500||-|
|Acquisitions of tangible capital assets||35||16|
|Total items not affecting net cost of operations but affecting authorities||54,120,141||44,205,699|
|Current year authorities used||152,160,710||137,975,182|
4. Deposit liabilities
Deposit liabilities as at March 31 are presented in the following table.
|Canada Hibernia Holding Corporation1||101,905||100,407|
|Canada Eldor Inc.2||12,271||12,091|
|Total deposit liabilities||266,131||277,060|
|1 Canada Hibernia Holding Corporation (CHHC) deposit liabilities are demand deposits related to funds deposited to the CRF by CHHC to defray future decommissioning and abandonment costs that will be incurred upon closure of the Hibernia oil field. Abandonment is expected to occur in 2056 based on the useful lives of the assets. Interest accrues into the deposit balance at a rate equivalent to 90 percent of the bi-weekly three-month treasury bill tender rate.
2 Canada Eldor Inc. (CEI) deposit liabilities are demand deposits related to funds deposited to the CRF pursuant to subsection 129(1) of the Financial Administration Act. The funds will be used by CEI to pay for costs related to the decommissioning of former mine site properties in Saskatchewan and for retiree benefits of certain former employees. Interest accrues into the deposit balance at a rate equivalent to 90 percent of the bi-weekly three-month Treasury bill tender rate.
3 Collateral deposits are cash received from counterparties as credit support collateral under cross-currency swap agreements.
5. Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities as at March 31 are presented in the following table.
|Accounts payable - external parties1||67,591||288,515|
|Accounts payable - other Government departments and agencies||134,430||146,546|
|Provision for redemption of Canadian pennies2||2,429||2,750|
|Foreign exchange forward contracts3||16,993||(17,764)|
|Total accounts payable and accrued liabilities||230,050||426,988|
|1 The majority of accounts payable to external parties relates to $40 million payable for transfer payments (2019 - $250 million).
2 Canadian pennies are no longer being produced and, since February 4, 2013, are being eliminated from circulation. As part of the effort to remove pennies from circulation, Canadians have the option of redeeming their pennies at face value. The provision reflects the estimated remaining net cost to the Government of this initiative as at March 31, 2020.
3 The foreign exchange forward contracts were settled on May 21, 2020 (2019 – May 21, 2019).
6. Taxes payable and receivable under tax collection agreements
The Canada Revenue Agency (CRA), an agency of the Government, collects and administers personal income taxes, corporate taxes, harmonized sales tax, sales tax, goods and services tax, and cannabis excise duties on behalf of certain provinces, territories and Aboriginal governments pursuant to various tax collection agreements. The Department ultimately transfers the taxes collected directly to the participating provinces, territories and Aboriginal governments in accordance with established payment schedules.
Taxes payable under tax collection agreements
Given that the Government reports information on a fiscal year basis, while tax information is calculated on a calendar year basis, there can be transactions related to several tax years during any given fiscal year. Taxes payable therefore include amounts assessed, estimates of assessments based upon cash received, adjustments from reassessments, and adjustments relating to previous tax years payable to provincial, territorial and Aboriginal governments.
The change in taxes collectible and payable to provinces, territories and Aboriginal governments under tax collection agreements during 2020 was as follows:
|Receipts and other credits||Payments and other charges||March 31,
|Personal income taxes||5,445,281||75,415,472||78,130,363||2,730,390|
|Harmonized Sales Tax||(2,933,124)||31,403,441||32,644,763||(4,174,446)|
|First Nations Goods and Services Tax||-||22,528||22,528||-|
|First Nations Sales Tax||-||8,531||8,531||-|
|Cannabis Excise Duties1||67,394||210,805||166,154||112,045|
|Total taxes payable under tax collection agreements||7,067,872||127,389,543||132,099,224||2,358,191|
|1 The majority of the provinces and the three territories have entered into Coordinated Cannabis Taxation Agreements (CCTAs) with the Government. Under the CCTAs, the Minister of Finance of Canada and the provincial/territorial ministers have agreed that excise duties on cannabis products (excluding the provincial sales tax adjustment) will be shared (75% provincial / 25% federal) for the first two years following legalization. For fiscal years ending March 31, 2019 to March 31, 2021, Canada will share with the provinces/territories the federal cannabis duty that exceeds $100 million (prorated by the number of days of legalization in each fiscal years) based on their respective share.|
Taxes receivable under tax collection agreements
Taxes receivable under tax collection agreements include taxes collected or collectible by the CRA on behalf of provincial, territorial or Aboriginal governments that have not yet been remitted to the Department.
Changes in taxes receivable under tax collection agreements during 2020 were as follows:
|Receipts and other credits||Settlements with the CRA||March 31,
|Personal income taxes||8,986,702||75,415,472||75,040,724||9,361,450|
|Harmonized Sales Tax||(3,833,317)||31,403,441||31,650,155||(4,080,031)|
|First Nations Goods and Services Tax||1,748||22,528||22,410||1,866|
|First Nations Sales Tax||701||8,531||8,472||760|
|Cannabis Excise Duties||38,824||210,805||173,846||75,783|
|Provincial benefit programs1||(247,158)||5,578,899||5,569,357||(237,616)|
|Total taxes receivable under tax collection agreements||9,947,344||132,968,442||133,657,627||9,258,159|
|1 Provincial benefit programs include benefit amounts paid by the CRA directly to recipients on behalf of provincial governments. Transfers to the provincial governments are ultimately reduced by these amounts.|
7. Interest payable
Interest payable as at March 31 by class of debt is presented in the following table.
|International Monetary Fund balances||8,847||20,396|
|Total interest payable||4,024,063||4,148,724|
8. Notes payable to international organizations
Notes payable to international organizations are non-interest bearing demand notes issued in lieu of cash in respect of subscriptions and contributions. The notes may be presented for encashment according to the terms of the related agreements.
Notes payable to international organizations as at March 31 are presented in the following table.
|Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank||112,101||159,622|
|International Bank for Reconstruction and Development||33,758||32,046|
|Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency||4,516||4,287|
|Total notes payable to international organizations||150,375||195,955|
9. Matured debt
Matured debt consists of debt that has matured but has not yet been redeemed. As at March 31, matured debt is as follows:
|Retail debt (matured from 2010 to 2020)||467,332||540,258|
|Marketable bonds (matured from 2006 to 2016)||4,200||4,733|
|Total matured debt||471,532||544,991|
10. Unmatured debt
The Department borrows in both domestic and international markets on behalf of the Government.
Domestic debt consists of treasury bills, marketable bonds and retail debt denominated in Canadian dollars.
Treasury bills consist of non-callable Government of Canada discount instruments. Treasury bills are issued with terms to maturity of three months, six months, or 364 days; the Government of Canada may also issue treasury bills with terms to maturity ranging from 1 day to three months for cash management purposes (cash management bills).
Marketable bonds consist of non-callable Government of Canada bonds paying a fixed rate of interest semi-annually, with remaining terms to maturity ranging from 1 to 45 years. Certain marketable bonds (real return bonds) pay semi-annual interest based on a real rate of interest. At maturity real return bondholders will receive, in addition to a coupon interest payment, a final payment equal to the sum of the principal amount and the inflation compensation accrued from the original issue date.
Retail debt includes Canada Savings Bonds, which are redeemable on demand by the holder.
Foreign debt is issued by the Government under its foreign currency borrowing program. Foreign debt consists of marketable bonds, Canada bills and medium term notes denominated in US dollars or euros.
Marketable bonds are either issued in US dollars or euros to provide long-term foreign funds and have remaining terms to maturity ranging from 1 to 5 years.
Canada bills are short-term certificates of indebtedness issued in the US money market. These discount instruments mature not more than 270 days from issuance.
Medium term notes provide the Government with additional flexibility to raise foreign currency. The medium term note program allows for issuance of fixed or floating rate promissory notes in a number of currencies, including the US dollar, euro and British pound sterling.
