The British Columbia Regiment (Duke of Connaught’s Own)

The official lineage of The British Columbia Regiment (Duke of Connaught’s Own) armour regiment.

Badge

Badge

Description

On a maple leaf Vert resting upon a scroll Argent inscribed FRANCE FLANDERS 1915-18, two scrolls conjoined in pale Or inscribed BRITISH COLUMBIA, all above a bugle horn Argent and within a wreath of laurel Vert ensigned by the coronet of a younger son of the Sovereign proper, environed with a battle honour scroll Argent inscribed dexter VIMY 1917, SOMME 1916, FESTUBERT 1915, HINDENBURG LINE and sinister AMIENS, CANAL DU NORD, PASSCHENDAELE, DROCOURT-QUÉANT, the wreath surmounted below the coronet by two battle scrolls conjoined in pale Argent and inscribed SOUTH AFRICA 1899-1900 and YPRES 1915-17 and in base by a scroll Argent inscribed DUKE OF CONNAUGHT'S OWN RIFLES, all inscriptions in letters Sable.

Symbolism

The coronet of His Royal Highness Prince Arthur represents the tie between the Duke of Connaught and the original regiment. The maple leaf and scrolls represent the perpetuation of the 7th Canadian Infantry Battalion, CEF. The bugle, laurel wreath and the inscription "DUKE OF CONNAUGHT'S OWN RIFLES" reflect the unit's role as a rifle regiment from 1900 to 1920 and from 1930 to 1946. The battle honours represent the honours awarded to the regiment and its perpetuated units.

Motto

FAUGH A BALLAGH (Clear the way)

March

I'm Ninety Five

Alliance

The Royal Green Jackets

Affiliation

HMCS Vancouver

Regimental colour

Regimental colour

Camp flag

Camp flag

Battle honours

South African War

SOUTH AFRICA, 1899-1900.

The First World War

YPRES, 1915, '17; Gravenstafel; St. Julien; FESTUBERT, 1915; MOUNT SORREL; SOMME, 1916, '18; Flers-Courcelette; Thiepval; Ancre Heights; Ancre 1916; ARRAS, 1917, '18; Vimy, 1917; Arleux; HILL 70; Passchendaele; AMIENS; Scarpe, 1917, '18; Drocourt-Quéant; HINDENBURG LINE; Canal du Nord; Cambrai 1918; VALENCIENNES; FRANCE AND FLANDERS, 1915-18.

The Second World War

FALAISE; Falaise Road; The Laison; Chambois; THE SCHELDT; The Lower Maas; THE RHINELAND; The Hochwald; Veen; Twente Canal; Küsten Canal; Bad Zwischenahn; NORTH-WEST EUROPE, 1944-1945.

Notes:

The British Columbia Regiment (Duke of Connaught's Own) possessed the battle honour PURSUIT TO MONS from the First World War, but this honour cannot be perpetuated if a regiment is entitled to the honour VALENCIENNES or SAMBRE. One of these honours was gained by the regiment upon amalgamation with The Irish Fusiliers of Canada (The Vancouver Regiment).

Lineage

This Reserve Force regiment originated on 12 October 1883 and incorporates the following regiments and artillery battery.

