Major federal transfers

In 2021-22, provinces and territories will receive $83.9 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to Provinces and Territories
(millions of dollars)
  2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
Major Transfers1                    
Canada Health Transfer2 28,569 30,283 32,113 34,026 36,068 37,150 38,584 40,373 41,870 43,126
Canada Social Transfer3 11,859 12,215 12,582 12,959 13,348 13,748 14,161 14,586 15,023 15,474
Equalization 15,423 16,105 16,669 17,341 17,880 18,254 18,958 19,837 20,573 20,911
Offshore Offsets4 443 350 196 125 44 36 -72 2 - -
Territorial Formula Financing5 3,111 3,288 3,469 3,561 3,603 3,682 3,785 3,948 4,180 4,380
Total Transfer Protection6 680 56               -
Total - Federal Support 60,085 62,297 65,029 68,013 70,943 72,870 75,416 78,746 81,646 83,890
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 1,731 1,774 1,832 1,899 1,959 1,997 2,038 2,098 2,149 2,181

See additional notes
1 The Fiscal Stabilization payments to Newfoundland and Labrador ($31.7 million) and to Alberta ($251.4 million) for 2015-16 are not included. The Fiscal Stabilization payments to Alberta ($251.4 million) and Saskatchewan ($20.3 million as well as a $18.6 million ex gratia payment) for 2016-17 are also not included.
2 Canada Health Transfer includes transition protection payments to Newfoundland and Labrador and Nunavut in 2014-15.
3 Canada Social Transfer excludes $31.2 million from Budget 2008 transition protection payments to Saskatchewan notionally allocated over five years beginning in 2008-09.
4 Offshore Offsets to Newfoundland and Labrador and Nova Scotia include cash amounts from the 1985 and 1986 Accords and cash and notional amounts from the 2005 Arrangements.
They also include Cumulative Best-of Guarantee payments/recovery to Nova Scotia.
5 Territorial Formula Financing (TFF) payments include an additional $67 million to Yukon ($16 million), Northwest Territories ($24 million), and Nunavut ($26 million) in 2016-17, stemming from the legislative amendments to enhance the stability and predictability of the program.
TFF includes transition payments to Yukon ($1.3 million) and Northwest Territories ($1.7 million) for five years starting in 2019-20.
6 Total Transfer Protection was provided between 2010-11 and 2013-14 to ensure that a province's total major transfers in one of these years are no lower than in the prior year.
For the purpose of calculating Total Transfer Protection, total major transfers comprise Equalization, Canada Health Transfer, Canada Social Transfer and prior year Total Transfer Protection.

Federal Support to Newfoundland and Labrador

In 2021-22, the Government of Newfoundland and Labrador will receive $794 million through major transfers.

Federal Support to Newfoundland and Labrador
(millions of dollars)
  2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
Major Transfers1                    
Canada Health Transfer2 468 486 490 502 528 538 549 563 576 585
Canada Social Transfer 180 184 187 191 196 199 201 203 207 210
Equalization - - - - - - - - - -
Offshore Offsets                    
Total - Federal Support 648 670 677 694 724 737 750 767 782 794
Per Capita Allocation
(dollars)
1,233 1,270 1,281 1,312 1,364 1,395 1,425 1,464 1,497 1,523
See additional notes
1 The Fiscal Stabilization payment to Newfoundland and Labrador ($31.7 million) for 2015-16 is not included.
2 Canada Health Transfer includes transition protection payments to Newfoundland and Labrador in 2014-15.

Federal Support to Prince Edward Island

In 2021-22, the Government of Prince Edward Island will receive $731 million through major transfers.