As at March 31, unmatured debt is composed of the following:
|Face value||Unamortized (discounts) / premiums||Carrying value 2020||Carrying value 2019|
|Total domestic debt||748,904,492||2,511,218||751,415,710||706,889,667|
|Medium term notes||1,112,580||-||1,112,580||2,295,938|
|Total foreign debt||15,940,654||(24,300)||15,916,354||15,994,231|
|Total domestic and foreign debt||764,845,146||2,486,918||767,332,064||722,883,898|
|Less: Securities held for the retirement of unmatured foreign debt||-||(4,574)|
|Net domestic and foreign debt||767,332,064||722,879,324|
|Cross-currency swap revaluation2|
|Total cross-currency swap revaluation||10,592,218||7,273,489|
|Total unmatured debt||777,924,282||730,152,813|
|Domestic debt fair value||806,427,054||740,810,361|
|Foreign debt fair value||16,469,476||16,097,178|
|1 Treasury bills include $20.3 billion (2019 - $5.5 billion) in cash management bills, $43.7 billion (2019 - $41.9 billion) in three month bills, $27.5 billion (2019 - $27.3 billion) in six month bills, and $60.4 billion (2019 - $59.6 billion) in twelve month bills.
2 Cross-currency swap revaluation is the net notional value of cross-currency swap agreements translated, where applicable, into Canadian dollars using year-end exchange rates. Cross-currency swap agreements are entered into to effectively convert portions of domestic debt into foreign debt in order to meet foreign funding requirements.
Cross-currency swap revaluation includes $701.9 million (2019 - $988.8 million) related to individual cross-currency swaps that have a net asset value to the Government upon revaluation and $11,294.1 million (2019 - $8,262.3 million) related to individual cross-currency swaps that have a net liability value, resulting in a total net cross-currency swap revaluation liability of $10,592.2 million (2019 - $7,273.5 million).
Contractual maturities of unmatured debt by currency, stated in terms of face value, are as follows:
|Canadian dollars1||US dollars2||Euros3||Total|
|2026 to 2065||235,375,299||-||-||235,375,299|
|Total contractual maturities of unmatured debt||748,904,492||15,707,824||232,830||764,845,146|
|1 Includes treasury bills, marketable bonds and retail debt.
2 Includes Canada bills, marketable bonds and medium term notes issued in US dollars.
3 Includes medium term notes issued in euros.
The average effective annual interest rates of unmatured debt as at March 31 are as follows:
|Medium term notes||0.99||2.23|
11. Derivative financial instruments
The Government has entered into cross-currency swap agreements with various counterparties to facilitate the management of its debt structure. The terms and conditions of the swaps are established using International Swaps and Derivatives Association (ISDA) master agreements, which are in place with each counterparty.
Cross-currency swaps are used primarily to fund foreign-denominated asset levels in the foreign exchange accounts. Government debt is issued at both fixed and variable interest rates and is denominated in Canadian dollars, US dollars and euros. Using cross-currency swaps, Canadian dollar and foreign currency debt are converted into US dollars or other foreign currencies with either fixed interest rates or variable interest rates. As a normal practice, the Government’s swap positions are held to maturity. Remaining terms to maturity range from 1 to 10 years.
The maturities of cross-currency swaps, stated in terms of the foreign payable-leg notional amounts outstanding and translated into Canadian dollars as at March 31, 2020, are as follows:
|2026 to 2030||42,448,306|
|Total cross-currency swaps notional amounts||88,947,092|
Foreign exchange forward contracts
In the foreign exchange accounts, the Government funds loans to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), which are denominated in special drawing rights (SDRs), with US dollars. Since the currency value of the SDR is based upon a basket of key international currencies (the US dollar, euro, Japanese yen, British pound sterling and Chinese renminbi), a foreign exchange mismatch results whereby fluctuations in the value of the loan assets are not equally offset by fluctuations in the value of the related funding liabilities. The Government enters into forward contracts to hedge the resulting foreign exchange risk.
As at March 31, 2020, the total notional amount of outstanding foreign exchange forward contracts was $3.1 billion (2019 - $2.1 billion). The forward contracts outstanding as at March 31, 2020 mature in 2020-21.
12. Long-term annuity liability
The Government and the province of Newfoundland and Labrador entered into the Hibernia Dividend Backed Annuity Agreement (HDBA) effective April 1, 2019. Under the HDBA, both parties are obligated to make certain payments through 2056.
Government of Canada’s obligation
The Government of Canada is obligated under the HDBA to make stated, unequal annual payments between 2019 and 2056 to Newfoundland and Labrador totaling $3.3 billion. The total payments of $3.3 billion include the provincial income and capital taxes (provincial taxes) in respect of those years payable by Canada Hibernia Holding Corporation (CHHC) to Newfoundland and Labrador. The Government indirectly owns all of the issued and outstanding shares of CHHC through the Canada Development Investment Corporation (CDEV), a wholly-owned federal Crown corporation.
The Department’s obligation under the HDBA is to pay Newfoundland and Labrador each year the stated annual payment less the provincial taxes payable by CHHC in respect of that year (Department of Finance obligation).
Newfoundland and Labrador’s obligation
The province of Newfoundland and Labrador is obligated under the HDBA to pay the Government of Canada eight fixed annual payments of $100 million each, starting in 2045 and ending in 2052 (provincial obligation). At the Government’s discretion, the payments may be made by way of set-off against (i) taxes payable to Newfoundland and Labrador under tax collection agreements; or (ii) the Department of Finance obligation otherwise payable.
Compliance with authorities
In order to make the scheduled payments to the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, a Specified Purpose Account (SPA) was established pursuant to subsection 21(1) of the Financial Administration Act. This subsection explains that money that is received and is to be disbursed for a special purpose pursuant to a contract or undertaking, may be paid out of the CRF for that purpose. As monies received were in accordance with this agreement, and made for the special purpose of satisfying the obligation to the Province, this statutory appropriation authorized the Government to make payments out of the CRF.
To facilitate this, the Department deposited dividends it received from CDEV into the SPA and then disbursed these amounts in payment of its obligation to Newfoundland and Labrador.
Amounts recognized in the financial statements
The long-term annuity liability as at March 31 is presented in the following table.
|Department of Finance obligation||2,261,464||-|
|Total long-term annuity liability||1,812,149||-|
In the Statement of Operations and Departmental Net Financial Position, an expense of $2,345.2 million and revenue of $441 million were recognized upon initial recognition of the annuity, representing the initial values of the Department of Finance and provincial obligations, respectively. Interest expense of $32.1 million (2019 – nil) was recognized in the Statement of Operations and Departmental Net Financial Position.
The estimated contractual payments to be made (received) by the Department under the long-term annuity arrangement are presented in the following table.
|Department of Finance obligation||Provincial obligation||Net|
|2026 to 2056||2,228,737||(800,000)||1,428,737|
|Total estimated payments under the long-term annuity liability||2,812,351||(800,000)||2,012,351|
13. Employee future benefits
a) Pension benefits
The Department's employees participate in the public service pension plan (the “Plan”), a defined benefit pension plan sponsored and administered by the Government. Pension benefits accrue up to a maximum period of 35 years at a rate of 2 percent per year of pensionable service, times the average of the best five consecutive years of earnings. Benefits under the Plan are integrated with Canada/Québec Pension Plan benefits and are indexed to inflation. The Department's financial obligations with regard to the Plan is limited to its contributions.
Employees and the Department both make contributions to the Plan. Employees who were existing Plan members as at December 31, 2012 (Group 1 employees) are subject to different Public Service Superannuation Act rules and contribution rates (employee and employer rates) than those who became Plan members on or after January 1, 2013 (Group 2 employees).
