Employment Insurance Monitoring and Assessment Report 2014/15 Annex 1 - Key Labour Market Statistics

  • Annex 1.1 Key Labour Market Statistics – Concepts and Definitions

    Chapter I and Annex 1 provide information on the labour force, employment, unemployment, participation rate, employment rate and unemployment rate. These concepts are defined below.

    Labour Force

    The labour force is comprised of those members of the civilian non-institutional population 15 years of age and over who were employed or unemployed during the Statistics Canada's Labour Force Survey reference week.

    Persons who are not in the labour force include those who were either unable to work or unavailable for work. They also include persons who were without work and who had neither actively looked for work in the past four weeks nor had a job to start within four weeks of the reference week.

    Employment

    Employed persons are those who, during the Statistics Canada's Labour Force Survey reference week:

    1. did any work at all at a job or business, that is, paid work in the context of an employer-employee relationship, or self-employment (it also includes persons who did unpaid family work, which is defined as unpaid work contributing directly to the operation of a farm, business or professional practice owned and operated by a related member of the same household); or
    2. had a job but were not at work due to factors such as their own illness or disability, personal or family responsibilities, vacation or a labour dispute (this excludes persons not at work because they were on layoff or between casual jobs, and those who did not then have a job even if they had a job to start at a future date).

    Unemployment

    Unemployed persons are those who, during the Statistics Canada's Labour Force Survey reference week:

    1. were without work but had looked for work in the past four weeks (ending with the reference week) and were available for work;
    2. were on temporary layoff due to business conditions, with an expectation of recall (either because they have a definite date to return to work or because they have an indication from their employer that they will be recalled in the future) and were available for work; or
    3. had not actively looked for work in the past four weeks but had a job to start within four weeks from the reference week and were available for work.

    Participation Rate

    The participation rate is defined as the labour force expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over.

    The participation rate for a particular group (province, gender, age, etc.) is the labour force in that group expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over for that group.

    Employment Rate

    The employment rate is defined as the number of employed persons expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over.

    The employment rate for a particular group (province, gender, age, etc.) is the number employed in that group expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over for that group.

    Unemployment Rate

    The unemployment rate is defined as the number of unemployed persons expressed as a percentage of the labour force.

    The unemployment rate for a particular group (province, gender, age, etc.) is the number unemployed in that group expressed as a percentage of the labour force for that group.

