Major federal transfers

In 2022-23, provinces and territories will receive $87.7 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to Provinces and Territories
(millions of dollars)
  2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 2022-23
Major Transfers1
Canada Health Transfer2 30,283 32,113 34,026 36,068 37,150 38,584 40,373 41,870 43,126 45,208
Canada Social Transfer 12,215 12,582 12,959 13,348 13,748 14,161 14,586 15,023 15,474 15,938
Equalization 16,105 16,669 17,341 17,880 18,254 18,958 19,837 20,573 20,911 21,920
Offshore Offsets3 350 196 125 44 36 -72 2 86 44 48
Territorial Formula Financing4 3,288 3,469 3,561 3,603 3,682 3,785 3,948 4,180 4,380 4,553
Total Transfer Protection5 56 - - - - - - - - -
Total - Federal Support 62,297 65,029 68,013 70,943 72,870 75,416 78,746 81,732 83,935 87,667
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 1,774 1,832 1,899 1,959 1,997 2,038 2,098 2,149 2,196 2,282

See additional notes
1 The Fiscal Stabilization payments to Newfoundland and Labrador ($31.7 million) and to Alberta ($251.4 million) for 2015-16 are not included. The Fiscal Stabilization payments to Alberta ($251.4 million) and Saskatchewan ($20.3 million as well as a $18.6 million ex gratia payment) for 2016-17 are also not included.
2Canada Health Transfer includes transition protection payments to Newfoundland and Labrador and Nunavut in 2014-15. This excludes one-time top-ups to the CHT of $500 million in 2019-20 and $4  billion in 2020-21 to support the response to COVID-19.
3 Offshore Offsets to Nova Scotia include cash amounts from the 2005 Arrangement (including the extension until 2022-23). They also include Cumulative Best-of Guarantee payments/recovery to Nova Scotia until 2019-20.
4 Territorial Formula Financing (TFF) payments include an additional $67 million to Yukon ($16 million), Northwest Territories ($24 million), and Nunavut ($26 million) in 2016-17, stemming from the legislative amendments to enhance the stability and predictability of the program.
TFF includes transition payments to Yukon ($1.3 million) and Northwest Territories ($1.7 million) for five years starting in 2019-20.
5 Total Transfer Protection was provided between 2010-11 and 2013-14 to ensure that a province's total major transfers in one of these years are no lower than in the prior year.
For the purpose of calculating Total Transfer Protection, total major transfers comprise Equalization, Canada Health Transfer, Canada Social Transfer and prior year Total Transfer Protection.

Federal Support to Newfoundland and Labrador

In 2022-23, the Government of Newfoundland and Labrador will receive $826 million through major transfers.

Federal Support to Newfoundland and Labrador
(millions of dollars)
  2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 2022-23
Major Transfers1
Canada Health Transfer2 486 490 502 528 538 549 563 575 587 610
Canada Social Transfer 184 187 191 196 199 201 203 206 211 215
Equalization - - - - - - - - - -
Total - Federal Support 670 677 694 724 737 750 767 781 798 826
Per Capita Allocation
(dollars)
1,270 1,281 1,312 1,364 1,395 1,425 1,464 1,496 1,533 1,592
See additional notes
1 The Fiscal Stabilization payment to Newfoundland and Labrador ($31.7 million) for 2015-16 is not included.
2 Canada Health Transfer includes transition protection payments to Newfoundland and Labrador in 2014-15. This excludes one-time top-ups to the CHT of $7.0 million in 2019-20 and $55.0 million in 2020-21 to Newfoundland and Labrador to support the response to COVID-19.

Federal Support to Prince Edward Island

In 2022-23, the Government of Prince Edward Island will receive $768 million through major transfers.

Federal Support to Prince Edward Island
(millions of dollars)
  2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 2022-23
Major Transfers
Canada Health Transfer1 129 132 139 149 153 160 169 177 185 196
Canada Social Transfer 51 52 53 55 57 59 61 64 66 69
Equalization 340 360 361 380 390 419 419 454 484 503
Total - Federal Support 519 544 553 584 600 637 649 695 735 768
Per Capita Allocation
(dollars)
3,578 3,722 3,776 3,912 3,991 4,163 4,131 4,316 4,487 4,607
See additional notes
1Canada Health Transfer excludes one-time top-ups to the CHT of $2.1 million in 2019-20 and $16.8 million in 2020-21 to Prince Edward Island to support the response to COVID-19.

