1st (Halifax-Dartmouth) Field Artillery, RCA regiment

The official lineage of the 1st (Halifax-Dartmouth) Field Artillery, RCA regiment.

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Lineage

This Reserve Force regiment originated on 10 September 1869 and incorporates the following regiments and artillery battery.

The 1st (Halifax-Dartmouth) Field Artillery Regiment, RCA originated in Halifax, Nova Scotia on 10 September 1869, when 'The Halifax Brigade of Garrison Artillery' was authorized to be formed.Footnote 1 It was redesignated: '1st "Halifax" Brigade of Garrison Artillery' on 9 December 1870;Footnote 2 1st "Halifax" Battalion of Garrison Artillery' on 1 January 1893;Footnote 3 and '1st "Halifax" Regiment, CA' on 28 December 1895.Footnote 4 The regiment was reorganized into two divisions as the '1st Division, 1st "Halifax" Regiment, CA' (Nos. 1 to 4 Companies) and '2nd Division, 1st "Halifax" Regiment, CA' (Nos. 5 to 8 Companies) on 1 June 1899Footnote 5 (The 2nd Division was reorganized as a separate regiment designated '7th "Nova Scotia" Regiment, CA' on 1 May 1906Footnote 6). It was redesignated: '1st (Halifax) Coast Brigade, CA' on 1 July 1925;Footnote 7 '1st (Halifax) Coast Brigade, RCA' on 3 June 1935;Footnote 8 and '1st (Reserve) (Halifax) Coast Brigade, RCA' on 7 November 1940.Footnote 9 On 1 April 1946, it was amalgamated with the '9th (Reserve) Heavy Battery (Howitzer), RCA' (see below) and redesignated the '1st (Halifax) Coast Regiment, RCA'.Footnote 10 It was redesignated: '1st (Halifax) Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, RCA' on 29 April 1948;Footnote 11 '1st (Halifax) Medium Anti-Aircraft Regiment, RCA' on 22 August 1955;Footnote 12 and '1st (Halifax) Medium Anti-Aircraft Artillery Regiment, RCA' on 12 April 1960.Footnote 13 On 1 November 1960, it was amalgamated with the '36th Medium Anti-Aircraft Regiment, RCA' (see below) and redesignated the '1st (Halifax-Dartmouth) Field Artillery Regiment, RCA'.Footnote 14

Notes:

The 1st (Halifax) Regiment, CGA was authorized a Reserve order of battle counterpart on 1 November 1920 (GO 186/20). The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

The 1st (Halifax) Regiment, CGA was disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 15 April 1921 and reorganized the same day (GO 155/21). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

The 9th (Reserve) Heavy Battery (Howitzer), RCA originated in Mahone Bay, Nova Scotia on 5 March 1869, when a "Battery of Garrison Artillery at Mahone Bay" was authorized to be formed.Footnote 18 It was redesignated: 'Mahone Bay Company of Garrison Artillery' on 1 January 1893;Footnote 19 and 'Mahone Bay Company of Garrison Artillery, CA' on 28 December 1895.Footnote 20 The battery was incorporated into the 2nd Division, 1st "Halifax" Regiment, CA, as 'No. 5 Company' on 1 June 1899;Footnote 21 and on 9 May 1905 the company amalgamated with the 2nd Division's 'No. 7 Company' retaining the same designation.Footnote 22 On 5 June 1906 these two companies ceased to be amalgamated and the battery was redesignated 'No. 1 Company' of the newly formed '7th "Nova Scotia" Regiment, CA'.Footnote 23 It was redesignated 'No. 1 Battery' on 2 April 1907,Footnote 24 and on 1 February 1912 it became an independent company under the designation 'No. 1 Siege Company, CGA'.Footnote 25 It was redesignated '9th Siege Battery, CA' and attached to the 1st (Halifax) Regiment, CGA on 2 February 1920,Footnote 26 and on 1 July 1924 it was again made an independent battery.Footnote 27 It was redesignated: '9th Heavy Battery, CA (Howitzer)' on 1 July 1925;Footnote 28 '9th Heavy Battery (Howitzer), RCA' on 3 June 1935;Footnote 29 and '9th (Reserve) Heavy Battery (Howitzer), RCA' on 7 November 1940.Footnote 30 On 1 April 1946, it was amalgamated with the '1st (Reserve) (Halifax) Coast Brigade, RCA', as above.