The expense related to the Plan was $8.9 million (2019 - $8.1 million). For Group 1 members, the expense represents approximately 1.01 times the employee contributions (2019 - 1.01) and, for Group 2 members, approximately 1.00 times the employee contributions (2019 - 1.00 times).
b) Severance benefits
Severance benefits provided to the Department's employees were previously based on an employee's eligibility, years of service and salary upon termination of employment. However, since 2011 the accumulation of severance benefits for voluntary departures progressively ceased for substantially all employees. Employees subject to these changes were given the option to be paid the full or partial value of benefits earned or to collect the full or remaining value of benefits upon departure from the public service. All settlements for immediate cash-out are complete. Severance benefits are unfunded and, consequently, the outstanding obligation will be paid from future authorities.
The changes in the obligation for severance benefits during the year were as follows:
|Accrued severance benefits obligation, beginning of year||4,074||4,372|
|Accrued severance benefits obligation, end of year||4,177||4,074|
14. Liabilities owed and financial assets held on behalf of Government
a) Liabilities owed on behalf of Government
Notes payable to international organizations are used in lieu of cash to fund investments made in those entities. Since the investments are considered to be financial assets held on behalf of Government, the notes payable funding those investments are considered to be liabilities owed on behalf of the Government.
b) Financial assets held on behalf of Government
Financial assets held on behalf of Government include amounts related to non-respendable revenues, such as accounts receivable, as well as other loans receivable and investments and capital share subscriptions which, if repaid, could not be used to discharge other liabilities.
The liabilities owed and financial assets held on behalf of Government as at March 31 are presented in the following table.
|Liabilities owed on behalf of Government|
|Notes payable to international organizations||150,375||195,955|
|Total liabilities owed on behalf of Government||150,375||195,955|
|Financial assets held on behalf of Government|
|Cash awaiting deposit to the Consolidated Revenue Fund||4||-|
|Foreign exchange accounts||2,283,254||1,482,023|
|Other loans receivable||1,019,110||1,060,162|
|Investments and capital share subscriptions||316,937||559,738|
|Total financial assets held on behalf of Government||3,809,552||3,384,707|
15. Cash held as collateral
Cash held as collateral is cash deposited by the Government as credit support under collateral agreements with financial institutions. Interest is received on the balance.
As at March 31, 2020 the Department had pledged total collateral of $9,974.6 million (2019 - $7,162.7 million) in the form of cash.
16. Accounts receivable
Accounts receivable as at March 31 are presented in the following table.
|Accrued interest income – loans to Crown corporations||129,119||114,670|
|Accrued investment income||55,108||69,948|
|Other Government departments and agencies||5,002||7,229|
|Total accounts receivable||190,247||282,784|
17. Foreign exchange accounts
The foreign exchange accounts represent the largest component of the official international reserves of the Government and consist of the following as at March 31:
|Exchange Fund Account|
|Investments held in the Exchange Fund Account||109,733,274||105,717,595|
|Accrued net revenue from the Exchange Fund Account||2,283,254||1,482,023|
|Total investments held in Exchange Fund Account (a)||112,016,528||107,199,618|
|Subscriptions to the International Monetary Fund (b)||21,178,014||20,449,334|
|Loans receivable from the International Monetary Fund (c)||368,467||545,741|
|Notes payable to the International Monetary Fund (d)||(17,156,602)||(17,398,419)|
|Special drawing rights allocations (e)||(11,503,701)||(11,107,889)|
|Total foreign exchange accounts, carrying value||104,902,706||99,688,385|
|Foreign exchange accounts, fair value||109,756,178||100,406,767|
a) Investments held in Exchange Fund Account
Investments held in the Exchange Fund Account consist of cash advanced from the Government to the Exchange Fund Account, in Canadian dollars and other currencies, foreign currencies and securities, and SDRs. The Exchange Fund Account is operated pursuant to Section 17 of the Currency Act. Total advances are limited to US$150 billion.
The following table details the international reserves held in and advances to the Exchange Fund Account as at March 31:
|US dollar cash on deposit||6,014,491||4,903,701|
|US dollar short-term deposits||-||267,758|
|US dollar marketable securities||62,635,736||59,233,774|
|Euro cash on deposit||487,693||249,944|
|Euro marketable securities||17,538,137||17,646,194|
|British pound sterling cash on deposit||167,549||450,150|
|British pound sterling marketable securities||8,044,849||9,774,947|
|Japanese yen cash on deposit||14,194||5,764|
|Japanese yen marketable securities||5,266,018||3,678,359|
|Special drawing rights (e)||11,847,861||10,989,027|
|Total investments held in Exchange Fund Account||112,016,528||107,199,618|
b) Subscriptions to the International Monetary Fund
Subscriptions to the International Monetary Fund consist of Canada’s subscription (“quota”) to the capital of the IMF, an international organization of 189 member countries that operates in accordance with its Articles of Agreement.
The amount by which the sum of Canada’s subscriptions plus loans to the IMF under special facilities exceeds the IMF’s holdings of Canadian dollars represents the amount of foreign exchange which Canada is entitled to draw from the IMF on demand for balance of payments purposes. The subscription is expressed in terms of SDR, a unit of account defined in terms of a “basket” of the following five major currencies: the US dollar, euro, Japanese yen, British pound sterling and Chinese renminbi.
Canada has accumulated its subscriptions through settlements to the IMF in Canadian dollars, gold and SDRs. Annual maintenance of value payments are made to, or received from, the IMF when the Canadian dollar depreciates or appreciates against the SDR, in order to maintain the SDR-value of the IMF’s holdings of Canadian dollars.
The net increase in subscriptions to the International Monetary Fund during 2020 of $728.7 million (2019 - net decrease of $197.3 million) was due to foreign exchange revaluation.
c) Loans receivable from the International Monetary Fund
Loans receivable from the International Monetary Fund consist of interest-bearing loans made under Canada's multilateral and bilateral lending arrangements with the IMF. The purpose of these arrangements is to provide temporary resources to the IMF, which works to promote economic growth and safeguard the stability of the international monetary system.
There are two outstanding lending arrangements with the IMF outside of the quota system: the New Arrangements to Borrow (NAB) and the temporary bilateral borrowing agreement.
Canada’s current participation in the NAB is governed by the November 2012 NAB Decision which incorporated technical amendments made as a result of the IMF's 14th General Review of Quotas. The maximum lending by Canada to the IMF under this arrangement is SDR 3,873.7 million. As at March 31, 2020, SDR 191.8 million or $368.5 million (2019 - SDR 294.2 million or $545.7 million) in lending has been provided by Canada to the IMF under the NAB. Canada's participation in the NAB was renewed through November 2022.
In early 2017, Canada extended a temporary bilateral credit line to the IMF in the amount of SDR 8,200 million for a maximum period of four years as part of a collective effort with 34 other nations to foster global economic and financial stability. As at March 31, 2020, no lending (2019 - nil) had been provided to the IMF under the bilateral credit line.
Collectively, the outstanding loans under multilateral and bilateral arrangements with the IMF cannot exceed SDR 13,000 million or any other amount that may be fixed by the Governor in Council at any given time. Commitments under the NAB and bilateral borrowing agreement fall within this limit.
Amounts advanced under these arrangements are considered part of the Official International Reserves of Canada.
d) Notes payable to the International Monetary Fund
Notes payable to the International Monetary Fund are non-marketable, non-interest bearing notes issued by the Government to the IMF. These notes are payable on demand and are subject to redemption or re-issue, depending on the needs of the IMF for Canadian currency.
Canadian dollar holdings of the IMF include these notes and a small working balance (initially equal to one-quarter of one percent of Canada’s subscription) held on deposit at the Bank of Canada.
Notes payable to the IMF decreased overall by $241.8 million (2019 - net decrease of $1,300.8 million) due to $681.7 million in net repayments (2019 - $1,123.8 million), partially offset by an increase of $439.9 million due to foreign exchange revaluation (2019 - decrease of $177.0 million due to foreign exchange revaluation).
e) Special drawing rights allocations
Special drawing rights allocations represent the SDRs allocated to Canada by the IMF. They represent a liability of Canada as circumstances could arise whereby Canada could be called upon to repay these allocations, in part or in total. The SDR is an international currency created by the IMF, and allocated to countries participating in its Special Drawing Rights Department.
