1st Hussars

The official lineage of the 1st Hussars armour regiment.

Badge

Badge

Description

A scroll Azure inscribed HUSSARS surmounting the word FIRST with R and S interlaced Argent ensigned by a coronet treflé Or issuant therefrom a horse forcene Argent crined Sable, the word flanked by two branches of maple Or conjoined in saltire beneath and surmounted in base by a scroll Azure lined Or inscribed HODIE NON CRAS, all set upon a like scroll inscribed CANADA, all inscriptions in letters Or.

Symbolism

The maple leaves and the word "CANADA" represent service to Canada. The horse represents the regiment's cavalry origins and the ducal coronet service to the Sovereign. "FIRST HUSSARS" is a form of the regimental title and "HODIE NON CRAS" is the motto of the regiment.

Motto

HODIE NON CRAS (Today not tomorrow)

March

Bonnie Dundee

Alliance

British Army

The King's Royal Hussars

Guidon

Guidon

Camp flag

Camp flag

Battle honours

South African War

SOUTH AFRICA, 1900.

The First World War

SOMME, 1916; Flers-Courcelette; Ancre Heights; ARRAS, 1917, '18; Vimy, 1917; AMIENS; Scarpe, 1918; Drocourt-Quéant; HINDENBURG LINE; Canal du Nord; Cambrai, 1918; PURSUIT TO MONS; FRANCE AND FLANDERS, 1915-18.

The Second World War

NORMANDY LANDING; Putot-en-Bessin; Le Mesnil-Patry; CAEN; The Orne; BOURGUÉBUS RIDGE; Faubourg de Vaucelles; Verrières Ridge-Tilly-la-Campagne; FALAISE; Falaise Road; Quesnay Wood; The Laison; Chambois; Calais, 1944; The Lower Maas; THE RHINELAND; The Hochwald; Apeldoorn; Bad Zwischenahn; NORTH-WEST EUROPE, 1944-1945.

Lineage

This Reserve Force regiment originated in London, Ontario on 31 May 1872, when the '1st Regiment of Cavalry' was authorized to be formed.Footnote 1 It was redesignated: '1st Hussars' on 1 January 1893;Footnote 2 '2nd (Reserve) Regiment, 1st Hussars' on 11 February 1941;Footnote 3 '6th (Reserve) Armoured Regiment, (1st Hussars)' on 1 April 1941;Footnote 4 '1st Hussars (6th Armoured Regiment)' on 4 February 1949;Footnote 5 '1st Hussars' on 19 May 1958;Footnote 6 '1st Hussars (RCAC)' on 19 September 1985;Footnote 7 and '1st Hussars' on 14 August 1997.Footnote 8

Notes:

On 1 November 1920 the 1st Hussars were organized as a two regiment unit with the 1st Regiment on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle, and the 2nd Regiment on the Reserve order of battle (GO 185/20). The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

The 1st Hussars were disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 15 December 1920 and reorganized the same day (GO 40/21). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

Headquarters Location

London, Ontario

Operational history

South African War

The regiment contributed volunteers for the Canadian Contingents.Footnote 9

The First World War

The 1st Hussars recruited 'A' Squadron of the '7th Regiment, Canadian Mounted Rifles, CEF', which was authorized on 7 November 1914.Footnote 10 It embarked for Great Britain on 9 June 1915.Footnote 11 This squadron was redesignated: '2nd Canadian Divisional Cavalry Squadron, CEF' on 30 March 1915;Footnote 12 'First Canadian Hussars (Special Service Squadron), CEF' on 31 January 1916;Footnote 13 'B Squadron, Canadian Corps Cavalry Regiment, CEF' on 12 May 1916;Footnote 14 and 'B Squadron, Canadian Light Horse, CEF' on 21 February 1917.Footnote 15 It disembarked in France on 17 September 1915,Footnote 16 where it fought in France and Flanders as part of the Canadian Corps until the end of the war.Footnote 17 The squadron was disbanded on 6 November 1920.Footnote 18

The Second World War

The regiment mobilized an active service unit designated the '1st Hussars, CASF' on 1 September 1939.Footnote 19 This unit was disbanded on 1 March 1940, and on the same day a new active service unit designated the '1st Canadian Cavalry Regiment (Mechanized), CASF' was raised.Footnote 20 It was converted to armour and redesignated: 'First Canadian Cavalry Regiment (Mechanized), CASF' on 13 August 1940;Footnote 21 '6th Armoured Regiment (1st Hussars), CASF' on 11 February 1941;Footnote 22 '6th Armoured Regiment (1st Hussars), CAC, CASF' on 15 October 1943;Footnote 23 and '6th Armoured Regiment (1st Hussars), RCAC, CASF' on 2 August 1945.Footnote 24 It embarked for Britain on 13 November 1941.Footnote 25 The regiment landed in Normandy on 6 June 1944, as part of the 2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade, in support of 7th Infantry Brigade, 3rd Canadian Infantry Division, and fought in North-West Europe until the end of the war.Footnote 26 The overseas regiment was disbanded on 31 January 1946.Footnote 27

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