UN Protection Force (Yugoslavia) (UNPROFOR)
The official description, eligibility, criteria, and history of the UN Protection Force (Yugoslavia) (UNPROFOR).
UNPROFOR was established in February 1992 as an interim arrangement to create the conditions of peace and security required for the negotiation of an overall settlement of the Yugoslavian crisis. The role of the UN troops was to ensure that areas designated as "UN Protected Areas" (UNPA) became and remained demilitarized and that all persons residing in these areas were protected from fear of armed attack. The role of UN police monitors was to ensure that local police forces carried out their duties without discriminating against persons of any nationality or abusing any human rights. The force also assisted the humanitarian agencies of the UN in the return of all displaced persons who so desired.
There were several extensions of the original UNPROFOR covering the following purposes: reopening of the Sarajevo airport for humanitarian purposes; establishing a security zone encompassing Sarajevo and its airport; protection of convoys of released detainees in Bosnia and Herzegovina as requested by the International Committee of the Red Cross; monitoring arrangements for the complete withdrawal of the Yugoslavian Army from Croatia; the demilitarization of the Prevlaka peninsula and the removal of heavy weapons from neighbouring areas of Croatia and Montenegro (Res 779,1992); monitoring compliance with the ban on military flights (Res 781,1992); and the establishment of the United Nations presence in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.
UNPROFOR also monitored the implementation of a cease-fire agreement requested by the Bosnian Government and Bosnian-Croat Forces in February 1994. In addition, UNPROFOR monitored cease-fire arrangements, negotiated between the Bosnian Government and Bosnian Serb forces, which became effective on 1 January 1995.
On 31 March 1995, the Security Council decided to restructure UNPROFOR, replacing it with three separate but interrelated peacekeeping operations: UNCRO (United Nations Confidence Restoration Operation in Croatia), UNPREDEP (United Nations Preventive Deployment Force) under the joint theatre headquarters known as UNPF (United Nations Peace Forces) located in Zagreb. Eventually, following positive developments in the former Yugoslavia and the establishment of two new United Nations Missions in Bosnia -Herzegovina and Croatia, UNPF-HQ was phased out in January 1996.
Eligibility and criteria
Awarded for 90 days consecutive service from 01 February 1992 to 19 December 1995.
The UN strictly applies their medals policy and will not consider requests for initial issue of the UN medals that are submitted more than one year after repatriation from the mission area.
The qualifying service is not required for members killed or presumed killed while on assignment. In such cases, the medal may be awarded posthumously.
A circular bronze alloy medal, 1.4 inches (35mm) in diameter.
On the obverse, the representation of the UN symbol surmounted by the straight letters UN, both in bas-relief.
On the reverse, an inscription bearing the words "IN THE SERVICE OF PEACE" in English (and only in English).
A 0.5 inch (12mm) bronze ring, which holds the ribbon, passes through a small hollow ball at the top of a claw joined to the top of the medal.
The ribbon consists of a background of UN blue, with a central wide band of red, representing the United Nations Protected Areas (UNPAs), flanked by thin stripes of white. On the left side there is a narrow band of green, representing forests, and on the right side, a narrow band of brown, representing the mountains.
There is no bar to this medal.
The medal shall be worn in sequence prescribed in the Canadian Orders, Decorations and Medals Directive, and in the following manner:
- on the left breast, suspended from the ribbon described above, after the ONUSAL medal and before the UNAMIC medal.
The use of a post-nominal is not authorized for this medal.
The following is a list of members who have died while serving in the theatre of operations:
- Cpl Bechard J.M.H.
- Pte Cooper K.D.
- Capt Decoste J.P.
- Cpl Galvin D.J.P.
- Sgt Gareau D.
- Cpl Gunther D.
- MCpl Isfeld M.R.
- MCpl Langevin S.L.P.
- Sgt Ralph C.M.
- Cpl Rousseau J.
- MCpl Ternapolski J.W.
- Members serving with OP SHARP GUARD in the Adriatic Sea, and AWACS crews based out of Germany during OP DENY FLIGHT count their service towards the NATO medal for the Former Yugoslavia.
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