The British Columbia Regiment (Duke of Connaught's Own) originated in Victoria, British Columbia on 12 October 1883, when the 'British Columbia Provisional Regiment of Garrison Artillery' was authorized to be formed.Footnote 1 It was redesignated: 'British Columbia Brigade of Garrison Artillery' on 7 May 1886;Footnote 2 'British Columbia Battalion of Garrison Artillery' on 1 January 1893;Footnote 3 '5th British Columbia Battalion of Garrison Artillery' on 1 January 1895;Footnote 4 and '5th "British Columbia" Regiment, CA' on 28 December 1895.Footnote 5 The regiment was reorganized into two battalions on 1 July 1896, designated the '1st' (now the '5th (British Columbia) Field Artillery Regiment, RCA') and '2nd' battalions.Footnote 6 The '2nd Battalion' was detached and converted to infantry and redesignated the '6th Battalion Rifles' on 1 August 1899, with headquarters in Vancouver.Footnote 7 It was redesignated the '6th Regiment "The Duke of Connaught's Own Rifles"' on 1 May 1900.Footnote 8 On 12 March 1920, it was amalgamated with the '104th Regiment (Westminster Fusiliers of Canada)' (now 'The Royal Westminster Regiment') and redesignated the '1st British Columbia Regiment'.Footnote 9 It was redesignated the '1st British Columbia Regiment (Duke of Connaught's Own)' on 1 November 1920.Footnote 10 On 15 May 1924 it was reorganized into three separate regiments, designated: 'The Vancouver Regiment' (see below); 'The Westminster Regiment'; and the '1st British Columbia Regiment (Duke of Connaught's Own)'.Footnote 11 The last named was redesignated: 'The British Columbia Regiment (Duke of Connaught's Own Rifles)' on 15 January 1930;Footnote 12 and '2nd (Reserve) Battalion, The British Columbia Regiment, (Duke of Connaught's Own Rifles)' on 7 November 1940.Footnote 13 The regiment was converted to armour and redesignated: '13th Armoured Regiment (The British Columbia Regiment), RCAC' on 1 April 1946;Footnote 14 'The British Columbia Regiment (Duke of Connaught's Own) (13th Armoured Regiment)' on 4 February 1949;Footnote 15 'The British Columbia Regiment (Duke of Connaught's Own) (RCAC)' on 19 May 1958;Footnote 16 and 'The British Columbia Regiment (Duke of Connaught's Own)' on 7 October 1985.Footnote 17 On 13 June 2002, it was amalgamated with 'The Irish Fusiliers of Canada (The Vancouver Regiment) (see below), retaining the same designation.Footnote 18

Notes:

Unlike the volunteer militia units of Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, who were required to re-enrol under the Act 31 Vic.; Cap. 40, respecting the Militia Defence of the Dominion of Canada, the provinces which joined Confederation after 1867 were not covered by this provision. Therefore, there can be no legal continuity of a former British Columbia regiment - or ante-dating of authorization.

Upon redesignation as the 1st British Columbia Regiment on 12 March 1920 (see above), it was organized as a six battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (7th Battalion, CEF), 2nd Battalion (29th Battalion, CEF) and 3rd Battalion (7th Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle and the 4th Battalion (62nd Battalion, CEF), 5th Battalion (131st Battalion, CEF), and 6th Battalion (158th Battalion, CEF) on the Reserve order of battle. The designation of the 5th Battalion was changed to '5th Battalion (158th Battalion, CEF)' and the 6th Battalion to '6th Battalion (131st Battalion, CEF)' on 1 September 1921 (GO 246/21).

The 1st British Columbia Regiment was disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 15 September 1920 and reorganized the same day (GO 232/20). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

Upon reorganization on 15 May 1924 (see above), it was organized as a two battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (7th Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle and the 2nd Battalion (62nd Battalion, CEF) on the Reserve order of battle. The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

The Irish Fusiliers of Canada (Vancouver Regiment) originated in Vancouver, British Columbia on 15 August 1913, when the '11th Regiment Irish Fusiliers of Canada' was authorized to be formed.Footnote 19 It was redesignated 'The Irish Fusiliers of Canada' on 12 March 1920.Footnote 20 On 1 June 1936, it was amalgamated with 'The Vancouver Regiment' (see below) and redesignated the 'Irish Fusiliers (Vancouver Regiment)'.Footnote 21 It was redesignated: '2nd (Reserve) Battalion, Irish Fusiliers (Vancouver Regiment)' on 1 January 1941;Footnote 22 and 'Irish Fusiliers (Vancouver Regiment)' on 1 June 1945.Footnote 23 The regiment was converted to artillery and redesignated the '65th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment (Irish Fusiliers), RCA' on 1 April 1946.Footnote 24 On 1 September 1958, it was amalgamated with the '120th Independent Field Battery, RCA' (see below), converted to infantry and redesignated the 'Irish Fusiliers of Canada (The Vancouver Regiment)'.Footnote 25 It was reduced to nil strength and transferred to the Supplementary Order of Battle on 19 March 1965.Footnote 26 On 13 June 2002, it was removed from the Supplementary Order of Battle and amalgamated with The British Columbia Regiment (Duke of Connaught's Own), as above.

