Birds protected in Canada

Search list of migratory birds protected in Canada

This is a partial list of migratory birds protected under the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994. The Act prevails when determining whether a species or bird is protected in Canada.

List of birds protected by the Migratory Birds Convention Act in Canada
English Name French Name Family Name Scientific Name

Acadian Flycatcher

Moucherolle vert

Tyrannidae

Empidonax virescens

Alder Flycatcher

Moucherolle des aulnes

Tyrannidae

Empidonax alnorum

American Avocet

Avocette d'Amérique

Recurvirostridae

Recurvirostra americana

American Bittern

Butor d'Amérique

Ardeidae

Botaurus lentiginosus

American Black Duck

Canard noir

Anatidae

Anas rubripes

American Coot

Foulque d'Amérique

Rallidae

Fulica americana

American Dipper

Cincle d'Amérique

Cinclidae

Cinclus mexicanus

American Golden-Plover

Pluvier bronzé

Charadriidae

Pluvialis dominica

American Goldfinch

Chardonneret jaune

Fringillidae

Spinus tristis

American Pipit

Pipit d'Amérique

Motacillidae

Anthus rubescens

American Redstart

Paruline flamboyante

Parulidae

Setophaga ruticilla

American Robin

Merle d'Amérique

Turdidae

Turdus migratorius

American Three-toed Woodpecker

Pic à dos rayé

Picidae

Picoides dorsalis

American Tree Sparrow

Bruant hudsonien

Passerellidae

Spizelloides arborea

American Wigeon

Canard d'Amérique

Anatidae

Mareca americana

American Woodcock

Bécasse d'Amérique

Scolopacidae

Scolopax minor

Ancient Murrelet

Guillemot à cou blanc

Alcidae

Synthliboramphus antiquus

Anna's Hummingbird

Colibri d'Anna

Trochilidae

Calypte anna

Arctic Tern

Sterne arctique

Laridae

Sterna paradisaea

Atlantic Puffin

Macareux moine

Alcidae

Fratercula arctica

Baird's Sandpiper

Bécasseau de Baird

Scolopacidae

Calidris bairdii

Baird's Sparrow

Bruant de Baird

Passerellidae

Centronyx bairdii

Baltimore Oriole

Oriole de Baltimore

Icteridae

Icterus galbula

Band-tailed Pigeon

Pigeon à queue barrée

Columbidae

Patagioenas fasciata

Bank Swallow

Hirondelle de rivage

Hirundinidae

Riparia riparia

Barn Swallow

Hirondelle rustique

Hirundinidae

Hirundo rustica

Barrow's Goldeneye

Garrot d'Islande

Anatidae

Bucephala islandica

Bay-breasted Warbler

Paruline à poitrine baie

Parulidae

Setophaga castanea

Bermuda Petrel

Pétrel des Bermudes

Procellariidae

Pterodroma cahow

Bewick's Wren

Troglodyte de Bewick

Troglodytidae

Thryomanes bewickii

Bicknell's Thrush

Grive de Bicknell

Turdidae

Catharus bicknelli

Black Guillemot

Guillemot à miroir

Alcidae

Cepphus grylle

Black Oystercatcher

Huîtrier de Bachman

Haematopodidae

Haematopus bachmani

Black Scoter

Macreuse à bec jaune

Anatidae

Melanitta americana

Black Swift

Martinet sombre

Apodidae

Cypseloides niger

Black Tern

Guifette noire

Laridae

Chlidonias niger

Black Turnstone

Tournepierre noir

Scolopacidae

Arenaria melanocephala

Black-and-white Warbler

Paruline noir et blanc

Parulidae

Mniotilta varia

Black-backed Woodpecker

Pic à dos noir

Picidae

Picoides arcticus

Black-bellied Plover

Pluvier argenté

Charadriidae

Pluvialis squatarola

Black-billed Cuckoo

Coulicou à bec noir

Cuculidae

Coccyzus erythropthalmus

Blackburnian Warbler

Paruline à gorge orangée

Parulidae

Setophaga fusca

Black-capped Chickadee

Mésange à tête noire

Paridae

Poecile atricapillus

Black-chinned Hummingbird

Colibri à gorge noire

Trochilidae

Archilochus alexandri

Black-crowned Night-Heron

Bihoreau gris

Ardeidae

Nycticorax nycticorax

Black-footed Albatross

Albatros à pieds noirs

Diomedeidae

Phoebastria nigripes

Black-headed Grosbeak

Cardinal à tête noire

Cardinalidae

Pheucticus melanocephalus

Black-headed Gull

Mouette rieuse

Laridae

Chroicocephalus ridibundus

Black-legged Kittiwake

Mouette tridactyle

Laridae

Rissa tridactyla

Black-necked Stilt

Échasse d'Amérique

Recurvirostridae

Himantopus mexicanus

