Les Voltigeurs de Québec

The official lineage of Les Voltigeurs de Québec infantry regiment.

Badge

Badge

Description

The arms of Salaberry (Per pale dexter per fess in chief Or a lion rampant Gules, in base Or two cows passant in pale Gules armed collared and belled Azure, sinister Gules a cross bottony Or, a bordure Azure charged with eight saltires couped Or) within an annulus Vert fimbriated and inscribed VOLTIGEURS DE QUEBEC in letters Argent, all surmounting the cross of the Order of St. Louis Argent, the whole ensigned by the Royal Crown proper and above a scroll Argent inscribed with the Motto in letters Gules

Symbolism

The Crown represents service to the Sovereign. The Voltigeurs Canadiens (1812-1815), who were organized as a temporary British Army regular unit and commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Charles-Michel d'Irumberry de Salaberry for service during the War of 1812, had the reputation of repeatedly repulsing superior American forces. His son, Lieutenant-Colonel Charles René-Léonidas de Salaberry, was the first commanding officer of the regiment when it was formed in 1862. The badge, incorporating the arms and motto "FORCE À SUPERBE MERCY À FOIBLE"" of the family of d'Irumberry de Salaberry, was adopted in 1892 in recognition of this family's services to the military of Canada and the regiment. The Order of St. Louis, instituted by King Louis XIV of France in 1693, was a notable honour in New France. "VOLTIGEURS DE QUEBEC" is a form of the regimental title.

Motto

FORCE À SUPERBE MERCY À FOIBLE (Violence to the strong, mercy to the weak)

March

"Les Voltigeurs de Québec"

Alliance

British Army

The Yorkshire Regiment

Affiliation

HMCS Ville de Québec

Regimental colour

Rifle regiments do not carry Colours. They may emblazon their battle honours on unit appointments such as cap badges or shoulder pouch belt plates.

Camp flag

Camp flag

Battle honours

The War of 1812

DEFENCE OF CANADA – 1812-1815 – DÉFENSE DU CANADA; CHÂTEAUGUAY; CRYSLER’S FARM

Honorary Distinction

The non-emblazonable honorary distinction DEFENCE OF CANADA – 1812-1815 – DÉFENSE DU CANADA

North West Rebellion

NORTH WEST CANADA, 1885.

The First World War

MOUNT SORREL; SOMME, 1916; ARRAS, 1917; HILL 70; YPRES, 1917; AMIENS.

Honorary Distinction

The Second World War badge of the Royal 22e Régiment for significantly reinforcing the regiment during the Italian campaign.

Lineage

This Reserve Force regiment originated on 7 March 1862 and incorporates the following regiments.

Les Voltigeurs de Québec originated in Quebec City, Quebec on 7 March 1862, when 'The 9th Battalion Volunteer Militia Rifles, Canada (or "Voltigeurs of Quebec") were authorized to be formed.Footnote 1 It was redesignated: '9th Regiment "Voltigeurs de Québec"' on 8 May 1900;Footnote 2 'Les Voltigeurs de Québec' on 29 March 1920;Footnote 3 '2nd (Reserve) Battalion, Les Voltigeurs de Québec' on 10 May 1941;Footnote 4 'Les Voltigeurs de Québec (Reserve)' on 15 September 1944;Footnote 5 and 'Les Voltigeurs de Québec (Motor)' on 1 April 1946.Footnote 6 On 1 September 1954, it was amalgamated with 'Le Régiment de Québec (Mitrailleuses)' (see below) and redesignated 'Les Voltigeurs de Québec (Mitrailleuses)'.Footnote 7 It was redesignated 'Les Voltigeurs de Québec' on 11 April 1958.Footnote 8 On 22 February 1965, it was amalgamated with 'The Royal Rifles of Canada'.Footnote 9 The two regiments ceased to be amalgamated on 1 November 1966.Footnote 10

Notes:

Upon redesignation as Les Voltigeurs de Québec on 29 March 1920 (see above), it was organized as a two battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (41st Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle, and the 2nd Battalion (no CEF designation) on the Reserve order of battle

On 15 June 1920, the 1st Battalion was redesignated the 1st Battalion (57th Battalion, CEF) (GO 95/20). The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

Les Voltigeurs de Québec were disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 1 October 1920 and reorganized the same day (GO 232/20). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

Le Régiment de Québec (Mitrailleuses) originated in St. Ambroise, Quebec on 9 April 1869, when 'The Provisional Battalion of "Quebec"' was authorized to be formed.Footnote 11 It was redesignated: '87th "Quebec" Battalion of Infantry' on 27 May 1881;Footnote 12 '87th Quebec Regiment' on 8 May 1900;Footnote 13 'Le Régiment de Québec' on 29 March 1920;Footnote 14 'Le Régiment de Québec (Mitrailleuses)' on 15 December 1936;Footnote 15 '2nd (Reserve) Battalion, Le Régiment de Québec (Mitrailleuses)' on 18 March 1942;Footnote 16 and 'Le Régiment de Québec (Mitrailleuses)' on 22 December 1945.Footnote 17 On 1 September 1954, it was amalgamated with 'Les Voltigeurs de Québec (Motor)', as above.