Notes:

Upon redesignation as The Irish Fusiliers of Canada on 12 March 1920 (see above), it was organized as a two battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (121st Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle and a 2nd Battalion (no CEF designation) on the Reserve order of battle. The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

The Irish Fusiliers of Canada were disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 2 July 1920 and reorganized the same day (GO 140/20). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

The Irish Fusiliers of Canada were disbanded for the purpose of amalgamation on 31 May 1936 and reorganized the next day (GO 43/36 and GO 55/36). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

The 120th Independent Field Battery, RCA originated in Prince Rupert, British Columbia on 1 May 1914, when the 'Earl Grey's Own Rifles' were authorized to be formed.Footnote 27 It was redesignated: '68th Regiment (Earl Grey's Own Rifles)' on 2 November 1914;Footnote 28 and 'The North British Columbia Regiment' on 12 March 1920.Footnote 29 On 15 December 1936, it was converted to artillery and redesignated: '102nd (North British Columbia) Heavy Battery, RCA';Footnote 30 '102nd (Reserve) (North British Columbia) Heavy Battery, RCA' on 1 January 1941;Footnote 31 '120th Coast Battery, RCA' on 1 April 1946;Footnote 32 '120th Heavy Anti Aircraft Battery, RCA' on 5 February 1948;Footnote 33 '120th Harbour Defence Troop, RCA' on 17 October 1954;Footnote 34 and '120th Independent Field Battery, RCA' on 25 October 1956.Footnote 35 On 1 September 1958, it was amalgamated with the '65th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment (Irish Fusiliers), RCA', as above.

Notes:

Upon redesignation as The North British Columbia Regiment on 12 March 1920 (see above), it was organized as a two battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (102nd Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle and the 2nd Battalion (30th Battalion, CEF) on the Reserve order of battle. The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

The North British Columbia Regiment was disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 15 July 1921 and reorganized the same day (GO 257/21). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

The North British Columbia Regiment was disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 14 December 1936 and reorganized the next day (GO 193/36). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

The Vancouver Regiment originated in Vancouver, British Columbia on 15 May 1924 when the '1st British Columbia Regiment (Duke of Connaught's Own)' was reorganized into three separate regiments designated the '1st British Columbia Regiment (Duke of Connaught's Own)', 'The Westminster Regiment'; and 'The Vancouver Regiment'.Footnote 36 On 1 June 1936, it was amalgamated with 'The Irish Fusiliers of Canada', as above.

Notes:

Upon redesignation as The Vancouver Regiment on 15 May 1924 (see above), it was organized as a two battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (29th Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle and the 2nd Battalion (158th Battalion, CEF) on the Reserve order of battle. The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

The Vancouver Regiment was disbanded for the purpose of amalgamation on 31 May 1936 and reorganized the next day (GO 43/36 and GO 55/36). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

Perpetuations

'7th', '29th', '30th', '62nd', '102nd', '121st', and '158th "Overseas" Battalion(s), CEF »

Headquarters Location

Vancouver, British Columbia

Operational history

South African War

The 6th Battalion Rifles contributed volunteers for the Canadian Contingents during the South African War.Footnote 37

The First World War

The 6th Regiment "The Duke of Connaught's Own Rifles" was placed on active service on 6 August 1914 for local protection duties.Footnote 38

The 11th Regiment Irish Fusiliers of Canada was placed on active service on 6 August 1914 for local protection duties.Footnote 39

The 7th Battalion, which was authorized on 10 August 1914 as the '7th Battalion, CEF',Footnote 40 embarked for Britain on 28 September 1914.Footnote 41 It disembarked in France on 15 February 1915, where it fought as part of the 2nd Infantry Brigade, 1st Canadian Division in France and Flanders until the end of the war.Footnote 42 The battalion was disbanded on 30 August 1920.Footnote 43

The 29th Battalion, which was authorized on 7 November 1914 as the '29th Battalion, CEF',Footnote 44 embarked for Britain on 20 May 1915.Footnote 45 It disembarked in France on 17 September 1915, where it fought as part of the 6th Infantry Brigade, 2nd Canadian Division in France and Flanders until the end of the war.Footnote 46 The battalion was disbanded on 30 August 1920.Footnote 47

The 30th Battalion, which was authorized on 27 October 1914 as the '30th Battalion, CEF',Footnote 48 embarked for Britain on 23 February 1915.Footnote 49 It was redesignated the '30th Reserve Battalion, CEF' on 18 April 1915 to provide reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field.Footnote 50 On 4 January 1917 its personnel were absorbed by the '1st Reserve Battalion, CEF'.Footnote 51 The battalion was disbanded on 1 September 1917.Footnote 52

The 62nd Battalion, which was authorized on 20 April 1915 as the '62nd "Overseas" Battalion, CEF',Footnote 53 embarked for Britain on 20 March 1916.Footnote 54 It provided reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field until 6 July 1916 when its personnel were absorbed by the '30th Reserve Battalion, CEF'.Footnote 55 The battalion was disbanded on 8 December 1917.Footnote 56

