Birds protected in Canada

Search list of migratory birds protected in Canada

This is a partial list of migratory birds protected under the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994. The Act prevails when determining whether a species or bird is protected in Canada.

List of birds protected by the Migratory Birds Convention Act in Canada
English Name French Name Family Name Scientific Name
Acadian Flycatcher Moucherolle vert Tyrannidae Empidonax virescens
Alder Flycatcher Moucherolle des aulnes Tyrannidae Empidonax alnorum
American Avocet Avocette d'Amérique Recurvirostridae Recurvirostra americana
American Bittern Butor d'Amérique Ardeidae Botaurus lentiginosus
American Black Duck Canard noir Anatidae Anas rubripes
American Coot Foulque d'Amérique Rallidae Fulica americana
American Dipper Cincle d'Amérique Cinclidae Cinclus mexicanus
American Golden-Plover Pluvier bronzé Charadriidae Pluvialis dominica
American Goldfinch Chardonneret jaune Fringillidae Spinus tristis
American Oystercatcher Huîtrier d'Amérique Haematopodidae Haematopus palliatus
American Pipit Pipit d'Amérique Motacillidae Anthus rubescens
American Redstart Paruline flamboyante Parulidae Setophaga ruticilla
American Robin Merle d'Amérique Turdidae Turdus migratorius
American Three-toed Woodpecker Pic à dos rayé Picidae Picoides dorsalis
American Tree Sparrow Bruant hudsonien Passerellidae Spizelloides arborea
American Wigeon Canard d'Amérique Anatidae Mareca americana
American Woodcock Bécasse d'Amérique Scolopacidae Scolopax minor
Ancient Murrelet Guillemot à cou blanc Alcidae Synthliboramphus antiquus
Anna's Hummingbird Colibri d'Anna Trochilidae Calypte anna
Arctic Tern Sterne arctique Laridae Sterna paradisaea
Atlantic Puffin Macareux moine Alcidae Fratercula arctica
Baird's Sandpiper Bécasseau de Baird Scolopacidae Calidris bairdii
Baird's Sparrow Bruant de Baird Passerellidae Centronyx bairdii
Baltimore Oriole Oriole de Baltimore Icteridae Icterus galbula
Band-tailed Pigeon Pigeon à queue barrée Columbidae Patagioenas fasciata
Bank Swallow Hirondelle de rivage Hirundinidae Riparia riparia
Barn Swallow Hirondelle rustique Hirundinidae Hirundo rustica
Barrow's Goldeneye Garrot d'Islande Anatidae Bucephala islandica
Bay-breasted Warbler Paruline à poitrine baie Parulidae Setophaga castanea
Bermuda Petrel Pétrel des Bermudes Procellariidae Pterodroma cahow
Bewick's Wren Troglodyte de Bewick Troglodytidae Thryomanes bewickii
Bicknell's Thrush Grive de Bicknell Turdidae Catharus bicknelli
Black Guillemot Guillemot à miroir Alcidae Cepphus grylle
Black Oystercatcher Huîtrier de Bachman Haematopodidae Haematopus bachmani
Black Scoter Macreuse à bec jaune Anatidae Melanitta americana
Black Swift Martinet sombre Apodidae Cypseloides niger
Black Tern Guifette noire Laridae Chlidonias niger
Black Turnstone Tournepierre noir Scolopacidae Arenaria melanocephala
Black-and-white Warbler Paruline noir et blanc Parulidae Mniotilta varia
Black-backed Woodpecker Pic à dos noir Picidae Picoides arcticus
Black-bellied Plover Pluvier argenté Charadriidae Pluvialis squatarola
Black-billed Cuckoo Coulicou à bec noir Cuculidae Coccyzus erythropthalmus
Blackburnian Warbler Paruline à gorge orangée Parulidae Setophaga fusca
Black-capped Chickadee Mésange à tête noire Paridae Poecile atricapillus
Black-chinned Hummingbird Colibri à gorge noire Trochilidae Archilochus alexandri
Black-crowned Night-Heron Bihoreau gris Ardeidae Nycticorax nycticorax
Black-footed Albatross Albatros à pieds noirs Diomedeidae Phoebastria nigripes
Black-headed Grosbeak Cardinal à tête noire Cardinalidae Pheucticus melanocephalus
Black-headed Gull Mouette rieuse Laridae Chroicocephalus ridibundus