Federal Support to Nova Scotia

In 2022-23, the Government of Nova Scotia will receive $4.1 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to Nova Scotia
(millions of dollars)
  2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 2022-23
Major Transfers
Canada Health Transfer1 839 852 896 944 967 998 1,042 1,080 1,117 1,175
Canada Social Transfer 328 334 341 349 358 366 376 388 401 414
Equalization 1,458 1,619 1,690 1,722 1,779 1,933 2,015 2,146 2,315 2,458
Offshore Offsets2 350 196 125 44 36 -72 2 86 44 48
Total - Federal Support 2,975 3,001 3,052 3,060 3,140 3,227 3,435 3,699 3,878 4,096
Per Capita Allocation
(dollars)
3,154 3,185 3,236 3,228 3,306 3,370 3,547 3,770 3,917 4,101
See additional notes
1Canada Health Transfer excludes one-time top-ups to the CHT of $12.9 million in 2019-20 and $103.0 million in 2020-21 to Nova Scotia to support the response to COVID-19.
2 The amounts reported here include cash from the 2005 Arrangement and the extension until 2022-23: $89 million in 2013-14, $64 million in 2014-15, $37 million in 2015-16, $33 million in 2016-17, $20 million in 2017-18, $18 million in 2018-19, $8 million in 2019-20, $86 million in 2020-21, $44 million in 2021-22 and $48 million in 2022-23. They also include Cumulative Best-of Guarantee payments to Nova Scotia of $260 million in 2013-14, $131 million in 2014-15, $88 million in 2015-16, $11 million in 2016-17 and $16 million in 2017-18, and recoveries of $90 million in 2018-19 and $6 million in 2019-20.

Federal Support to New Brunswick

In 2022-23, the Government of New Brunswick will receive $3.6 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to New Brunswick
(millions of dollars)
  2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 2022-23
Major Transfers
Canada Health Transfer1 672 682 717 754 780 803 835 861 889 934
Canada Social Transfer 263 267 273 279 289 295 302 309 319 329
Equalization 1,513 1,666 1,669 1,708 1,760 1,874 2,023 2,210 2,274 2,360
Total Transfer Protection2 49 - - - - - - - - -
Total - Federal Support 2,497 2,616 2,658 2,741 2,829 2,972 3,160 3,381 3,483 3,624
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 3,304 3,466 3,525 3,621 3,692 3,858 4,071 4,321 4,419 4,565
See additional notes
1Canada Health Transfer excludes one-time top-ups to the CHT of $10.3 million in 2019-20 and $82.2 million in 2020-21 to New Brunswick to support the response to COVID-19.
2Total Transfer Protection was provided between 2010-11 and 2013-14 to ensure that New Brunswick’s total major transfers in one of these years are no lower than in the prior year. For the purpose of calculating Total Transfer Protection, total major transfers comprise Equalization, Canada Health Transfer, Canada Social Transfer and prior year Total Transfer Protection.

Federal Support to Quebec

In 2022-23, the Government of Quebec will receive $27.4 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to Quebec
(millions of dollars)
  2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 2022-23
Major Transfers
Canada Health Transfer1 7,244 7,420 7,841 8,279 8,437 8,736 9,131 9,442 9,703 10,149
Canada Social Transfer 2,834 2,908 2,986 3,064 3,122 3,206 3,299 3,388 3,482 3,578
Equalization 7,833 9,286 9,521 10,030 11,081 11,732 13,124 13,253 13,119 13,666
Total - Federal Support 17,911 19,614 20,348 21,372 22,640 23,674 25,554 26,083 26,304 27,393
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 2,199 2,390 2,466 2,571 2,732 2,826 3,010 3,041 3,059 3,177
See additional notes
1Canada Health Transfer excludes one-time top-ups to the CHT of $112.9 million in 2019-20 and $902.4 million in 2020-21 to Quebec to support the response to COVID-19.

