Aquatic species listed under Species at Risk Act and protected by Fisheries Act

The following table is the list of Aquatic Species at Risk found in Canadian waters.

Please check back regularly for new species profiles.

Last update: August 3, 2018

Aquatic Species at Risk found in Canadian waters
Species Scientific name Designatable unit SARA status Link to SAR Public Registry Names previously used by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC)
Atlantic Mud-piddock Barnea truncata - Threatened Profile of Atlantic Mud-piddock N/A
Atlantic Salmon Salmo salar Inner Bay of Fundy population Endangered Profile of Atlantic Salmon, Inner Bay of Fundy population Atlantic Salmon (Inner Bay of Fundy populations)
Atlantic Walrus Odobenus rosmarus rosmarus Northwest Atlantic population Extirpated Profile of Atlantic Walrus, Northwest Atlantic population N/A
Atlantic Whitefish Coregonus huntsmani - Endangered Profile of Atlantic Whitefish Acadian Whitefish
scientific name: Coregonus Canadensis
Atlantic Wolffish Anarhichas lupus - Special Concern Profile of Atlantic Wolffish Striped Wolffish
Banded Killifish Fundulus diaohanus Newfoundland populations Special Concern Profile of Banded Killifish, Newfoundland populations Banded Killifish (Mainland population)
Basking Shark Cetorhinus maximus Pacific population Endangered Profile of Basking Shark, Pacific population N/A
Beluga Whale Delphinapterus leucas Cumberland Sound population Threatened Profile of Beluga Whale, Cumberland Sound population Beluga Whale (Southeast Baffin Island-Cumberland Sound population)
Beluga Whale Delphinapterus leucas St. Lawrence Estuary population Endangered Profile of Beluga Whale, St. Lawrence Estuary population Beluga Whale (Beaufort Sea / Arctic Ocean population); Beluga Whale (St. Lawrence River population)
Bigmouth Buffalo Ictiobus cyprinellus Saskatchewan - Nelson River populations Special Concern Profile of Bigmouth Buffalo, Saskatchewan – Nelson River populations N/A
Blackstripe Topminnow Fundulus notatus - Special Concern Profile of Black Stripe Topminnow N/A
Blue Whale Balaenoptera musculus Pacific population Endangered Profile of Blue Whale, Pacific population N/A
Blue Whale Balaenoptera musculus Atlantic population Endangered Profile of Blue Whale, Atlantic population N/A
Bluntnose Sixgill Shark Hexanchus griseus - Special Concern Profile of Bluntnose Sixgill Shark N/A
Bowhead Whale Balaena mysticetus Bering-Chukchi-Beaufort population Special Concern Profile of Bowhead Whale, Bering-Chukchi-Beaufort population N/A
Bridle Shiner Notropis bifrenatus - Special Concern Profile of Bridle Shiner N/A
Brook Floater Alasmidonta varicosa - Special Concern Profile of Brook Floater N/A
Carmine Shiner Notropis percobromus - Threatened Profile of Carmine Shiner Rosyface Shiner (Manitoba population)
Channel Darter Percina copelandi - Threatened Profile of Channel Darter N/A
Coastrange Sculpin Cottus aleuticus Cultus population Threatened Profile of Coastrange Sculpin, Cultus population Cultus Pygmy Sculpin
Columbia Sculpin Cottus hubbsi - Special Concern Profile of Columbia Sculpin Columbia Mottled Sculpin
Copper Redhorse Moxostoma hubbsi - Endangered Profile of Copper Redhorse N/A
Deepwater Sculpin Myoxocephalus thompsonii Great Lakes - Western St. Lawrence population Special Concern Profile of Deepwater Sculpin, Great Lakes - Western St. Lawrence population N/A
