Listes des références : Lignes directrices pour la prévention et le contrôle des infections transmises par les appareils souples d’endoscopie digestive et de bronchoscopie

Listes des références

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Canadian Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associations. Infection control: recommended guidelines in endoscopy settings. Canadian Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associations 1998;1-13.

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Provincial Infectious Diseases Advisory Committee ( PIDAC). Best Practices For Cleaning, Disinfection and Sterilization In All Health Care Settings. 2006 Apr 30.

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Nelson DB, Jarvis WR, Rutala WA, Foxx-Orenstein AE, Isenburg G, Dash GP, et al. Multi-society guideline for reprocessing flexible gastrointestinal endoscopes. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2003 Jul;24:532-7.

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Alvarado CJ, Reichelderfer M. APIC guideline for infection prevention and control in flexible endoscopy. Am J Infect Control 2000 Apr;28:135-55.

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British Society of Gastroenterology Endoscopy. BSG Guidelines For Decontamination of Equipment for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. British Society of Gastroenterology Endoscopy; 2003.

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SGNA Practice Committee. Standards of Infection Control in Reprocessing of Flexible Gastrointestinal Endoscopes. Chicago, IL: SGNA Headquarters; 2008.

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ASGE Standards of Practice Committee, Banerjee S, Chen B, Nelson DB, et al. ASGE STANDARDS OF PRACTICE COMMITTEE, Banerjee S, Shen B, Nelson DB, Lichtenstein DR, Baron TH, Anderson MA, Dominitz JA, Gan SI, Harrison ME, Ikenberry SO, Jagannath SB, Fanelli RD, Lee K, van Guilder T, Stewart LE. Infection control during GI endoscopy. Gastrointest Endosc. 2008 May;67:781-90.

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American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. Reprocessing of flexible gastrointestinal endoscopes. Oak Brook, IL: American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy; 1995 Dec.

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Mehta AC, Prakash UBS, Garland R, Haponik E, Moses L, Schaffner W, et al. American College of Chest Physicians and American Association for Bronchology Consensus Statement: Prevention of Flexible Bronchoscopy-Associated Infection. Chest 2005 Sep 1;128:1742-55.

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Cowen AE. Guidelines: Infection Control in Endoscopy (2nd Edition). Jones D, Wardle E, editors. Australian Journal of Rural Health [2nd Edition], 1-115. 2003. Australia, Gastroenterological Society of Australia.

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Canadian Standards Association. Decontamination of Reusable Medical Devices. Mississauga, Ontario; 2008. Report No.: Z314.8-08.

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Public Health Agency of Canada (formerly Health Canada). Infection control guidelines for hand washing, cleaning, disinfection and sterilization in health care. Part of the Infection Control Guidelines Series. 1998. Report No.: 24S8.

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Public Health Agency of Canada (formerly Health Canada). Infection control guidelines: Routine practices and apitional precautions for preventing the transmission of infection in health care. 1999. Report No.: 25S4.

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Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates. Guidelines for the use of high-level disinfectants and sterilants for reprocessing of flexible gastrointestinal endoscopes. In: Abrutyn E, Goldmann DA, Scheckler WE, editors. Saunders Infection Control Reference Service: The Experts' Guide to the Guidelines. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: W.B. Saunders Company; 2001. p. 402-7.

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DiMarino AJ, Leung J, Ravich W, Wolf D, Zuckerman G, Zuccaro G. Reprocessing of flexible gastrointestinal endoscopes. Gastro Endosc 1996;43:540-6.

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Schembre DB. Infectious complications associated with gastrointestinal endoscopy. Endosc Clin N Am 2000;10:215-32.

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Botoman VA, Surawicz CM. Bacteremia with gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures. Gastrointest Endosc 1986;32:342-6.

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Nelson DB. Infection control during gastrointestinal endoscopy. J Lab Clin Med 2003 Mar;141:159-67.

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Hirota WK, Petersen K, Baron TH, Goldstein JL, Jacobson BC, Leighton JA, et al. Guidelines for antibiotic prophylaxis for GI endoscopy. Gastro Endosc 2003 Oct;58:475-82.

