Infographic: Online violence

Online gender-based violence: It’s not just words. 

Technology-facilitated violence is an often-dismissed form of gender-based violence in which people are targeted online due to their gender. Also referred to as online violence, it can be extremely emotionally harmful as online harassment can reach victims anywhere. 

According to the United Nations, cyberviolence worldwide is as harmful to women and girls as physical violence. So why don’t we treat it in the same way? 

Online violence comes in many forms

While some forms of online violence, like harassment, can also happen offline, other forms are unique to the Internet, like:


publishing private or identifying information about someone online


posting insults or personal attacks on the Internet


using social media or GPS trackers to stalk someone using technology 

revenge porn

intimate or sexual images or videos posted without consent online, often after a breakup 

Though there are many forms of online violence they have one thing in common:

women experience them more and experience more harm from them.Footnote i

In fact, 18% of women in Canadian provinces experienced unwanted sexual behaviour online Footnote ii

Some groups experience more unwanted behaviour online than others.

  • 33% of women between 15 and 24
  • 30% of Indigenous women Footnote iii 
  • 50% of all bisexual women 

reported experiencing online harassment in a 2018 survey about the previous 12 monthsFootnotei

But online violence doesn’t stay online. It often results in the types of harm caused by other forms of GBV. 


Can cause depression, anxiety and fear, suicidal tendencies 


Risk of physical harm increases when somebody’s details are posted online 


Sexual harassment is common, along with the sharing of photos without consent 


Perpetrators can post information and photos that make it harder for their victims to find work 

Online harassment has led 28% of women to take protective measures like reducing time online and deleting accounts. Footnote ii

It can also result in social isolation, whereby victims/survivors withdraw from public life, isolating themselves from friends and family.

You can make a difference.

By treating online gender-based violence as the serious issue that it is and challenging it in online spaces (safely), reporting it, or telling someone you trust, we can lessen the damage it can do. 

Learn how to stop dismissing gender-based violence at 

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