Black-legged Kittiwake Mouette tridactyle Laridae Rissa tridactyla
Black-necked Stilt Échasse d'Amérique Recurvirostridae Himantopus mexicanus
Blackpoll Warbler Paruline rayée Parulidae Setophaga striata
Black-throated Blue Warbler Paruline bleue Parulidae Setophaga caerulescens
Black-throated Gray Warbler Paruline grise Parulidae Setophaga nigrescens
Black-throated Green Warbler Paruline à gorge noire Parulidae Setophaga virens
Blue-gray Gnatcatcher Gobemoucheron gris-bleu Polioptilidae Polioptila caerulea
Blue-headed Vireo Viréo à tête bleue Vireonidae Vireo solitarius
Bluethroat Gorgebleue à miroir Muscicapidae Cyanecula svecica
Blue-winged Teal Sarcelle à ailes bleues Anatidae Spatula discors
Blue-winged Warbler Paruline à ailes bleues Parulidae Vermivora cyanoptera
Bobolink Goglu des prés Icteridae Dolichonyx oryzivorus
Bohemian Waxwing Jaseur boréal Bombycillidae Bombycilla garrulus
Bonaparte's Gull Mouette de Bonaparte Laridae Chroicocephalus philadelphia
Boreal Chickadee Mésange à tête brune Paridae Poecile hudsonicus
Brambling Pinson du Nord Fringillidae Fringilla montifringilla
Brant Bernache cravant Anatidae Branta bernicla
Brewer's Sparrow Bruant de Brewer Passerellidae Spizella breweri
Brown Creeper Grimpereau brun Certhiidae Certhia americana
Brown Thrasher Moqueur roux Mimidae Toxostoma rufum
Buff-breasted Sandpiper Bécasseau roussâtre Scolopacidae Calidris subruficollis
Bufflehead Petit Garrot Anatidae Bucephala albeola
Buller's Shearwater Puffin de Buller Procellariidae Ardenna bulleri
Bullock's Oriole Oriole de Bullock Icteridae Icterus bullockii
Bushtit Mésange buissonnière Aegithalidae Psaltriparus minimus
Cackling Goose Bernache de Hutchins Anatidae Branta hutchinsii
California Gull Goéland de Californie Laridae Larus californicus
Calliope Hummingbird Colibri calliope Trochilidae Selasphorus calliope
Canada Goose Bernache du Canada Anatidae Branta canadensis
Canada Warbler Paruline du Canada Parulidae Cardellina canadensis
Canvasback Fuligule à dos blanc Anatidae Aythya valisineria
Canyon Wren Troglodyte des canyons Troglodytidae Catherpes mexicanus
Cape May Warbler Paruline tigrée Parulidae Setophaga tigrina
Carolina Wren Troglodyte de Caroline Troglodytidae Thryothorus ludovicianus
Caspian Tern Sterne caspienne Laridae Hydroprogne caspia
Cassin's Auklet Starique de Cassin Alcidae Ptychoramphus aleuticus
Cassin's Finch Roselin de Cassin Fringillidae Haemorhous cassinii
Cassin's Vireo Viréo de Cassin Vireonidae Vireo cassinii
Cattle Egret Héron garde-boeufs Ardeidae Bubulcus ibis
Cedar Waxwing Jaseur d'Amérique Bombycillidae Bombycilla cedrorum
Cerulean Warbler Paruline azurée Parulidae Setophaga cerulea
Chestnut-backed Chickadee Mésange à dos marron Paridae Poecile rufescens
Chestnut-collared Longspur Plectrophane à ventre noir Calcariidae Calcarius ornatus
Chestnut-sided Warbler Paruline à flancs marron Parulidae Setophaga pensylvanica
Chimney Swift Martinet ramoneur Apodidae Chaetura pelagica
Chipping Sparrow Bruant familier Passerellidae Spizella passerina
Cinnamon Teal Sarcelle cannelle Anatidae Spatula cyanoptera
Clark's Grebe Grèbe à face blanche Podicipedidae Aechmophorus clarkii
Clay-colored Sparrow Bruant des plaines Passerellidae Spizella pallida
Cliff Swallow Hirondelle à front blanc Hirundinidae Petrochelidon pyrrhonota
Common Eider Eider à duvet Anatidae Somateria mollissima
Common Gallinule Gallinule d'Amérique Rallidae Gallinula galeata
Common Goldeneye Garrot à oeil d'or Anatidae Bucephala clangula
Common Loon Plongeon huard Gaviidae Gavia immer
Common Merganser Grand Harle Anatidae Mergus merganser
Common Murre Guillemot marmette Alcidae Uria aalge
