Major federal transfers

In 2020-21, provinces and territories will receive $81.6 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to Provinces and Territories
(millions of dollars)
  2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21
Major Transfers1                    
Canada Health Transfer2 26,952 28,569 30,283 32,113 34,026 36,068 37,150 38,584 40,373 41,870
Canada Social Transfer3 11,514 11,859 12,215 12,582 12,959 13,348 13,748 14,161 14,586 15,023
Equalization 14,659 15,423 16,105 16,669 17,341 17,880 18,254 18,958 19,837 20,573
Offshore Offsets4 787 443 350 196 125 44 36 -72 2 0
Territorial Formula Financing5 2,876 3,111 3,288 3,469 3,561 3,603 3,682 3,785 3,948 4,180
Total Transfer Protection6 952 680 56              
Total - Federal Support 57,739 60,085 62,297 65,029 68,013 70,943 72,870 75,416 78,746 81,646
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 1,683 1,731 1,774 1,832 1,900 1,959 1,997 2,038 2,098 2,145

See additional notes
1 The Fiscal Stabilization payments to Newfoundland and Labrador ($31.7 million) and to Alberta ($251.4 million) for 2015-16 are not included. The Fiscal Stabilization payments to Alberta ($251.40 million) and Saskatchewan ($20.3 million) for 2016-17 are also not included.
One-time recoverable payments to Ontario ($150 million) and Prince Edward Island ($1 million) for 2011-12 are not included either.
2 Canada Health Transfer includes transition protection payments to Newfoundland and Labrador and Nunavut in 2014-15.
3 Canada Social Transfer excludes $31.2 million from Budget 2008 transition protection payments to Saskatchewan notionally allocated over five years beginning in 2008-09.
4 Offshore Offsets to Newfoundland and Labrador and Nova Scotia include cash amounts from the 1985 and 1986 Accords and cash and notional amounts from the 2005 Arrangements.
They also include Cumulative Best-of Guarantee payments/recovery to Nova Scotia.
5 Territorial Formula Financing (TFF) payments include an additional $67 million to Yukon ($16 million), Northwest Territories ($24 million), and Nunavut ($26 million) in 2016-17, stemming from the legislative amendments to enhance the stability and predictability of the program.
TFF includes transition payments to Yukon ($1.3 million) and Northwest Territories ($1.7 million) for five years starting in 2019-20.
6 Total Transfer Protection was provided between 2010-11 and 2013-14 to ensure that a province's total major transfers in one of these years are no lower than in the prior year.
For the purpose of calculating Total Transfer Protection, total major transfers comprise Equalization, Canada Health Transfer, Canada Social Transfer and prior year Total Transfer Protection.

Federal Support to Newfoundland and Labrador

In 2020-21, the Government of Newfoundland and Labrador will receive $773 million through major transfers.

Federal Support to Newfoundland and Labrador
(millions of dollars)
  2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21
Major Transfers1                    
Canada Health Transfer2 449 468 486 490 502 528 538 549 561 569
Canada Social Transfer 171 180 184 187 191 196 199 201 203 204
Equalization                    
Offshore Offsets3 536                  
Total - Federal Support 1,157 648 670 677 694 724 737 750 764 773
Per Capita Allocation
(dollars)
2,204 1,233 1,270 1,282 1,312 1,364 1,395 1,425 1,464 1,495
See additional notes
1 The Fiscal Stabilization payment to Newfoundland and Labrador ($31.7 million) for 2015-16 is not included.
2 Canada Health Transfer includes transition protection payments to Newfoundland and Labrador in 2014-15.
3 The $536 million paid in 2011-12 under the 2005 Arrangement represents a transitional payment as Newfoundland and Labrador no longer qualifies for Equalization or Offshore Offset Payments beyond that year.

Federal Support to Prince Edward Island

In 2020-21, the Government of Prince Edward Island will receive $694 million through major transfers.