    • Sources: Statistics Canada, Guide to the Labour Force Survey, catalogue no. 71-543-G (Ottawa: Statistics Canada, Labour Statistics Division, 2015); and Statistics Canada, Labour Force Information: Friday, December 4, 2015, Catalogue no. 71-001-X (Ottawa: Statistics Canada, Labour Statistics Division, 2015).
  • Annex 1.2 Labour Force
    Labour Force Characteristics1, 2, 3
    (000s of people) Change (%)4
    1982/1983 1987/1988 1990/1991 1995/1996 2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011 2011/2012 2012/2013 2013/2014 2014/2015 2013/2014–2014/2015
    Population5 19,169.6 20,413.8 21,297.8 22,734.6 25,845.7 26,203.4 26,548.9 26,918.8 27,295.9 27,662.0 28,002.2 28,374.8 28,735.3 29,056.9 1.1
    Labour Force 12,344.0 13,597.0 14,276.4 14,715.2 17,330.2 17,593.6 17,923.4 18,161.9 18,288.4 18,502.7 18,646.5 18,884.0 19,070.0 19,142.3 0.4
    Employment 10,860.5 12,455.8 13,019.7 13,324.2 16,181.1 16,494.2 16,852.5 16,956.5 16,744.0 17,039.7 17,259.1 17,521.6 17,726.6 17,829.6 0.6
    Unemployment 1,483.5 1,141.2 1,256.7 1,391.0 1,149.1 1,099.4 1,071.0 1,205.4 1,544.4 1,463.0 1,387.4 1,362.4 1,343.3 1,312.7 -2.3
    (%) Change (% points)6
    1982/1983 1987/1988 1990/1991 1995/1996 2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011 2011/2012 2012/2013 2013/2014 2014/2015 2013/2014–2014/2015
    Unemployment Rate 64.4 66.6 67.0 64.7 67.1 67.2 67.5 67.5 67.0 66.9 66.6 66.6 66.4 65.9 -0.5
    Participation Rate 56.7 61.0 61.1 58.6 62.6 63.0 63.5 63.0 61.4 61.6 61.6 61.8 61.7 61.4 -0.3
    Employment Rate 12.0 8.4 8.8 9.5 6.6 6.3 6.0 6.6 8.5 7.9 7.4 7.2 7.0 6.9 -0.1
    • Note: Totals may not add up due to rounding.
    • 1 The years reviewed in this annex prior to 2005/2006 correspond to the last year of periods of recession in Canada observed in recent history (1982/1983 and 1990/1991) and the fifth year of economic recovery following these periods of recession (1987/1988 and 1995/1996) in order to compare economic conditions.
    • 2 Fiscal year data in this annex are the annual average of unadjusted monthly estimates produced by Statistics Canada. Data are rounded by Statistics Canada (in CANSIM) using the round-to-nearest-even method. When the number being rounded is followed by a number larger than five, the number being rounded is increased by one unit (e.g. 4.46 rounded to one decimal equals 4.5); when the number being rounded is followed by a number less than five, the number being rounded is left unchanged (e.g. 4.44 rounded to one decimal equals 4.4); when the number being rounded is followed by the number five, the number being rounded is increased by one unit if it is odd (e.g. 4.15 rounded to one decimal equals 4.2) and left unchanged if it is even (e.g. 4.45 rounded to one decimal equals 4.4).
    • 3 In January 2016, Statistics Canada made a revision to its Labour Force Survey estimates. As a result, key labour market statistics for years prior to 2014/2015 reported in previous Employment Insurance Monitoring and Assessment Reports have been restated to reflect this change.
    • 4 Percentage growth between 2013/2014 and 2014/2015.
    • 5 Number of working-age persons, 15 years of age and older.
    • 6 Percentage point difference between 2013/2014 and 2014/2015.
    • Source: Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey, CANSIM Table 282-0087.
  • Annex 1.3 Employment (by Province and Territory, Gender, Age and Educational Attainment, Industry, Employment Type, Class of Workers and Job Permanency)
    Employment1, 2, 3
    (000s of people) Change (%)4
    1982/1983 1987/1988 1990/1991 1995/1996 2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011 2011/2012 2012/2013 2013/2014 2014/2015 2013/2014–2014/2015
    Province and Territory
    Newfoundland and Labrador 180.0 192.8 206.9 192.9 211.9 215.7 218.6 219.7 215.9 226.3 233.6 243.0 241.8 237.1 -1.9
    Prince Edward Island 46.9 53.5 54.7 57.8 67.7 68.4 68.5 68.4 68.9 69.8 72.1 74.0 73.9 73.9 0.0