Federal Support to Ontario

In 2022-23, the Government of Ontario will receive $23.7 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to Ontario
(millions of dollars)
  2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 2022-23
Major Transfers
Canada Health Transfer1 12,037 12,353 13,095 13,899 14,305 14,904 15,618 16,232 16,722 17,532
Canada Social Transfer 4,709 4,842 4,987 5,144 5,294 5,470 5,642 5,824 6,000 6,181
Equalization 3,169 1,988 2,363 2,304 1,424 963 - - - -
Total - Federal Support 19,915 19,184 20,445 21,347 21,022 21,337 21,260 22,056 22,722 23,713
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 1,471 1,404 1,483 1,530 1,496 1,493 1,464 1,496 1,533 1,592
See additional notes
1Canada Health Transfer excludes one-time top-ups to the CHT of $193.7 million in 2019-20 and $1,550.8 million in 2020-21 to Ontario to support the response to COVID-19.

Federal Support to Manitoba

In 2022-23, the Government of Manitoba will receive $5.1 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to Manitoba
(millions of dollars)
  2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 2022-23
Major Transfers
Canada Health Transfer1 1,124 1,156 1,229 1,310 1,357 1,410 1,471 1,520 1,562 1,633
Canada Social Transfer 440 453 468 485 502 518 531 545 560 576
Equalization 1,792 1,750 1,738 1,736 1,820 2,037 2,255 2,510 2,719 2,933
Total Transfer Protection2 7 - - - - - - - - -
Total - Federal Support 3,363 3,359 3,436 3,531 3,680 3,964 4,257 4,576 4,841 5,142
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 2,660 2,627 2,655 2,684 2,760 2,932 3,114 3,314 3,497 3,706
See additional notes
1Canada Health Transfer excludes one-time top-ups to the CHT of $18.2 million in 2019-20 and $145.2 million in 2020-21 to Manitoba to support the response to COVID-19.
2 Total Transfer Protection was provided between 2010-11 and 2013-14 to ensure that Manitoba’s total major transfers in one of these years are no lower than in the prior year. For the purpose of calculating Total Transfer Protection, total major transfers comprise Equalization, Canada Health Transfer, Canada Social Transfer and prior year Total Transfer Protection.

Federal Support to Saskatchewan

In 2022-23, the Government of Saskatchewan will receive $1.9 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to Saskatchewan
(millions of dollars)
  2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 2022-23
Major Transfers1
Canada Health Transfer2 970 1,013 1,075 1,142 1,170 1,212 1,259 1,298 1,332 1,390
Canada Social Transfer 384 397 409 423 433 445 455 466 478 490
Equalization - - - - - - - - - -
Total - Federal Support 1,354 1,411 1,484 1,565 1,602 1,657 1,714 1,764 1,810 1,880
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 1,227 1,259 1,312 1,364 1,395 1,425 1,464 1,496 1,533 1,592
See additional notes.
1 The Fiscal Stabilization payment to Saskatchewan ($20.3 million) and the ex gratia Fiscal Stabilization payment to Saskatchewan ($18.6 million) for 2016-17 are not included.
2Canada Health Transfer excludes one-time top-ups to the CHT of $15.6 million in 2019-20 and $124.1 million in 2020-21 to Saskatchewan to support the response to COVID-19.

Federal Support to Alberta

In 2022-23, the Government of Alberta will receive $7.1 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to Alberta
(millions of dollars)
  2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 2022-23
Major Transfers1
Canada Health Transfer2 2,488 3,718 3,965 4,213 4,315 4,478 4,684 4,866 5,010 5,250
Canada Social Transfer 1,390 1,457 1,510 1,559 1,597 1,644 1,692 1,746 1,798 1,851
Equalization - - - - - - - - - -
Total - Federal Support 3,878 5,175 5,475 5,772 5,912 6,122 6,377 6,611 6,807 7,101
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 973 1,259 1,312 1,364 1,395 1,425 1,464 1,496 1,533 1,592
See additional notes
1 The Fiscal Stabilization payments to Alberta for 2015-16 ($251.4 million) and for 2016-17 ($251.4 million) are not included.
2 Canada Health Transfer excludes one-time top-ups to the CHT of $58.1 million in 2019-20 and $465.3 million in 2020-21 to Alberta to support the response to COVID-19.