Federal Support to Prince Edward Island
(millions of dollars)
  2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer 123 129 132 139 149 153 160 169 176 182
Canada Social Transfer 50 51 52 53 55 57 59 61 63 65
Equalization 337 340 360 361 380 390 419 419 454 484
Total - Federal Support 509 519 544 553 584 600 637 649 693 731
Per Capita Allocation
(dollars)
3,514 3,578 3,722 3,776 3,912 3,991 4,163 4,131 4,344 4,510

See additional notes

Federal Support to Nova Scotia

In 2021-22, the Government of Nova Scotia will receive $3.8 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to Nova Scotia
(millions of dollars)
  2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer 800 839 852 896 944 967 998 1,042 1,078 1,109
Canada Social Transfer 323 328 334 341 349 358 366 376 387 398
Equalization 1,268 1,458 1,619 1,690 1,722 1,779 1,933 2,015 2,146 2,315
Offshore Offsets1 443 350 196 125 44 36 -72 2 - -
Total Transfer Protection2 13 - - - - - - - - -
Total - Federal Support 2,848 2,975 3,001 3,052 3,060 3,140 3,227 3,435 3,611 3,822
Per Capita Allocation
(dollars)
3,014 3,154 3,185 3,236 3,228 3,306 3,370 3,547 3,690 3,864

See additional notes
1 The 2005 Arrangement included an upfront payment of $830 million in 2004-05. The amounts reported here include cash and notional allocations from the 2005 Arrangement and cash amounts from the 1986 Accord.
Offshore Offsets include $146 million in 2012-13, $89 million in 2013-14, $64 million in 2014-15, $37 million in 2015-16, $33 million in 2016-17, $20 million in 2017-18, $18 million in 2018-19, $8 million in 2019-20 in 2005 Arrangement.
They also include $297 million in 2012-13, $260 million in 2013-14, $131 million in 2014-15, $88 million in 2015-16, $11 million in 2016-17, and $16 million in 2017-18 in Cumulative Best-of Guarantee payments to Nova Scotia as well as recoveries of $90 million in 2018-19, and $6 million in 2019-20.
2 Total Transfer Protection was provided between 2010-11 and 2012-13 to ensure that Nova Scotia's total major transfers in one of these years are no lower than in the prior year. For the purpose of calculating Total Transfer Protection, total major transfers comprise Equalization, Canada Health Transfer, Canada Social Transfer and prior year Total Transfer Protection and not Offshore Offset Payments.

Federal Support to New Brunswick

In 2021-22, the Government of New Brunswick will receive $3.5 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to New Brunswick
(millions of dollars)
  2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer 641 672 682 717 754 780 803 835 860 881
Canada Social Transfer 259 263 267 273 279 289 295 302 309 316
Equalization 1,495 1,513 1,666 1,669 1,708 1,760 1,874 2,023 2,210 2,274
Total Transfer Protection1 103 49 - - - - - - - -
Total - Federal Support 2,497 2,497 2,616 2,658 2,741 2,829 2,972 3,160 3,379 3,471
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 3,301 3,304 3,466 3,525 3,621 3,692 3,858 4,071 4,328 4,418
See additional notes
1 Total Transfer Protection was provided between 2010-11 and 2013-14 to ensure that New Brunswick's total major transfers in one of these years are no lower than in the prior year. For the purpose of calculating Total Transfer Protection, total major transfers comprise Equalization, Canada Health Transfer, Canada Social Transfer and prior year Total Transfer Protection.

Federal Support to Quebec

In 2021-22, the Government of Quebec will receive $26.3 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to Quebec
(millions of dollars)
  2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer 6,836 7,244 7,420 7,841 8,279 8,437 8,736 9,131 9,446 9,705
Canada Social Transfer 2,759 2,834 2,908 2,986 3,064 3,122 3,206 3,299 3,389 3,482
Equalization 7,391 7,833 9,286 9,521 10,030 11,081 11,732 13,124 13,253 13,119
Total Transfer Protection1 362 - - - - - - - - -
Total - Federal Support 17,349 17,911 19,614 20,348 21,372 22,640 23,674 25,554 26,088 26,306
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 2,148 2,199 2,390 2,466 2,571 2,732 2,826 3,010 3,043 3,039
See additional notes
1 Total Transfer Protection was provided in 2011-12 and in 2012-13 to ensure that Quebec's total major transfers in one of these years are no lower than in the prior year. For the purpose of calculating Total Transfer Protection, total major transfers comprise Equalization, Canada Health Transfer, Canada Social Transfer and prior year Total Transfer Protection.