    Nova Scotia 320.0 363.2 385.8 376.5 441.7 443.2 447.7 452.2 448.8 452.2 454.5 456.6 450.8 447.9 -0.6
    New Brunswick 247.4 283.5 300.4 307.3 348.6 350.8 359.4 360.8 359.5 357.6 354.4 353.4 355.6 352.9 -0.8
    Quebec 2,619.0 3,044.2 3,128.7 3,140.7 3,711.8 3,760.6 3,862.7 3,871.6 3,866.8 3,955.2 3,970.2 4,034.2 4,062.3 4,065.5 0.1
    Ontario 4,169.6 4,953.9 5,137.9 5,111.6 6,397.6 6,477.8 6,569.4 6,574.8 6,436.1 6,574.4 6,669.9 6,729.1 6,842.3 6,886.0 0.6
    Manitoba 459.4 506.2 510.9 517.2 577.7 585.0 594.9 602.1 601.3 611.3 612.8 625.4 623.9 630.0 1.0
    Saskatchewan 429.6 462.5 453.6 456.1 480.5 497.1 506.8 521.2 526.6 532.4 537.2 554.4 566.0 571.4 1.0
    Alberta 1,149.5 1,198.2 1,279.4 1,373.6 1,837.9 1,936.0 2,007.1 2,056.7 2,022.1 2,037.5 2,117.1 2,187.5 2,239.5 2,286.0 2.1
    British Columbia 1,239.0 1,398.0 1,561.4 1,790.5 2,105.6 2,159.5 2,217.3 2,229.1 2,198.2 2,223.0 2,237.3 2,264.0 2,270.5 2,279.0 0.4
    Yukon5 Not available Not available Not available Not available 17.1 17.2 17.5 17.8 17.1 18.2 19.4 19.3 19.4 19.8 2.1
    Northwest Territories5 Not available Not available Not available Not available 22.8 23.2 23.0 22.3 20.8 22.0 23.0 23.1 23.1 22.0 -4.8
    Nunavut5 Not available Not available Not available Not available 7.9 9.0 10.1 10.7 10.9 11.6 11.8 12.2 12.7 12.4 -2.4
    Gender
    Men 6,359.5 7,084.2 7,217.3 7,275.0 8,607.4 8,720.8 8,887.0 8,911.4 8,699.7 8,906.8 9,046.0 9,159.0 9,272.8 9,344.7 0.8
    Women 4,501.0 5,371.7 5,802.4 6,049.2 7,573.7 7,773.4 7,965.4 8,045.2 8,044.3 8,132.9 8,213.1 8,362.6 8,453.9 8,485.0 0.4
    Age
    15 to 24 Years (Youth) 2,527.5 2,585.2 2,353.9 2,086.0 2,498.2 2,556.7 2,614.3 2,591.6 2,431.3 2,446.0 2,461.8 2,452.2 2,474.2 2,488.6 0.6
    25 to 54 Years 7,116.4 8,615.9 9,388.0 9,978.7 11,433.9 11,564.1 11,690.3 11,700.9 11,522.9 11,628.8 11,707.8 11,819.8 11,847.5 11,832.7 -0.1
    55 Years and Older (Older Workers) 1,216.6 1,254.8 1,277.8 1,259.5 2,249.0 2,373.3 2,547.9 2,664.0 2,789.8 2,965.0 3,089.5 3,249.6 3,405.0 3,508.3 3.0
    Educational Attainment
    Less than High School6 Not available Not available 3,439.0 2,689.8 2,221.0 2,237.1 2,180.7 2,125.8 1,950.6 1,864.0 1,847.6 1,818.3 1,747.9 1,676.2 -4.1
    High School Diploma7 Not available Not available 4,239.3 4,135.3 4,733.2 4,719.2 4,834.0 4,822.3 4,733.6 4,725.0 4,774.9 4,722.8 4,808.5 4,809.5 0.0
    Post-secondary Certificate or Diploma8 Not available Not available 3,434.1 4,080.9 5,575.9 5,709.8 5,911.2 5,927.1 5,918.9 6,112.8 6,185.3 6,296.0 6,332.7 6,396.7 1.0
    University Degree9 Not available Not available 1,907.2 2,418.3 3,651.0 3,828.0 3,926.6 4,081.3 4,140.9 4,337.9 4,451.3 4,684.6 4,837.5 4,947.2 2.3
    Industry
    Goods-producing Industries 3,311.5 3,671.1 3,683.5 3,460.1 3,988.2 3,980.4 3,964.2 3,932.2 3,701.5 3,747.2 3,809.2 3,892.7 3,913.8 3,888.8 -0.6
    Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting Not available 566.0 550.2 535.6 440.8 431.6 418.4 402.3 391.3 377.7 372.7 378.6 381.2 368.4 -3.4
    Mining and Oil and Gas Extraction Not available 187.4 190.0 174.4 221.4 252.6 258.9 264.1 245.1 257.2 279.3 295.8 304.0 302.3 -0.6
    Utilities 122.1 116.8 142.7 123.8 123.3 123.3 141.2 147.1 142.5 140.7 135.6 133.1 137.5 136.2 -0.9
    Construction 629.2 742.3 796.4 720.4 1,039.2 1,076.8 1,152.6 1,232.4 1,190.3 1,256.4 1,304.0 1,334.2 1,372.2 1,376.1 0.3
    Manufacturing 1,827.1 2,058.7 2,004.2 1,905.9 2,163.5 2,096.1 1,993.0 1,886.3 1,732.3 1,715.1 1,717.6 1,751.0 1,718.8 1,705.9 -0.8
    Services-producing Industries 7,549.0 8,784.8 9,336.2 9,864.2 12,192.9 12,513.8 12,888.3 13,024.3 13,042.5 13,292.5 13,449.8 13,628.9 13,812.9 13,940.8 0.9
    Wholesale Trade Not available 420.6 420.0 437.5 606.4 603.5 626.0 630.2 618.1 631.6 619.6 612.9 603.5 634.9 5.2
    Retail Trade Not available 1,589.0 1,661.2 1,648.5 1,978.8 2,024.5 2,052.1 2,041.6 2,026.1 2,057.7 2,050.5 2,058.3 2,115.3 2,094.2 -1.0
    Transportation and Warehousing 588.7 641.0 641.2 664.4 799.8 801.7 830.6 847.3 814.8 823.6 850.9 865.6 888.1 899.2 1.2