Common Nighthawk Engoulevent d'Amérique Caprimulgidae Chordeiles minor
Common Poorwill Engoulevent de Nuttall Caprimulgidae Phalaenoptilus nuttallii
Common Redpoll Sizerin flammé Fringillidae Acanthis flammea
Common Ringed Plover Pluvier grand-gravelot Charadriidae Charadrius hiaticula
Common Tern Sterne pierregarin Laridae Sterna hirundo
Common Yellowthroat Paruline masquée Parulidae Geothlypis trichas
Connecticut Warbler Paruline à gorge grise Parulidae Oporornis agilis
Cordilleran Flycatcher Moucherolle des ravins Tyrannidae Empidonax occidentalis
Dark-eyed Junco Junco ardoisé Passerellidae Junco hyemalis
Dovekie Mergule nain Alcidae Alle alle
Downy Woodpecker Pic mineur Picidae Dryobates pubescens
Dunlin Bécasseau variable Scolopacidae Calidris alpina
Dusky Flycatcher Moucherolle sombre Tyrannidae Empidonax oberholseri
Eared Grebe Grèbe à cou noir Podicipedidae Podiceps nigricollis
Eastern Bluebird Merlebleu de l'Est Turdidae Sialia sialis
Eastern Kingbird Tyran tritri Tyrannidae Tyrannus tyrannus
Eastern Meadowlark Sturnelle des prés Icteridae Sturnella magna
Eastern Phoebe Moucherolle phébi Tyrannidae Sayornis phoebe
Eastern Towhee Tohi à flancs roux Passerellidae Pipilo erythrophthalmus
Eastern Whip-poor-will Engoulevent bois-pourri Caprimulgidae Antrostomus vociferus
Eastern Wood-Pewee Pioui de l'Est Tyrannidae Contopus virens
Eastern Yellow Wagtail Bergeronnette de Béringie Motacillidae Motacilla tschutschensis
Eskimo Curlew Courlis esquimau Scolopacidae Numenius borealis
Eurasian Collared-Dove Tourterelle turque Columbidae Streptopelia decaocto
Eurasian Skylark Alouette des champs Alaudidae Alauda arvensis
Eurasian Wigeon Canard siffleur Anatidae Mareca penelope
Evening Grosbeak Gros-bec errant Fringillidae Coccothraustes vespertinus
Field Sparrow Bruant des champs Passerellidae Spizella pusilla
Flesh-footed Shearwater Puffin à pieds pâles Procellariidae Ardenna carneipes
Fork-tailed Storm-Petrel Océanite à queue fourchue Hydrobatidae Oceanodroma furcata
Forster's Tern Sterne de Forster Laridae Sterna forsteri
Fox Sparrow Bruant fauve Passerellidae Passerella iliaca
Franklin's Gull Mouette de Franklin Laridae Leucophaeus pipixcan
Gadwall Canard chipeau Anatidae Mareca strepera
Glaucous Gull Goéland bourgmestre Laridae Larus hyperboreus
Glaucous-winged Gull Goéland à ailes grises Laridae Larus glaucescens
Golden-crowned Kinglet Roitelet à couronne dorée Regulidae Regulus satrapa
Golden-crowned Sparrow Bruant à couronne dorée Passerellidae Zonotrichia atricapilla
Golden-winged Warbler Paruline à ailes dorées Parulidae Vermivora chrysoptera
Grasshopper Sparrow Bruant sauterelle Passerellidae Ammodramus savannarum
Gray Catbird Moqueur chat Mimidae Dumetella carolinensis
Gray Flycatcher Moucherolle gris Tyrannidae Empidonax wrightii
Gray-cheeked Thrush Grive à joues grises Turdidae Catharus minimus
Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch Roselin à tête grise Fringillidae Leucosticte tephrocotis
Gray-headed Chickadee Mésange lapone Paridae Poecile cinctus
Great Black-backed Gull Goéland marin Laridae Larus marinus
Great Blue Heron Grand Héron Ardeidae Ardea herodias
Great Crested Flycatcher Tyran huppé Tyrannidae Myiarchus crinitus
Great Egret Grande Aigrette Ardeidae Ardea alba
Great Shearwater Puffin majeur Procellariidae Ardenna gravis
Great Skua Grand Labbe Stercorariidae Stercorarius skua
Greater Scaup Fuligule milouinan Anatidae Aythya marila
Greater White-fronted Goose Oie rieuse Anatidae Anser albifrons
Greater Yellowlegs Grand Chevalier Scolopacidae Tringa melanoleuca
Green Heron Héron vert Ardeidae Butorides virescens
Green-winged Teal Sarcelle d'hiver Anatidae Anas crecca