As an asset, SDRs represent rights to purchase currencies of other countries participating in the IMF’s Special Drawing Rights Department, as well as to make payments to the IMF itself. All SDRs allocated to Canada by the IMF have either been used to settle subscriptions in the IMF, or have been advanced to the Exchange Fund Account.
There was no allocation of SDRs by the IMF to Canada during the year (2019 – nil). The net increase in SDR allocations during 2020 of $395.8 million (2019 – net decrease of $107.2 million) was due to foreign exchange revaluation.
18. Loans to Crown corporations
Loans to Crown corporations as at March 31 are presented in the following table.
|Farm Credit Canada||32,653,500||(11,817)||32,641,683||29,846,489|
|Business Development Bank of Canada||23,405,000||-||23,405,000||22,235,000|
|Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation||12,848,437||(271)||12,848,166||6,310,124|
|Total loans to Crown corporations, carrying value||68,906,937||(12,088)||68,894,849||58,391,613|
|Total loans to Crown corporations, fair value||69,963,535||58,642,003|
Contractual maturities of outstanding loans to Crown corporations, at face value, are as follows:
|Farm Credit Canada||Business
Bank of Canada
|2026 and thereafter||4,199,000||1,025,000||8,361,480||13,585,480|
|Total loans to Crown corporations||32,653,500||23,405,000||12,848,437||68,906,937|
The average effective annual interest rates for the loans outstanding as at March 31, 2020 are as follows:
|Farm Credit Canada||Business
|Canada Mortgage and
|Fixed interest rates|
|Floating interest rates|
19. Other loans receivable
Other loans receivable as at March 31 are presented in the following table.
discounts / valuation
|Government business enterprises|
|Canada Lands Company CLC Limited (a)||388,870||(7,218)||381,652||393,819|
|Downsview Park Inc. (b)||43,000||(15,502)||27,498||32,309|
|Total government business enterprises||431,870||(22,720)||409,150||426,128|
|Provincial and territorial governments|
|Federal-provincial fiscal arrangements (c)||376,693||(33,459)||343,234||403,436|
|Municipal Development and Loan Board (d)||315||-||315||315|
|Winter Capital Projects Fund (e)||2,900||(2,900)||-||-|
|Total provincial and territorial governments||379,908||(36,359)||343,549||403,751|
|International and other organizations|
| International Monetary Fund – Poverty
Reduction and Growth Trust (f)
|Global Environment Facility (g)||10,000||(10,000)||-||-|
|Canadian Commercial Bank (h)||42,202||(42,202)||-||-|
|Total international and other organizations||737,763||(62,202)||675,561||258,215|
|Total national governments||-||-||-||398,197|
|Total other loans receivable||1,549,541||(121,281)||1,428,260||1,486,291|
The currencies in which other loans receivable are denominated and the Canadian dollar equivalent are presented in the following table.
|Face value, currency of denomination||Face value, CAD||Exchange rate||Proportion|
|Currency of denomination|
Government business enterprises
Canada Lands Company Limited (CLCL) is a self-financing federal Crown corporation incorporated under the Canada Business Corporations Act. CLCL's objectives are to ensure the commercially oriented, orderly disposition of selected surplus federal real properties with optimal value to the Canadian taxpayer, and the holding of certain properties. The Canada Lands Company CLC Limited (CLC) and Downsview Park Inc. are two of CLCL’s wholly-owned subsidiaries.
a) Canada Lands Company CLC Limited (CLC)
CLC has acquired an interest in a number of real properties from the Government in consideration for the issuance of promissory notes, which bear no interest and are repayable from the proceeds of the sale of the properties in respect of which they were issued. The notes are recorded at their discounted value using the Government's cost of borrowing at the time of issuance.
New promissory notes of $1.8 million were issued during the year (2019 - nil). Repayments of $18.9 million were received during the year (2019 - $13.5 million). Discount amortization of $5.0 million (2019 - $5.0 million) was recognized in income.
b) Downsview Park Inc.
Downsview Park Inc. owns a unique urban recreational green space located in Toronto, ON. The loan receivable from Downsview Park Inc. is a non-interest bearing promissory note repayable in full on July 31, 2050. The note is recorded at its discounted value using the Government's cost of borrowing at the time of issuance.
No new promissory notes were issued during the year (2019 - nil). Repayments of $5 million were received during the year (2019 - nil). Discount amortization of $0.2 million was recognized in income (2019 - $0.2 million).
Provincial and territorial governments
c) Federal-Provincial fiscal arrangements
These amounts represent net overpayments in respect of transfer payments to provinces under the Constitutions Acts 1867 to 1982, the Federal-Provincial Arrangements Act, and other statutory authorities. The overpayments are non-interest bearing and will be repaid by reducing transfer payments in subsequent years.
d) Municipal Development and Loan Board
Loans have been made to provinces and municipalities to augment or accelerate municipal capital works programs. The loans bear interest at rates from 5.25 to 5.375 percent per annum and are repayable in annual or semi-annual installments over 15 to 50 years.
e) Winter Capital Projects Fund
Loans have been made to provinces, provincial agencies and municipalities to assist in the creation of employment. The loans bear interest at rates from 7.4 to 9.5 percent per annum and are repayable either in annual installments over 5 to 20 years, or at maturity.
International and other organizations
f) International Monetary Fund - Poverty Reduction and Growth Trust
Canada has made loans to the IMF’s Poverty Reduction and Growth Trust in order to provide assistance to qualifying low-income countries as authorized by the Bretton Woods and Related Agreements Act and various appropriation acts.
The total revolving loan authority pursuant to the Bretton Woods and Related Agreements Act was set at $550 million or such greater amount as may be fixed by the Governor in Council. The current limit set by the Governor in Council is SDR 1 billion.
As at March 31, 2020, Canada has lent a total of SDR 1,082.7 million or $2,080.0 million (2019 - SDR 864.6 million or $1,603.7 million) to the Poverty Reduction and Growth Trust. Of this amount, SDR 725.9 million or $1,394.6 million (2019 - SDR 720 million or $1,335.5 million) has been repaid.
The outstanding balance of SDR 356.9 million or $685.6 million (2019 - SDR 144.6 million or $268.2 million) was translated into Canadian dollars at the year-end closing rate of exchange of $1.9211 per SDR (2019 - $1.855 per SDR). During the year, transactions included repayments and an exchange valuation adjustment.
Separately, Canada has also made budgetary contributions towards an interest subsidy amounting to $413.3 million (2019 - $399.1 million).
g) Global Environment Facility (GEF)
Canada has provided funding for developing countries in the areas of ozone, climate change biodiversity and international waters as authorized by the Bretton Woods and Related Agreements Act and various appropriation acts. Advances to the GEF are made in non-negotiable, non-interest bearing demand notes that are later encashed.
h) Canadian Commercial Bank (CCB)
Canada has provided financial assistance in respect of the CCB as authorized by the Canadian Commercial Bank Financial Assistance Act. The amounts reported as other loans receivable represent the Government's participation in the loan portfolio that was acquired from the CCB and the purchase of outstanding debentures from existing holders.
Pursuant to section 8.3(1) of the Bretton Woods and Related Agreements Act, the Minister of Finance, by order of the Governor in Council, is authorized to extend certain forms of financial assistance to a foreign state. The provision of such financial assistance is contingent upon that state having an arrangement with the IMF and upon the satisfactory participation of other countries with Canada in the provision of financial assistance.
Funding for such transactions is provided by the Minister of Finance out of the CRF. The maximum amount of financial assistance that can be provided under legislation is US$2.5 billion in respect of any particular foreign state and US$5 billion in respect of all foreign states.
The loan to Ukraine was repaid in full during 2019-2020.