    Finance and Insurance Not available 543.0 596.2 594.3 704.6 736.6 747.7 762.4 754.4 761.6 747.9 755.6 770.3 785.4 2.0
    Real Estate and Rental and Leasing Not available 231.8 259.7 257.1 283.6 302.8 304.2 296.5 317.4 310.2 323.3 310.4 313.0 299.1 -4.4
    Professional, Scientific and Technical Services 384.0 501.8 586.3 680.5 1,055.3 1,080.3 1,143.0 1,168.2 1,158.3 1,232.0 1,273.7 1,269.2 1,323.5 1,337.2 1.0
    Business, Building and Other Support Services10 213.6 271.3 315.0 405.1 656.1 688.0 701.1 696.7 684.6 694.6 691.6 712.2 741.7 740.1 -0.2
    Educational Services 697.6 791.2 843.3 923.7 1,125.8 1,160.1 1,172.0 1,155.5 1,158.8 1,164.3 1,178.6 1,218.9 1,223.5 1,253.7 2.5
    Health Care and Social Assistance 973.0 1,168.8 1,293.5 1,393.9 1,726.0 1,797.9 1,849.3 1,909.7 1,979.6 2,054.8 2,096.8 2,158.3 2,192.9 2,235.3 1.9
    Information, Culture and Recreation11 438.3 510.5 509.0 571.9 730.2 745.3 775.3 740.1 752.1 769.7 767.1 758.3 759.0 754.2 -0.6
    Accommodation and Food Services 612.1 719.1 764.7 825.9 999.8 1,035.4 1,070.2 1,098.0 1,073.5 1,102.6 1,152.2 1,174.0 1,177.2 1,212.7 3.0
    Other Services (except Public Administration) 518.9 626.8 602.2 650.2 690.8 702.4 733.5 767.2 780.8 771.0 778.9 803.0 796.6 784.4 -1.5
    Public Administration 718.0 769.7 844.0 811.2 835.7 835.2 883.4 910.8 924.1 918.9 918.6 932.2 908.4 910.3 0.2
    Employment Type
    Full-time Employment12 9,093.2 10,379.8 10,780.1 10,802.1 13,207.0 13,493.5 13,772.5 13,778.4 13,515.2 13,693.1 13,953.7 14,201.8 14,335.2 14,398.0 0.4
    Part-time Employment13 1,767.2 2,076.0 2,239.6 2,522.1 2,974.1 3,000.7 3,080.0 3,178.2 3,228.8 3,346.6 3,305.4 3,319.8 3,391.4 3,431.7 1.2
    Class of Worker
    Employees 9,362.4 10,737.4 11,169.9 11,217.3 13,653.0 13,983.2 14,238.6 14,295.8 14,042.1 14,369.7 14,595.7 14,830.6 14,998.9 15,091.6 0.6
    Public Sector Employees 2,493.2 2,646.9 2,759.0 2,737.4 3,134.2 3,181.6 3,314.7 3,364.8 3,389.7 3,441.5 3,472.4 3,526.7 3,542.5 3,555.3 0.4
    Private Sector Employees 6,869.2 8,090.5 8,410.8 8,479.9 10,518.8 10,801.6 10,924.0 10,931.1 10,652.4 10,928.1 11,123.3 11,303.9 11,456.4 11,536.4 0.7
    Self-employed 1,498.1 1,718.5 1,849.8 2,106.9 2,528.0 2,511.0 2,613.8 2,660.7 2,701.9 2,670.0 2,663.4 2,691.1 2,727.7 2,738.0 0.4
    Job Permanency
    Employees 9,362.4 10,737.4 11,169.9 11,217.3 13,653.0 13,983.2 14,238.6 14,295.8 14,042.1 14,369.7 14,595.7 14,830.6 14,998.9 15,091.6 0.6
    Permanent Employees14 Not available Not available Not available Not available 11,847.7 12,153.3 12,419.3 12,548.9 12,245.8 12,444.1 12,593.3 12,804.8 12,997.8 13,067.2 0.5
    Temporary Employees15 Not available Not available Not available Not available 1,805.3 1,829.9 1,819.3 1,746.9 1,796.3 1,925.6 2,002.4 2,025.7 2,001.2 2,024.4 1.2
    Total (Canada) 10,860.5 12,455.8 13,019.7 13,324.2 16,181.1 16,494.2 16,852.5 16,956.5 16,744.0 17,039.7 17,259.1 17,521.6 17,726.6 17,829.6 0.6
    • Note: Totals may not add up due to rounding.
    • 1 The years reviewed in this annex prior to 2005/2006 correspond to the last year of periods of recession in Canada observed in recent history (1982/1983 and 1990/1991) and the fifth year of economic recovery following these periods of recession (1987/1988 and 1995/1996) in order to compare economic conditions.
    • 2 Fiscal year data in this annex are the annual average of unadjusted monthly estimates produced by Statistics Canada. Data are rounded by Statistics Canada (in CANSIM) using the round-to-nearest-even method. When the number being rounded is followed by a number larger than five, the number being rounded is increased by one unit (e.g. 4.46 rounded to one decimal equals 4.5); when the number being rounded is followed by a number less than five, the number being rounded is left unchanged (e.g. 4.44 rounded to one decimal equals 4.4); when the number being rounded is followed by the number five, the number being rounded is increased by one unit if it is odd (e.g. 4.15 rounded to one decimal equals 4.2) and left unchanged if it is even (e.g. 4.45 rounded to one decimal equals 4.4).
