Aquatic species listed under Species at Risk Act and protected by Fisheries Act

The following table is the list of Aquatic Species at Risk found in Canadian waters.

Please check back regularly for new species profiles.

Last update: June 12, 2020

Aquatic Species at Risk found in Canadian waters
Species Scientific name Designatable unit SARA status Link to SAR Public Registry Previous Names
Atlantic Mud-piddock Barnea truncata Not applicable Threatened Profile of Atlantic Mud-piddock Not applicable
Atlantic Salmon Salmo salar Inner Bay of Fundy population Endangered Profile of Atlantic Salmon, Inner Bay of Fundy population Atlantic Salmon (Inner Bay of Fundy populations)
Atlantic Walrus Odobenus rosmarus rosmarus Northwest Atlantic population Extirpated Profile of Atlantic Walrus, Northwest Atlantic population Not applicable
Atlantic Whitefish Coregonus huntsmani Not applicable Endangered Profile of Atlantic Whitefish Acadian Whitefish
Atlantic Wolffish Anarhichas lupus Not applicable Special Concern Profile of Atlantic Wolffish Striped Wolffish
Banded Killifish Fundulus diaphanus Newfoundland populations Special Concern Profile of Banded Killifish, Newfoundland populations Banded Killifish (Newfoundland population)
Basking Shark Cetorhinus maximus Pacific Population Endangered Profile of Basking Shark, Pacific population Not applicable
Beluga Whale Delphinapterus leucas Cumberland Sound population Threatened Profile of Beluga Whale, Cumberland Sound population Beluga Whale (Southeast Baffin Island-Cumberland Sound population)
Beluga Whale Delphinapterus leucas St. Lawrence Estuary population Endangered Profile of Beluga Whale, St. Lawrence Estuary population Beluga Whale (St. Lawrence River population)
Bigmouth Buffalo Ictiobus cyprinellus Saskatchewan – Nelson River populations Special Concern Profile of Bigmouth Buffalo, Saskatchewan – Nelson River populations Bigmouth Buffalo (Saskatchewan and Nelson River population), Bigmouth Buffalo (Saskatchewan River and Nelson River populations)
Black Redhorse Moxostoma duquesnei Not applicable Threatened Profile of Black Redhorse Not applicable
Blackstripe Topminnow Fundulus notatus Not applicable Special Concern Profile of Blackstripe Topminnow Not applicable
Blue Whale Balaenoptera musculus Atlantic population Endangered Profile of Blue Whale, Atlantic population Not applicable
Blue Whale Balaenoptera musculus Pacific population Endangered Profile of Blue Whale, Pacific population Not applicable
Bluntnose Sixgill Shark Hexanchus griseus Not applicable Special Concern Profile of Bluntnose Sixgill Shark Not applicable
Bowhead Whale Balaena mysticetus Bering-Chukchi-Beaufort population Special Concern Profile of Bowhead Whale, Bering-Chukchi-Beaufort population Bowhead Whale (Western Arctic population)
Bridle Shiner Notropis bifrenatus Not applicable Special Concern Profile of Bridle Shiner Not applicable
Brook Floater Alasmidonta varicosa Not applicable Special Concern Profile of Brook Floater Not applicable
Bull Trout Salvelinus confluentus Saskatchewan - Nelson Rivers populations Threatened Profile of Bull Trout, Saskatchewan-Nelson Rivers populations Not applicable
Bull Trout Salvelinus confluentus South Coast British Columbia populations Special Concern Profile of Bull Trout, South Coast British Columbia populations Not applicable
Bull Trout Salvelinus confluentus Western Arctic populations Special Concern Profile of Bull Trout, Western Arctic populations Not applicable
Carmine Shiner Notropis percobromus Not applicable Threatened Profile of Carmine Shiner Rosyface Shiner (Manitoba population)
Channel Darter Percina copelandi Lake Erie populations Endangered Profile of Channel Darter, Lake Erie populations Not applicable
Channel Darter Percina copelandi Lake Ontario populations Endangered Profile of Channel Darter, Lake Ontario populations Not applicable
Channel Darter Percina copelandi St. Lawrence populations Special Concern Profile of Channel Darter, St. Lawrence populations Not applicable
Coastrange Sculpin Cottus aleuticus Cultus population Threatened Profile of Coastrange Sculpin, Cultus population Coastrange Sculpin, Cultus Pygmy Sculpin