20. Investments and capital share subscriptions
Investments and capital share subscriptions as at March 31 are presented in the following table.
|Face value||Valuation allowances||Carrying value
|International Development Association||12,939,018||(12,939,018)||-||-|
|European Bank for Reconstruction and
|International Bank for Reconstruction and
|International Finance Corporation||104,801||(104,801)||-||-|
|International Finance Corporation – Catalyst Fund||75,000||-||75,000||75,000|
|Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency||13,827||(13,827)||-||-|
|Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank||257,200||(257,200)||-||-|
|Total investments and capital share subscriptions||14,715,394||(14,398,457)||316,937||559,738|
Certain of Canada’s capital share subscriptions have both a paid-in portion and a portion which is callable. Only if certain circumstances arise in the future, such as the inability of the investee to otherwise meet its financial obligations, would the Department be obligated to pay for some or all of the callable share capital. Details of the paid-in and callable portions of investments and capital share subscriptions, where applicable, are provided in the following table.
|International Development Association||CAD||12,939,018||-||12,939,018||12,497,398||-||12,497,398|
|European Bank for Reconstruction and Development||EUR||212,850||807,640||1,020,490||212,850||807,640||1,020,490|
|International Bank for Reconstruction and Development1||USD
|International Finance Corporation||USD||81,342||-||81,342||81,342||-||81,342|
|Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency||USD||10,732||45,802||56,534||10,732||45,802||56,534|
|Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank||USD||199,100||796,300||995,400||199,100||796,300||995,400|
|1 The subscription to the capital shares of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development is denominated in US dollars. The Department has paid-in capital using both US and Canadian dollars.|
International Development Association (IDA)
Canada’s contributions and subscriptions to the IDA (part of the World Bank Group) are authorized by the Bretton Woods and Related Agreements Act and various appropriation acts. The contributions and subscriptions to the IDA are used to lend funds to the poorest developing countries for development purposes on highly favourable terms (very low interest, with a 25 to 40 year maturity and 5 to 10 years of grace).
European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)
Canada’s subscription to the capital of the EBRD is authorized by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development Agreement Act and various appropriation acts. The EBRD provides financing for well-structured and financially robust projects of all sizes, with the objective of making economies more competitive, well governed, green, inclusive, resilient and integrated. Each payment to the EBRD is comprised of cash and a promissory note. As at March 31, 2020, Canada has made total cumulative cash contributions into the paid-in capital of the EBRD of US$216.2 million (2019 - US$216.2 million).
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD)
Canada’s subscription to the capital of the IBRD (part of the World Bank Group) is authorized by the Bretton Woods and Related Agreements Act and various appropriation acts. The IBRD provides loans, guarantees, risk management products and advisory services to middle-income and creditworthy low-income countries, and also coordinates responses to regional and global challenges.
International Finance Corporation (IFC)
Canada’s subscription to the capital of the IFC (part of the World Bank Group) is authorized by the Bretton Woods and Related Agreements Act and various appropriation acts. The IFC works to further economic development by encouraging the growth of productive private enterprise, particularly in less developed areas.
International Finance Corporation - Catalyst Fund
Canada has provided financing for the IFC’s Catalyst Fund, as authorized by the Bretton Woods and Related Agreements Act and various appropriation acts. The Catalyst Fund supports private sector engagement in climate change mitigation and adaptation activities through the provision of concessional and commercial financing arrangements.
Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA)
Canada’s subscription to the capital of the MIGA (part of the World Bank Group) is authorized by the Bretton Woods and Related Agreements Act and various appropriation acts. The MIGA provides political risk insurance and credit enhancement for projects in developing countries covering all regions of the world.
Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
Canada is a member of the AIIB pursuant to the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank Agreement Act. The AIIB invests in infrastructure and other productive sectors in Asia and promotes regional cooperation in addressing development challenges. Canada will contribute the paid-in capital in five equal annual installments.
Following the dissolution of PPP Canada Inc. in 2018, the Department assumed the investments held by PPP Canada Inc. pursuant to Order in Council P.C. 2017-1329. These investments included guaranteed investment certificates maturing in 2021. The investments earn interest at rates from 1.65% per cent to 2.06% per cent per annum.
21. Fair value of financial instruments
Fair value is the amount of consideration that would be agreed upon in an arm's length transaction between knowledgeable, willing parties who are under no compulsion to act. Fair values are management’s estimates and are generally calculated using market conditions as at a specific point in time, where a market exists. The determination of fair value is subjective and inherently involves uncertainties due to the unpredictability of future events and conditions. Fair values may not reflect future market conditions nor the actual values obtainable should the instrument be exchanged in the market. For instruments with a short term to maturity or of a non-negotiable nature, fair values are assumed to approximate carrying values.
The following table presents the carrying value and the fair value of certain financial instruments.
|Carrying value||Fair value||Carrying value||Fair value|
|Foreign exchange accounts||104,902,706||109,756,178||99,688,385||100,406,767|
|Loans to Crown corporations||68,894,849||69,963,535||58,391,613||58,642,003|
|Foreign exchange forward contracts (net)1||16,993||21,057||(17,764)||(11,407)|
|Total domestic and foreign debt||767,332,064||822,896,530||722,883,898||756,907,539|
|Cross-currency swaps (net)2||10,592,218||10,876,580||7,273,489||7,032,892|
|1 The carrying value of foreign exchange forward contracts (net) is presented net in accounts payable and accrued liabilities.
2 The carrying value of cross-currency swaps (net) is presented in unmatured debt.
Fair value of foreign exchange forward contracts (net) and cross-currency swaps (net)
The fair values of the foreign exchange forward contracts and cross-currency swaps represent the estimated amounts that the Government would receive or pay if the contracts were terminated on March 31, based on market factors as at that date. The fair values are established by discounting the expected future cash flows of the forward contracts and swaps, calculated from the contractual or notional amounts and year-end market interest and exchange rates. A positive (negative) fair value indicates that the Government would receive (make) a payment if the agreements were terminated on March 31.
22. Financial risk
a) Credit risk related to cross-currency swap and foreign exchange forward contracts
The Department manages its exposure to credit risk by dealing principally with financial institutions having acceptable credit ratings. Credit risk is also managed through collateral provisions in cross-currency swap and foreign exchange forward contracts. The Government participates in a two-way collateral program in accordance with Credit Support Annex (CSA) agreements for its cross-currency swap portfolio. Under the CSA agreements, the Department and the counterparty are required to provide collateral, either in the form of securities or cash (CAD or USD), based on the terms and conditions of the agreements, such as when the fair value of a contract exceeds a minimum threshold. The collateral pledged to the Government could be liquidated to mitigate credit losses in the event of a counterparty default.
Collateral pledged by the Government and by counterparties under two-way CSA agreements as at March 31, 2020 is presented in the following table.
|Nominal amount||Fair value|
|Posted by Government of Canada||Posted by Counterparties||Posted by Government of Canada||Posted by Counterparties|
The Department does not have a significant concentration of credit risk with any individual institution and does not anticipate any counterparty credit loss with respect to its cross-currency swap and foreign exchange forward contracts.
The following table presents the notional principal amounts of the swap and foreign exchange forward contracts organized by credit ratings based on published Standard & Poor's credit ratings and stand-alone credit profiles at year-end. Swap notional amounts are stated in terms of the foreign payable-leg notional amounts outstanding, translated into Canadian dollars as at March 31.
|Total notional amounts of swap and foreign exchange forward contracts||92,021,125||85,209,446|
b) Managing foreign currency and interest rate risk and sensitivity analysis to foreign currency exposures
Foreign currency and interest rate risks are managed using a strategy of matching the currency and the duration of the Exchange Fund Account assets and the related foreign currency borrowings of the Government. As at March 31, 2020, the impact of price changes affecting the Exchange Fund Account assets and the liabilities funding the assets naturally offset each other, resulting in no significant impacts to the Government’s net debt. Assets related to the IMF are only partially matched by related foreign currency borrowings, as the assets are denominated in SDR; however, foreign exchange risks relating to loans to the IMF have been mitigated by entering into various foreign exchange forward contracts.