    • 3 In January 2016, Statistics Canada made a revision to its Labour Force Survey estimates. As a result, key labour market statistics for years prior to 2014/2015 reported in previous Employment Insurance Monitoring and Assessment Reports have been restated to reflect this change.
    • 4 Percentage growth between 2013/2014 and 2014/2015.
    • 5 Data specific to territories come from special tabulations provided by Statistics Canada and therefore are not included in the official total for Canada. Data in other categories (i.e. data by gender, age, educational attainment, industry, employment type, class of workers and job permanency) also excludes territorial data.
    • 6 Includes zero to eight years of education and some high school.
    • 7 Includes high school graduation and some post-secondary education (not completed).
    • 8 Includes certificates (including trade certificates) or diplomas from an educational institution beyond the secondary level, which comprise certificates from a vocational school, apprenticeship training, community college, collège d'enseignement général et professionnel (cégep) and school of nursing. Also included are certificates below a bachelor's degree obtained at a university.
    • 9 Includes at least a university bachelor's degree.
    • 10 This industry combines codes 55 (management of companies and enterprises) and 56 (administrative and support, waste management and remediation services) from the North American Industry Classification System.
    • 11 This industry combines codes 51 (information and cultural industries) and 71 (arts, entertainment and recreation) from the North American Industry Classification System.
    • 12 Full-time employment consists of persons who usually work 30 hours or more per week at their main or only job.
    • 13 Part-time employment consists of persons who usually work less than 30 hours per week at their main or only job.
    • 14 A permanent job is one that is expected to last as long as the employee wants it, if business conditions permit—that is, there is no predetermined end date.
    • 15 A temporary job has a predetermined end date or will end as soon as a specified project is completed. This category includes seasonal jobs; temporary, term or contract jobs, including work done through a temporary help agency; casual jobs; and other temporary work.
    • Source: Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey, CANSIM Tables 282-0003 (for data by educational attainment), 282-0007 (for data by industry), 282-0011 (for data by class of workers), 282-0079 (for data by job permanency) and 282-0087 (for data specific to provinces, by gender, age and employment type), and special tabulations (for data specific to territories).
  • Annex 1.4 Unemployment (by Province and Territory, Gender, Age, Educational Attainment, Industry, Reason for Unemployment and Duration of Unemployment)
    Unemployment1, 2, 3
    (000s of people) Change (%)4
    1982/1983 1987/1988 1990/1991 1995/1996 2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011 2011/2012 2012/2013 2013/2014 2014/2015 2013/2014–2014/2015
    Province and Territory
    Newfoundland and Labrador 37.3 40.6 43.7 42.8 38.5 36.7 32.8 35.7 40.1 36.4 33.6 33.4 31.8 32.7 2.8
    Prince Edward Island 7.0 7.7 9.6 10.0 8.5 8.2 7.7 8.9 8.8 9.2 9.0 9.3 9.6 8.6 -10.4
    Nova Scotia 49.9 46.4 47.3 51.2 39.2 37.7 38.7 38.9 46.6 48.1 43.6 47.3 44.3 43.7 -1.4
    New Brunswick 42.4 41.8 41.2 38.6 36.7 31.4 30.2 34.1 34.2 37.2 37.6 41.3 39.6 39.5 -0.3
    Quebec 453.7 327.8 386.9 399.8 335.0 323.6 294.6 319.4 359.7 339.1 344.8 329.8 337.2 334.5 -0.8
    Ontario 505.7 303.4 397.6 493.0 446.4 438.8 445.1 505.6 655.9 606.9 564.5 575.0 555.0 531.1 -4.3
    Manitoba 47.1 40.6 42.7 40.2 27.5 26.7 27.0 27.6 33.8 35.0 35.8 34.0 36.6 36.0 -1.6