Columbia Sculpin Cottus hubbsi Not applicable Special Concern Profile of Columbia Sculpin Columbia Mottled Sculpin
Copper Redhorse Moxostoma hubbsi Not applicable Endangered Profile of Copper Redhorse Not applicable
Cutlip Minnow Exoglossum maxillingua Not applicable Special Concern Profile of Cutlip Minnow Cutlips Minnow
Deepwater Sculpin Myoxocephalus thompsonii Great Lakes - Upper St. Lawrence population Special Concern Profile of Deepwater Sculpin, Great Lakes - Upper St. Lawrence population Deepwater Sculpin, Great Lakes - Western St. Lawrence population
Dolly Varden Salvelinus malma malma Western Arctic populations Special Concern Profile of Dolly Varden, Western Arctic populations Not applicable
Dwarf Wedgemussel Alasmidonta heterodon Not applicable Extirpated Profile of Dwarf Wedgemussel Not applicable
Eastern Pondmussel Ligumia nasuta Not applicable Special Concern Profile of Eastern Pondmussel Not applicable
Eastern Sand Darter Ammocrypta pellucida Ontario populations Threatened Profile of Eastern Sand Darter, Ontario populations Not applicable
Eastern Sand Darter Ammocrypta pellucida Quebec populations Threatened Profile of Eastern Sand Darter, Quebec populations Not applicable
Enos Lake Benthic Threespine Stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus Not applicable Endangered Profile of Enos Lake Benthic Threespine Stickleback Enos Lake Benthic Stickleback
Enos Lake Limnetic Threespine Stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus Not applicable Endangered Profile of Enos Lake Limnetic Threespine Stickleback Enos Lake Limnetic Stickleback
Fawnsfoot Truncilla donaciformis   Endangered Profile of Fawnsfoot Not applicable
Fin Whale Balaenoptera physalus Atlantic population Special Concern Profile of Fin Whale, Atlantic population Not applicable
Fin Whale Balaenoptera physalus Pacific population Threatened Profile of Fin Whale, Pacific population Not applicable
Giant Threespine Stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus Not applicable Special Concern Profile of Giant Threespine Stickleback Giant Stickleback
Grass Pickerel Esox americanus vermiculatus Not applicable Special Concern Profile of Grass Pickerel Not applicable
Gravel Chub Erimystax x-punctatus Not applicable Extirpated Profile of Gravel Chub Not applicable
Green Sturgeon Acipenser medirostris Not applicable Special Concern Profile of Green Sturgeon Not applicable
Grey Whale Eschrichtius robustus Eastern North Pacific population Special Concern Profile of Grey Whale, Eastern North Pacific population Grey Whale (Northeast Pacific population)
Grey Whale Eschrichtius robustus Atlantic population Extirpated Profile of Grey Whale, Atlantic population Not applicable
Harbour Porpoise Phocoena phocoena vomerina Pacific Ocean population Special Concern Profile of Harbour Porpoise, Pacific Ocean population Not applicable
Harbour Seal Lacs des Loups Marins subspecies Phoca vitulina mellonae Not applicable Endangered Profile of Harbour Seal Lacs des Loups Marins subspecies Achikunipi, Harbour Seal (Lac des Loups Marins landlocked population)
Hickorynut Obovaria olivaria Not applicable Endangered Profile of Hickorynut Not applicable
Hotwater Physa Physella wrighti Not applicable Endangered Profile of Hotwater Physa Not applicable
Humpback Whale Megaptera novaeangliae North Pacific population Special Concern Profile of Humpback Whale, North Pacific population Not applicable
Kidneyshell Ptychobranchus fasciolaris Not applicable Endangered Profile of Kidneyshell Not applicable
Killer Whale Orcinus orca Northeast Pacific Offshore population Threatened Profile of Killer Whale, Northeast Pacific Offshore population Killer Whale (Northeast Pacific offshore population), Killer Whale (Offshore population)
Killer Whale Orcinus orca Northeast Pacific Transient population Threatened Profile of Killer Whale, Northeast Pacific Transient population Killer Whale (Northeast Pacific transient population), Killer Whale (West Coast Transient population)
Killer Whale Orcinus orca Northeast Pacific Northern Resident population Threatened Profile of Killer Whale, Northeast Pacific Northern Resident population Killer Whale (Northeast Pacific northern resident population), Killer Whale (Northern Resident population)
