Prostate cancer in Canada
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Organization: Public Health Agency of Canada
Published: March 2021
Prostate cancer develops in the cells of the prostate. Changes in these cells can lead to benign (non-cancerous) or precancerous conditions. In some cases, these tumours could become malignant (cancerous).
The data Footnote 1,Footnote 2
- Prostate cancer is the 4th most common cancer in Canada
- 1 in 9 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer in his lifetime
- About 23,300 men will have been diagnosed with prostate cancer in 2020
- In men, prostate cancer is the #1 cancer
- 99% of cases occur in men aged 50+
Risk factors includeFootnote *
- Family history
- Racial or cultural background
- Inherited gene mutations
Screening and detection Footnote 2,Footnote 3
- 74% of prostate cancers are diagnosed early at Stage I and II
- The probability of surviving prostate cancer at least five years after diagnosis is about 93% in Canada
Screening for prostate cancer using the Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) test is not recommended.
The screening guidelines above are available from the Canadian task Force on Preventive Health Care.
Statistics for lifetime probability, stage and survival exclude Quebec. Stage statistics include individuals aged 18 to 79 years at diagnosis and survival statistics include individuals aged 15 to 99 years at diagnosis. Unless specified, statistics include all stages combined.
Learn more about prostate cancer:
- Footnote *
For more information, please visit: https://data.prevent.cancer.ca/current
- Footnote 1
Brenner DR, Weir HK, Demers AA, Ellison LF, Louzado C, Shaw A, et al. Projected estimates of cancer in Canada in 2020. CMAJ. 2020 March 2;192:E199-205. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1503/cmaj.191292.
- Footnote 2
Canadian Cancer Statistics Advisory Committee. Canadian Cancer Statistics 2019. Toronto, ON: Canadian Cancer Society; 2019. Available at: cancer.ca/Canadian-Cancer-Statistics-2019-EN.
- Footnote 3
Canadian Cancer Statistics Advisory Committee. Canadian Cancer Statistics 2018. Toronto, ON: Canadian Cancer Society; 2018. Available at: cancer.ca/Canadian-Cancer-Statistics-2018-EN.
© Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, as represented by the Minister of Health, 2020 | Cat.: HP35-83/4-2020E-PDF | ISBN: 978-0-660-35273-2 | Pub.: 200093
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