Blackpoll Warbler

Paruline rayée

Parulidae

Setophaga striata

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Paruline bleue

Parulidae

Setophaga caerulescens

Black-throated Gray Warbler

Paruline grise

Parulidae

Setophaga nigrescens

Black-throated Green Warbler

Paruline à gorge noire

Parulidae

Setophaga virens

Blue-gray Gnatcatcher

Gobemoucheron gris-bleu

Polioptilidae

Polioptila caerulea

Blue-headed Vireo

Viréo à tête bleue

Vireonidae

Vireo solitarius

Bluethroat

Gorgebleue à miroir

Muscicapidae

Cyanecula svecica

Blue-winged Teal

Sarcelle à ailes bleues

Anatidae

Spatula discors

Blue-winged Warbler

Paruline à ailes bleues

Parulidae

Vermivora cyanoptera

Bobolink

Goglu des prés

Icteridae

Dolichonyx oryzivorus

Bohemian Waxwing

Jaseur boréal

Bombycillidae

Bombycilla garrulus

Bonaparte's Gull

Mouette de Bonaparte

Laridae

Chroicocephalus philadelphia

Boreal Chickadee

Mésange à tête brune

Paridae

Poecile hudsonicus

Brambling

Pinson du Nord

Fringillidae

Fringilla montifringilla

Brant

Bernache cravant

Anatidae

Branta bernicla

Brewer's Sparrow

Bruant de Brewer

Passerellidae

Spizella breweri

Brown Creeper

Grimpereau brun

Certhiidae

Certhia americana

Brown Thrasher

Moqueur roux

Mimidae

Toxostoma rufum

Buff-breasted Sandpiper

Bécasseau roussâtre

Scolopacidae

Calidris subruficollis

Bufflehead

Petit Garrot

Anatidae

Bucephala albeola

Buller's Shearwater

Puffin de Buller

Procellariidae

Ardenna bulleri

Bullock's Oriole

Oriole de Bullock

Icteridae

Icterus bullockii

Bushtit

Orite buissonnière

Aegithalidae

Psaltriparus minimus

Cackling Goose

Bernache de Hutchins

Anatidae

Branta hutchinsii

California Gull

Goéland de Californie

Laridae

Larus californicus

Calliope Hummingbird

Colibri calliope

Trochilidae

Selasphorus calliope

Canada Goose

Bernache du Canada

Anatidae

Branta canadensis

Canada Warbler

Paruline du Canada

Parulidae

Cardellina canadensis

Canvasback

Fuligule à dos blanc

Anatidae

Aythya valisineria

Canyon Wren

Troglodyte des canyons

Troglodytidae

Catherpes mexicanus

Cape May Warbler

Paruline tigrée

Parulidae

Setophaga tigrina

Carolina Wren

Troglodyte de Caroline

Troglodytidae

Thryothorus ludovicianus

Caspian Tern

Sterne caspienne

Laridae

Hydroprogne caspia

Cassin's Auklet

Starique de Cassin

Alcidae

Ptychoramphus aleuticus

Cassin's Finch

Roselin de Cassin

Fringillidae

Haemorhous cassinii

Cassin's Vireo

Viréo de Cassin

Vireonidae

Vireo cassinii

Cattle Egret

Héron garde-boeufs

Ardeidae

Bubulcus ibis

Cedar Waxwing

Jaseur d'Amérique

Bombycillidae

Bombycilla cedrorum

Cerulean Warbler

Paruline azurée

Parulidae

Setophaga cerulea

Chestnut-backed Chickadee

Mésange à dos marron

Paridae

Poecile rufescens

Chestnut-collared Longspur

Plectrophane à ventre noir

Calcariidae

Calcarius ornatus

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Paruline à flancs marron

Parulidae

Setophaga pensylvanica

Chimney Swift

Martinet ramoneur

Apodidae

Chaetura pelagica

Chipping Sparrow

Bruant familier

Passerellidae

Spizella passerina

Cinnamon Teal

Sarcelle cannelle

Anatidae

Spatula cyanoptera

Clark's Grebe

Grèbe à face blanche

Podicipedidae

Aechmophorus clarkii

Clay-colored Sparrow

Bruant des plaines

Passerellidae

Spizella pallida

Cliff Swallow

Hirondelle à front blanc

Hirundinidae

Petrochelidon pyrrhonota

Common Eider

Eider à duvet

Anatidae

Somateria mollissima

Common Gallinule

Gallinule d'Amérique

Rallidae

Gallinula galeata

Common Goldeneye

Garrot à oeil d'or

Anatidae

Bucephala clangula

Common Gull

Goéland cendré

Laridae

Larus canus

Common Loon

Plongeon huard

Gaviidae

Gavia immer

Common Merganser

Grand Harle

Anatidae

Mergus merganser

Common Murre

Guillemot marmette

Alcidae

Uria aalge

Common Nighthawk

Engoulevent d'Amérique

Caprimulgidae

Chordeiles minor

Common Poorwill

Engoulevent de Nuttall

Caprimulgidae

Phalaenoptilus nuttallii