The 102nd Battalion, which was authorized on 22 December 1915 as the '102nd "Overseas" Battalion, CEF',Footnote 57 embarked for Britain on 18 June 1916.Footnote 58 It disembarked in France on 12 August 1916, where it fought as part of the 11th Infantry Brigade, 4th Canadian Division in France and Flanders until the end of the war.Footnote 59 The battalion was disbanded on 30 August 1920.Footnote 60

The 121st Battalion, which was authorized on 22 December 1915 as the '121st "Overseas" Battalion, CEF',Footnote 61 embarked for Britain on 14 November 1916.Footnote 62 It provided reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field until 10 January 1917 when its personnel were absorbed by the '16th Reserve Battalion, CEF'.Footnote 63 The battalion was disbanded on 17 July 1917.Footnote 64

The 158th Battalion, which was authorized on 22 December 1915 as the '158th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF',Footnote 65 embarked for Britain on 14 November 1916.Footnote 66 It provided reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field until 4 January 1917 when its personnel were absorbed by the '1st Reserve Battalion, CEF'.Footnote 67 The battalion was disbanded on 27 July 1917.Footnote 68

The Second World War

The British Columbia Regiment was called out on service on 26 August 1939.Footnote 69 Details of the regiment were placed on active service on 1 September 1939, under the designation 'The British Columbia Regiment (Duke of Connaught's Own Rifles), CASF (Details)', for local protection duties.Footnote 70 The details called out on active service were disbanded on 31 December 1940.Footnote 71 The regiment subsequently mobilized 'The British Columbia Regiment (Duke of Connaught's Own Rifles), CASF' for active service on 24 May 1940.Footnote 72 It was redesignated: '1st Battalion, The British Columbia Regiment (Duke of Connaught's Own Rifles), CASF' on 7 November 1940.Footnote 73 It was converted to armour and redesignated: '28th Armoured Regiment (The British Columbia Regiment), CAC, CASF' on 26 January 1942;Footnote 74 and '28th Armoured Regiment (The British Columbia Regiment), RCAC, CASF' on 2 August 1945.Footnote 75 On 21 August 1942 it embarked for Britain.Footnote 76 The regiment landed in France on 28 July 1944 as part of the 4th Armoured Brigade, 4th Canadian Armoured Division and continued to serve in North West Europe until the end of the war.Footnote 77 The overseas regiment was disbanded on 15 February 1946.Footnote 78

Details from the Irish Fusiliers were called out on service on 26 August 1939 and then placed on active service on 1 September 1939, under the designation 'Irish Fusiliers (Vancouver Regiment), CASF (Details)', for local protection duties.Footnote 79 The details called out on active service were disbanded on 31 December 1940.Footnote 80 The regiment subsequently mobilized the '1st Battalion, Irish Fusiliers (Vancouver Regiment), CASF' on 1 January 1941.Footnote 81 This unit served in Canada in a home defence role as part of the 18th Infantry Brigade, 6th Canadian Division;Footnote 82 and in Jamaica on garrison duty from 18 May 1943 to 6 August 1944.Footnote 83 On 10 January 1945 it embarked for Britain,Footnote 84 where it was disbanded on 19 January 1945 to provide reinforcements to the Canadian Army in the field.Footnote 85 The regiment also mobilized the '3rd Battalion, Irish Fusiliers (Vancouver Regiment), CASF' for active service on 12 May 1942.Footnote 86 This unit served in Canada in a home defence role as part of the 19th Infantry Brigade of Pacific Command.Footnote 87 The 3rd Battalion was disbanded on 15 August 1943.Footnote 88

The 102nd Battery was called out on service on 26 August 1939.Footnote 89 Details of the battery were placed on active service on 1 September 1939, under the designation '102nd (North British Columbia) Heavy Battery, RCA, CASF (Details)', for local protection duties.Footnote 90 The details called out on active service were disbanded on 31 December 1940.Footnote 91 The battery subsequently mobilized the '102nd (North British Columbia) Heavy Battery, RCA, CASF' for active service on 1 January 1941.Footnote 92 It was redesignated the '102nd Coast Battery, RCA, CASF' on 1 May 1942.Footnote 93 This unit served in Canada in a home defence role with the '17th (North British Columbia) Coast Regiment, RCA, CASF' as part of Pacific Command.Footnote 94 The battery was disbanded on 31 October 1945.Footnote 95

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