Notes:

The 9th Siege Battery, CA was disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 15 June 1921 and reorganized the same day (GO 9/22). It was disbanded again on 2 January 1936 and reorganized the next day (GO 14/36). These changes were administrative and do not affect the lineage of the battery.

The 1st (Halifax-Dartmouth) Field Artillery Regiment's date of origin is not traced to the formation date of the Battery of Garrison Artillery at Mahone Bay as lineage is traced from the formation of unit not sub-unit sized organizations, ie. regiments and battalions.

The 36th Medium Anti-Aircraft Regiment, RCA originated in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia on 1 April 1942, when the '36th (Reserve) Field Regiment, RCA' was authorized to be formed.Footnote 31 It was redesignated: '36th Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, RCA' on 1 April 1946Footnote 32 '36th Medium Anti-Aircraft Regiment, RCA' on 22 August 1955Footnote 33 and '36th Medium Anti-Aircraft Artillery Regiment, RCA' on 12 April 1960.Footnote 34 On 1 November 1960, it was amalgamated with the '1st (Halifax) Medium Anti-Aircraft Artillery Regiment, RCA', as above.

Perpetuations

'No. 9 Canadian Siege Battery, CEF'

Headquarters Location

Halifax, Nova Scotia

Allocated Batteries

  • 51st Field Battery, RCA
  • 87th Field Battery, RCA

Operational history

The First World War

The 1st "Halifax" Regiment was mobilized for active service on 6 August 1914 to provide coastal artillery support at the Citadel in Halifax.Footnote 35

No. 9 Canadian Siege Battery, CEF was authorized on 15 July 1916 as 'No. 8 "Overseas" Battery Siege Artillery, CEF'.Footnote 36 It was redesignated: 'No. 273 (Canadian) Siege Battery, CEF' on 15 October 1916;Footnote 37 and 'No. 9 Canadian Siege Battery, CEF' on 24 January 1917.Footnote 38 It embarked for Britain in September 1916.Footnote 39 The battery disembarked in France on 22 March 1917,Footnote 40 where it provided siege artillery support as part of the 1st Brigade, CGA, CEF in France and Flanders until the end of the war.Footnote 41 The battery was disbanded on 23 October 1920.Footnote 42

The Second World War

The 1st (Halifax) Coast Brigade, RCA was called out on service for local protection duties on 26 August 1939.Footnote 43 Details from the brigade were also mobilized for active service under the designation '1st (Halifax) Coast Brigade, RCA, CASF (Details)' on 1 September 1939.Footnote 44 The details called out on active service were disbanded on 31 December 1940 and the brigade mobilized an active service unit designated '1st (Halifax) Coast Brigade, RCA, CASF' on 1 January 1941.Footnote 45 It was redesignated '1st (Halifax) Coast Regiment, RCA, CASF' on 1 August 1942.Footnote 46 The regiment provided coastal artillery support as part of the defences of Halifax, Nova Scotia.Footnote 47 The regiment was disbanded on 15 August 1945.Footnote 48

The 9th Heavy Battery (Howitzer), RCA was called out on service for local protection duties on 26 August 1939.Footnote 49 Details from the battery were also mobilized for active service under the designation '9th Heavy Battery, RCA, CASF (Details)' on 1 September 1939.Footnote 50 The details called out on active service were disbanded on 31 December 1940 and the battery mobilized an active service unit designated the '9th Heavy Battery, RCA, CASF' on 1 January 1941.Footnote 51 It was redesignated '9th Coast Battery, RCA, CASF' on 1 May 1942.Footnote 52 The battery provided coastal artillery support in the defences of Halifax, Nova Scotia.Footnote 53 The battery was disbanded on 31 October 1945.Footnote 54

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