The Royal Westminster Regiment
The official lineage of The Royal Westminster Regiment infantry regiment.
Colonel-in-Chief: The Duke of Westminster KG OBE TD CD DL
A demi-sun in splendour Or overall a maple leaf Gules charged with a beaver couchant on a log between the Royal crown proper and a scroll Or inscribed with the Motto, all above a scroll Sable fimbriated and inscribed THE ROYAL WESTMINSTER REGIMENT in letters Or.
The maple leaf and beaver represent service to Canada, and the crown, service to the Sovereign. The demi-sun is from the Arms of the Province of British Columbia where the regiment is based. "THE ROYAL WESTMINSTER REGIMENT" is the regimental title and "PRO REGE ET PATRIA" is the motto of the regiment.
PRO REGE ET PATRIA (For king and country)
The Maple Leaf Forever
The Royal Regiment of Fusiliers
The First World War
MOUNT SORREL; SOMME, 1916; Ancre Heights; Ancre, 1916; ARRAS, 1917, '18; Vimy, 1917; HILL 70; YPRES, 1917; Passchendaele; AMIENS; Scarpe, 1918; Drocourt-Quéant; HINDENBURG LINE; Canal du Nord; VALENCIENNES; FRANCE AND FLANDERS, 1916-18.
The Second World War
LIRI VALLEY; Melfa Crossing; GOTHIC LINE; CORIANO; LAMONE CROSSING; Misano Ridge; Casale; Naviglio Canal; ITALY, 1944-1945; Ijsselmeer; Delfzijl Pocket; NORTH-WEST EUROPE, 1945.
This Reserve Force regiment originated in New Westminster, British Columbia on 1 April 1910, when the '104th Regiment' was authorized to be formed.Footnote 1 It was redesignated the '104th Regiment Westminster Fusiliers of Canada' on 15 December 1913.Footnote 2 On 12 March 1920, it was amalgamated with the '6th Regiment "The Duke of Connaught's Own Rifles"' to form the '1st British Columbia Regiment'.Footnote 3 It was redesignated the '1st British Columbia Regiment (Duke of Connaught's Own)' on 1 November 1920.Footnote 4 On 15 May 1924, it was reorganized into three separate regiments, designated: '1st British Columbia Regiment (Duke of Connaught's Own)' (now the British Columbia Regiment (Duke of Connaught's Own); 'The Vancouver Regiment' (now 'The British Columbia Regiment (Duke of Connaught's Own)'; and 'The Westminster Regiment'.Footnote 5 On 15 December 1936, it was amalgamated with 'C Company' of the '11th Machine Gun Battalion, CMGC' and redesignated 'The Westminster Regiment (Machine Gun)'.Footnote 6 It was redesignated: 'The Westminster Regiment (Motor)' on 1 April 1941;Footnote 7 '2nd (Reserve) Battalion, The Westminster Regiment (Motor)' on 7 November 1941;Footnote 8 'The Westminster Regiment (Motor)' on 31 January 1946;Footnote 9 'The Westminster Regiment' on 6 October 1954;Footnote 10 and 'The Royal Westminster Regiment' on 9 December 1966.Footnote 11
Upon redesignation as the 1st British Columbia Regiment on 12 March 1920 (see above), it was organized as a six battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (7th Battalion, CEF), 2nd Battalion (29th Battalion, CEF) and 3rd Battalion (47th Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle and the 4th Battalion (62nd Battalion, CEF), 5th Battalion (131st Battalion, CEF), and 6th Battalion (158th Battalion, CEF) on the Reserve order of battle. The designation of the 5th Battalion was changed to '5th Battalion (158th Battalion, CEF)' and the 6th Battalion to '6th Battalion (131st Battalion, CEF)' on 1 September 1921 (GO 246/21).
Upon reorganization as The Westminster Regiment on 15 May 1924 (see above), it was organized as a two battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (47th Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle and the 2nd Battalion (131st Battalion, CEF) on the Reserve order of battle. The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).
The 1st British Columbia Regiment was disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 15 September 1920 and reorganized the same day (GO 232/20). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.
The Westminster Regiment was disbanded for the purpose of amalgamation on 14 December 1936 and reorganized the next day (GO 178/36). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.
The 11th Machine Gun Battalion, CMGC (1919-1936) was not perpetuated (GO 76/37).
'47th' and '131st "Overseas" Battalion, CEF'
New Westminster, British Columbia
The First World War
The 104th Regiment Westminster Fusiliers of Canada was placed on active service on 6 August 1914 for local protection duties.Footnote 12
The 47th Battalion, which was authorized on 7 November 1914 as the '47th Battalion, CEF',Footnote 13 embarked for Britain on 13 November 1915.Footnote 14 It disembarked in France on 11 August 1916, where it fought as part of the 10th Infantry Brigade, 4th Canadian Division in France and Flanders until the end of the war.Footnote 15 The battalion was disbanded on 30 August 1920.Footnote 16
The 131st Battalion, which was authorized on 22 December 1915 as the '131st "Overseas" Battalion, CEF',Footnote 17 embarked for Britain on 31 October 1916.Footnote 18 Its personnel were absorbed by the '30th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF' on 14 November 1916, to provide reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field.Footnote 19 The battalion was disbanded on 17 July 1917.Footnote 20
The Second World War
The regiment mobilized 'The Westminster Regiment (Machine Gun), CASF' for active service on 1 September 1939.Footnote 21 It was redesignated: '1st Battalion, The Westminster Regiment (Machine Gun), CASF' on 7 November 1940;Footnote 22 and '1st Battalion, The Westminster Regiment (Motor), CASF' on 25 November 1940.Footnote 23 It embarked for Britain on 13 November 1941.Footnote 24 On 1 December 1943, the battalion landed in Italy as part of the 5th Armoured Brigade, 5th Canadian Armoured Division.Footnote 25 It moved to North-West Europe on 28 February 1945, where it fought until the end of the war.Footnote 26 The overseas battalion was disbanded on 31 January 1946.Footnote 27
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