Information Elements Required on a WHMIS 2015 Label
The label on a hazardous product is the workers first source of information about the hazards of the product. It provides workers with information on safe handling, storage and use of the hazardous product and how to protect them from adverse effects related to exposures to the product. In the Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS) 2015, all hazardous products must be labelled with the specified information elements listed below.
WHMIS 2015 sets out requirements for labels in Part 3 of the Hazardous Products Regulations (HPR). In addition, exemptions related to labels and additional requirements that apply to labels can be found in Parts 5 and 6, respectively of the HPR.
Supplier labels must be both English and French, durable and legible without the aid of any devices other than corrective lenses. If the label of a hazardous product is lost, damaged, or no longer readable, the product must be relabelled before it is sold or upon its importation into Canada.
The hazard pictogram(s), signal word and the hazard statement(s) must be grouped together on a label. The hatched border previously used by WHMIS (1988) is no longer required.
Any hazard pictogram required to be provided on a label must, except with respect to size, be an exact reproduction of that pictogram as set out in column 3 of Schedule 3 of the HPR. For each hazard class adopted from the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) in which the hazardous product is classified, the corresponding pictogram, signal word, hazard statement and precautionary statements set out in Section 3 of Annex 3 of the GHS (5th revised edition) are required to appear on the label. For all other hazard classes in which the hazardous product is classified, those information elements as set out in Schedule 5 of the HPR for the hazard class are required to appear on the label. It is to be noted that, as opposed to the Controlled Products Regulations, nearly all hazard and precautionary statements are now prescribed, this means that the exact same statements an in Section 3 of Annex 3 of the GHS or as in Schedule 5 of the HPR should appear on labels. The only non-prescribed hazard and precautionary statements appear in Schedule 5 of the HPR.
Labels must be updated to include significant new data - data which changes the classification of the product or ways to protect against the hazards presented by the hazardous product - within 180 days of becoming available. In the interim 180-day period, (a) upon sale of the product, this data must be communicated, in writing, to any purchaser of the product; and (b) upon importation of the product, the importer must obtain or prepare a document that provides this data.
Section 3 of Annex 3 of the GHS and Schedule 5 of the HPR contain instructions in italics, which are not to be included in the content of a label.
The alphanumeric codes set out in section 3 of Annex 3 of the GHS need not appear on a label and must not, under any circumstances, replace the hazard statement or precautionary statement to which they relate.
In the case of a hazardous product that is a mixture, each ingredient that, individually, presents a health hazard must be listed on the safety data sheet (SDS). A supplier may also choose to disclose the hazardous ingredients on a label, even though it is not mandatory.
|Label Element||HPR Requirements||Example Content|
|Product Identifier||Requirements consist of:
|Hazard pictograms||Requirements include:
|Signal word||Requirements include:
|Hazard statements||Requirements include:
||Fatal if swallowed.
Causes skin irritation.
|Precautionary statements||Requirements include:
||Wear protective gloves. Wash hands thoroughly after handling. Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/containers in accordance with local regulations. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of water. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice or attention. Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTRE or doctor. Rinse mouth.|
|Initial supplier identifier||Requirements include:
||ABC Chemical Co.
123 Anywhere St.
|Supplemental Information||This information may be used to provide further detail as long as that information does not contradict the validity of the standardized hazard information.
Report a problem or mistake on this page
- Date modified: