Carillon Island Migratory Bird Sanctuary

Photo Part of Carillon Island Migratory Bird Sanctuary in the spring
Photo: Christine Lepage © Environment and Climate Change Canada. Part of Carillon Island Migratory Bird Sanctuary in the spring.

The Carillon Island Migratory Bird Sanctuary (MBS) is located in the town of Saint-André-d'Argenteuil, at the west end of Lac des Deux-Montagnes. It encompasses Carillon and Paquin Islands, along with adjacent marshes and all waters within a 60 km zone around the islands and marshes.

Established in 1931 to safeguard a staging and nesting site for large numbers of ducks, this 455 hectare protected area consists largely of freshwater wetlands. Both Carillon and Paquin Islands are dominated by Silver Maple forests. Other species, including American Elm, Bur Oak and Trembling Aspen are found on Paquin Island. Riparian areas are characterised by submerged aquatic vegetation such as Tapegrass and Canada Waterweed, over which emergent grass beds grow. The latter's diverse vegetation consists of species such as Broadleaf Arrowhead, River Bulrush, Tuberous Waterlily, Narrowleaf Bur-reed, Broadfruit Bur-reed and Northern Watermilfoil. Until 1992, the site was also vegetated by the endangered False Hop Sedge.

Importance of the Migratory Bird Sanctuary

The Carillon Island MBS is a prime nesting and staging site for a wide variety of waterfowl. Mallards, American Black Ducks, Canada Geese as well as Blue-winged and Green-winged Teals are the most populous species observed in the sanctuary, while Wood Ducks, Northern Shovelers, American Wigeons and Northern Pintails also use the area, but in smaller numbers.

During the late 70s and early 80s, a large number of Great Blue Heron nests were reported in the MBS. In 1979 approximately 150 nests were observed on Carillon Island. High predation by raccoons on heron fledglings seemingly led to a decline in population of this species in subsequent years. A survey conducted in 1993 validated the colony's disappearance from the MBS. Data gathered in 1997 confirmed that the Great Blue Heron had not returned to the sanctuary.

Access and Activities

MBSs are established for the protection and conservation of migratory birds. Activities that could harm migratory birds, their nests or their eggs are prohibited.

MBSs can be and have been established on private, provincial, territorial and federally owned lands. Access to each MBS varies by site and is at the discretion of the landowner and land manager.

Where MBSs are located on federal land, Environment and Climate Change Canada is responsible for the management and protection of migratory birds, nests, eggs and habitat. Where MBSs are located on provincial land, Environment and Climate Change Canada is responsible for the protection of migratory birds and their nests, while the chief game officer of the province is responsible for the management of habitat. Where MBSs are located on private or municipal land, Environment and Climate Change Canada is responsible for the protection of migratory birds and their nests. Habitat management is the responsibility of the landowner.

The standard prohibitions under the Migratory Bird Sanctuary Regulations apply to Carillon Island MBS: hunting migratory birds is prohibited, and no person shall disturb, destroy or take the nest of a migratory bird or have in his or her possession a live migratory bird, or a carcass, skin, nest or egg of a migratory bird, except under the authority of a permit issued by Environment and Climate Change Canada or unless specifically authorized by the Regulations. Possession of firearms or other hunting appliances is prohibited, and dogs and cats must not be allowed to run at large.

Access denial or restrictions imposed by the owners of land within the MBS may also apply.

For more information on entry, activities and permits in MBSs, please visit the Management and Activities section of the Migratory Bird Sanctuaries website. For more information on protected areas managed by Environment and Climate Change Canada in Quebec, please contact the regional office.

For greater certainty, nothing in this document shall be construed so as to abrogate or derogate from the protection provided for existing Aboriginal or treaty rights of the Aboriginal peoples of Canada by the recognition and affirmation of those rights in section 35 of the Constitution Act, 1982.

Map of the Area

  • Map of Carillon Island Migratory Bird Sanctuary
Long description for the Map

Map showing the location of Carillon Island Migratory Bird Sanctuary relative to Quebec, Pointe-au-Sable, Rigaud, Île Carillon, Baie de Carillon and the Ottawa River. The map shows the boundaries of the sanctuary, which covers Île de Carillon and some surrounding water. The scale of the map is in tenths of a kilometer.

This map is for illustrative purposes only and should not be used to define legal boundaries. Carillon Island Migratory Bird Sanctuary can also be viewed using Google Maps. Please note that the Google map is a complementary source of information and does not represent the official map or site name.

Summary table

Summary Table for Carillon Island Migratory Bird Sanctuary
Category Information
Protected Area designation Migratory Bird Sanctuary
Province or territory Quebec
Latitude/longitude 45° 31' N 74° 16' W
Size in hectares (ha) 455 ha
Date created (Gazetted) 1931
International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) management category III - Natural Monument or Feature
Additional designations None
Main habitat type Freshwater marshes and forest
Key bird species Mallard, American Black Duck, Blue-winged and Green-winged Teals.
Other species Birds: Wood Duck, Northern Shoveler, American Wigeon, Northern Pintail, Canada goose. Mammals: Racoon, Muskrat and River Otter Plants: Silver Maple, American Elm, Bur Oak, Trembling Aspen, Broadleaf Arrowhead, River Bulrush,Tuberous Waterlily, Narrowleaf Bur-reed, Broadfruit Bur-reed, Water-shield, Tapegrass and Northern Water Milfoil, Tapegrass and Canada Waterweed.
Listed species under the Species at Risk Act (SARA) None
Management agency Canadian Wildlife Service, Quebec Region

Contact Information

Environment and Climate Change Canada - Quebec Region
Canadian Wildlife Service
Protected Areas Unit
801-1550, avenue d'Estimauville
9250 - 49th Street
Québec, Quebec G1J 0C3
Toll Free: 1-800-668-6767 (in Canada only)
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