The majority of the Exchange Fund Account foreign currency assets and liabilities are held in four currency portfolios: US dollar, euro, British pound sterling, and Japanese yen. As at March 31, 2020, a one percent appreciation in the Canadian dollar as compared to the US dollar, euro, British pound sterling and the Japanese yen would result in a foreign exchange gain of $1.9 million for the US dollar portfolio (2019 - no significant exposure), a foreign exchange gain of $3.0 million for the euro portfolio (2019 - $1.7 million loss), a foreign exchange gain of $1 million for the Japanese yen portfolio (2019 - no significant exposure) and a foreign exchange loss of $1.6 million for the British pound sterling portfolio (2019 - no significant exposure).
23. Tangible capital assets
The change in tangible capital assets during 2020 is presented in the following table.
|Informatics equipment||Informatics software||Leasehold improvements||Machinery and equipment||Motor vehicles||Total|
|Balance, March 31, 2019||3,634||63||11,516||2,747||55||18,015|
|Disposals and write-offs||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Balance, March 31, 2020||3,634||63||11,516||2,747||90||18,050|
|Balance, March 31, 2019||2,596||50||2,149||1,332||55||6,182|
|Disposals and write-offs||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Balance, March 31, 2020||2,906||56||2,610||1,605||55||7,232|
|Net book value|
|Balance, March 31, 2019||1,038||13||9,367||1,415||-||11,833|
|Balance, March 31, 2020||728||7||8,906||1,142||35||10,818|
24. Contractual obligations
Contractual obligations are financial obligations of the Government to others that will become liabilities when the terms of the related contracts or agreements for the acquisition of goods and services or the provision of transfer payments are met.
The expected payments to be made under the Department’s significant contractual obligations that can be reasonably estimated are summarized by the year of payment as follows:
|African Development Fund||3,805||20,602||21,224||22,412||22,597||374,303||464,943|
|Total contractual obligations||37,895||53,132||53,424||53,562||53,277||1,117,403||1,368,693|
25. Contingent liabilities
Contingent liabilities arise in the normal course of operations and their ultimate disposition is unknown. They are grouped into two categories as follows:
a) Callable share capital
The Department has subscribed to callable share capital in certain international organizations. In the event of the capital being called, the likelihood of which is low, payments to these organizations would be required.
Callable share capital as at March 31 is presented in the following table.
|International Bank for Reconstruction and Development||11,091,665||10,529,044|
|European Bank for Reconstruction and Development||1,253,619||1,210,572|
|Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank||1,120,872||1,064,016|
|Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency||64,471||61,201|
|Total callable share capital||13,530,627||12,864,833|
b) Loan guarantees
Mortgage or Hypothecary Protection Insurance
The Protection of Residential Mortgage or Hypothecary Insurance Act (PRMHIA), which came into force on January 1, 2013, authorizes the Minister of Finance to provide protection in respect of certain mortgage or hypothecary insurance contracts written by approved mortgage insurers. As at March 31, 2020 there are two approved mortgage insurers under the PRMHIA: Genworth Financial Mortgage Insurance Company Canada and Canada Guaranty Mortgage Insurance Company.
Under the PRMHIA, payments in respect of the guarantee would only be required if a winding-up order were made in respect of an approved mortgage insurer. Where this is the case, the Minister would honour lender claims for insured mortgages in default, subject to: (a) any proceeds the beneficiary has received from the underlying property or the insurer's liquidation, and (b) a deductible of 10 percent of the original principal amount of the insured mortgage.
As at March 31, 2020, the aggregate outstanding principal amount of loans that are guaranteed under the PRMHIA is estimated at $270.8 billion (2019 - $273.7 billion). Any payment made by the Minister is subject to a deductible equal to 10 percent of the original principal amount of these loans, or $32.2 billion (2019 - $32.1 billion). The principal amount outstanding does not refer to the Department’s anticipated losses or payments in respect of the guarantee. No provision has been made in these accounts for payments under the guarantee.
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD)
In 2017, pursuant to section 8.3(1) of the Bretton Woods and Related Agreements Act, the Minister of Finance, by order of the Governor in Council, authorized a partial loan guarantee in the amount of US$118 million to the IBRD in respect of a US$1,443.8 million loan entered into between the IBRD and the Republic of Iraq. Under this guarantee, the Department would make payment to the IBRD in the event that the Republic of Iraq is more than six months late in meeting a scheduled interest or principal payment to the IBRD. The Department would only be required to pay a pro-rata share of the loan repayment that is past due, up to the fixed aggregate amount of US$118 million.
In the event that any portion of the guarantee is called, Canada would receive a claim from the IBRD against the Republic of Iraq and would have the option to pursue recovery. As at March 31, 2020, no losses are anticipated with respect to this guarantee and no provision has been made.
Coast Capital Savings Federal Credit Union (CCS)
Pursuant to section 39.02 of the Bank Act, the Minister of Finance has authorized a loan guarantee of $1.5 billion for a line of credit extended by federal financial institutions to CCS. Each guaranteed drawdown under this line of credit must be approved by the Minister of Finance. The loan guarantee agreement expires on October 31, 2021.
Under this guarantee, if CCS defaults on the line of credit the Government would pay eligible outstanding principal, interest and other expenses. Following default, the Government has the option to pursue recovery under the Indemnity Agreement between CCS and the Government.
As at March 31, 2020, there are no approved drawdowns on the line of credit giving rise to a guarantee exposure and no provision for associated losses has been recognized.
26. Related party transactions
The Department is related as a result of common ownership to all Government departments, agencies, and Crown corporations. Related parties also include individuals who are members of key management personnel or close family members of those individuals, and entities controlled by, or under shared control of, a member of key management personnel or a close family member of that individual.
The Department enters into transactions with these entities in the normal course of business and on normal trade terms. The Department also receives common services without charge from other Government departments as disclosed below.
a) Common services received without charge from other Government departments
The services received without charge from other Government departments have been recorded as expenses in the Statement of Operations and Departmental Net Financial Position as follows:
|Employer’s contribution to the health and dental insurance plans||8,249||7,343|
|Total services received without charge||26,459||25,399|
The Government has centralized some of its administrative activities for efficiency, cost-effectiveness and economic delivery of programs to the public. As a result, the Government uses central agencies and common service organizations so that one department performs services for all other departments and agencies without charge. The costs of these services, such as the payroll and cheque issuance services provided by Public Services and Procurement Canada (PSPC) and audit services provided by the Office of the Auditor General are not included in the Statement of Operations and Departmental Net Financial Position.
b) Other transactions with related parties
These amounts include expenses and revenues pertaining to liabilities owed and assets held on behalf of Government, interest expense on the superannuation and all other interest-bearing specified purpose accounts established by Government departments and agencies, and contributions to employee benefit plans.
|Expenses - other Government departments and agencies||5,875,657||6,211,341|
|Revenues - other Government departments and agencies||69||35|
27. Segmented information
The Department’s segments include its core responsibility of Economic and Fiscal Policy and the Internal Services functions which support that responsibility. Segmented information is based on the same accounting policies described in the summary of significant accounting policies (note 2). The following table presents expenses and revenues for segments by major object of expense and type of revenue.