Federal Support to Prince Edward Island
(millions of dollars)
  2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21
Major Transfers1                    
Canada Health Transfer 116 123 129 132 139 149 153 160 169 177
Canada Social Transfer 49 50 51 52 53 55 57 59 61 63
Equalization 329 337 340 360 361 380 390 419 419 454
Total - Federal Support 493 509 519 544 553 584 600 637 649 694
Per Capita Allocation
(dollars)
3,430 3,514 3,578 3,728 3,775 3,912 3,993 4,163 4,136 4,320

See additional notes
1 One-time recoverable payment of $1 million for 2011-12 not included.

Federal Support to Nova Scotia

In 2020-21, the Government of Nova Scotia will receive $3.6 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to Nova Scotia
(millions of dollars)
  2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer 760 800 839 852 896 944 967 998 1,043 1,081
Canada Social Transfer 317 323 328 334 341 349 358 366 377 388
Equalization 1,167 1,268 1,458 1,619 1,690 1,722 1,779 1,933 2,015 2,146
Offshore Offsets1 250 443 350 196 125 44 36 -72 2 0
Total Transfer Protection2 158 13                
Total - Federal Support 2,652 2,848 2,975 3,001 3,052 3,060 3,140 3,227 3,438 3,614
Per Capita Allocation
(dollars)
2,810 3,014 3,154 3,185 3,242 3,228 3,306 3,370 3,544 3,679
See additional notes
1 The 2005 Arrangement included an upfront payment of $830 million in 2004-05. The amounts reported here include cash and notional allocations from the 2005 Arrangement and cash amounts from the 1986 Accord.
Offshore Offsets include $168 million in 2011-12, $146 million in 2012-13, $89 million in 2013-14, $64 million in 2014-15, $37 million in 2015-16, $33 million in 2016-17, $20 million in 2017-18, $18 million in 2018-19, $8 million in 2019-20 in 2005 Arrangement.
They also include $83 million in 2011-12, $297 million in 2012-13, $260 million in 2013-14, $131 million in 2014-15, $88 million in 2015-16, $11 million in 2016-17, and $16 million in 2017-18 in Cumulative Best-of Guarantee payments to Nova Scotia, recoveries of $90 million in 2018-19, and $6 million in 2019-20.
2 Total Transfer Protection was provided between 2010-11 and 2012-13 to ensure that Nova Scotia’s total major transfers in one of these years are no lower than in the prior year. For the purpose of calculating Total Transfer Protection, total major transfers comprise Equalization, Canada Health Transfer, Canada Social Transfer and prior year Total Transfer Protection and not Offshore Offset Payments.

Federal Support to New Brunswick

In 2020-21, the Government of New Brunswick will receive $3.4 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to New Brunswick
(millions of dollars)
  2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer 609 641 672 682 717 754 780 803 835 860
Canada Social Transfer 252 259 263 267 273 279 289 295 302 309
Equalization 1,483 1,495 1,513 1,666 1,669 1,708 1,760 1,874 2,023 2,210
Total Transfer Protection1 150 103 49              
Total - Federal Support 2,493 2,497 2,497 2,616 2,658 2,741 2,829 2,972 3,160 3,379
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 3,301 3,301 3,304 3,465 3,526 3,621 3,692 3,858 4,071 4,321
See additional notes
1 Total Transfer Protection was provided between 2010-11 and 2013-14 to ensure that New Brunswick’s total major transfers in one of these years are no lower than in the prior year. For the purpose of calculating Total Transfer Protection, total major transfers comprise Equalization, Canada Health Transfer, Canada Social Transfer and prior year Total Transfer Protection.