Federal Support to Ontario

In 2021-22, the Government of Ontario will receive $22.8 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to Ontario
(millions of dollars)
  2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer 11,339 12,037 12,353 13,095 13,899 14,305 14,904 15,618 16,233 16,758
Canada Social Transfer 4,577 4,709 4,842 4,987 5,144 5,294 5,470 5,642 5,825 6,013
Equalization1 3,261 3,169 1,988 2,363 2,304 1,424 963 - - -
Total - Federal Support 19,177 19,915 19,184 20,445 21,347 21,022 21,337 21,260 22,058 22,771
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 1,431 1,471 1,404 1,483 1,530 1,496 1,493 1,464 1,497 1,523

See additional notes
1 Ontario does not qualify for an Equalization payment from 2019-20 onwards.

Federal Support to Manitoba

In 2021-22, the Government of Manitoba will receive $4.8 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to Manitoba
(millions of dollars)
  2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer 1,057 1,124 1,156 1,229 1,310 1,357 1,410 1,471 1,520 1,560
Canada Social Transfer 426 440 453 468 485 502 518 531 545 560
Equalization 1,671 1,792 1,750 1,738 1,736 1,820 2,037 2,255 2,510 2,719
Total Transfer Protection1 201 7 - - - - - - - -
Total - Federal Support 3,355 3,363 3,359 3,436 3,531 3,680 3,964 4,257 4,575 4,839
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 2,688 2,660 2,627 2,655 2,684 2,760 2,932 3,114 3,317 3,477
See additional notes
1 Total Transfer Protection was provided between 2010-11 and 2013-14 to ensure that Manitoba's total major transfers in one of these years are no lower than in the prior year. For the purpose of calculating Total Transfer Protection, total major transfers comprise Equalization, Canada Health Transfer, Canada Social Transfer and prior year Total Transfer Protection.

Federal Support to Saskatchewan

In 2021-22, the Government of Saskatchewan will receive $1.8 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to Saskatchewan
(millions of dollars)
  2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
Major Transfers1                    
Canada Health Transfer 906 970 1,013 1,075 1,142 1,170 1,212 1,259 1,299 1,330
Canada Social Transfer2 371 384 397 409 423 433 445 455 466 477
Equalization - - - - - - - - - -
Total - Federal Support 1,277 1,354 1,411 1,484 1,565 1,602 1,657 1,714 1,765 1,808
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 1,178 1,227 1,259 1,312 1,364 1,395 1,425 1,464 1,497 1,523

See additional notes.
1 The Fiscal Stabilization payment to Saskatchewan ($20.3 million) and the ex gratia payment to Saskatchewan ($18.6 million) for 2016-17 are not included.
2 Canada Social Transfer excludes $31.2 million from Budget 2008 transition protection payment notionally allocated over five years beginning in 2008-09.

Federal Support to Alberta

In 2021-22, the Government of Alberta will receive $6.8 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to Alberta
(millions of dollars)
  2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
Major Transfers1                    
Canada Health Transfer 2,337 2,488 3,718 3,965 4,213 4,315 4,478 4,684 4,871 5,030
Canada Social Transfer 1,325 1,390 1,457 1,510 1,559 1,597 1,644 1,692 1,748 1,805
Equalization - - - - - - - - - -
Total - Federal Support 3,661 3,878 5,175 5,475 5,772 5,912 6,122 6,377 6,619 6,835
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 946 973 1,259 1,312 1,364 1,395 1,425 1,464 1,497 1,523

See additional notes
1 The Fiscal Stabilization payments to Alberta for 2015-16 ($251.4 million) and for 2016-17 ($251.4 million) are not included.