|Economic and Fiscal Policy||Internal Services||2020
|Provinces and territories (a)||75,802,154||-||75,802,154||70,734,453|
|Total transfer payments||76,291,151||-||76,291,151||71,745,564|
|Interest and other costs|
|Interest on unmatured debt (b)||17,826,824||-||17,826,824||15,929,074|
|Interest on superannuation and other accounts (c)||5,951,869||-||5,951,869||6,306,704|
|Other interest and costs||10,166||-||10,166||8,094|
|Total interest and other costs||23,788,859||-||23,788,859||22,243,872|
|Operating expenses (d)||76,152||71,455||147,607||146,240|
|Cost of domestic coinage sold||84,795||-||84,795||89,820|
|Exchange Fund Account net revenues||2,283,254||-||2,283,254||1,482,023|
|Loans to Crown corporations - interest||1,010,739||-||1,010,739||843,300|
|Total investment income||3,351,585||-||3,351,585||2,385,520|
|Interest on bank deposits||771,740||-||771,740||737,628|
|Sale of domestic coinage||115,183||-||115,183||130,445|
|Unclaimed cheques and other||89,206||2||89,208||74,949|
|Net foreign currency gain||148,397||(1)||148,396||173,372|
|Long-term annuity - initial recognition of provincial obligation||440,522||-||440,522||-|
|Revenues earned on behalf of Government||(5,034,173)||(1)||(5,034,174)||(3,603,276)|
|Net cost of operations||100,240,958||71,463||100,312,421||94,225,505|
a) Transfer payments to provinces and territories
Transfer payments to provinces and territories are paid pursuant to the Federal-Provincial Fiscal Relations Act, Budget Implementation Acts and other statutory authorities. Transfer payments to provinces and territories are presented in the following table.
|Canada Health Transfer||40,871,762||38,567,524|
|Canada Social Transfer||14,585,672||14,160,847|
|Long-term annuity liability|
|Initial recognition of Department’s obligation||2,345,168||-|
|Establishment of a Canadian Securities Regulation Regime and a
Canadian Regulatory Authority
|Refund of Prior Year Expenditures||(103,000)||-|
|Total transfer payments to provinces and territories||75,802,154||70,734,453|
b) Interest on unmatured debt
Interest on unmatured debt includes interest incurred, amortization of debt discounts/premiums and net interest on cross-currency and interest rate swaps. Interest on unmatured debt by class of debt is presented in the following table.
|Interest on domestic debt|
|Total interest on domestic debt||17,452,175||15,553,296|
|Interest on foreign debt|
|Medium term notes||36,306||49,629|
|Total interest on foreign debt||374,649||375,778|
|Total interest on unmatured debt||17,826,824||15,929,074|
c) Interest on superannuation and other accounts
The Department funds interest on all interest-bearing specified purpose accounts established by Government departments and agencies, including superannuation accounts and retirement compensation arrangement accounts established for the benefit of public service employees and members of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police and the Canadian Forces, the Canada Pension Plan Account, and other accounts.
Interest on superannuation and other accounts is presented in the following table.
|Other specified purpose accounts||173,173||186,556|
|Retirement compensation arrangement accounts||88,769||93,140|
|Special drawing rights allocations||94,079||110,957|
|Canada Pension Plan Account||5,472||4,583|
|Total interest on superannuation and other accounts||5,951,869||6,306,704|
d) Operating expenses
The following table presents details of operating expenses by category.
|Salaries and wages||98,020||93,649|
|Professional and special services||12,535||13,162|
|Contributions to employee benefit plans||12,795||11,557|
|Transportation and telecommunications||2,688||3,669|
|Amortization of tangible capital assets||1,050||1,313|
|Machinery and equipment||1,110||1,923|
|Repairs and maintenance||452||423|
|Other subsidies and payments||(23)||(37)|
|Total operating expenses||147,607||146,240|
28. Revenues earned on behalf of Government
Revenues earned on behalf of Government represent revenues which the Department cannot re-spend to fund other departmental activities.
The following table presents details of revenues earned on behalf of Government:
|Exchange Fund Account - net revenues||2,283,254||1,482,023|
|Loans to Crown corporations - interest||1,010,739||843,300|
|Interest on bank deposits||771,740||737,628|
|Sale of domestic coinage||115,183||130,445|
|Unclaimed cheques and other||89,208||74,949|
|Net foreign currency gain||148,396||173,372|
|Long-term annuity - initial recognition of provincial obligation||440,522||-|
|Total revenues earned on behalf of Government||5,034,174||3,603,276|
29. Comparative information
Comparative figures have been reclassified where necessary to conform to the current year's presentation.
30. Subsequent events
The novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has resulted in governments worldwide taking unprecedented steps to combat the spread of the virus. The Government of Canada continues to implement comprehensive measures to address the public health and safety and, under the COVID-19 Economic Response Plan, the economic aspects of the pandemic. Certain aspects of the Plan were in effect prior to March 31, 2020, while others have or will become effective in the 2020-21 fiscal year.
The financial impact of the majority of the measures affecting the Department of Finance will start to be reflected in the Department’s financial results for the 2020-21 fiscal year. As the ultimate duration and impact of the COVID-19 pandemic is unknown at this time, it is not possible to reliably estimate the length and severity of the impact on the Department’s financial position and financial results in future periods.
Under the COVID-19 Economic Response Plan, the Government of Canada is making investments to stabilize the economic consequences of the pandemic. The Plan measures that most affect the Department include:
- provinces and territories received $500 million in transfer payments from the Department in March 2020 for critical health care system needs and mitigation efforts. Increased transfer payments for other aspects of the Plan are expected to flow through the Department in the 2020-21 fiscal year;
- up to $150 billion of National Housing Act Mortgage Backed Securities will be purchased by the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) to support liquidity and access to credit in the Canadian financial system. The Department funds CMHC for these purchases and as such there will be a corresponding increase in loans to Crown corporations. As at March 31, 2020, $5.0 billion (July 31, 2020 - $5.8 billion) had been loaned to CMHC under this program;
- the Bank of Canada has established the following programs to support liquidity and the proper functioning of Canadian debt markets: the Government of Canada Bond Purchase Program, Provincial Bond Purchase Program, Corporate Bond Purchase Program, Provincial Money Market Purchase Program and the Commercial Paper Purchase Program.
The Government of Canada, through the Department, will indemnify the Bank of Canada for any losses it may suffer on the sale or other disposition of the securities purchased under these programs. Moreover, any realized gains from the Government of Canada Bond Purchase Program, Provincial Bond Purchase Program and Corporate Bond Purchase Program will be fully remitted to the Government of Canada through the Department. As at July 31, 2020, there have been no realized gains or losses for these programs; and
- subsequent to March 31, 2020, Canada Development Investment Corporation, a federal Crown corporation, was mandated to implement the Large Employer Emergency Financing Facility (LEEFF). The LEEFF will provide bridge financing to Canada’s largest employers in order to keep their operations going. Funding for the LEEFF will be provided by the Department.
To finance the investments being made to address the COVID-19 pandemic, a significant increase in the amount of outstanding Government of Canada debt is forecast. It is anticipated that there will an increase in debt for all terms, with the highest relative increase being for long-term bonds. While higher levels of debt outstanding are forecast, interest expense on debt is not expected to increase in 2020-21 given historically low interest rates. As at July 31, 2020, total unmatured debt is $1,101.1 billion, a $323.2 billion (42%) increase over March 31, 2020.
Department of Finance Canada
Annex to the Statement of Management Responsibility Including Internal Control over Financial Reporting of the Department of Finance Canada for Fiscal Year 2019-20 (unaudited)
This document provides summary information on the measures taken by the Department of Finance Canada (the Department) to maintain an effective system of internal control over financial reporting (ICFR) as well as information on internal control management, assessment results and related action plans.
Detailed information on the Department's authority, mandate and program activities are available in the 2019-20 Departmental Results Report and the 2019-20 Departmental Plan.
2. Departmental System of Internal Control over Financial Reporting
2.1 Internal control management
The Department has a well-established governance and accountability structure to support departmental assessment efforts and oversight of its system of internal control.