Common Redpoll

Sizerin flammé

Fringillidae

Acanthis flammea

Common Ringed Plover

Pluvier grand-gravelot

Charadriidae

Charadrius hiaticula

Common Tern

Sterne pierregarin

Laridae

Sterna hirundo

Common Yellowthroat

Paruline masquée

Parulidae

Geothlypis trichas

Connecticut Warbler

Paruline à gorge grise

Parulidae

Oporornis agilis

Cory's Shearwater

Puffin cendré

Procellariidae

Calonectris diomedea

Dark-eyed Junco

Junco ardoisé

Passerellidae

Junco hyemalis

Dickcissel

Dickcissel d'Amérique

Cardinalidae

Spiza americana

Dovekie

Mergule nain

Alcidae

Alle alle

Downy Woodpecker

Pic mineur

Picidae

Dryobates pubescens

Dunlin

Bécasseau variable

Scolopacidae

Calidris alpina

Dusky Flycatcher

Moucherolle sombre

Tyrannidae

Empidonax oberholseri

Eared Grebe

Grèbe à cou noir

Podicipedidae

Podiceps nigricollis

Eastern Bluebird

Merlebleu de l'Est

Turdidae

Sialia sialis

Eastern Kingbird

Tyran tritri

Tyrannidae

Tyrannus tyrannus

Eastern Meadowlark

Sturnelle des prés

Icteridae

Sturnella magna

Eastern Phoebe

Moucherolle phébi

Tyrannidae

Sayornis phoebe

Eastern Towhee

Tohi à flancs roux

Passerellidae

Pipilo erythrophthalmus

Eastern Whip-poor-will

Engoulevent bois-pourri

Caprimulgidae

Antrostomus vociferus

Eastern Wood-Pewee

Pioui de l'Est

Tyrannidae

Contopus virens

Eastern Yellow Wagtail

Bergeronnette de Béringie

Motacillidae

Motacilla tschutschensis

Eskimo Curlew

Courlis esquimau

Scolopacidae

Numenius borealis

Eurasian Collared-Dove

Tourterelle turque

Columbidae

Streptopelia decaocto

Eurasian Skylark

Alouette des champs

Alaudidae

Alauda arvensis

Eurasian Wigeon

Canard siffleur

Anatidae

Mareca penelope

Evening Grosbeak

Gros-bec errant

Fringillidae

Coccothraustes vespertinus

Field Sparrow

Bruant des champs

Passerellidae

Spizella pusilla

Flesh-footed Shearwater

Puffin à pieds pâles

Procellariidae

Ardenna carneipes

Fork-tailed Storm-Petrel

Océanite à queue fourchue

Hydrobatidae

Hydrobates furcatus

Forster's Tern

Sterne de Forster

Laridae

Sterna forsteri

Fox Sparrow

Bruant fauve

Passerellidae

Passerella iliaca

Franklin's Gull

Mouette de Franklin

Laridae

Leucophaeus pipixcan

Gadwall

Canard chipeau

Anatidae

Mareca strepera

Glaucous Gull

Goéland bourgmestre

Laridae

Larus hyperboreus

Glaucous-winged Gull

Goéland à ailes grises

Laridae

Larus glaucescens

Golden-crowned Kinglet

Roitelet à couronne dorée

Regulidae

Regulus satrapa

Golden-crowned Sparrow

Bruant à couronne dorée

Passerellidae

Zonotrichia atricapilla

Golden-winged Warbler

Paruline à ailes dorées

Parulidae

Vermivora chrysoptera

Grasshopper Sparrow

Bruant sauterelle

Passerellidae

Ammodramus savannarum

Gray Catbird

Moqueur chat

Mimidae

Dumetella carolinensis

Gray Flycatcher

Moucherolle gris

Tyrannidae

Empidonax wrightii

Gray-cheeked Thrush

Grive à joues grises

Turdidae

Catharus minimus

Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch

Roselin à tête grise

Fringillidae

Leucosticte tephrocotis

Gray-headed Chickadee

Mésange lapone

Paridae

Poecile cinctus

Great Black-backed Gull

Goéland marin

Laridae

Larus marinus

Great Blue Heron

Grand Héron

Ardeidae

Ardea herodias

Great Crested Flycatcher

Tyran huppé

Tyrannidae

Myiarchus crinitus

Great Egret

Grande Aigrette

Ardeidae

Ardea alba

Great Shearwater

Puffin majeur

Procellariidae

Ardenna gravis

Great Skua

Grand Labbe

Stercorariidae

Stercorarius skua

Greater Scaup

Fuligule milouinan

Anatidae

Aythya marila

Greater White-fronted Goose

Oie rieuse

Anatidae

Anser albifrons

Greater Yellowlegs

Grand Chevalier

Scolopacidae

Tringa melanoleuca

Green Heron

Héron vert

Ardeidae

Butorides virescens

Green-winged Teal

Sarcelle d'hiver

Anatidae

Anas crecca

Hairy Woodpecker

Pic chevelu

Picidae

Dryobates villosus

Hammond's Flycatcher

Moucherolle de Hammond

Tyrannidae

Empidonax hammondii

Harlequin Duck

Arlequin plongeur

