Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal
The official lineage of Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal infantry regiment.
A grenade Or enflamed and inscribed with the monogram FMR Gules between in chief the Royal crown proper and in base a scroll Gules inscribed NUNQUAM RETRORSUM in letters Or.
The crown represents service to the Sovereign. The grenade alludes to the original role of fusiliers, who were soldiers specially trained to protect artillery gunners. "FMR" is an abbreviation of a form of the regimental title and "NUNQUAM RETRORSUM" is the motto of the regiment.
NUNQUAM RETRORSUM (Never backward)
"The Jockey of York"
The War of 1812
DEFENCE OF CANADA – 1812-1815 – DÉFENSE DU CANADA
The non-emblazonable honorary distinction DEFENCE OF CANADA – 1812-1815 – DÉFENSE DU CANADA
North West Rebellion
NORTH-WEST CANADA, 1885.
The First World War
YPRES, 1915, '17; FESTUBERT, 1915; SOMME, 1916; ARRAS, 1917, '18; HILL 70; AMIENS;HINDENBURG LINE; PURSUIT TO MONS.
The Second World War
Dieppe; BOURGUÉBUS RIDGE; St. André-sur-Orne; Verrières Ridge-Tilly-la-Campagne; FALAISE; Falaise Road; The Laison; Forêt de la Londe; Dunkirk, 1944; Antwerp-Turnhout Canal; THE SCHELDT; Woensdrecht; South Beveland; THE RHINELAND; The Hochwald; Xanten; THE RHINE; Groningen; Oldenburg; NORTH-WEST EUROPE, 1942, 1944-1945.
This Reserve Force regiment originated in Montreal, Quebec on 18 June 1869, when 'The Mount Royal Rifles' were authorized to be formed.Footnote 1 It was redesignated: '65th Battalion, Mount Royal Rifles' on 5 November 1869;Footnote 2 '65th Regiment "Mount Royal Rifles"' on 8 May 1900;Footnote 3 '65th Regiment "Carabiniers Mont-Royal"' on 1 August 1902;Footnote 4 'Les Carabiniers Mont-Royal' on 29 March 1920;Footnote 5 and 'Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal' on 15 April 1931;Footnote 6 '2nd (Reserve) Battalion, Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal' on 7 November 1940;Footnote 7 and 'Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal' on 15 November 1945.Footnote 8
Upon redesignation as Les Carabiniers Mont-Royal on 29 March 1920 (see above), it was organized as a two battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (69th Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle, and the 2nd Battalion (150th Battalion, CEF) on the Reserve order of battle. The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).
Les Carabiniers Mont-Royal were disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 15 September 1920 and reorganized the same day (GO 232/20). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.
On 4 May 1951, the regiment mobilized two temporary Active Force companies designated "E" and "F" Company (CAO 110-2, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 245/51; and SD 1 Letter No. 4237, 5 May 1951). "E" Company was reduced to nil strength upon its personnel being incorporated into the '1st Canadian Infantry Battalion' for service in Germany with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (SD 1 Letter No. 4365, 12 November 1951). It was disbanded on 29 July 1953 (CAO 78-2, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 352/53). "F" Company was initially used as a reinforcement pool for "E" Company. On 15 May 1952, it was reduced to nil strength, upon its personnel being absorbed by the newly formed '2nd Canadian Infantry Battalion' for service in Korea with the United Nations (SD 1 Letter No. 4452, 22 April 1952; and CAO 110-2, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 283/52). "F" Company was disbanded on 29 July 1953 (CAO 78-2, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 352/53).
‘2nd and 3rd Battalions (City of Montreal) (1812-15)’, ‘Longue-Pointe and Pointe-Claire Divisions (1812-15)’, '69th' and '150th "Overseas" Battalion(s), CEF'
North West Rebellion
The battalion was mobilized for active service, under the designation '65th Mounted Rifles, "Mount Royal Rifles"' on 10 April 1885.Footnote 9 It served in the Alberta Column of the North West Field Force.Footnote 10 The battalion was removed from active service on 24 July 1885.Footnote 11
The First World War
Details of the regiment were placed on active service on 6 August 1914 for local protective duty.Footnote 12
The 69th Battalion, which was authorized on 10 July 1915 as the '69th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF',Footnote 13 embarked for Britain on 17 April 1916.Footnote 14 The battalion provided reinforcements to the Canadian Corps in the field until 4 January 1917, when its personnel were absorbed by the '10th Reserve Battalion, CEF'.Footnote 15 The battalion was disbanded on 30 August 1920.Footnote 16
The 150th Battalion, which was authorized on 22 December 1915 as the '150th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF',Footnote 17 embarked for Britain on 29 September 1916.Footnote 18 The battalion provided reinforcements to the Canadian Corps in the field until February 1917, when it was allotted to the 14th Infantry Brigade, 5th Canadian Division in England.Footnote 19 On 15 February 1918 its personnel were absorbed by the '10th Reserve Battalion, CEF'.Footnote 20 The battalion was disbanded on 29 November 1918.Footnote 21
The Second World War
The regiment mobilized the 'Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal, CASF' for active service on 1 September 1939.Footnote 222 It was redesignated '1st Battalion, Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal, CASF' on 7 November 1940.Footnote 23 It embarked for garrison duty in Iceland with "Z" Force on 1 July 1940, and on 31 October 1940 it was transferred to Britain.Footnote 24 The regiment took part in the raid on Dieppe on 19 August 1942.Footnote 25 It landed again in France on 7 July 1944, as part of the 6th Infantry Brigade, 2nd Canadian Infantry Division, and it continued to fight in North-West Europe until the end of the war.Footnote 26 The overseas battalion was disbanded on 15 November 1945.Footnote 27
The regiment subsequently mobilized the '3rd Battalion, Les Fusiliers de Mont-Royal, CASF' for active service on 12 May 1942.Footnote 28 It served in Canada in a home defence role as part of Military District No. 5 and 7th Canadian Infantry Division.Footnote 29 The battalion was disbanded on 15 October 1943.Footnote 30
From 2002 to 2014, Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal reinforced various CAF units deployed to Afghanistan.Footnote 31
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