Wildlife and landscape science research topics: molecular toxicology
Molecular toxicology tools are used by Environment Canada researchers in order to understand the effects of toxic substances on the health of wildlife which can help inform regulators and policy makers.
Environment Canada scientists determine the overt toxicity and molecular-level effects of substances such as dioxins, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), brominated flame retardants (BFRs) and perfluoroalkyl compounds (PFCs) in cultured cells and whole avian embryos.
Understanding the molecular sensitivity of species to toxic chemicals will contribute to risk assessments by allowing researchers to make predictions based on these molecular toxicological evaluations. In addition, research findings from molecular toxicology studies often lead to the use of more complex approaches to determine levels of toxicity - approaches known as toxicogenomics.
Environment Canada scientists have used molecular toxicology to determine the differences in sensitivity among species to particular chemicals.
There are dramatic differences within and among vertebrate classes in the sensitivity to dioxins and ‘dioxin-like’ chemicals (DLCs). Environment Canada scientists can use molecular toxicology to assess whether a particular receptor, the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR), is associated with these species differences. By determining the DNA sequence similarity of the AHRs in birds, researchers can make preliminary predictions regarding the relative sensitivity of these species to DLCs.
Experts in molecular toxicology
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