Baie des Loups Migratory Bird Sanctuary

Baie des Loups picture
Photo: Wilson Evans © Environment and Climate Change Canada. Baie des Loups.

The Baie des Loups Migratory Bird Sanctuary (MBS) is located on the north coast of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, lying east of the village of La Romaine, near the hamlet of Wolf Bay (formerly Baie-des-Loups). The sanctuary consists of several islands, islets and rocks and also includes 1.5 kilometres of adjacent marine waters in all directions, except to the north.

Established in 1925 to protect essential nesting sites for the Common Eider and other seabirds, the MBS covers an area of 3610 hectares. The terrestrial portion of this predominantly marine environment is composed of tundra and stunted conifers. These continually windswept islands are mainly vegetated by low-lying grasses and plants. The remainder of the landscape comprises rocky outcrops and small freshwater ponds.

Importance of the Migratory Bird Sanctuary

The Baie des Loups MBS is recognised as a prime nesting site for numerous seabirds. The three main nesting species are the Atlantic Puffin, Common Eider and Razorbill. This protected area is the second largest nesting site for Atlantic Puffin in the Gulf of St. Lawrence (the largest being the Brador Bay MBS).

The site also supports other nesting species, such as Herring, Ring-billed and Great black-backed Gulls, Black Guillemots, Red-throated Loons, Common and Arctic Terns. According to a 2012 inventory, the Double-crested Cormorant has made a reappearance after being absent from the sanctuary since 1977.

Access and Activities

MBSs are established for the protection and conservation of migratory birds. Activities that could harm migratory birds, their nests or their eggs are prohibited.

MBSs can be and have been established on private, provincial, territorial and federally owned lands. Access to each MBS varies by site and is at the discretion of the landowner and land manager.

Where MBSs are located on federal land, Environment and Climate Change Canada is responsible for the management and protection of migratory birds, nests, eggs and habitat. Where MBSs are located on provincial land, Environment and Climate Change Canada is responsible for the protection of migratory birds and their nests, while the chief game officer of the province is responsible for the management of habitat. Where MBSs are located on private or municipal land, Environment and Climate Change Canada is responsible for the protection of migratory birds and their nests. Habitat management is the responsibility of the landowner.

The standard prohibitions under the The Migratory Bird Sanctuary Regulations apply to Baie des Loups MBS: hunting migratory birds is prohibited, and no person shall disturb, destroy or take the nest of a migratory bird or have in his or her possession a live migratory bird, or a carcass, skin, nest or egg of a migratory bird, except under the authority of a permit issued by Environment and Climate Change Canada or unless specifically authorized by the Regulations. Possession of firearms or other hunting appliances is prohibited, and dogs and cats must not be allowed to run at large.

Access denial or restrictions imposed by the owners of land within the MBS may also apply.

For more information on entry, activities and permits in MBSs, please visit the Management and Activities section of the Migratory Bird Sanctuaries website. For more information on protected areas managed by Environment and Climate Change Canada in Quebec, please contact the regional office.

For greater certainty, nothing in this document shall be construed so as to abrogate or derogate from the protection provided for existing Aboriginal or treaty rights of the Aboriginal peoples of Canada by the recognition and affirmation of those rights in section 35 of the Constitution Act, 1982.

Map of the Area

  • Map of Brador Bay Migratory Bird Sanctuary
Long description for the Map

Map showing the location of Baie-des-Loups Migratory Bird Sanctuary relative to Quebec, Baie Coacoachou, Baie des Loups, Île des Loups and the Gulf of St. Laurence. The map shows the boundaries of the sanctuary, which covers Ile des Loups as well as the surrounding small islands and waters. The scale of the map is in kilometers.

This map is for illustrative purposes only and should not be used to define legal boundaries. Baie des Loups Migratory Bird Sanctuary can also be viewed using Google Maps. Please note that the Google map is a complementary source of information and does not represent the official map or site name.

Summary Table

Summary Table for Baie des Loups Migratory Bird Sanctuary
Category Information
Protected Area designation Migratory Bird Sanctuary
Province or territory Quebec
Latitude/longitude 50° 10' N 60° 18' W
Size in hectares (ha) 3610 ha
Date created (Gazetted) 1925
International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Management Category Ia - Strict Nature Reserve
Additional designations Brador Bay Important Bird Area
Main habitat type Tundra and stunted conifers, rocky outcrops and ponds
Key bird species Atlantic Puffin, Common Eider, Razorbill, Ring-billed Gull, Herring Gull, Great Black-backed Gull, Common Tern, Arctic Tern, Common Murre, Black Guillemot and Red-throated Loon.
Listed species under the Species at Risk Act (SARA) None
Management agency Canadian Wildlife Service, Quebec Region

Contact Information

Environment and Climate Change Canada - Quebec Region
Canadian Wildlife Service
Protected Areas Unit
801-1550, avenue d'Estimauville
9250 - 49th Street
Québec, Quebec G1J 0C3
Toll Free: 1-800-668-6767 (in Canada only)
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