Hairy Woodpecker Pic chevelu Picidae Dryobates villosus
Hammond's Flycatcher Moucherolle de Hammond Tyrannidae Empidonax hammondii
Harlequin Duck Arlequin plongeur Anatidae Histrionicus histrionicus
Harris's Sparrow Bruant à face noire Passerellidae Zonotrichia querula
Heermann's Gull Goéland de Heermann Laridae Larus heermanni
Henslow's Sparrow Bruant de Henslow Passerellidae Centronyx henslowii
Hermit Thrush Grive solitaire Turdidae Catharus guttatus
Herring Gull Goéland argenté Laridae Larus argentatus
Hoary Redpoll Sizerin blanchâtre Fringillidae Acanthis hornemanni
Hooded Merganser Harle couronné Anatidae Lophodytes cucullatus
Hooded Warbler Paruline à capuchon Parulidae Setophaga citrina
Horned Grebe Grèbe esclavon Podicipedidae Podiceps auritus
Horned Lark Alouette hausse-col Alaudidae Eremophila alpestris
Horned Puffin Macareux cornu Alcidae Fratercula corniculata
House Finch Roselin familier Fringillidae Haemorhous mexicanus
House Wren Troglodyte familier Troglodytidae Troglodytes aedon
Hudsonian Godwit Barge hudsonienne Scolopacidae Limosa haemastica
Hutton's Vireo Viréo de Hutton Vireonidae Vireo huttoni
Iceland Gull Goéland arctique Laridae Larus glaucoides
Indigo Bunting Passerin indigo Cardinalidae Passerina cyanea
Ivory Gull Mouette blanche Laridae Pagophila eburnea
Killdeer Pluvier kildir Charadriidae Charadrius vociferus
King Eider Eider à tête grise Anatidae Somateria spectabilis
King Rail Râle élégant Rallidae Rallus elegans
Kirtland's Warbler Paruline de Kirtland Parulidae Setophaga kirtlandii
Kittlitz's Murrelet Guillemot de Kittlitz Alcidae Brachyramphus brevirostris
Lapland Longspur Plectrophane lapon Calcariidae Calcarius lapponicus
Lark Bunting Bruant noir et blanc Passerellidae Calamospiza melanocorys
Lark Sparrow Bruant à joues marron Passerellidae Chondestes grammacus
Laughing Gull Mouette atricille Laridae Leucophaeus atricilla
Laysan Albatross Albatros de Laysan Diomedeidae Phoebastria immutabilis
Lazuli Bunting Passerin azuré Cardinalidae Passerina amoena
Leach's Storm-Petrel Océanite cul-blanc Hydrobatidae Oceanodroma leucorhoa
Least Bittern Petit Blongios Ardeidae Ixobrychus exilis
Least Flycatcher Moucherolle tchébec Tyrannidae Empidonax minimus
Least Sandpiper Bécasseau minuscule Scolopacidae Calidris minutilla
LeConte's Sparrow Bruant de LeConte Passerellidae Ammospiza leconteii
Lesser Black-backed Gull Goéland brun Laridae Larus fuscus
Lesser Scaup Petit Fuligule Anatidae Aythya affinis
Lesser Yellowlegs Petit Chevalier Scolopacidae Tringa flavipes
Lewis's Woodpecker Pic de Lewis Picidae Melanerpes lewis
Lincoln's Sparrow Bruant de Lincoln Passerellidae Melospiza lincolnii
Little Gull Mouette pygmée Laridae Hydrocoloeus minutus
Loggerhead Shrike Pie-grièche migratrice Laniidae Lanius ludovicianus
Long-billed Curlew Courlis à long bec Scolopacidae Numenius americanus
Long-billed Dowitcher Bécassin à long bec Scolopacidae Limnodromus scolopaceus
Long-tailed Duck Harelde kakawi Anatidae Clangula hyemalis
Long-tailed Jaeger Labbe à longue queue Stercorariidae Stercorarius longicaudus
Louisiana Waterthrush Paruline hochequeue Parulidae Parkesia motacilla
MacGillivray's Warbler Paruline des buissons Parulidae Geothlypis tolmiei
Magnolia Warbler Paruline à tête cendrée Parulidae Setophaga magnolia
Mallard Canard colvert Anatidae Anas platyrhynchos
Manx Shearwater Puffin des Anglais Procellariidae Puffinus puffinus
Marbled Godwit Barge marbrée Scolopacidae Limosa fedoa
Marbled Murrelet Guillemot marbré Alcidae Brachyramphus marmoratus
Marsh Wren Troglodyte des marais Troglodytidae Cistothorus palustris
McCown's Longspur Plectrophane de McCown Calcariidae Rhynchophanes mccownii
Mew Gull Goéland cendré Laridae Larus canus