A departmental internal control framework approved by the Deputy Minister and the Chief Financial Officer (CFO) is in place, which includes:
- Accountability structures relating to internal control management to support sound financial management, including clear roles and responsibilities for employees in their areas of responsibility for control management;
- On-going communication and training on statutory requirements, policies and procedures for sound financial management and control;
- A group dedicated to ICFR under the direction of the CFO with a primary focus on maintaining documentation in support of business processes and associated key risks and control points;
- A risk based internal audit plan which includes audits and reviews related to business processes assessed under the Policy on Financial Management;
- An Office of Values and Ethics to provide service and guidance on values and ethics issues, discuss ethical dilemmas in accordance with the Values and Ethics Code for the Public Sector, Policy on Conflict of Interest and Post Employment. In addition, the Department of Finance Code of Conduct underlines the need for employees to avoid, and if necessary, resolve conflicts of interest between their official duties and their personal interests. Mandatory annual reporting is an important feature of the code;
- A Disclosure Protection Officer, housed within the Office of Values and Ethics, to facilitate protected disclosures of wrongdoing in accordance with the Public Servants Disclosure Protection Act;
- Monitoring and regular updates on internal control management plus assessment results and action plans presented to the Departmental Audit Committee (DAC) and senior management; and
- Advice provided by the DAC to the Deputy Minister on the adequacy and functioning of the Department’s risk management, control and governance frameworks and processes.
2.2 Service arrangements relevant to the financial statements
The Department relies on other organizations for the processing of certain transactions recorded in its financial statements.
- Public Services and Procurement Canada (PSPC) centrally administers banking arrangements and related processes, the payment and processing of salaries and the procurement of goods and services consistent with the Department’s delegation of authority;
- Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat (TBS) provides the Department with information on public service insurance and centrally administers payment of the employer’s share of contributions toward statutory employee benefit plans;
- The Department of Justice provides legal services to the Department; and
- Shared Services Canada (SSC) provides information technology (IT) infrastructure services, with the exception of the infrastructure service for the SAP financial system. Effective January 2020, the SAP financial system transitioned to a Cloud environment which is housed within TBS and managed by a third party.
Specific departmental arrangements:
- The Bank of Canada has shared responsibility with the Department for maintaining the financial records and accounts for the domestic debt of Canada and the Exchange Fund Account of Canada, for which the Bank acts as fiscal agent. These responsibilities include ensuring all related financial systems and processes are effectively designed and operating;
- Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) provides the financial information used by the Department to determine taxes receivable from CRA under tax collection agreements, including accrual-based methodologies to determine amounts receivable at year-end;
- TBS provides financial management and accounting services for operating expenses, managed through a shared-services arrangement; and
- TBS provides the Department and other departments with its SAP financial system platform through which its captures and reports on financial transactions. As the service provider, TBS is responsible for ensuring that IT-general controls over the SAP environment, including TBS infrastructure services, are designed and operating effectively. The Department retains responsibility of certain IT-general controls within the SAP environment, such as user access controls and segregation of duties.
3. Departmental Assessment Results during Fiscal Year 2019-2020
The key findings and significant adjustments required from the current year’s assessment activities are summarized below.
New or significantly amended key controls: In the current year, there were no other significantly amended key controls in existing processes, which required a reassessment.
The Covid-19 pandemic, and more specifically the rapid transition to a remote work environment has had an impact on key controls that require signatures confirming approvals or evidence that a review has been performed. The impact is more prevalent on controls relating to the FAA Sections 32 and 34. To mitigate the inability to obtain wet signatures, compensating measures such as e-mail confirmation from the signing authority have be used. As part of the on-going monitoring of key controls for fiscal year 2020-2021, Internal Control will validate and test the effectiveness of these measures, and engage with process owners to implement best practices required to sustain an audit.
On-going monitoring of key controls:
The Department assesses the design and operational effectiveness of its high-risk business processes on an annual basis as part of its rotational on-going monitoring of key controls.
The Department conducts walkthroughs throughout the fiscal year and selects transaction samples for testing. The testing validates that the controls in place are effective and operating as designed prior to the OAG pre-audit review. The extent of testing is determined by the frequency of the control being performed as well as the characteristics of the population. It also includes the expected size and frequency of misstatements for the population to be tested, and is based on the assessment of inherent risk, control risk and the detection risk related to the analytical procedures. The Department follows industry standards in determining the quantity of tests performed.
This year, the Department completed its reassessment of entity-level controls, IT-general controls under departmental management and the following business processes:
|Key control areas||Assessed level of financial reporting risk||Approach to assessment||Status|
|Transfer payments||High||Design and operational effectiveness||Completed as planned and no remedial actions required|
|Domestic debt||High||Design and operational effectiveness||Completed as planned and no remedial actions required|
|Crown borrowing||High||Design and operational effectiveness||Completed as planned and no remedial actions required|
|International organizations||High||Design and operational effectiveness||Completed as planned and no remedial actions required|
|Official International Reserves||High||Design and operational effectiveness||Completed as planned and no remedial actions required|
|Payroll and Benefits||High||Design effectiveness||Completed as planned and a remedial action plan is in place|
|Operating expenses||Medium||Operational effectiveness||Completed as planned and no remedial actions required|
Based on the testing, the key controls that were tested have performed as intended.
Payroll & Benefits: The resolution of pay-related issues, including stabilizing pay operations and processing of pay transactions, will require multiple years of effort and significant resources. The review and assessment of the payroll and benefits process is ongoing. Internal Control has completed testing on a number of operational activities related to staffing, leave without pay and extra duty pay to validate the current level of maturity and assess the design effectiveness of the controls under the Department’s responsibilities.
This HR to Pay testing did not reveal any significant issues with respect to the Financial Administration Act (FAA) Sections 32 and 33. However, there were issues with FAA Section 34 approvals being performed by individuals without the appropriate financial signing authority and instances where FAA Section 34 was not verified. In addition, there was a lack of consistency in the document management system in place to retain the final and signed version of key documents and their supporting forms used during the hiring process. A management action plan is being developed with Human Resources to address these issues and updates will be provided to DAC on progress.
The Department implemented a data analytics program in January 2016. This program analyzes accounting and other financial data for anomalies from a compliance and/or process efficiency standpoint using industry-standard data analytics software. The objective of the analysis is to detect operational, and compliance risk. The quarterly monitoring report supports management in overseeing these activities:
- Travel card purchases
- Accounts payable
- Acquisitions cards
- Financial monitoring
- Material management contracts and amendments
Service arrangements relevant to the financial statements
SAP environment: The service-provider (TBS) provides an annual CSAE 3416 report prepared by an external auditor on the state of internal controls in the shared SAP environment. In January 2020, the SAP financial system has been upgraded and moved to a cloud environment. Considering this change, the scope of the audit was expanded to include work to assess the access controls over the cloud environment.
The CSAE 3416 report was qualified, which is consistent with prior years. In this year’s report, there were seventeen (2019 – eight) control exceptions, of which seven (2019 – five) are deemed significant enough to prevent the Office of the Auditor General (OAG) from relying on automated and IT dependent application controls within SAP in a year where ITGC reliance would be sought.
The observations mentioned above did not have an impact on the OAG’s risk assessment or audit approach over the Department for 2019-20 as this work is being carried out in anticipation of future ITGC reliance. Manual spreadsheets continue to be provided to the OAG as audit evidence.
In addition, the OAG is in the process of performing additional tests not covered by the Report on Controls. Over the 2020-21 fiscal year, the Department of Finance and the OAG will continue to follow-up on the TBS Management Action Plan to ensure that corrective action has been taken on the deficiencies identified.
4. Departmental Monitoring Plan of Key Controls
4.1 Monitoring plan for the next fiscal year and subsequent years
The Department’s rotational on-going monitoring plan of key controls over the next three years is based on an annual validation of high-risk processes and controls as is shown in the following table:
|Key Control Areas||Assessed level of financial reporting risk||2020-2021 assessment scope||2021-2022 assessment scope||2022-2023 assessment scope|
|Official International Reserves||High||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Payroll & benefits||High||Yes||Yes||Yes|
Entity-level and IT-general controls will be validated on an annual basis. Operating expenses are monitored on an on-going basis under the data analytics program.
In 2020-2021 the assessment scope for Payroll & Benefit will also include operating effectiveness, in addition to design effectiveness.
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