Anatidae

Histrionicus histrionicus

Harris's Sparrow

Bruant à face noire

Passerellidae

Zonotrichia querula

Heermann's Gull

Goéland de Heermann

Laridae

Larus heermanni

Henslow's Sparrow

Bruant de Henslow

Passerellidae

Centronyx henslowii

Hermit Thrush

Grive solitaire

Turdidae

Catharus guttatus

Herring Gull

Goéland argenté

Laridae

Larus argentatus

Hoary Redpoll

Sizerin blanchâtre

Fringillidae

Acanthis hornemanni

Hooded Merganser

Harle couronné

Anatidae

Lophodytes cucullatus

Hooded Warbler

Paruline à capuchon

Parulidae

Setophaga citrina

Horned Grebe

Grèbe esclavon

Podicipedidae

Podiceps auritus

Horned Lark

Alouette hausse-col

Alaudidae

Eremophila alpestris

Horned Puffin

Macareux cornu

Alcidae

Fratercula corniculata

House Finch

Roselin familier

Fringillidae

Haemorhous mexicanus

House Wren

Troglodyte familier

Troglodytidae

Troglodytes aedon

Hudsonian Godwit

Barge hudsonienne

Scolopacidae

Limosa haemastica

Hutton's Vireo

Viréo de Hutton

Vireonidae

Vireo huttoni

Iceland Gull

Goéland arctique

Laridae

Larus glaucoides

Indigo Bunting

Passerin indigo

Cardinalidae

Passerina cyanea

Ivory Gull

Mouette blanche

Laridae

Pagophila eburnea

Kentucky Warbler

Paruline du Kentucky

Parulidae

Geothlypis formosa

Killdeer

Pluvier kildir

Charadriidae

Charadrius vociferus

King Eider

Eider à tête grise

Anatidae

Somateria spectabilis

King Rail

Râle élégant

Rallidae

Rallus elegans

Kirtland's Warbler

Paruline de Kirtland

Parulidae

Setophaga kirtlandii

Lapland Longspur

Plectrophane lapon

Calcariidae

Calcarius lapponicus

Lark Bunting

Bruant noir et blanc

Passerellidae

Calamospiza melanocorys

Lark Sparrow

Bruant à joues marron

Passerellidae

Chondestes grammacus

Laysan Albatross

Albatros de Laysan

Diomedeidae

Phoebastria immutabilis

Lazuli Bunting

Passerin azuré

Cardinalidae

Passerina amoena

Leach's Storm-Petrel

Océanite cul-blanc

Hydrobatidae

Hydrobates leucorhous

Least Bittern

Petit Blongios

Ardeidae

Ixobrychus exilis

Least Flycatcher

Moucherolle tchébec

Tyrannidae

Empidonax minimus

Least Sandpiper

Bécasseau minuscule

Scolopacidae

Calidris minutilla

LeConte's Sparrow

Bruant de LeConte

Passerellidae

Ammospiza leconteii

Lesser Black-backed Gull

Goéland brun

Laridae

Larus fuscus

Lesser Scaup

Petit Fuligule

Anatidae

Aythya affinis

Lesser Yellowlegs

Petit Chevalier

Scolopacidae

Tringa flavipes

Lewis's Woodpecker

Pic de Lewis

Picidae

Melanerpes lewis

Lincoln's Sparrow

Bruant de Lincoln

Passerellidae

Melospiza lincolnii

Little Gull

Mouette pygmée

Laridae

Hydrocoloeus minutus

Loggerhead Shrike

Pie-grièche migratrice

Laniidae

Lanius ludovicianus

Long-billed Curlew

Courlis à long bec

Scolopacidae

Numenius americanus

Long-billed Dowitcher

Bécassin à long bec

Scolopacidae

Limnodromus scolopaceus

Long-tailed Duck

Harelde kakawi

Anatidae

Clangula hyemalis

Long-tailed Jaeger

Labbe à longue queue

Stercorariidae

Stercorarius longicaudus

Louisiana Waterthrush

Paruline hochequeue

Parulidae

Parkesia motacilla

MacGillivray's Warbler

Paruline des buissons

Parulidae

Geothlypis tolmiei

Magnolia Warbler

Paruline à tête cendrée

Parulidae

Setophaga magnolia

Mallard

Canard colvert

Anatidae

Anas platyrhynchos

Manx Shearwater

Puffin des Anglais

Procellariidae

Puffinus puffinus

Marbled Godwit

Barge marbrée

Scolopacidae

Limosa fedoa

Marbled Murrelet

Guillemot marbré

Alcidae

Brachyramphus marmoratus

Marsh Wren

Troglodyte des marais

Troglodytidae

Cistothorus palustris

Mottled Petrel

Pétrel maculé

Procellariidae

Pterodroma inexpectata

Mountain Bluebird

Merlebleu azuré

Turdidae

Sialia currucoides

Mountain Chickadee

Mésange de Gambel

Paridae

Poecile gambeli

Mountain Plover

Pluvier montagnard

Charadriidae

Charadrius montanus

Mourning Dove

Tourterelle triste

Columbidae

Zenaida macroura

Mourning Warbler

Paruline triste

Parulidae

Geothlypis philadelphia