Dolly Varden Salvelinus malma malma Western Arctic populations Special Concern Profile of Dolly Varden, Western Arctic populations N/A
Dwarf Wedgemussel Alasmidonta heterodon - Extirpated Profile of Dwarf Wedgemussel N/A
Eastern Pondmussel Ligumia nasuta - Endangered Profile of Eastern Pondmussel N/A
Eastern Sand Darter Ammocrypta pellucida Ontario populations Threatened Profile  of Eastern Sand Dater, Ontario populations N/A
Eastern Sand Darter Ammocrypta pellucida Quebec populations Threatened Profile  of Eastern Sand Dater, Quebec populations N/A
Enos Lake Benthic Threespine Stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus - Endangered Profile of Enos Lake Benthic Threespine Stickleback Enos Lake Benthic Stickleback
Enos Lake Limnetic Threespine Stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus - Endangered Profile of Enos Lake Limnetic Threespine Stickleback Enos Lake Limnetic Stickleback
Fin Whale Balaenoptera physalus Pacific population Threatened Profile of Fin Whale, Pacific population N/A
Fin Whale Balaenoptera physalus Atlantic population Special Concern Profile of Fin Whale, Atlantic population N/A
Grass Pickerel Esox americanus vermiculatus - Special Concern Profile of Grass Pickerel N/A
Gravel Chub Erimystax x-punctatus - Extirpated Profile of Gravel Chub N/A
Green Sturgeon Acipenser medirostris - Special Concern Profile of Green Sturgeon N/A
Grey Whale Eschrichtius robustus Eastern North Pacific population Special Concern Profile of Grey Whale, Eastern North Pacific population Grey Whale (Northeast Pacific population)
Grey Whale Eschrichtius robustus Atlantic population Extirpated Profile of Grey Whale, Atlantic population N/A
Harbour Porpoise Phocoena phocoena Pacific Ocean population Special Concern Profile of Harbour Porpoise, Pacific Ocean population N/A
Harbour Seal Lacs des Loups Marins subspecies Phoca vitulina mellonae - Endangered Profile of Harbour Seal Lacs des Loups Marins subspecies Harbour Seal (Lac des Loups Marins landlocked population)
Hotwater Physa Physella wrighti - Endangered Profile of Hotwater Physa N/A
Humpback Whale Megaptera novaeangliae North Pacific population Special Concern Profile of Humpback Whale, North Pacific population N/A
Kidneyshell Ptychobranchus fasciolaris - Endangered Profile of Kidneyshell N/A
Killer Whale Orcinus orca Northeast Pacific Transient population Threatened Profile of Killer Whale, Northeast Pacific Transient population Killer Whale (West Coast Transient population)
Killer Whale Orcinus orca Northeast Pacific Southern Resident population Endangered Profile of Killer Whale, Northeast Pacific Southern Resident population Killer Whale (Southern Resident population)
Killer Whale Orcinus orca Northeast Pacific Northern Resident population Threatened Profile of Killer Whale, Northeast Pacific Northern Resident population Killer Whale (Northern Resident population)
Killer Whale Orcinus orca Northeast Pacific Offshore population Threatened Profile of Killer Whale, Northeast Pacific Offshore population Killer Whale (Offshore population)
Lake Chubsucker Erimyzon sucetta - Endangered Profile of Lake Chubsucker N/A
Leatherback Sea Turtle Dermochelys coriacea Atlantic population Endangered