    Saskatchewan 32.4 36.9 34.7 34.4 25.9 22.6 22.4 22.8 27.3 30.2 27.2 25.9 24.9 23.8 -4.4
    Alberta 116.6 118.4 98.5 114.9 72.0 70.2 73.3 87.4 149.7 135.5 117.9 102.2 107.8 117.3 8.8
    British Columbia 191.4 177.7 154.5 166.1 119.4 103.5 99.1 124.9 188.3 185.5 173.6 164.1 156.7 145.5 -7.1
    Yukon5 Not available Not available Not available Not available 0.9 0.7 0.9 1.1 1.5 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.1 0.9 -18.2
    Northwest Territories5 Not available Not available Not available Not available 1.2 1.2 1.5 1.3 1.6 1.7 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 -5.0
    Nunavut5 Not available Not available Not available Not available 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.5 1.7 2.4 2.4 2.1 2.1 1.9 -9.5
    Gender
    Men 896.5 620.4 712.6 790.0 631.6 607.1 598.8 700.7 926.1 829.0 769.3 756.5 753.5 740.2 -1.8
    Women 587.0 520.8 544.1 601.0 517.5 492.3 472.2 504.6 618.3 634.0 618.1 605.9 589.8 572.5 -2.9
    Age
    15 to 24 Years (Youth) 610.9 367.4 363.7 369.1 346.9 332.8 327.8 366.2 449.6 419.6 409.1 409.6 391.9 383.9 -2.0
    25 to 54 Years 778.0 688.5 811.6 921.0 682.1 638.3 616.0 686.2 898.0 840.9 774.2 750.0 735.8 716.0 -2.7
    55 Years and Older (Older Workers) 94.6 85.4 81.5 100.8 120.1 128.3 127.2 153.0 196.8 202.5 204.0 202.8 215.6 212.8 -1.3
    Educational Attainment
    Less than High School6 Not available Not available 528.1 477.1 312.1 313.4 297.2 314.0 373.9 348.8 329.3 315.4 296.7 264.4 -10.9
    High School Diploma7 Not available Not available 392.0 436.1 353.3 329.2 323.2 377.1 498.2 464.1 433.1 421.7 426.4 431.0 1.1
    Post-secondary Certificate or Diploma8 Not available Not available 258.4 351.1 312.4 304.4 300.0 330.4 442.1 414.1 393.8 379.6 381.3 366.2 -4.0
    University Degree9 Not available Not available 78.2 126.8 171.4 152.4 150.6 183.9 230.1 235.9 231.2 245.7 238.9 251.1 5.1
    Industry10
    Goods-producing Industries 515.1 315.2 415.2 325.0 259.7 262.0 249.5 308.8 389.6 293.6 256.5 253.5 262.6 253.2 -3.6
    Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting Not available 49.4 46.1 45.5 38.6 33.6 32.4 34.2 35.4 34.3 31.4 31.9 30.2 28.0 -7.4
    Mining and Oil and Gas Extraction Not available 14.1 14.3 12.8 9.1 10.4 11.0 16.1 24.0 12.4 11.5 15.4 15.3 19.5 27.5
    Utilities11 5.5 3.0 3.7 4.3 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.7 4.1 2.9 3.2 3.5 2.4 3.3 37.5
    Construction 153.3 102.9 160.5 125.5 80.1 86.7 80.6 106.6 146.0 128.4 111.9 108.5 122.1 118.2 -3.2
    Manufacturing 268.3 146.0 190.7 136.9 129.7 129.2 123.3 149.4 180.4 115.6 98.7 94.4 92.9 84.4 -9.1
    Services-producing Industries 641.1 555.9 602.3 598.1 517.2 490.5 498.8 547.3 685.9 628.1 584.6 581.5 566.3 562.7 -0.6
    Wholesale Trade Not available 22.0 31.1 26.6 23.8 21.7 21.0 24.5 29.6 25.3 23.6 24.6 22.7 20.7 -8.8
    Retail Trade Not available 109.1 126.4 112.4 95.8 85.2 94.2 105.0 135.5 120.9 113.4 105.1 101.9 99.2 -2.6
    Transportation and Warehousing 54.6 39.3 44.3 41.6 27.3 30.9 28.7 34.5 48.4 40.0 33.8 33.7 38.2 33.1 -13.4
    Finance and Insurance Not available 16.5 19.3 17.8 15.2 12.0 12.4 12.4 21.6 16.9 15.3 15.6 14.7 16.8 14.3
    Real Estate and Rental and Leasing Not available 12.2 14.6 11.5 9.9 8.6 8.8 9.7 13.4 11.2 12.2 9.3 9.4 9.3 -1.1
    Professional, Scientific and Technical Services 31.7 24.0 30.4 36.2 33.3 32.0 31.7 35.6 52.3 41.4 40.9 41.3 46.5 44.4 -4.5
    Business, Building and Other Support Services12 36.4 37.5 45.7 48.9 61.4 59.0 59.1 69.0 80.7 75.0 63.9 63.1 63.9 69.3 8.5
    Educational Services 30.1 32.5 32.2 40.4 38.0 39.4 44.1 40.5 49.0 49.6 46.7 49.8 47.0 45.3 -3.6
    Health Care and Social Assistance 46.2 46.1 42.5 50.0 35.8 32.5 33.0 34.0 40.8 47.1 40.3 45.3 43.2 46.8 8.3
    Information, Culture and Recreation13 39.6 34.0 37.6 44.1 42.8 40.9 39.1 45.2 49.4 53.6 51.2 50.2 44.8 43.7 -2.5
    Accommodation and Food Services 101.0 89.3 92.1 83.8 81.9 77.0 79.0 86.7 100.1 91.6 86.3 87.4 81.6 80.9 -0.9