Murphy's Petrel

Pétrel de Murphy

Procellariidae

Pterodroma ultima

Mute Swan

Cygne tuberculé

Anatidae

Cygnus olor

Nashville Warbler

Paruline à joues grises

Parulidae

Leiothlypis ruficapilla

Nelson's Sparrow

Bruant de Nelson

Passerellidae

Ammospiza nelsoni

Northern Cardinal

Cardinal rouge

Cardinalidae

Cardinalis cardinalis

Northern Flicker

Pic flamboyant

Picidae

Colaptes auratus

Northern Fulmar

Fulmar boréal

Procellariidae

Fulmarus glacialis

Northern Gannet

Fou de Bassan

Sulidae

Morus bassanus

Northern Mockingbird

Moqueur polyglotte

Mimidae

Mimus polyglottos

Northern Parula

Paruline à collier

Parulidae

Setophaga americana

Northern Pintail

Canard pilet

Anatidae

Anas acuta

Northern Rough-winged Swallow

Hirondelle à ailes hérissées

Hirundinidae

Stelgidopteryx serripennis

Northern Shoveler

Canard souchet

Anatidae

Spatula clypeata

Northern Shrike

Pie-grièche boréale

Laniidae

Lanius borealis

Northern Waterthrush

Paruline des ruisseaux

Parulidae

Parkesia noveboracensis

Northern Wheatear

Traquet motteux

Muscicapidae

Oenanthe oenanthe

Olive-sided Flycatcher

Moucherolle à côtés olive

Tyrannidae

Contopus cooperi

Orange-crowned Warbler

Paruline verdâtre

Parulidae

Leiothlypis celata

Orchard Oriole

Oriole des vergers

Icteridae

Icterus spurius

Ovenbird

Paruline couronnée

Parulidae

Seiurus aurocapilla

Pacific Golden-Plover

Pluvier fauve

Charadriidae

Pluvialis fulva

Pacific Loon

Plongeon du Pacifique

Gaviidae

Gavia pacifica

Pacific Wren

Troglodyte de Baird

Troglodytidae

Troglodytes pacificus

Pacific-slope Flycatcher

Moucherolle côtier

Tyrannidae

Empidonax difficilis

Palm Warbler

Paruline à couronne rousse

Parulidae

Setophaga palmarum

Parakeet Auklet

Starique perroquet

Alcidae

Aethia psittacula

Parasitic Jaeger

Labbe parasite

Stercorariidae

Stercorarius parasiticus

Pectoral Sandpiper

Bécasseau à poitrine cendrée

Scolopacidae

Calidris melanotos

Philadelphia Vireo

Viréo de Philadelphie

Vireonidae

Vireo philadelphicus

Pied-billed Grebe

Grèbe à bec bigarré

Podicipedidae

Podilymbus podiceps

Pigeon Guillemot

Guillemot colombin

Alcidae

Cepphus columba

Pileated Woodpecker

Grand Pic

Picidae

Dryocopus pileatus

Pine Grosbeak

Durbec des sapins

Fringillidae

Pinicola enucleator

Pine Siskin

Tarin des pins

Fringillidae

Spinus pinus

Pine Warbler

Paruline des pins

Parulidae

Setophaga pinus

Pink-footed Shearwater

Puffin à pieds roses

Procellariidae

Ardenna creatopus

Piping Plover

Pluvier siffleur

Charadriidae

Charadrius melodus

Pomarine Jaeger

Labbe pomarin

Stercorariidae

Stercorarius pomarinus

Prairie Warbler

Paruline des prés

Parulidae

Setophaga discolor

Prothonotary Warbler

Paruline orangée

Parulidae

Protonotaria citrea

Purple Finch

Roselin pourpré

Fringillidae

Haemorhous purpureus

Purple Martin

Hirondelle noire

Hirundinidae

Progne subis

Purple Sandpiper

Bécasseau violet

Scolopacidae

Calidris maritima

Pygmy Nuthatch

Sittelle pygmée

Sittidae

Sitta pygmaea

Razorbill

Petit Pingouin

Alcidae

Alca torda

Red Crossbill

Bec-croisé des sapins

Fringillidae

Loxia curvirostra

Red Knot

Bécasseau maubèche

Scolopacidae

Calidris canutus

Red Phalarope

Phalarope à bec large

Scolopacidae

Phalaropus fulicarius

Red-bellied Woodpecker

Pic à ventre roux

Picidae

Melanerpes carolinus

Red-breasted Merganser

Harle huppé

Anatidae

Mergus serrator

Red-breasted Nuthatch

Sittelle à poitrine rousse

Sittidae

Sitta canadensis

Red-breasted Sapsucker

Pic à poitrine rouge

Picidae

Sphyrapicus ruber

Red-eyed Vireo

Viréo aux yeux rouges

Vireonidae

Vireo olivaceus

Redhead

Fuligule à tête rouge

Anatidae

Aythya americana

Red-headed Woodpecker

Pic à tête rouge

Picidae

Melanerpes erythrocephalus

Red-naped Sapsucker

Pic à nuque rouge

Picidae

Sphyrapicus nuchalis

Red-necked Grebe

Grèbe jougris

Podicipedidae

Podiceps grisegena

Red-necked Phalarope