Mottled Petrel Pétrel maculé Procellariidae Pterodroma inexpectata
Mountain Bluebird Merlebleu azuré Turdidae Sialia currucoides
Mountain Chickadee Mésange de Gambel Paridae Poecile gambeli
Mountain Plover Pluvier montagnard Charadriidae Charadrius montanus
Mourning Dove Tourterelle triste Columbidae Zenaida macroura
Mourning Warbler Paruline triste Parulidae Geothlypis philadelphia
Murphy's Petrel Pétrel de Murphy Procellariidae Pterodroma ultima
Mute Swan Cygne tuberculé Anatidae Cygnus olor
Nashville Warbler Paruline à joues grises Parulidae Oreothlypis ruficapilla
Nelson's Sparrow Bruant de Nelson Passerellidae Ammospiza nelsoni
Northern Cardinal Cardinal rouge Cardinalidae Cardinalis cardinalis
Northern Flicker Pic flamboyant Picidae Colaptes auratus
Northern Fulmar Fulmar boréal Procellariidae Fulmarus glacialis
Northern Gannet Fou de Bassan Sulidae Morus bassanus
Northern Mockingbird Moqueur polyglotte Mimidae Mimus polyglottos
Northern Parula Paruline à collier Parulidae Setophaga americana
Northern Pintail Canard pilet Anatidae Anas acuta
Northern Rough-winged Swallow Hirondelle à ailes hérissées Hirundinidae Stelgidopteryx serripennis
Northern Shoveler Canard souchet Anatidae Spatula clypeata
Northern Shrike Pie-grièche boréale Laniidae Lanius borealis
Northern Waterthrush Paruline des ruisseaux Parulidae Parkesia noveboracensis
Northern Wheatear Traquet motteux Muscicapidae Oenanthe oenanthe
Olive-sided Flycatcher Moucherolle à côtés olive Tyrannidae Contopus cooperi
Orange-crowned Warbler Paruline verdâtre Parulidae Oreothlypis celata
Orchard Oriole Oriole des vergers Icteridae Icterus spurius
Ovenbird Paruline couronnée Parulidae Seiurus aurocapilla
Pacific Golden-Plover Pluvier fauve Charadriidae Pluvialis fulva
Pacific Loon Plongeon du Pacifique Gaviidae Gavia pacifica
Pacific Wren Troglodyte de Baird Troglodytidae Troglodytes pacificus
Pacific-slope Flycatcher Moucherolle côtier Tyrannidae Empidonax difficilis
Palm Warbler Paruline à couronne rousse Parulidae Setophaga palmarum
Parakeet Auklet Starique perroquet Alcidae Aethia psittacula
Parasitic Jaeger Labbe parasite Stercorariidae Stercorarius parasiticus
Pectoral Sandpiper Bécasseau à poitrine cendrée Scolopacidae Calidris melanotos
Philadelphia Vireo Viréo de Philadelphie Vireonidae Vireo philadelphicus
Pied-billed Grebe Grèbe à bec bigarré Podicipedidae Podilymbus podiceps
Pigeon Guillemot Guillemot colombin Alcidae Cepphus columba
Pileated Woodpecker Grand Pic Picidae Dryocopus pileatus
Pine Grosbeak Durbec des sapins Fringillidae Pinicola enucleator
Pine Siskin Tarin des pins Fringillidae Spinus pinus
Pine Warbler Paruline des pins Parulidae Setophaga pinus
Pink-footed Shearwater Puffin à pieds roses Procellariidae Ardenna creatopus
Piping Plover Pluvier siffleur Charadriidae Charadrius melodus
Pomarine Jaeger Labbe pomarin Stercorariidae Stercorarius pomarinus
Prairie Warbler Paruline des prés Parulidae Setophaga discolor
Prothonotary Warbler Paruline orangée Parulidae Protonotaria citrea
Purple Finch Roselin pourpré Fringillidae Haemorhous purpureus
Purple Martin Hirondelle noire Hirundinidae Progne subis
Purple Sandpiper Bécasseau violet Scolopacidae Calidris maritima
Pygmy Nuthatch Sittelle pygmée Sittidae Sitta pygmaea
Razorbill Petit Pingouin Alcidae Alca torda
Red Crossbill Bec-croisé des sapins Fringillidae Loxia curvirostra
Red Knot Bécasseau maubèche Scolopacidae Calidris canutus
Red Phalarope Phalarope à bec large Scolopacidae Phalaropus fulicarius
Red-bellied Woodpecker Pic à ventre roux Picidae Melanerpes carolinus
Red-breasted Merganser Harle huppé Anatidae Mergus serrator
Red-breasted Nuthatch Sittelle à poitrine rousse Sittidae Sitta canadensis