    Other Services (except Public Administration) 53.7 47.4 47.8 46.6 28.6 28.8 27.1 31.9 42.6 33.1 31.9 32.8 31.2 32.3 3.5
    Public Administration 46.2 45.9 38.4 38.2 23.4 22.6 20.5 18.3 22.4 22.5 25.1 23.4 21.2 20.6 -2.8
    Unclassified Industries14 327.4 270.2 239.3 467.8 372.2 347.0 322.7 349.3 468.9 541.3 546.2 527.4 514.4 496.9 -3.4
    Reason for Unemployment
    People who have left their job 261.8 275.2 294.0 221.8 254.8 253.5 258.9 266.6 277.4 257.9 253.2 250.9 240.5 244.2 1.5
    People who have lost their job 894.4 595.9 723.5 701.3 522.1 499.0 489.3 589.5 798.1 663.8 588.0 584.1 588.4 571.6 -2.9
    People who have not worked in the last year or who have never worked 327.4 270.2 239.2 467.8 372.2 346.9 322.7 349.3 468.9 541.3 546.2 527.4 514.4 496.9 -3.4
    Duration of Unemployment15
    1 to 4 Weeks 367.5 331.8 375.0 362.6 434.0 435.9 431.1 479.7 493.1 466.4 464.2 459.9 440.8 443.4 0.6
    5 to 13 Weeks 418.0 306.9 363.8 364.4 318.5 304.7 292.3 337.4 428.6 386.1 362.0 359.9 361.5 355.5 -1.7
    14 to 26 Weeks 332.7 218.4 255.1 257.4 169.7 148.9 149.7 174.2 284.4 239.9 213.9 219.6 214.6 204.6 -4.7
    27 to 51 Weeks 216.0 142.0 145.2 150.5 72.0 63.8 67.2 74.1 146.8 133.2 109.2 98.7 105.4 98.5 -6.5
    52 Weeks or More 120.0 113.0 88.8 221.2 101.0 88.3 75.0 82.0 133.5 177.5 181.7 165.8 164.1 158.8 -3.2
    Duration Unknown16 29.2 29.0 28.9 34.7 54.0 57.9 55.6 58.1 57.9 59.9 56.4 58.4 56.9 52.0 -8.6
    Canada 1,483.5 1,141.2 1,256.7 1,391.0 1,149.1 1,099.4 1,071.0 1,205.4 1,544.4 1,463.0 1,387.4 1,362.4 1,343.3 1,312.7 -2.3
    • Note: Totals may not add up due to rounding.
    • 1 The years reviewed in this annex prior to 2005/2006 correspond to the last year of periods of recession in Canada observed in recent history (1982/1983 and 1990/1991) and the fifth year of economic recovery following these periods of recession (1987/1988 and 1995/1996) in order to compare economic conditions.
    • 2 Fiscal year data in this annex are the annual average of unadjusted monthly estimates produced by Statistics Canada. Data are rounded by Statistics Canada (in CANSIM) using the round-to-nearest-even method. When the number being rounded is followed by a number larger than five, the number being rounded is increased by one unit (e.g. 4.46 rounded to one decimal equals 4.5); when the number being rounded is followed by a number less than five, the number being rounded is left unchanged (e.g. 4.44 rounded to one decimal equals 4.4); when the number being rounded is followed by the number five, the number being rounded is increased by one unit if it is odd (e.g. 4.15 rounded to one decimal equals 4.2) and left unchanged if it is even (e.g. 4.45 rounded to one decimal equals 4.4).
    • 3 In January 2016, Statistics Canada made a revision to its Labour Force Survey estimates. As a result, key labour market statistics for years prior to 2014/2015 reported in previous Employment Insurance Monitoring and Assessment Reports have been restated to reflect this change.
    • 4 Percentage growth between 2013/2014 and 2014/2015.
    • 5 Data specific to territories come from special tabulations provided by Statistics Canada and therefore are not included in the official total for Canada. Data in other categories (i.e. data by gender, age, educational attainment, industry, reason for unemployment and duration of unemployment) also excludes territorial data.
    • 6 Includes zero to eight years of education and some high school.
    • 7 Includes high school graduation and some post-secondary education (not completed).
    • 8 Includes certificates (including trade certificates) or diplomas from an educational institution beyond the secondary level, which comprise certificates from a vocational school, apprenticeship training, community college, collège d'enseignement général et professionnel (cégep) and school of nursing. Also included are certificates below a bachelor's degree obtained at a university.