Phalarope à bec étroit

Scolopacidae

Phalaropus lobatus

Red-throated Loon

Plongeon catmarin

Gaviidae

Gavia stellata

Rhinoceros Auklet

Macareux rhinocéros

Alcidae

Cerorhinca monocerata

Ring-billed Gull

Goéland à bec cerclé

Laridae

Larus delawarensis

Ring-necked Duck

Fuligule à collier

Anatidae

Aythya collaris

Rock Sandpiper

Bécasseau des Aléoutiennes

Scolopacidae

Calidris ptilocnemis

Rock Wren

Troglodyte des rochers

Troglodytidae

Salpinctes obsoletus

Roseate Tern

Sterne de Dougall

Laridae

Sterna dougallii

Rose-breasted Grosbeak

Cardinal à poitrine rose

Cardinalidae

Pheucticus ludovicianus

Ross's Goose

Oie de Ross

Anatidae

Anser rossii

Ross's Gull

Mouette rosée

Laridae

Rhodostethia rosea

Ruby-crowned Kinglet

Roitelet à couronne rubis

Regulidae

Corthylio calendula

Ruby-throated Hummingbird

Colibri à gorge rubis

Trochilidae

Archilochus colubris

Ruddy Duck

Érismature rousse

Anatidae

Oxyura jamaicensis

Ruddy Turnstone

Tournepierre à collier

Scolopacidae

Arenaria interpres

Rufous Hummingbird

Colibri roux

Trochilidae

Selasphorus rufus

Sabine's Gull

Mouette de Sabine

Laridae

Xema sabini

Sage Thrasher

Moqueur des armoises

Mimidae

Oreoscoptes montanus

Sanderling

Bécasseau sanderling

Scolopacidae

Calidris alba

Sandhill Crane

Grue du Canada

Gruidae

Antigone canadensis

Savannah Sparrow

Bruant des prés

Passerellidae

Passerculus sandwichensis

Say's Phoebe

Moucherolle à ventre roux

Tyrannidae

Sayornis saya

Scarlet Tanager

Piranga écarlate

Cardinalidae

Piranga olivacea

Scripps's Murrelet

Guillemot de Scripps

Alcidae

Synthliboramphus scrippsi

Sedge Wren

Troglodyte à bec court

Troglodytidae

Cistothorus stellaris

Semipalmated Plover

Pluvier semipalmé

Charadriidae

Charadrius semipalmatus

Semipalmated Sandpiper

Bécasseau semipalmé

Scolopacidae

Calidris pusilla

Sharp-tailed Sandpiper

Bécasseau à queue pointue

Scolopacidae

Calidris acuminata

Short-billed Dowitcher

Bécassin roux

Scolopacidae

Limnodromus griseus

Short-tailed Albatross

Albatros à queue courte

Diomedeidae

Phoebastria albatrus

Short-tailed Shearwater

Puffin à bec grêle

Procellariidae

Ardenna tenuirostris

Smith's Longspur

Plectrophane de Smith

Calcariidae

Calcarius pictus

Snow Bunting

Plectrophane des neiges

Calcariidae

Plectrophenax nivalis

Snow Goose

Oie des neiges

Anatidae

Anser caerulescens

Snowy Egret

Aigrette neigeuse

Ardeidae

Egretta thula

Solitary Sandpiper

Chevalier solitaire

Scolopacidae

Tringa solitaria

Song Sparrow

Bruant chanteur

Passerellidae

Melospiza melodia

Sooty Shearwater

Puffin fuligineux

Procellariidae

Ardenna grisea

Sora

Marouette de Caroline

Rallidae

Porzana carolina

South Polar Skua

Labbe de McCormick

Stercorariidae

Stercorarius maccormicki

Spotted Sandpiper

Chevalier grivelé

Scolopacidae

Actitis macularius

Spotted Towhee

Tohi tacheté

Passerellidae

Pipilo maculatus

Sprague's Pipit

Pipit de Sprague

Motacillidae

Anthus spragueii

Stilt Sandpiper

Bécasseau à échasses

Scolopacidae

Calidris himantopus

Summer Tanager

Piranga vermillon

Cardinalidae

Piranga rubra

Surf Scoter

Macreuse à front blanc

Anatidae

Melanitta perspicillata

Surfbird

Bécasseau du ressac

Scolopacidae

Calidris virgata

Swainson's Thrush

Grive à dos olive

Turdidae

Catharus ustulatus

Swamp Sparrow

Bruant des marais

Passerellidae

Melospiza georgiana

Tennessee Warbler

Paruline obscure

Parulidae

Leiothlypis peregrina

Thick-billed Longspur

Plectrophane de McCown

Calcariidae

Rhynchophanes mccownii

Thick-billed Murre

Guillemot de Brünnich

Alcidae

Uria lomvia

Townsend's Solitaire

Solitaire de Townsend

Turdidae

Myadestes townsendi

Townsend's Warbler

Paruline de Townsend

Parulidae

Setophaga townsendi

Tree Swallow

Hirondelle bicolore

Hirundinidae

Tachycineta bicolor

Trumpeter Swan

Cygne trompette

Anatidae

Cygnus buccinator

Tufted Puffin

Macareux huppé

Alcidae

Fratercula cirrhata