Federal Support to British Columbia

In 2022-23, the Government of British Columbia will receive $8.4 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to British Columbia
(millions of dollars)
  2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 2022-23
Major Transfers
Canada Health Transfer1 4,197 4,190 4,455 4,731 5,004 5,204 5,467 5,678 5,874 6,185
Canada Social Transfer 1,593 1,642 1,697 1,751 1,852 1,910 1,975 2,037 2,108 2,181
Equalization - - - - - - - - - -
Total - Federal Support 5,790 5,832 6,152 6,482 6,857 7,114 7,442 7,715 7,982 8,366
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 1,263 1,259 1,312 1,364 1,395 1,425 1,464 1,496 1,533 1,592
See additional notes
1Canada Health Transfer excludes one-time top-ups to the CHT of $67.5 million in 2019-20 and $541.8 million in 2020-21 to British Columbia to support the response to COVID-19.

Federal Support to Yukon

In 2022-23, the Government of Yukon will receive $1.2 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to Yukon
(millions of dollars)
  2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 2022-23
Major Transfers
Canada Health Transfer1 32 33 35 38 40 42 44 46 48 51
Canada Social Transfer 13 13 14 14 15 15 16 17 17 18
Territorial Formula Financing2 817 851 874 895 919 950 997 1,055 1,118 1,174
Total - Federal Support 861 898 923 946 975 1,008 1,058 1,118 1,183 1,244
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 23,829 24,391 24,723 24,909 24,646 24,898 25,575 26,519 27,589 28,497
See additional notes
1Canada Health Transfer excludes one-time top-ups to the CHT of $0.5 million in 2019-20 and $4.4 million in 2020-21 to Yukon to support the response to COVID-19.
2 Territorial Formula Financing (TFF) payment includes an additional $16 million in 2016-17, stemming from the legislative amendments to enhance the stability and predictability of the program.
TFF includes a transition payment of $1.3 million for five years starting in 2019-20.

Federal Support to Northwest Territories

In 2022-23, the Government of Northwest Territories will receive $1.6 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to Northwest Territories
(millions of dollars)
  2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 2022-23
Major Transfers
Canada Health Transfer1 32 40 42 44 46 47 48 50 51 54
Canada Social Transfer 15 16 16 16 17 17 18 18 18 19
Territorial Formula Financing2 1,121 1,209 1,233 1,220 1,232 1,256 1,309 1,413 1,480 1,519
Total - Federal Support 1,169 1,264 1,291 1,281 1,295 1,321 1,375 1,481 1,550 1,592
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 26,738 28,774 29,232 28,686 28,820 29,227 30,526 32,623 33,974 34,716
See additional notes
1Canada Health Transfer excludes one-time top-ups to the CHT of $0.6 million in 2019-20 and $4.8 million in 2020-21 to Northwest Territories to support the response to COVID-19.
2 Territorial Formula Financing (TFF) payment includes an additional $24 million in 2016-17, stemming from the legislative amendments to enhance the stability and predictability of the program.
TFF includes a transition payment of $1.7 million for five years starting in 2019-20.

Federal Support to Nunavut

In 2022-23, the Government of Nunavut will receive $1.9 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to Nunavut
(millions of dollars)
  2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 2022-23
Major Transfers
Canada Health Transfer1 34 34 35 37 38 40 41 43 44 47
Canada Social Transfer 12 13 13 14 14 15 15 15 16 17
Territorial Formula Financing2 1,350 1,409 1,454 1,489 1,530 1,579 1,642 1,713 1,782 1,859
Total - Federal Support 1,396 1,456 1,502 1,539 1,582 1,633 1,698 1,771 1,843 1,923
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 39,550 40,352 41,192 41,460 42,235 42,985 44,019 45,367 46,767 48,353
See additional notes
1 Canada Health Transfer includes transition protection payments to Nunavut in 2014-15. Canada Health Transfer excludes one-time top-ups to the CHT of $0.5 million in 2019-20 and $4.1 million in 2020-21 to Nunavut to support the response to COVID-19.
2 Territorial Formula Financing (TFF) payment includes an additional $26 million in 2016-17, stemming from the legislative amendments to enhance the stability and predictability of the program.

Additional Notes for Tables on Federal Support to Provinces and Territories

Totals may not add due to rounding and are subject to regular revision.

The table excludes Wait Times Reduction Transfer allocated to provinces and territories from 2011-12 to 2013-14.

Canada Health Transfer and Canada Social Transfer for 2021-22 and 2022-23 are preliminary. Final amounts for 2021-22 will be determined in September 2022 and final amounts for 2022-23 will be determined in September 2023.

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