Killer Whale Orcinus orca Northeast Pacific Southern Resident population Endangered Profile of Killer Whale, Northeast Pacific Southern Resident population Killer Whale (Northeast Pacific southern resident population), Killer Whale (Southern Resident population)
Lake Chubsucker Erimyzon sucetta Not applicable Endangered Profile of Lake Chubsucker Not applicable
Lake Sturgeon Acipenser fulvescens Southern Hudson Bay - James Bay populations Special Concern Profile of Lake Sturgeon, Southern Hudson Bay-James Bay populations Not applicable
Leatherback Sea Turtle Dermochelys coriacea Atlantic population Endangered Profile of Leatherback Sea Turtle, Atlantic population Not applicable
Leatherback Sea Turtle Dermochelys coriacea Pacific population Endangered Profile of Leatherback Sea Turtle, Pacific population Not applicable
Lilliput Toxolasma parvum Not applicable Endangered Profile of Lilliput Not applicable
Loggerhead Sea Turtle Caretta caretta Not applicable Endangered Profile of Loggerhead Sea Turtle Not applicable
Longspine Thornyhead Sebastolobus altivelis Not applicable Special Concern Profile of Longspine Thornyhead Not applicable
Mapleleaf Quadrula quadrula Great Lakes – Upper St. Lawrence population Special Concern Profile of Mapleleaf, Great Lakes - Upper St. Lawrence population Mapleleaf (Great Lakes - Upper St. Lawrence populations), Mapleleaf (Great Lakes - Western St. Lawrence population), Mapleleaf Mussel (Great Lakes - Western St. Lawrence population)
Mapleleaf Quadrula quadrula Saskatchewan - Nelson Rivers population Threatened Profile of Mapleleaf, Saskatchewan - Nelson population Mapleleaf (Saskatchewan - Nelson population), Mapleleaf Mussel (Saskatchewan - Nelson population)
Misty Lake Lentic Threespine Stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus Not applicable Endangered Profile of Misty Lake Lentic Threespine Stickleback Misty Lake Lentic Stickleback
Misty Lake Lotic Threespine Stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus Not applicable Endangered Profile of Misty Lake Lotic Threespine Stickleback Misty Lake Lotic Stickleback
Mountain Sucker Catostomus platyrhynchus Pacific populations Special Concern Profile of Mountain Sucker, Pacific populations Not applicable
Mountain Sucker Catostomus platyrhynchus Milk River populations Threatened Profile of Mountain Sucker, Milk River populations Not applicable
Nooksack Dace Rhinichthys cataractae Not applicable Endangered Profile of Nooksack Dace Not applicable
North Atlantic Right Whale Eubalaena glacialis Not applicable Endangered Profile of North Atlantic Right Whale Not applicable
North Pacific Right Whale Eubalaena japonica Not applicable Endangered Profile of North Pacific Right Whale Not applicable
Northern Abalone Haliotis kamtschatkana Not applicable Endangered Profile of Northern Abalone Not applicable
Northern Bottlenose Whale Hyperoodon ampullatus Scotian Shelf population Endangered Profile of Northern Bottlenose Whale, Scotian Shelf population Northern Bottlenose Whale (Gully population)
Northern Brook Lamprey Ichthyomyzon fossor Great Lakes - Upper St. Lawrence populations Special Concern Profile of Northern Brook Lamprey, Great Lakes - Upper St. Lawrence populations Northern Brook Lamprey (Great Lakes - Western St. Lawrence populations)
Northern Madtom Noturus stigmosus Not applicable Endangered Profile of Northern Madtom Not applicable
Northern Riffleshell Epioblasma torulosa Not applicable Endangered Profile of Northern Riffleshell Not applicable
Northern Sunfish Lepomis peltastes Great Lakes - Upper St. Lawrence populations Special Concern Profile of Northern Sunfish, Great Lakes-Upper St. Lawrence populations Northern Sunfish (Great Lakes - Western St. Lawrence populations)
Northern Wolffish Anarhichas denticulatus Not applicable Threatened Profile of Northern Wolffish Not applicable
Olympia Oyster Ostrea lurida Not applicable Special Concern Profile of Olympia Oyster Not applicable
Paddlefish Polyodon spathula Not applicable Extirpated Profile of Paddlefish Not applicable