Tufted Titmouse

Mésange bicolore

Paridae

Baeolophus bicolor

Tundra Swan

Cygne siffleur

Anatidae

Cygnus columbianus

Upland Sandpiper

Maubèche des champs

Scolopacidae

Bartramia longicauda

Varied Thrush

Grive à collier

Turdidae

Ixoreus naevius

Vaux's Swift

Martinet de Vaux

Apodidae

Chaetura vauxi

Veery

Grive fauve

Turdidae

Catharus fuscescens

Vesper Sparrow

Bruant vespéral

Passerellidae

Pooecetes gramineus

Violet-green Swallow

Hirondelle à face blanche

Hirundinidae

Tachycineta thalassina

Virginia Rail

Râle de Virginie

Rallidae

Rallus limicola

Wandering Tattler

Chevalier errant

Scolopacidae

Tringa incana

Warbling Vireo

Viréo mélodieux

Vireonidae

Vireo gilvus

Western Bluebird

Merlebleu de l'Ouest

Turdidae

Sialia mexicana

Western Grebe

Grèbe élégant

Podicipedidae

Aechmophorus occidentalis

Western Gull

Goéland d'Audubon

Laridae

Larus occidentalis

Western Kingbird

Tyran de l'Ouest

Tyrannidae

Tyrannus verticalis

Western Meadowlark

Sturnelle de l'Ouest

Icteridae

Sturnella neglecta

Western Sandpiper

Bécasseau d'Alaska

Scolopacidae

Calidris mauri

Western Tanager

Piranga à tête rouge

Cardinalidae

Piranga ludoviciana

Western Wood-Pewee

Pioui de l'Ouest

Tyrannidae

Contopus sordidulus

Whimbrel

Courlis corlieu

Scolopacidae

Numenius phaeopus

White-breasted Nuthatch

Sittelle à poitrine blanche

Sittidae

Sitta carolinensis

White-crowned Sparrow

Bruant à couronne blanche

Passerellidae

Zonotrichia leucophrys

White-eyed Vireo

Viréo aux yeux blancs

Vireonidae

Vireo griseus

White-faced Ibis

Ibis à face blanche

Threskiornithidae

Plegadis chihi

White-headed Woodpecker

Pic à tête blanche

Picidae

Dryobates albolarvatus

White-rumped Sandpiper

Bécasseau à croupion blanc

Scolopacidae

Calidris fuscicollis

White-throated Sparrow

Bruant à gorge blanche

Passerellidae

Zonotrichia albicollis

White-throated Swift

Martinet à gorge blanche

Apodidae

Aeronautes saxatalis

White-winged Crossbill

Bec-croisé bifascié

Fringillidae

Loxia leucoptera

White-winged Scoter

Macreuse à ailes blanches

Anatidae

Melanitta deglandi

Whooping Crane

Grue blanche

Gruidae

Grus americana

Willet

Chevalier semipalmé

Scolopacidae

Tringa semipalmata

Williamson's Sapsucker

Pic de Williamson

Picidae

Sphyrapicus thyroideus

Willow Flycatcher

Moucherolle des saules

Tyrannidae

Empidonax traillii

Wilson's Phalarope

Phalarope de Wilson

Scolopacidae

Phalaropus tricolor

Wilson's Snipe

Bécassine de Wilson

Scolopacidae

Gallinago delicata

Wilson's Storm-Petrel

Océanite de Wilson

Oceanitidae

Oceanites oceanicus

Wilson's Warbler

Paruline à calotte noire

Parulidae

Cardellina pusilla

Winter Wren

Troglodyte des forêts

Troglodytidae

Troglodytes hiemalis

Wood Duck

Canard branchu

Anatidae

Aix sponsa

Wood Thrush

Grive des bois

Turdidae

Hylocichla mustelina

Worm-eating Warbler

Paruline vermivore

Parulidae

Helmitheros vermivorum

Yellow Rail

Râle jaune

Rallidae

Coturnicops noveboracensis

Yellow Warbler

Paruline jaune

Parulidae

Setophaga petechia

Yellow-bellied Flycatcher

Moucherolle à ventre jaune

Tyrannidae

Empidonax flaviventris

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

Pic maculé

Picidae

Sphyrapicus varius

Yellow-billed Cuckoo

Coulicou à bec jaune

Cuculidae

Coccyzus americanus

Yellow-billed Loon

Plongeon à bec blanc

Gaviidae

Gavia adamsii

Yellow-breasted Chat

Ictérie polyglotte

Icteriidae

Icteria virens

Yellow-rumped Warbler

Paruline à croupion jaune

Parulidae

Setophaga coronata

Yellow-throated Vireo

Viréo à gorge jaune

Vireonidae

Vireo flavifrons

Yellow-throated Warbler

Paruline à gorge jaune

Parulidae

Setophaga dominica

The list is also available in PDF format, organized in different ways:

Note that this list follows the family taxonomy of the seventh edition of the American Ornithologists’ Union’s Check-list of North American Birds and its supplements up to 2022.