Notes:

Upon redesignation as Le Régiment de Québec on 29 March 1920 (see above), it was organized as a two battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle, and the 2nd Battalion on the Reserve order of battle. The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

Le Régiment de Québec was disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 1 October 1920 and reorganized the same day (GO 232/20). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

Perpetuations

‘6th Battalion, Select Embodied Militia’, ‘Provincial Corps of Light Infantry (Canadian Voltigeurs)’, ‘1st and 2nd Battalions (City of Quebec) (1812-15)’, ‘Beauport Division (1812-15)’, '57th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF'

Headquarters Location

Quebec City, Quebec

Operational history

The Fenian Raids

The Voltigeurs of Quebec were called out on active service on 8 March 1866. The battalion was removed from active service on 31 March 1866.Footnote 18

North West Rebellion

Les Voltigeurs de Québec, which were mobilized for active service on 10 April 1885,Footnote 19 served in the Alberta Column of the North West Field Force.Footnote 20 The battalion was removed from active service on 24 July 1885.Footnote 21

The First World War

The 9th Regiment "Voltigeurs de Québec" were placed on active service on 6 August 1914 for local protection duties.Footnote 22

Details of the 87th Quebec Regiment were placed on active service on 6 August 1914 for local protection duties.Footnote 23

The 57th Battalion, which was authorized on 20 April 1915 as the '57th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF',Footnote 24 embarked for Britain on 2 June 1916.Footnote 25 On 8 June 1916, its personnel were absorbed by the '69th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF' to provide reinforcements to the Canadian Corps in the field.Footnote 26 The battalion was disbanded on 11 April 1918.Footnote 27

The Second World War

Details of Les Voltigeurs de Québec were called out on service on 26 August 1939 and then placed on active service on 1 September 1939, under the designation 'Les Voltigeurs de Québec, CASF (Details)' for local protection duties.Footnote 28 The details called out on active service were disbanded on 31 December 1940.Footnote 29 Details of the regiment were again called out on service on 1 January 1941, under the designation 'Details of 1st (Reserve) Battalion, 'Les Voltigeurs de Québec'.Footnote 30 The details called out on active service were disbanded on 5 April 1941.Footnote 31

The regiment subsequently mobilized the '1st Battalion, Les Voltigeurs de Québec, CASF' for active service on 10 May 1941.Footnote 32 It was converted to armour and redesignated the '24th Army Tank Battalion (Les Voltigeurs de Québec), CAC, CASF' on 26 January 1942.Footnote 33 It was redesignated: '24th Reconnaissance Battalion (Les Voltigeurs de Québec), CAC, CASF' on 22 May 1942;Footnote 34 and '24th Reconnaissance Regiment (Les Voltigeurs de Québec), CAC, CASF' on 8 June 1942.Footnote 35 On 16 January 1943, it was reconverted to infantry and redesignated the '1st Battalion, Les Voltigeurs de Québec, CASF'.Footnote 36 It served in Canada in a home defence role as part of the 17th Infantry Brigade, 7th Canadian Division.Footnote 37 It embarked for Britain on 23 July 1943,Footnote 38 where it provided reinforcements to units of the Canadian Corps in the field.Footnote 39 The overseas battalion was disbanded on 1 November 1943.Footnote 40

Details of Le Régiment de Québec were called out on service on 26 August 1939 and then placed on active service on 1 September 1939, under the designation 'Le Régiment de Québec (Mitrailleuses), CASF (Details)', for local protection duties.Footnote 41 The details called out on active service were disbanded on 31 December 1940.Footnote 42

The regiment subsequently mobilized the '1st Battalion, Le Régiment de Québec, CASF' for active service on 18 March 1942.Footnote 43 This unit served in Canada and in a home defence role as part of the 15th Infantry Brigade, 7th Canadian Division and in Newfoundland on garrison duty.Footnote 44 The battalion was disbanded on 22 December 1945.Footnote 45

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