Paxton Lake Benthic Threespine Stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus Not applicable Endangered Profile of Paxton Lake Benthic Threespine Stickleback Benthic Texada Island Stickleback, Paxton Lake Benthic Stickleback
Paxton Lake Limnetic Threespine Stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus Not applicable Endangered Profile of Paxton Lake Limnetic Threespine Stickleback Limnetic Texada Island Stickleback, Paxton Lake Limnetic Stickleback
Plains Minnow Hybognathus placitus Not applicable Threatened Profile of Plains Minnow Not applicable
Pugnose Minnow Opsopoeodus emiliae Not applicable Threatened Profile of Pugnose Minnow Not applicable
Pugnose Shiner Notropis anogenus Not applicable Threatened Profile of Pugnose Shiner Not applicable
Rainbow Villosa iris Not applicable Special Concern Profile of Rainbow Rainbow Mussel
Rainbow Smelt Osmerus mordax Lake Utopia large-bodied population Threatened Profile of Rainbow Smelt, Lake Utopia large-bodied population Not applicable
Rainbow Smelt Osmerus mordax Lake Utopia small-bodied population Threatened Profile of Rainbow Smelt, Lake Utopia small-bodied population Lake Utopia Dwarf Smelt
Rainbow Trout Oncorhynchus mykiss Athabasca River populations Endangered Profile of Rainbow Trout, Athabasca River populations Not applicable
Rayed Bean Villosa fabalis Not applicable Endangered Profile of Rayed Bean Not applicable
Redside Dace Clinostomus elongatus Not applicable Endangered Profile of Redside Dace Not applicable
River Redhorse Moxostoma carinatum Not applicable Special Concern Profile of River Redhorse Not applicable
Rocky Mountain Ridged Mussel Gonidea angulata Not applicable Special Concern Profile of Rocky Mountain Ridged Mussel Not applicable
Rocky Mountain Sculpin Cottus sp. Westslope populations Special Concern Profile of Rocky Mountain Sculpin, Westslope populations Not applicable
Rocky Mountain Sculpin Cottus sp. Eastslope populations Threatened Profile of Rocky Mountain Sculpin, Eastslope poulations "Eastslope" Sculpin (St. Mary and Milk River populations), Rocky Mountain Sculpin (St. Mary and Milk River populations)
Rougheye Rockfish type I Sebastes sp. Not applicable Special Concern Profile of Rougheye Rockfish type I Not applicable
Rougheye Rockfish type II Sebastes sp. Not applicable Special Concern Profile of Rougheye Rockfish type II Not applicable
Round Hickorynut Obovaria subrotunda Not applicable Endangered Profile of Round Hickorynut Not applicable
Round Pigtoe Pleurobema sintoxia Not applicable Endangered Profile of Round Pigtoe Not applicable
Salamander Mussel Simpsonaias ambigua Not applicable Endangered Profile of Salamander Mussel Mudpuppy Mussel, Salamander Mussel
Salish Sucker Catostomus sp. cf. catostomus Not applicable Threatened Profile of Salish Sucker Salish Sucker (Chehalis populations)
Sea Otter Enhydra lutris Not applicable Special Concern Profile of Sea Otter Not applicable
Sei Whale Balaenoptera borealis Pacific population Endangered Profile of Sei Whale, Pacific population Not applicable
Shorthead Sculpin Cottus confusus Not applicable Special Concern Profile of Shorthead Sculpin Not applicable
Shortnose Cisco Coregonus reighardi Not applicable Endangered Profile of Shortnose Cisco Not applicable
Shortnose Sturgeon Acipenser brevirostrum Not applicable Special Concern Profile of Shortnose Sturgeon Not applicable
Silver Chub Macrhybopsis storeriana Great Lakes - Upper St. Lawrence populations Endangered Profile of Silver Chub, Great Lakes - Upper St. Lawrence populations Silver Chub (Great Lakes - Western St. Lawrence populations)
Silver Lamprey Ichthyomyzon unicuspis Great Lakes - Upper St. Lawrence populations Special Concern Profile of Silver Lamprey, Great Lakes-Upper St. Lawrence populations Silver Lamprey (Great Lakes - Western St. Lawrence populations)
Silver Shiner Notropis photogenis Not applicable Threatened Profile of Silver Shiner Not applicable
Snuffbox Epioblasma triquetra Not applicable Endangered Profile of Snuffbox Not applicable
Sowerby`s Beaked Whale Mesoplodon bidens Not applicable Special Concern Profile of Sowerby`s Beaked Whale North Sea Beaked Whale
