Critical minerals: an opportunity for Canada

Building an opportunity for future generations

Critical minerals are the foundation on which modern technology is built upon. They’re used in a wide range of essential products, from your mobile phone to solar panels to electric vehicle batteries to medical applications. By building critical mineral value chains, we can help supply the world with responsibly sourced products, mitigating the risk of global supply chain disruption.

Our future depends on critical minerals

Critical minerals are the building blocks for the green and digital economy. By investing in critical minerals today, we’re building a stable industry for future generations in Canada.

Renewable energy production and storage

Electric vehicle batteries and motors

Defence and security technologies

Consumer electronics

Critical infrastructures

Canada’s critical minerals list

Canada’s Critical Minerals List identifies 31 minerals and metals considered essential for the sustainable economic success of Canada and its trading partners. The Canadian industry already produces 21 of the 31 critical minerals on the list, with potential for further resource development. Existing and prospective mines, refineries or smelters are located in all regions of the country.

Critical mineral development across Canada

Map: Critical mineral development across Canada
Text version

Critical mineral mines, smelters, refineries or advanced projects are located in all Canadian provinces and territories, except for Prince Edward Island.

  • Mine
  • Smelter or refinery
  • Advanced project
  • Rare earth elements
  • Cobalt
  • Bismuth
  • Copper
  • Zinc
  • Platinum group metals
  • Titanium
  • Tungsten
  • Molybdenum
  • Niobium
  • Uranium
  • Fluorspar
  • Antimony
  • Aluminum
  • Tin
  • Indium
  • Gallium
  • Molybdenum
  • Helium
  • Potash
  • Chromium
  • Graphite
  • Vanadium
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