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Spach DH, Silverstein FE, Stamm WE. Transmission of infection by gastrointestinal endoscopy and bronchoscopy. Ann Intern Med 1993 Jan 15;118:117-28.

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Joshi N, Localio AR, Hamory BH. A predictive risk index of nosocomial pneumonia in the intensive care unit. Am J Med 1992 Aug;93:135-42.

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Corne P, Godreuil S, Jean-Pierre H, Jonquet O, Campos J, Jumas-Bilak E, et al. Unusual implication of biopsy forceps in outbreaks of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections and pseudo-infections related to bronchoscopy. J Hosp Infect 2005 Sep;61:20-6.

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Kirschke DL, Jones TF, Craig AS, Chu PS, Mayernick GG, Patel JA, et al. Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Serratia marcescens contamination associated with a manufacturing defect in brochoscopes. N Eng J Med 2003 Jan 16;348:214-20.

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Srinivasan A, Wolfenden LL, Song X, Mackie K, Hartsell TL, Jones HD, et al. An outbreak of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections associated with flexible bronchoscopes. N Eng J Med 2003 Jan 16;348:221-7.

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Davis CP. Normal flora. Medical Microbioly. 3rd ed. Churchill Livingston; 1991. p. 123-31.

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Wilson W, Taubert KA, Gewitz M, Lockhart PB, Bapour LM, Levison M, et al. Prevention of Infective Endocarditis: Guidelines From the American Heart Association: A Guideline From the American Heart Association Rheumatic Fever, Endocarditis, and Kawasaki Disease Committee, Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young, and the Council on Clinical Cardiology, Council on Cardiovascular Surgery and Anesthesia, and the Quality of Care and Outcomes Research Interdisciplinary Working Group. Circulation 2007 Oct 9;116:1736-54.

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Ishino Y, Ido K, Sugano K. Contamination with hepatitis B virus DNA in gastrointestinal endoscope channels: risk of infection on reuse after on-site cleaning. Endoscopy 2005;37:548-51.

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Alfa MJ, Sitter DL. In-hospital evaluation of contamination of duodenoscopes: a quantitative assessment of the effect of drying. J Hosp Infect 1991;19:89-98.

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Classen DC, Jacobson JA, Burke JP, Jacobson JT, Evans RS. Serious PSeudomonas infections associated with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. Am J Med 1988 Mar;84(3 (pt2)):590-6.

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Birnie CG, Quigley EM, Clements GB, Follet EAC, Watkinson G. Endoscopic transmission of hepatitis B virus. Gut 1983;24:171-4.

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Singh S, Singh N, Kochhar R, Mehta SK, Talwar P. Contamination of an endoscope due to Trichosporon beigelli. J Hosp Infect 1989;14:49-53

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Doherty DE. Pseudomonas aeuruginosa sepsis following retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Dig Dis Sci 1982;27:169-70.

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Schelenz S, French G. An outbreak of multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection associated with contamination of bronchoscopes and an endoscope washer-disinfector. J Hosp Infect 2000 Sep;46:23-30.

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Pang J, Perry P, Ross A, Forbes GM. Bacteria-free rinse water for endoscope disinfection. Gastrointest Endosc 2002;56:402-6.

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Mitchell DH, Hicks LJ, Chiew R, Montanaro JC, Chen SC. Pseudoepidemic of Legionella pneumophila serogroup 6 associated with contaminated bronchoscopes. J Hosp Infect 1997;37:19-23.

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Allen JI, O'Connor Allen M, Olson MM, Gerding DN, Shanholtzer CJ, Meier PB, et al. Pseudomonas infection of the biliary system resulting from use of a contaminated endoscope. Gastroenterology 1987 Mar;92:759-63.

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Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates. Standards for infection control and reprocessing of flexible gastrointestinal endoscopes. In: Abrutyn E, Goldmann DA, Scheckler WE, editors. Saunders Infection Control Reference Service: The Experts' Guide to the Guidelines. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: W.B. Saunders Company; 2001. p. 408-12.