Federal Support to British Columbia

In 2021-22, the Government of British Columbia will receive $7.9 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to British Columbia
(millions of dollars)
  2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer 3,972 4,197 4,190 4,455 4,731 5,004 5,204 5,467 5,671 5,843
Canada Social Transfer 1,551 1,593 1,642 1,697 1,751 1,852 1,910 1,975 2,035 2,096
Equalization - - - - - - - - - -
Total - Federal Support 5,523 5,790 5,832 6,152 6,482 6,857 7,114 7,442 7,706 7,939
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 1,216 1,263 1,259 1,312 1,364 1,395 1,425 1,464 1,497 1,523
See additional notes

Federal Support to the Yukon

In 2021-22, the Government of Yukon will receive $1.2 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to the Yukon
(millions of dollars)
  2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer 29 32 33 35 38 40 42 44 46 48
Canada Social Transfer 12 13 13 14 14 15 15 16 17 17
Territorial Formula Financing1 767 817 851 874 895 919 950 997 1,055 1,118
Total - Federal Support 809 861 898 923 946 975 1,008 1,058 1,118 1,183
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 22,512 23,829 24,391 24,723 24,909 24,646 24,898 25,575 26,583 27,666
See additional notes
1 Territorial Formula Financing (TFF) payment includes an additional $16 million in 2016-17, stemming from the legislative amendments to enhance the stability and predictability of the program.
TFF includes a transition payment of $1.3 million for five years starting in 2019-20.

Federal Support to the Northwest Territories

In 2021-22, the Government of Northwest Territories will receive $1.5 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to the Northwest Territories
(millions of dollars)
  2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2020-21
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer 30 32 40 42 44 46 47 48 50 51
Canada Social Transfer 15 15 16 16 16 17 17 18 18 18
Territorial Formula Financing1 1,070 1,121 1,209 1,233 1,220 1,232 1,256 1,309 1,413 1,480
Total - Federal Support 1,115 1,169 1,264 1,291 1,281 1,295 1,321 1,375 1,480 1,549
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 25,572 26,738 28,774 29,232 28,686 28,820 29,227 30,526 32,768 34,193
See additional notes
1 Territorial Formula Financing (TFF) payment includes an additional $24 million in 2016-17, stemming from the legislative amendments to enhance the stability and predictability of the program.
TFF includes a transition payment of $1.7 million for five years starting in 2019-20.

Federal Support to Nunavut

In 2021-22, the Government of Nunavut will receive $1.8 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to Nunavut
(millions of dollars)
  2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer1 31 34 34 35 37 38 40 41 43 45
Canada Social Transfer 12 12 13 13 14 14 15 15 15 16
Territorial Formula Financing2 1,273 1,350 1,409 1,454 1,489 1,530 1,579 1,642 1,713 1,782
Total - Federal Support 1,317 1,396 1,456 1,502 1,539 1,582 1,633 1,698 1,771 1,843
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 37,993 39,550 40,352 41,192 41,460 42,235 42,985 44,019 45,205 46,309
See additional notes
1 Canada Health Transfer includes transition protection payments to Nunavut in 2014-15.
2 Territorial Formula Financing (TFF) payment includes an additional $26 million in 2016-17, stemming from the legislative amendments to enhance the stability and predictability of the program.

Additional Notes for Tables on Federal Support to Provinces and Territories

Totals may not add due to rounding and are subject to regular revision.

The table excludes Wait Times Reduction Transfer allocated to provinces and territories from 2011-12 to 2013-14.

Canada Health Transfer and Canada Social Transfer for 2020-21 and 2021-22 are preliminary. Final amounts for 2020-21 will be determined in September 2021 and final amounts for 2021-22 will be determined in September 2022.

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