Criteria for protection

Canada protects certain families of birds. This was a pledge made under the Migratory Birds Convention, which was signed by the United Kingdom, on behalf of Canada, and the United States in 1916.

Any migratory bird species that meets all 3 of the following criteria is protected in Canada under the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994:

  1. It is referred to in the Article 1 of the convention (as amended in 1995) either:
    • directly by species name
    • directly by family name
    • indirectly by the interpretation of the original convention (including all subspecies and hybrids of species)
  2. It is native or naturally occurring in Canada:
    • a native migratory bird is one that is present entirely as a result of natural biological or ecological processes
  3. It is known to have regularly occurred in Canada
    • note: species that meet criteria 1 and 2 but occur infrequently (such as “accidental” birds) are not on this list, but they are protected under the Act whenever they occur in Canadian territory

In summary, a migratory bird species is protected by the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994 if it is named in the convention, is native or naturally occurring in Canada, and is known to regularly occur in Canada.

Three introduced (non-native) species do not meet criterion 2 but are protected for historical reasons:

  • Mute Swan (Cygnus olor, family Anatidae)
  • Eurasian Collared-Dove (Streptopelia decaocto, family Columbidae)
  • Sky Lark (Alauda arvensis, family Alaudidae)

Families included in Article I of the Migratory Birds Convention

These are lists of the families of migratory birds included in the convention and protected by the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994.

1. Migratory game birds Footnote 1 :

  • Anatidae, or waterfowl (ducks, geese and swans)
  • Gruidae (cranes)
  • Rallidae (coots, gallinules and rails)
  • Charadriidae (lapwings and plovers)
  • Haematopodidae (oystercatchers)
  • Recurvirostridae (stilts and avocets)
  • Scolopacidae (sandpipers and allies)
  • Columbidae (doves and wild pigeons)

2. Migratory insectivorous birds Footnote 1 :

  • Aegithalidae (long-tailed tits and bushtits)
  • Alaudidae (larks)
  • Apodidae (swifts)
  • Bombycillidae (waxwings)
  • Calcariidae Footnote 2 (longspurs and buntings)
  • Caprimulgidae (goatsuckers)
  • Cardinalidae Footnote 2 (tanagers, cardinals, grosbeaks and buntings)
  • Certhiidae (creepers)
  • Cinclidae (dippers)
  • Cuculidae (cuckoos)
  • Fringillidae (cardueline finches)
  • Hirundinidae (swallows)
  • Icteridae Footnote 3 (bobolinks, meadowlarks, and orioles, but not including Icterid blackbirds and cowbirds, as was clarified in the 1995 Protocol)
  • Laniidae (shrikes)
  • Mimidae (catbirds, mockingbirds, thrashers, and allies)
  • Motacillidae (wagtails and pipits)
  • Muscicapidae Footnote 4 (Old World flycatchers)
  • Paridae (titmice)
  • Parulidae Footnote 2 (wood-warblers)
  • Passerellidae (sparrows)
  • Picidae (woodpeckers and allies)
  • Regulidae Footnote 4 (kinglets)
  • Sittidae (nuthatches)
  • Polioptilidae Footnote 4 (gnatcatchers)
  • Trochilidae (hummingbirds)
  • Troglodytidae (wrens)
  • Turdidae Footnote 4 (robins and thrushes)
  • Tyrannidae (tyrant flycatchers)
  • Vireonidae (vireos)

3. Other migratory nongame birds:

  • Alcidae (auks, auklets, guillemots, murres, and puffins)
  • Ardeidae (bitterns and herons)
  • Threskiornithidae (ibises) Footnote 5
  • Diomedeidae (albatrosses) Footnote 5
  • Oceanitidae (storm-petrels)
  • Hydrobatidae (storm petrels)
  • Procellariidae (petrels and shearwaters)
  • Sulidae (gannet)
  • Podicipedidae (grebes)
  • Laridae (gulls and terns)
  • Stercorariidae (jaegers) Footnote 6
  • Gaviidae (loons)

Families not included in Article I of the Migratory Birds Convention

Families of birds that are not included in the convention and therefore not protected by the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994: Footnote 1

  • Accipitridae (osprey, kite, eagles, harrier, hawks)
  • Alcedinidae (kingfisher)
  • Anhingidae (anhinga)
  • Aramidae (limpkin)
  • Cathartidae (vultures)
  • Corvidae (jays, crows and ravens)
  • Falconidae (caracara, falcons)
  • Fregatidae (frigatebirds)
  • Odontophoridae (quail)
  • Passeridae (weaver finches)
  • Pelecanidae (pelicans)
  • Phaethontidae (tropicbirds)
  • Phalacrocoracidae (cormorants)
  • Phasianidae (partridges, pheasants, grouse, ptarmigan, sage-grouse, prairie-chicken, turkey)
  • Phoenicopteridae (flamingo)
  • Prunellidae (accentor)
  • Ptilogonatidae (silky-flycatcher)
  • Strigidae (owls)
  • Sturnidae (starlings, mynas)
  • Tytonidae (barn owl)

These families and their species might be protected under other laws, such as:

  • Species at Risk Act
  • other federal law
  • provincial and territorial law

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