Profile of Leatherback Sea Turtle, Atlantic population

N/A
Leatherback Sea Turtle Dermochelys coriacea Pacific population Endangered Profile of Leatherback Sea Turtle, Pacific population N/A
Loggerhead Sea Turtle Caretta caretta - Endangered Profile of Loggerhead Sea Turtle N/A
Longspine Thornyhead Sebastolobus altivelis - Special Concern Profile of Longspine Thornyhead N/A
Mapleleaf Quadrula quadrula Saskatchewan - Nelson population Endangered Profile of Mapleleaf, Saskatchewan - Nelson population Mapleleaf Mussel (Saskatchewan - Nelson population)
Mapleleaf Quadrula quadrula Great Lakes - Western St. Lawrence population Threatened Profile of Mapleleaf, Great Lakes - Western St. Lawrence population Mapleleaf Mussel (Great Lakes - Western St. Lawrence population)
Misty Lake Lentic Threespine Stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus - Endangered Profile of Misty Lake Lentic Threespine Stickleback Misty Lake Lentic Stickleback
Misty Lake Lotic Threespine Stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus - Endangered Profile of Misty Lake Lotic Threespine Stickleback Misty Lake Lotic Stickleback
Mountain Sucker Catostomus platyrhynchus Milk River populations Threatened Profile of Mountain Sucker, Milk River populations N/A
Mountain Sucker Catostomus platyrhynchus Pacific populations Special Concern Profile of Mountain Sucker, Pacific populations N/A
Nooksack Dace Rhinichthys cataractae ssp - Endangered Profile of Nooksack Dace scientific name Rhinichthys sp. ; Rhinichthyscataractae
North Atlantic Right Whale Eubalaena glacialis - Endangered Profile of North Atlantic Right Whale N/A
North Pacific Right Whale Eubalaena japonica - Endangered Profile of North Pacific Right Whale N/A
Northern Abalone Haliotis kamtschatkana - Endangered Profile of Northern Abalone N/A
Northern Bottlenose Whale Hyperoodon ampullatus Scotian Shelf population Endangered Profile of Northern Bottlenose Whale, Scotian Shelf population Northern Bottlenose Whale (Gully population)
Northern Brook Lamprey Ichthyomyzon fossor Great Lakes - Upper St. Lawrence populations Special Concern Profile of Northern Brook Lamprey, Great Lakes - Upper St. Lawrence populations N/A
Northern Madtom Noturus stigmosus - Endangered Profile of Northern Northern Madtom N/A
Northern Riffleshell Epioblasma torulosa rangiana - Endangered Profile of Northern Riffleshell N/A
Northern Wolffish Anarhichas denticulatus - Threatened Profile of Northern Wolffish N/A
Olympia Oyster Ostrea lurida - Special Concern Profile of Olympia Oyster scientific name: Ostrea conchaphila
Paddlefish Polyodon spathula - Extirpated Profile of Paddlefish N/A
Paxton Lake Benthic Threespine Stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus - Endangered Profile of Paxton Lake Benthic Threespine Stickleback Benthic Texada Island Stickleback; Paxton Lake Benthic Stickleback
Scientific: Gasterosteus sp.
Paxton Lake Limnetic Threespine Stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus - Endangered Profile of Paxton Lake Limnetic Threespine Stickleback Limnetic Texada Island Stickleback; Paxton Lake Limnetic Stickleback
Scientific: Gasterosteus sp.
Pugnose Minnow Opsopoeodus emiliae - Special Concern Profile of Pugnose Minnow N/A
Pugnose Shiner Notropis anogenus - Endangered Profile of Pugnose Shiner N/A
Rainbow Villosa iris - Endangered Profile of Rainbow N/A