Speckled Dace Rhinichthys osculus Not applicable Endangered Profile of Speckled Dace Not applicable
Spotted Gar Lepisosteus oculatus Not applicable Endangered Profile of Spotted Gar Not applicable
Spotted Sucker Minytrema melanops Not applicable Special Concern Profile of Spotted Sucker Not applicable
Spotted Wolffish Anarhichas minor Not applicable Threatened Profile of Spotted Wolffish Not applicable
Spring Cisco Coregonus sp. Not applicable Endangered Profile of Spring Cisco Not applicable
Steller Sea Lion Eumetopias jubatus Not applicable Special Concern Profile of Stellar Sea Lion Not applicable
Striped Bass Morone saxatilis St. Lawrence River population Endangered Profile of Striped Bass, St. Lawrence River population Striped Bass (St. Lawrence Estuary population)
Threehorn Wartyback Obliquaria reflexa Not applicable Threatened Profile of Threehorn Wartyback Not applicable
Tope Galeorhinus galeus Not applicable Special Concern Profile of Tope Soupfin Shark
Unarmoured Threespine Stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus Not applicable Special Concern Profile of Unarmoured Threespine Stickleback Charlotte Unarmoured Stickleback, Charlotte Unarmoured Sticklebacks, Charlotte Unarmoured Threespine Stickleback
Upper Great Lakes Kiyi Coregonus kiyi kiyi Not applicable Special Concern Profile of Upper Great Lakes Kiyi Not applicable
Vananda Creek Benthic Threespine Stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus Not applicable Endangered Profile of Vananda Creek Benthic Threespine Stickleback Vananda Creek Benthic Stickleback
Vananda Creek Limnetic Threespine Stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus Not applicable Endangered Profile of Vananda Creek Limnetic Threespine Stickleback Vananda Creek Limnetic Stickleback
Vancouver Lamprey Entosphenus macrostomus Not applicable Threatened Profile of Vancouver Lamprey Cowichan Lake Lamprey, Lake Lamprey
Warmouth Lepomis gulosus Not applicable Special Concern Profile of Warmouth Not applicable
Wavy-rayed Lampmussel Lampsilis fasciola Not applicable Special Concern Profile of Wavy-rayed Lampmussel Not applicable
Western Brook Lamprey Lampetra richardsoni Morrison Creek population Endangered Profile of Western Brook Lamprey, Morrison Creek population Morrison Creek Lamprey, Western Brook Lamprey
Western Silvery Minnow Hybognathus argyritis Not applicable Threatened Profile of Western Silvery Minnow Not applicable
Westslope Cutthroat Trout Oncorhynchus clarkii lewisi Pacific populations Special Concern Profile of Westslope Cutthroat Trout, Pacific populations Westslope Cutthroat Trout (British Columbia population)
Westslope Cutthroat Trout Oncorhynchus clarkii lewisi Saskatchewan - Nelson River populations Threatened

Profile of Westslope Cutthroat Trout, Saskatchewan-Nelson River populations

 

Westslope Cutthroat Trout (Alberta population)
White Shark Carcharodon carcharias Atlantic population Endangered Profile of White Shark, Atlantic population Great White Shark (Atlantic population)
White Sturgeon Acipenser transmontanus Upper Columbia River population Endangered Profile of White Sturgeon, Upper Columbia River population Not applicable
White Sturgeon Acipenser transmontanus Nechako River population Endangered Profile of White Sturgeon, Nechako River population Not applicable
White Sturgeon Acipenser transmontanus Upper Fraser River population Endangered Profile of White Sturgeon, Upper Fraser River population Not applicable
White Sturgeon Acipenser transmontanus Upper Kootenay River population Endangered Profile of White Sturgeon, Upper Kootenay River population Not applicable
Yellow Lampmussel Lampsilis cariosa Not applicable Special Concern Profile of Yellow Lampmussel Not applicable
Yelloweye Rockfish Sebastes ruberrimus Pacific Ocean Outside Waters population Special Concern Profile of Yelloweye Rockfish, Pacific Ocean Outside Waters population Not applicable
Yelloweye Rockfish Sebastes ruberrimus Pacific Ocean Inside Waters population Special Concern Profile of Yelloweye Rockfish, Pacific Ocean Inside Waters population Not applicable
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