Federal Support to Quebec

In 2020-21, the Government of Quebec will receive $26.1 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to Quebec
(millions of dollars)
  2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer 6,445 6,836 7,244 7,420 7,841 8,279 8,437 8,736 9,114 9,424
Canada Social Transfer 2,664 2,759 2,834 2,908 2,986 3,064 3,122 3,206 3,293 3,381
Equalization 7,815 7,391 7,833 9,286 9,521 10,030 11,081 11,732 13,124 13,253
Total Transfer Protection1 369 362                
Total - Federal Support 17,292 17,349 17,911 19,614 20,348 21,372 22,640 23,674 25,531 26,058
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 2,162 2,148 2,199 2,391 2,467 2,571 2,731 2,826 3,013 3,042
See additional notes
1 Total Transfer Protection was provided in 2011-12 and in 2012-13 to ensure that Quebec’s total major transfers in one of these years are no lower than in the prior year. For the purpose of calculating Total Transfer Protection, total major transfers comprise Equalization, Canada Health Transfer, Canada Social Transfer and prior year Total Transfer Protection.

Federal Support to Ontario

In 2020-21, the Government of Ontario will receive $22.1 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to Ontario
(millions of dollars)
  2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21
Major Transfers1                    
Canada Health Transfer 10,673 11,339 12,037 12,353 13,095 13,899 14,305 14,904 15,642 16,271
Canada Social Transfer 4,463 4,577 4,709 4,842 4,987 5,144 5,294 5,470 5,651 5,838
Equalization2 2,200 3,261 3,169 1,988 2,363 2,304 1,424 963    
Total - Federal Support 17,335 19,177 19,915 19,184 20,445 21,347 21,022 21,337 21,293 22,109
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 1,309 1,431 1,471 1,404 1,484 1,530 1,496 1,493 1,464 1,495

See additional notes
1 One-time recoverable payment of $150 million for 2011–12 not included.
2 Ontario does not qualify for an Equalization payment from 2019-20 onwards.

Federal Support to Manitoba

In 2020-21, the Government of Manitoba will receive $4.6 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to Manitoba
(millions of dollars)
  2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer 993 1,057 1,124 1,156 1,229 1,310 1,357 1,410 1,471 1,521
Canada Social Transfer 418 426 440 453 468 485 502 518 531 546
Equalization 1,666 1,671 1,792 1,750 1,738 1,736 1,820 2,037 2,255 2,510
Total Transfer Protection1 276 201 7              
Total - Federal Support 3,352 3,355 3,363 3,359 3,436 3,531 3,680 3,964 4,258 4,576
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 2,721 2,688 2,660 2,626 2,656 2,684 2,761 2,932 3,114 3,310
See additional notes
1 Total Transfer Protection was provided between 2010-11 and 2013-14 to ensure that Manitoba’s total major transfers in one of these years are no lower than in the prior year. For the purpose of calculating Total Transfer Protection, total major transfers comprise Equalization, Canada Health Transfer, Canada Social Transfer and prior year Total Transfer Protection.

Federal Support to Saskatchewan

In 2020-21, the Government of Saskatchewan will receive $1.8 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to Saskatchewan
(millions of dollars)
  2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21
Major Transfers1                    
Canada Health Transfer 850 906 970 1,013 1,075 1,142 1,170 1,212 1,262 1,302
Canada Social Transfer2 353 371 384 397 409 423 433 445 456 467
Equalization                    
Total - Federal Support 1,204 1,277 1,354 1,411 1,484 1,565 1,602 1,657 1,718 1,769
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 1,130 1,178 1,227 1,260 1,313 1,364 1,395 1,425 1,464 1,495

See additional notes.
1 The Fiscal Stabilization payment to Saskatchewan ($20.3 million) for 2016-17 is not included.
2 Canada Social Transfer excludes $31.2 million from Budget 2008 transition protection payment notionally allocated over five years beginning in 2008-09.

Federal Support to Alberta

In 2020-21, the Government of Alberta will receive $6.6 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to Alberta
(millions of dollars)
  2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21
Major Transfers1                    
Canada Health Transfer 2,234 2,337 2,488 3,718 3,965 4,213 4,315 4,478 4,695 4,877
Canada Social Transfer 1,260 1,325 1,390 1,457 1,510 1,559 1,597 1,644 1,696 1,750
Equalization                    
Total - Federal Support 3,495 3,661 3,878 5,175 5,475 5,772 5,912 6,122 6,391 6,628
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 924 946 973 1,262 1,313 1,364 1,395 1,425 1,464 1,495

See additional notes
1 The Fiscal Stabilization payments to Alberta for 2015-16 ($251.4 million) and for 2016-17 ($251.4 million) are not included.