Red-breasted Sapsucker Pic à poitrine rouge Picidae Sphyrapicus ruber
Red-eyed Vireo Viréo aux yeux rouges Vireonidae Vireo olivaceus
Redhead Fuligule à tête rouge Anatidae Aythya americana
Red-headed Woodpecker Pic à tête rouge Picidae Melanerpes erythrocephalus
Red-naped Sapsucker Pic à nuque rouge Picidae Sphyrapicus nuchalis
Red-necked Grebe Grèbe jougris Podicipedidae Podiceps grisegena
Red-necked Phalarope Phalarope à bec étroit Scolopacidae Phalaropus lobatus
Red-throated Loon Plongeon catmarin Gaviidae Gavia stellata
Rhinoceros Auklet Macareux rhinocéros Alcidae Cerorhinca monocerata
Ring-billed Gull Goéland à bec cerclé Laridae Larus delawarensis
Ring-necked Duck Fuligule à collier Anatidae Aythya collaris
Rock Sandpiper Bécasseau des Aléoutiennes Scolopacidae Calidris ptilocnemis
Rock Wren Troglodyte des rochers Troglodytidae Salpinctes obsoletus
Roseate Tern Sterne de Dougall Laridae Sterna dougallii
Rose-breasted Grosbeak Cardinal à poitrine rose Cardinalidae Pheucticus ludovicianus
Ross's Goose Oie de Ross Anatidae Anser rossii
Ross's Gull Mouette rosée Laridae Rhodostethia rosea
Ruby-crowned Kinglet Roitelet à couronne rubis Regulidae Regulus calendula
Ruby-throated Hummingbird Colibri à gorge rubis Trochilidae Archilochus colubris
Ruddy Duck Érismature rousse Anatidae Oxyura jamaicensis
Ruddy Turnstone Tournepierre à collier Scolopacidae Arenaria interpres
Rufous Hummingbird Colibri roux Trochilidae Selasphorus rufus
Sabine's Gull Mouette de Sabine Laridae Xema sabini
Sage Thrasher Moqueur des armoises Mimidae Oreoscoptes montanus
Sanderling Bécasseau sanderling Scolopacidae Calidris alba
Sandhill Crane Grue du Canada Gruidae Antigone canadensis
Savannah Sparrow Bruant des prés Passerellidae Passerculus sandwichensis
Say's Phoebe Moucherolle à ventre roux Tyrannidae Sayornis saya
Scarlet Tanager Piranga écarlate Cardinalidae Piranga olivacea
Sedge Wren Troglodyte à bec court Troglodytidae Cistothorus platensis
Semipalmated Plover Pluvier semipalmé Charadriidae Charadrius semipalmatus
Semipalmated Sandpiper Bécasseau semipalmé Scolopacidae Calidris pusilla
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper Bécasseau à queue pointue Scolopacidae Calidris acuminata
Short-billed Dowitcher Bécassin roux Scolopacidae Limnodromus griseus
Short-tailed Albatross Albatros à queue courte Diomedeidae Phoebastria albatrus
Short-tailed Shearwater Puffin à bec grêle Procellariidae Ardenna tenuirostris
Smith's Longspur Plectrophane de Smith Calcariidae Calcarius pictus
Snow Bunting Plectrophane des neiges Calcariidae Plectrophenax nivalis
Snow Goose Oie des neiges Anatidae Anser caerulescens
Snowy Egret Aigrette neigeuse Ardeidae Egretta thula
Solitary Sandpiper Chevalier solitaire Scolopacidae Tringa solitaria
Song Sparrow Bruant chanteur Passerellidae Melospiza melodia
Sooty Shearwater Puffin fuligineux Procellariidae Ardenna grisea
Sora Marouette de Caroline Rallidae Porzana carolina
South Polar Skua Labbe de McCormick Stercorariidae Stercorarius maccormicki
Spotted Sandpiper Chevalier grivelé Scolopacidae Actitis macularius
Spotted Towhee Tohi tacheté Passerellidae Pipilo maculatus
Sprague's Pipit Pipit de Sprague Motacillidae Anthus spragueii
Stilt Sandpiper Bécasseau à échasses Scolopacidae Calidris himantopus
Surf Scoter Macreuse à front blanc Anatidae Melanitta perspicillata
Surfbird Bécasseau du ressac Scolopacidae Calidris virgata
Swainson's Thrush Grive à dos olive Turdidae Catharus ustulatus
Swamp Sparrow Bruant des marais Passerellidae Melospiza georgiana
Tennessee Warbler Paruline obscure Parulidae Oreothlypis peregrina
Thick-billed Murre Guillemot de Brünnich Alcidae Uria lomvia