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Earnshaw JJ. Outbreak of Pseudomonas aeuruginosa following endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. J-Hosp-Infect 1985;6:95-7.

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Chanzy B, Duc-Bin DL, Rousset B, Morand P, Morel-Baccard C, Marchetti B, et al. Effectiveness of a manual disinfection procedure in eliminating hepatitis C virus from experimentally contaminated endoscopes. Gastrointest Endosc 1999;50:147-51.

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Bond WW, Favero MS, Petersen NJ. Inactivation of hepatitis B virus by intermediate-to-high level disinfectant chemicals. J Clin Microbiol 1983;18:535-8.

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Hanson PJ, Jeffries DJ, Collins JV. Viral transmission and fibreoptic endoscopy. J Hosp Infect 1991;18:136-40.

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Hanson PJV, Gor D, Jeffries DJ, Collins JV. Elimination of high titre HIV from fiberoptic endoscopes. Gut 1990;31:657-9.

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Spach DH, Silverstein FE, Stamm WE. Transmission of infection by gastrointestinal endoscopy and bronchoscopy. Ann Intern Med 1993;118:117-28.

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Cowen AE. The clinical risks of infection associated with endoscopy. Can J Gastroenterol 2001;15:321-31.

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Nelson DB, Muscarella LF. Current issues in endoscope reprocessing and infection control during gastrointestinal endoscopy. World J Gastroenterol 2006 Jul 7;12:3953-64.

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Bronowicki J-P, Venard V, Botté C, Monhoven N, Gastin I, Choné L, et al. Patient-to-patient transmission of hepatitis C virus during colonoscopy. N Eng J Med 1997 Jul 24;337:237-40.

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Le Pogam S, Gondeau A, Bacq Y. Nosocomial transmission of hepatitis C virus. Ann Intern Med 1999 Nov 16;131:794.

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Labus B, Sands L, Rowley P, Azzam IA, Holmberg S, et al. Acute Hepatitis C Virus Infections Attributed to Unsafe Injection Practices at an Endoscopy Clinic - Nevada, 2007. MMWR 2008;57:513-7.

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Ciancio A, Manzini P, Castagno F, D'Antico S, Reynaudo P, Coucourde L, et al. Digestive endoscopy is not a major risk factor for transmitting hepatitis C virus. Ann Intern Med 2005;142:903-9.

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Verbaan H, Molnegren V, Pentmo I, Rubin L, Widell A. Prospective Study of Nosocomial Transmission of Hepatitis C in a Swedish Gastroenterology Unit. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2008;29:83-5.

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Mikhail NN, Lewis DL, Omar N, et al. Prospective study of cross-infection from upper-GI endoscopy in a hepatitis C-prevalent population. Gastrointest Endosc 2008;65:584-8.

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Lo Passo C, Pernice I, Celeste A. Transmission of trichosporon asahii oesophagitis by a contaminated endoscope. Mycoses 2001;44:13-21.

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Nicolle LE, McLeod J, Romance L, Parker S, Paraskevas M. Pseudo-outbreak of blastomycosis associated with contaminated bronchoscopes [letter]. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 1992;13:324.

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Sugiyama T, Naka H, Yachi A, Asaka M. Direct evidence by DNA fingerprinting that endoscopic cross-infection of Helicobacter pylori is a cause of postendoscopic acute gastritis. Gastroenterology 2000;38:2381-2.

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Patient-to-patient transmission of Campylobacter pylori infection by fiberoptic gastroduodenoscopy and biopsy. J Infect Dis 1990;161:507-11.

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Fraser T, Reiner S, Malczynski M, Yarnold PR, Warren J. Multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa cholangitis after endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography: failure of routine endoscope cultures to prevent an outbreak. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2004;25:856-9.

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Dwyer DM, Klein EG, Lstre GR, Robinson MG, Neumann DA, McCoy GA. Salmonella newport infections transmitted by fiberoptic colonoscopy. Gastrointest Endosc 1987;33:84-7.

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Wheeler PW, Lancaster D, Kaiser AB. Bronchopulmonary cross-colonization and infection related to mycobacterial contamination of suction valves of bronchoscopes. J Infect Dis 1989 May;159:954-8.