Federal Support to British Columbia

In 2020-21, the Government of British Columbia will receive $7.7 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to British Columbia
(millions of dollars)
  2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer 3,741 3,972 4,197 4,190 4,455 4,731 5,004 5,204 5,447 5,651
Canada Social Transfer 1,528 1,551 1,593 1,642 1,697 1,751 1,852 1,910 1,968 2,028
Equalization                    
Total - Federal Support 5,269 5,523 5,790 5,832 6,152 6,482 6,857 7,114 7,415 7,679
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 1,172 1,216 1,263 1,256 1,312 1,364 1,394 1,425 1,464 1,495
See additional notes

Federal Support to the Yukon

In 2020-21, the Government of Yukon will receive $1.1 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to the Yukon
(millions of dollars)
  2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer 27 29 32 33 35 38 40 42 44 45
Canada Social Transfer 12 12 13 13 14 14 15 15 16 16
Territorial Formula Financing1 705 767 817 851 874 895 919 950 997 1,055
Total - Federal Support 744 809 861 898 923 946 975 1,008 1,057 1,116
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 21,046 22,512 23,829 24,487 24,796 24,909 24,611 24,898 25,931 27,193
See additional notes
1 Territorial Formula Financing (TFF) payment includes an additional $16 million in 2016-17, stemming from the legislative amendments to enhance the stability and predictability of the program.
TFF includes a transition payment of $1.3 million for five years starting in 2019-20.

Federal Support to the Northwest Territories

In 2020-21, the Government of Northwest Territories will receive $1.5 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to the Northwest Territories
(millions of dollars)
  2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer 26 30 32 40 42 44 46 47 48 49
Canada Social Transfer 15 15 15 16 16 16 17 17 17 18
Territorial Formula Financing1 996 1,070 1,121 1,209 1,233 1,220 1,232 1,256 1,309 1,413
Total - Federal Support 1,037 1,115 1,169 1,264 1,291 1,281 1,295 1,321 1,375 1,479
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 23,864 25,572 26,738 28,849 29,247 28,686 28,839 29,227 30,652 33,221
See additional notes
1 Territorial Formula Financing (TFF) payment includes an additional $24 million in 2016-17, stemming from the legislative amendments to enhance the stability and predictability of the program.
TFF includes a transition payment of $1.7 million for five years starting in 2019-20.

Federal Support to Nunavut

In 2020-21, the Government of Nunavut will receive $1.8 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to Nunavut
(millions of dollars)
  2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer1 29 31 34 34 35 37 38 40 42 44
Canada Social Transfer 11 12 12 13 13 14 14 15 15 16
Territorial Formula Financing2 1,175 1,273 1,350 1,409 1,454 1,489 1,530 1,579 1,642 1,713
Total - Federal Support 1,216 1,317 1,396 1,456 1,502 1,539 1,582 1,633 1,698 1,772
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 35,677 37,993 39,550 40,368 41,090 41,460 42,203 42,985 43,819 44,796
See additional notes
1 Canada Health Transfer includes transition protection payments to Nunavut in 2014-15.
2 Territorial Formula Financing (TFF) payment includes an additional $26 million in 2016-17, stemming from the legislative amendments to enhance the stability and predictability of the program.

Additional Notes for Tables on Federal Support to Provinces and Territories

Totals may not add due to rounding and are subject to regular revision.

The table excludes Wait Times Reduction Transfer allocated to provinces and territories from 2011-12 to 2013-14.

Canada Health Transfer and Canada Social Transfer for 2019-20 and 2020-21 are preliminary. Final amounts for 2019-20 will be determined in September 2020 and final amounts for 2020-21 will be determined in September 2021.

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