Townsend's Solitaire Solitaire de Townsend Turdidae Myadestes townsendi
Townsend's Warbler Paruline de Townsend Parulidae Setophaga townsendi
Tree Swallow Hirondelle bicolore Hirundinidae Tachycineta bicolor
Trumpeter Swan Cygne trompette Anatidae Cygnus buccinator
Tufted Duck Fuligule morillon Anatidae Aythya fuligula
Tufted Puffin Macareux huppé Alcidae Fratercula cirrhata
Tufted Titmouse Mésange bicolore Paridae Baeolophus bicolor
Tundra Swan Cygne siffleur Anatidae Cygnus columbianus
Upland Sandpiper Maubèche des champs Scolopacidae Bartramia longicauda
Varied Thrush Grive à collier Turdidae Ixoreus naevius
Vaux's Swift Martinet de Vaux Apodidae Chaetura vauxi
Veery Grive fauve Turdidae Catharus fuscescens
Vesper Sparrow Bruant vespéral Passerellidae Pooecetes gramineus
Violet-green Swallow Hirondelle à face blanche Hirundinidae Tachycineta thalassina
Virginia Rail Râle de Virginie Rallidae Rallus limicola
Wandering Tattler Chevalier errant Scolopacidae Tringa incana
Warbling Vireo Viréo mélodieux Vireonidae Vireo gilvus
Western Bluebird Merlebleu de l'Ouest Turdidae Sialia mexicana
Western Grebe Grèbe élégant Podicipedidae Aechmophorus occidentalis
Western Gull Goéland d'Audubon Laridae Larus occidentalis
Western Kingbird Tyran de l'Ouest Tyrannidae Tyrannus verticalis
Western Meadowlark Sturnelle de l'Ouest Icteridae Sturnella neglecta
Western Sandpiper Bécasseau d'Alaska Scolopacidae Calidris mauri
Western Tanager Piranga à tête rouge Cardinalidae Piranga ludoviciana
Western Wood-Pewee Pioui de l'Ouest Tyrannidae Contopus sordidulus
Whimbrel Courlis corlieu Scolopacidae Numenius phaeopus
White-breasted Nuthatch Sittelle à poitrine blanche Sittidae Sitta carolinensis
White-crowned Sparrow Bruant à couronne blanche Passerellidae Zonotrichia leucophrys
White-faced Ibis Ibis à face blanche Threskiornithidae Plegadis chihi
White-headed Woodpecker Pic à tête blanche Picidae Dryobates albolarvatus
White-rumped Sandpiper Bécasseau à croupion blanc Scolopacidae Calidris fuscicollis
White-throated Sparrow Bruant à gorge blanche Passerellidae Zonotrichia albicollis
White-throated Swift Martinet à gorge blanche Apodidae Aeronautes saxatalis
White-winged Crossbill Bec-croisé bifascié Fringillidae Loxia leucoptera
White-winged Scoter Macreuse brune Anatidae Melanitta fusca
Whooping Crane Grue blanche Gruidae Grus americana
Willet Chevalier semipalmé Scolopacidae Tringa semipalmata
Williamson's Sapsucker Pic de Williamson Picidae Sphyrapicus thyroideus
Willow Flycatcher Moucherolle des saules Tyrannidae Empidonax traillii
Wilson's Phalarope Phalarope de Wilson Scolopacidae Phalaropus tricolor
Wilson's Snipe Bécassine de Wilson Scolopacidae Gallinago delicata
Wilson's Storm-Petrel Océanite de Wilson Oceanitidae Oceanites oceanicus
Wilson's Warbler Paruline à calotte noire Parulidae Cardellina pusilla
Winter Wren Troglodyte des forêts Troglodytidae Troglodytes hiemalis
Wood Duck Canard branchu Anatidae Aix sponsa
Wood Thrush Grive des bois Turdidae Hylocichla mustelina
Yellow Rail Râle jaune Rallidae Coturnicops noveboracensis
Yellow Warbler Paruline jaune Parulidae Setophaga petechia
Yellow-bellied Flycatcher Moucherolle à ventre jaune Tyrannidae Empidonax flaviventris
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker Pic maculé Picidae Sphyrapicus varius
Yellow-billed Cuckoo Coulicou à bec jaune Cuculidae Coccyzus americanus
Yellow-billed Loon Plongeon à bec blanc Gaviidae Gavia adamsii
Yellow-breasted Chat Ictérie polyglotte Icteriidae Icteria virens
Yellow-rumped Warbler Paruline à croupion jaune Parulidae Setophaga coronata
Yellow-throated Vireo Viréo à gorge jaune Vireonidae Vireo flavifrons