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Ramsey AH, Oemig TV, Davis JP, Massey JP, Torok TJ. An Outbreak of Bronchoscopy-Related Mycobacterium tuberculosis Infections Due to Lack of Bronchoscope Leak Testing. Chest 2002 Mar 1;121:976-81.

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Mandelstam P, Sugawa C, Silvis SE, Nebel OT, Rogers BHG. Complications associated with esophagogastroduodenoscopy and with esophageal dilation. Gastro Intest Endosc 1976;23:16-9.

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Goldstein B, Abrutyn E. Pseudo-outbreak of Bacillus species: related to fibreoptic bronchoscopy. J-Hosp-Infect 1985;6:194-200.

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Kolmos HJ. Pseudo outbreak of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in HIV patients undergoing fiberoptic bronchoscopy. Scand J Infect Dis 1994;26:653-7.

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Cox R, deBorja K, Bach MC. A pseudo-outbreak of Mycobacterium chelonae infections related to bronchoscopy. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 1997;18:136-7.

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Rossetti R, Lencioni P, Innoenti F, Tortoli E. Pseudoepidemic from mycobacterium gordonae due to a contaminated automatic bronchoscope washing machine. Am J Infect Control 2002 May;30:196-7.

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Silva CV, Magalhaes VD, Pereira CR, Kawagoe JY, Ikura C, Ganc AJ. Pseudo-outbreak of pseudomonas aeruginosa and serratia marcescens related to bronchoscopes. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2003 Mar;24:195-7.

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Wilson SJ, Everts RJ, Kirkland KB, Sexton DJ. A pseudo-outbreak of Aureobasidium species lower respiratory tract infections caused by reuse of single-use stopcocks during bronchoscopy. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2000 Jul;21:470-2.

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Lin SK, Lambert JR, Schembri MA, Nicholson L, Korman MG. Helicobacter pylori prevalence in endoscopy and medical staff. J Gastroenterol Hepatol 1994;9:319-24.

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Chong J, Marshall BJ, Barkin JS, McCallum RW, Reiner DK, Hoffman SR, et al. Occupational exposure to Helicobacter pylori for the endoscopy professional: a sera epidemiological study. Am J Gastroenterol 1994;89:1987-92.

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Mitchell HM, Lee A, Carrick J. Increased incident of Campylobacter pylori infection in gastroenterologists: further evidence to support person-to-person transmission of C. pylori. Scand J Gastroenterol 1989;24:396-400.

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Pristautz H, Eherer A, Brezinschek R, Truschnig-Wilders M, Petritsch W, Schreiber F, et al. Prevalence of Helicobacter pylori antibodies in the serum of gastroenterologists in Austria. Endoscopy 1994;26:690-6.

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Bramble MG, Ironside JW. Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease: implications for gastroenterology. Gut 2004;888-90.

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Rutala WA, Weber DJ. Guideline for Disinfection and Sterilization of Prion-Contaminated Medical Instruments. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2010;31:107-17.

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Rutala WA, Weber DJ. Reprocessing endoscopes: United States perspective. J Hosp Infect 2004;56:S27-S39.

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Alfa M, Degagne P, Olson N. Worst-case soiling levels for patient-used flexible endoscopes before and after cleaning. AJIC 2007;27:392-401.

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MacKay WG, Leanord AT, Williams CL. Water, water everywhere nor any a sterile drop to rinse your endoscope. J Hosp Infect 2002;51:256-61.

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Vickery K, Pajkos A, Cossart YE. Removal of biofilm from endoscopes: evaluation of detergent efficiency. Am J Infect Control 2004;32:170-6.

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Alvarado CJ, Reichelderfer M. APIC guideline for infection prevention and control in flexible endoscopy. In: Abrutyn E, Goldmann DA, Scheckler WE, editors. Infection Control Reference Service. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Company; 2001. p. 1490-503.

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Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates IPC. Standards of infection control in reprocessing of flexible gastrointestinal endoscopes. Chicago, IL: Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates,Inc.Practice Committee; 2000.

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