Constitutional eligibility requirements
An individual must meet the constitutional eligibility requirements at the time of appointment to the Senate.
An individual must be a minimum of 30 years of age and be less than 75 years of age.
An individual must be a citizen of Canada.
Net Worth in Real and Personal Property
An individual must own real property with a net value of $4,000 in the province for which he or she is appointed, and have an overall net worth of $4,000 in real and personal property.
In the case of Quebec, an individual must have his or her real property qualification in the electoral division for which he or she is appointed, or be resident in that electoral division.
- Senators from Quebec must represent one of 24 electoral divisions.
An individual must be a resident of the province for which he or she is appointed:
- An individual must have his or her place of permanent residence in the province or territory of vacancy at the time of application and appointment. The permanent residence of an individual is where the person is ordinarily present and has made his or her home for a minimum period of two years leading up to the application. The individual must provide documentation of residence in the province or territory.
- An exception to the two-year requirement may be made in a case where an individual is temporarily absent from the province or territory of vacancy for reasons of employment or education but can provide satisfactory proof he or she intends to return to his or her permanent residence in the province or territory of vacancy by the time of appointment to the Senate.
Merit-based criteria established by the Government
Gender, Indigenous and Minority Balance
Individuals will be considered with a view to achieving gender balance in the Senate. Priority consideration will be given to applicants who represent Indigenous peoples and linguistic, minority and ethnic communities, with a view to ensuring representation of those communities in the Senate consistent with the Senate’s role in minority representation.
Individuals must demonstrate to the Advisory Board that they have the ability to bring a perspective and contribution to the work of the Senate that is independent and non-partisan. They will also have to disclose any political involvement and activities. Past political activities would not disqualify an applicant.
Individuals must demonstrate a solid knowledge of the legislative process and Canada’s Constitution, including the role of the Senate as an independent and complementary body of sober second thought, regional representation and minority representation.
Individuals must demonstrate outstanding personal qualities, including adhering to the principles and standards of public life, ethics, and integrity.
Individuals must demonstrate an ability to make an effective and significant contribution to the work of the Senate, not only in their chosen profession or area of expertise, but the wide range of other issues that come before the Senate.
Qualifications Related to the Role of the Senate
An individual must demonstrate one of the following criteria:
- a high level of experience, developed over many years, in the legislative process and public service at the federal or provincial/territorial level; and/or,
- a lengthy and recognized record of service to one’s community, which could include one’s Indigenous, ethnic or linguistic community; and/or,
- recognized leadership and an outstanding record of achievement in the individual’s profession or chosen field of expertise.
Bilingualism: fluency in both official languages will be considered an asset.
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