National historic sites of New France

Plan your visit to these Canadian forts, battlegrounds and settlements from the era of New France.

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Battlefields and forts

Battle of the Restigouche National Historic Site

Tour the remains of a sunken French vessel at the scene in Gaspe of the final battle for Canadian territory.

Bloody Creek National Historic Site

Visit the monument commemorating two violent battles that occurred at Bloody Creek, Nova Scotia.

Canso Islands National Historic Site

Tour the oldest fishing port on mainland North America in Nova Scotia.

Castle Hill National Historic Site

Explore the ruins of this stone fort on the shores of Newfoundland, where colonial powers fought over the province.

Fort Anne National Historic Site

Visit Canada’s oldest national historic site in Nova Scotia one of the most fought-over places in North America.

Fort Beauséjour – Fort Cumberland National Historic Site

Tour the ruins of a star-shaped fort at the centre of British, French and American battles to control Acadia.

Fort Chambly National Historic Site

Visit this stone fort that defended southern Quebec from invasion from the south.

Fort Edward National Historic

Visit the wooden remains of this central Nova Scotia fort.

Fortifications of Québec National Historic Site

Visit the stone wall of Québec, the only remaining fortified city north of Mexico.

Fortress of Louisbourg National Historic Site

Visit the fortress on Cape Breton Island, one of New France's key centers of trade and military strength.

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The Québec Citadel

Visit the Québec Citadel, Canada’s oldest military building with animated re-enactments.

Saint-Louis Forts and Châteaux National Historic Site

Visit the remains of the now-underground forts in the fortified city of Québec.

Settlements and villages

Cartier-Brébeuf National Historic Site

Visit the park in the heart of Québec City, where Jacques Cartier and his shipmates once lived.

Charles Fort National Historic Site

Visit the site next to Fort Anne, where Scottish settlers arrived on Canadian soil in 1629.

Forges du Saint-Maurice National Historic Site

Visit Forges du Saint-Maurice in central Quebec, Canada’s first industrial village known for its ironworks.

Melanson Settlement National Historic Site

Tour the fields of the Melanson Settlement, once home to a unique system of dykeland farming amongst Acadians.

Port-Royal National Historic Site

Tour the reconstructed settlement of Port-Royal in Nova Scotia, the first European settlement north of Florida.

Red Bay National Historic Site

Visit the Red Bay National Historic Site, a major whaling port in Labrador during the mid 1500s.

Saint Croix Island International Historic Site

Visit the site on the New Brunswick-Maine border, where France first tried to settle in North America.

Southwold Earthworks National Historic Site

Visit the site of a former Attiwondaronk village in southwestern Ontario.

York Factory National Historic Site

Visit York Factory, a vital fur trade hub for more than 250 years in the remote Hudson Bay wilderness.

What we are doing

Features

Madwoman of God (film)

A nun standing at a window looking out towards the sky

Watch this feature-length film, which tells the story of Marie de l’Incarnation, the first female writer of New France.

Forges du Saint-Maurice National Historic Site

Visitors welcomed by characters in period costumes in the village

Plan a trip to Forges du Saint-Maurice, Canada’s first industrial village known for its ironworks.

A History of the Canadian Dollar – New France (PDF)

Playing cards used as currency inscribed with a value and signed by the governor of New France in 1714

Read about how the use of playing cards contributed to the development of New France’s economy.

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