The list is also available in PDF format, organized in different ways:

Note that this list follows the family taxonomy of the seventh edition of the American Ornithologists’ Union’s Check-list of North American Birds and its supplements up to 2018.

Criteria for protection

Canada protects certain families of birds. This was a pledge made under the Migratory Birds Convention, which was signed by the United Kingdom, on behalf of Canada, and the United States in 1916.

Any migratory bird species that meets all 3 of the following criteria is protected in Canada under the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994:

  1. It is referred to in the Article 1 of the convention (as amended in 1995) either:
    • directly by species name
    • directly by family name
    • indirectly by the interpretation of the original convention (including all subspecies and hybrids of species)
  2. It is native or naturally occurring in Canada:
    • a native migratory bird is one that is present entirely as a result of natural biological or ecological processes
  3. It is known to have regularly occurred in Canada
    • note: species that meet criteria 1 and 2 but occur infrequently (such as “accidental” birds) are not on this list, but they are protected under the Act whenever they occur in Canadian territory

In summary, a migratory bird species is protected by the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994 if it is named in the convention, is native or naturally occurring in Canada, and is known to regularly occur in Canada.

Three introduced (non-native) species do not meet criterion 2 but are protected for historical reasons:

  • Mute Swan (Cygnus olor, family Anatidae)
  • Eurasian Collared-Dove (Streptopelia decaocto, family Columbidae)
  • Sky Lark (Alauda arvensis, family Alaudidae)

Families included in Article I of the Migratory Birds Convention

These are lists of the families of migratory birds included in the convention and protected by the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994.

1. Migratory game birds Footnote 1 :

  • Anatidae, or waterfowl (ducks, geese and swans)
  • Gruidae (cranes)
  • Rallidae (coots, gallinules and rails)
  • Charadriidae (lapwings and plovers)
  • Haematopodidae (oystercatchers)
  • Recurvirostridae (stilts and avocets)
  • Scolopacidae (sandpipers and allies)
  • Columbidae (doves and wild pigeons)

2. Migratory insectivorous birds Footnote 1 :

  • Aegithalidae (long-tailed tits and bushtits)
  • Alaudidae (larks)
  • Apodidae (swifts)
  • Bombycillidae (waxwings)
  • Calcariidae Footnote 2 (longspurs and buntings)
  • Caprimulgidae (goatsuckers)
  • Cardinalidae Footnote 2 (tanagers, cardinals, grosbeaks and buntings)
  • Certhiidae (creepers)
  • Cinclidae (dippers)
  • Cuculidae (cuckoos)
  • Emberizidae Footnote 2 (emberizid sparrows)
  • Fringillidae (cardueline finches)
  • Hirundinidae (swallows)
  • Icteridae Footnote 3 (bobolinks, meadowlarks, and orioles, but not including Icterid blackbirds and cowbirds, as was clarified in the 1995 Protocol)
  • Laniidae (shrikes)
  • Mimidae (catbirds, mockingbirds, thrashers, and allies)
  • Motacillidae (wagtails and pipits)
  • Muscicapidae Footnote 4 (Old World flycatchers)
  • Paridae (titmice)
  • Parulidae Footnote 2 (wood-warblers)
  • Picidae (woodpeckers and allies)
  • Regulidae Footnote 4 (kinglets)
  • Sittidae (nuthatches)
  • Polioptilidae Footnote 4 (gnatcatchers)
  • Trochilidae (hummingbirds)
  • Troglodytidae (wrens)
  • Turdidae Footnote 4 (robins and thrushes)
  • Tyrannidae (tyrant flycatchers)
  • Vireonidae (vireos)

3. Other migratory nongame birds:

  • Alcidae (auks, auklets, guillemots, murres, and puffins)
  • Ardeidae (bitterns and herons)
  • Threskiornithidae (ibises) Footnote 5
  • Diomedeidae (albatrosses) Footnote 5
  • Ciconiidae (storks) Footnote 5
  • Oceanitidae (storm-petrels)
  • Hydrobatidae (storm petrels)
  • Procellariidae (petrels and shearwaters)
  • Sulidae (gannet)
  • Podicipedidae (grebes)
  • Laridae (gulls and terns)
  • Stercorariidae (jaegers) Footnote 6
  • Gaviidae (loons)

Families not included in Article I of the Migratory Birds Convention

Families of birds that are not included in the convention and therefore not protected by the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994: Footnote 1

  • Accipitridae (osprey, kite, eagles, harrier, hawks)
  • Alcedinidae (kingfisher)
  • Anhingidae (anhinga)
  • Aramidae (limpkin)
  • Cathartidae (vultures)
  • Corvidae (jays, crows and ravens)
  • Falconidae (caracara, falcons)
  • Fregatidae (frigatebirds)
  • Odontophoridae (quail)
  • Passeridae (weaver finches)
  • Pelecanidae (pelicans)
  • Phaethontidae (tropicbirds)
  • Phalacrocoracidae (cormorants)
  • Phasianidae (partridges, pheasants, grouse, ptarmigan, sage-grouse, prairie-chicken, turkey)
  • Phoenicopteridae (flamingo)
  • Prunellidae (accentor)
  • Ptilogonatidae (silky-flycatcher)
  • Strigidae (owls)
  • Sturnidae (starlings, mynas)
  • Tytonidae (barn owl)

These families and their species might be protected under other laws, such as:

  • Species at Risk Act
  • other federal law
  • provincial and territorial law
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