Rainbow Smelt

Osmerus mordax

Lake Utopia small-bodied population

Threatened

Profile of Rainbow Smelt, Lake Utopia small-bodied population

Lake Utopia Dwarf Smelt
Scientific: Osmerus sp.
Rayed Bean Villosa fabalis - Endangered Profile of Rayed Bean N/A
Redside Dace Clinostomus elongatus - Endangered Profile of Redside Dace N/A
River Redhorse Moxostoma carinatum - Special Concern Profile of River Redhorse N/A
Rocky Mountain Ridged Mussel Gonidea angulata - Special Concern Profile of Rocky Mountain Ridged Mussel N/A
Rocky Mountain Sculpin Cottus sp. Eastslope populations Threatened Profile of Rocky Mountain Sculpin, Eastslope poulations "Eastslope" Sculpin (St. Mary and Milk River populations); Rocky Mountain Sculpin (St. Mary and Milk River populations)
Rocky Mountain Sculpin Cottus sp. Westslope populations Special Concern Profile of Rocky Mountain Sculpin, Westslope populations N/A
Rougheye Rockfish type I Sebastes sp. type I - Special Concern Profile of Rougheye Rockfish type I scientific name: Sebastes aleutianus type I
Rougheye Rockfish type II Sebastes sp. type II - Special Concern Profile of Rougheye Rockfish type II scientific name: Sebastes aleutianus type II
Round Hickorynut Obovaria subrotunda - Endangered Profile of Round Hickorynut N/A
Round Pigtoe Pleurobema sintoxia - Endangered Profile of Round Pigtoe N/A
Salamander Mussel Simpsonaias ambigua - Endangered Profile of Salamander Mussel Mudpuppy Mussel
scientific name: Simpsonais ambigua
Salish Sucker Catostomus sp. cf. catostomus - Endangered Profile of Salish Sucker Salish Sucker (Chehalis populations)
scientific name: Catostomus sp. ; Catostomuscatostomus ; Catostomus catostomus
Sea Otter Enhydra lutris - Special Concern Profile of Sea Otter N/A
Sei Whale Balaenoptera borealis Pacific population Endangered Profile of Sei Whale, Pacific population N/A
Shorthead Sculpin Cottus confusus - Special Concern Profile of Shorthead Sculpin N/A
Shortnose Cisco Coregonus reighardi - Endangered Profile of Shortnose Cisco N/A
Shortnose Sturgeon Acipenser brevirostrum - Special Concern Profile of Shortnose Sturgeon N/A
Silver Chub Macrhybopsis storeriana - Special Concern Profile of Silver Chub N/A
Snuffbox Epioblasma triquetra - Endangered Profile of Snuffbox N/A
Sowerby`s Beaked Whale Mesoplodon bidens - Special Concern Profile of Sowerby`s Beaked Whale North Sea Beaked Whale
Speckled Dace Rhinichthys osculus - Endangered Profile of Speckled Dace N/A
Spotted Gar Lepisosteus oculatus - Threatened Profile of Spotted Gar N/A
Spotted Sucker Minytrema melanops - Special Concern Profile of Spotted Sucker N/A
Spotted Wolffish Anarhichas minor - Threatened Profile of Spotted Wolffish N/A
Spring Cisco Coregonus sp - Endangered Profile of Spring cisco N/A
Steller Sea Lion Eumetopias jubatus - Special Concern Profile of Stellar Sea Lion N/A
Striped Bass Morone saxatilis St. Lawrence River population Extirpated Profile of Striped Bass, St. Lawrence River population Striped Bass (St. Lawrence Estuary population)
Tope Galeorhinus galeus - Special Concern Profile of Tope Soupfin Shark
Upper Great Lakes Kiyi Coregonus kiyi kiyi - Special Concern Profile of Upper Great Lakes Kiyi N/A
Vananda Creek Benthic Threespine Stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus - Endangered Profile of Vananda Creek Benthic Threespine Stickleback Vananda Creek Benthic Stickleback
(scientific name): Gasterosteus sp.
Vananda Creek Limnetic Threespine Stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus - Endangered Profile of Vananda Creek Limnetic Threespine Stickleback Vananda Creek Limnetic Stickleback
(scientific name): Gasterosteus sp.
Vancouver Lamprey Lampetra macrostoma - Threatened Profile of Vancouver Lamprey Cowichan Lake Lamprey ; Lake Lamprey
(scientific name): Lampetra macrostoma
Warmouth Lepomis gulosus - Special Concern Profile of Warmouth N/A
Wavy-rayed Lampmussel Lampsilis fasciola - Special Concern Profile of Wavy-rayed Lampmussel N/A
Western Brook Lamprey Lampetra richardsoni Morrison Creek population Endangered Profile of Western Brook Lamprey, Morrison Creek population Morrison Creek Lamprey ; Western Brook Lamprey
Western Silvery Minnow Hybognathus argyritis - Threatened Profile of Western Silvery Minnow N/A
Westslope Cutthroat Trout Oncorhynchus clarkii lewisi Alberta population Threatened Profile of Westslope Cutthroat Trout, Alberta population N/A
Westslope Cutthroat Trout Oncorhynchus clarkii lewisi British Columbia population Special Concern Profile of Westslope Cutthroat Trout, British Columbia population N/A
White Shark Carcharodon carcharias Atlantic population Endangered Profile of White Shark, Atlantic population Great White Shark (Atlantic population)
White Sturgeon Acipenser transmontanus Nechako River population Endangered Profile of White Sturgeon, Nechako River population N/A
White Sturgeon Acipenser transmontanus Upper Columbia River population Endangered Profile of White Sturgeon, Upper Columbia River population N/A
White Sturgeon Acipenser transmontanus Upper Kootenay River population Endangered Profile of White Sturgeon, Upper Kootenay River population N/A
White Sturgeon Acipenser transmontanus Upper Fraser River population Endangered Profile of White Sturgeon, Upper Fraser River population N/A
Yellow Lampmussel Lampsilis cariosa - Special Concern Profile of Yellow Lampmussel N/A
Yelloweye Rockfish Sebastes ruberrimus Pacific Ocean Inside Waters population Special Concern Profile of Yelloweye Rockfish, Pacific Ocean Inside Waters population N/A
Yelloweye Rockfish Sebastes ruberrimus Pacific Ocean Outside Waters population Special Concern Profile of Yelloweye Rockfish, Pacific Ocean Outside Waters population N/A
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