    • 9 Includes at least a university bachelor's degree.
    • 10 Information is provided for the last job held, providing the person worked within the previous twelve months.
    • 11 Monthly data that are confidential under the Statistics Act are excluded from the calculation of the annual average.
    • 12 This industry combines codes 55 (management of companies and enterprises) and 56 (administrative and support, waste management and remediation services) from the North American Industry Classification System.
    • 13 This industry combines codes 51 (information and cultural industries) and 71 (arts, entertainment and recreation) from the North American Industry Classification System.
    • 14 People who have not worked in the last year or who have never worked are not classified in any industry.
    • 15 Duration of unemployment is the number of continuous weeks during which a person has been without work and is looking for work, or is on temporary layoff.
    • 16 Duration of unemployment is not known for unemployed people who had a job to start in the next four weeks.
    • Source: Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey, CANSIM Tables 282-0003 (for data by educational attainment), 282-0007 (for data by industry), 282-0047 (for data by duration of unemployment), 282-0087 (for data specific to provinces, by gender and age) and 282-0216 (for data by reason for unemployment), and special tabulations (for data specific to territories).
  • Annex 1.5 Unemployment Rate (by Province and Territory, Gender, Age, Educational Attainment and Industry)
    Unemployment Rate1, 2, 3
    (%) Change (%)4
    1982/1983 1987/1988 1990/1991 1995/1996 2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011 2011/2012 2012/2013 2013/2014 2014/2015 2013/2014–2014/2015
    Province and Territory
    Newfoundland and Labrador 17.2 17.4 17.5 18.2 15.4 14.6 13.1 14.0 15.7 13.9 12.6 12.1 11.6 12.2 0.6
    Prince Edward Island 13.1 12.7 15.1 14.8 11.2 10.8 10.1 11.6 11.4 11.7 11.2 11.2 11.5 10.5 -1.0
    Nova Scotia 13.5 11.3 10.9 12.0 8.2 7.8 8.0 7.9 9.4 9.6 8.8 9.4 9.0 8.9 -0.1
    New Brunswick 14.7 12.9 12.1 11.2 9.5 8.2 7.8 8.6 8.7 9.4 9.6 10.5 10.0 10.1 0.1
    Quebec 14.8 9.7 11.0 11.3 8.3 7.9 7.1 7.6 8.5 7.9 8.0 7.6 7.7 7.6 -0.1
    Ontario 10.8 5.8 7.2 8.8 6.5 6.3 6.3 7.1 9.3 8.5 7.8 7.9 7.5 7.2 -0.3
    Manitoba 9.3 7.4 7.7 7.2 4.6 4.4 4.3 4.4 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.2 5.5 5.4 -0.1
    Saskatchewan 7.0 7.4 7.1 7.0 5.1 4.4 4.2 4.2 4.9 5.4 4.8 4.5 4.2 4.0 -0.2
    Alberta 9.2 9.0 7.2 7.7 3.8 3.5 3.5 4.1 6.9 6.2 5.3 4.5 4.6 4.9 0.3
    British Columbia 13.4 11.3 9.0 8.5 5.4 4.6 4.3 5.3 7.9 7.7 7.2 6.8 6.5 6.0 -0.5
    Yukon5 Not available Not available Not available Not available 5.0 3.9 5.0 5.6 7.9 5.9 6.3 6.8 5.1 4.6 -0.5
    Northwest Territories5 Not available Not available Not available Not available 5.1 5.1 6.1 5.5 7.0 7.0 7.9 8.0 7.8 8.1 0.3
    Nunavut5 Not available Not available Not available Not available 12.4 10.5 9.4 12.5 13.6 16.9 16.6 14.7 14.2 13.4 -0.8
    Gender
    Men 12.4 8.1 9.0 9.8 6.8 6.5 6.3 7.3 9.6 8.5 7.9 7.6 7.5 7.4 -0.1
    Women 11.5 8.8 8.6 9.0 6.4 5.9 5.6 5.9 7.1 7.2 7.0 6.7 6.5 6.3 -0.2
    Age
    15 to 24 Years (Youth) 19.5 12.5 13.5 15.0 12.2 11.5 11.2 12.4 15.6 14.6 14.2 14.3 13.6 13.3 -0.3
    25 to 54 Years 9.8 7.4 7.9 8.4 5.6 5.2 5.0 5.5 7.2 6.7 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.7 -0.1
    55 Years and Older (Older Workers) 7.2 6.4 6.0 7.4 5.1 5.1 4.8 5.4 6.6 6.4 6.2 5.9 6.0 5.7 -0.3
    Educational Attainment
    Less than High School6 Not available Not available 13.4 15.1 12.3 12.3 12.0 12.9 16.1 15.8 15.1 14.8 14.5 13.6 -0.9
    High School Diploma7 Not available Not available 8.5 9.5 6.9 6.5 6.3 7.3 9.5 8.9 8.3 8.2 8.1 8.2 0.1
    Post-secondary Certificate or Diploma8 Not available Not available 7.0 7.9 5.3 5.0 4.8 5.3 7.0 6.4 6.0 5.7 5.7 5.4 -0.3
    University Degree9 Not available Not available 3.9 5.0 4.5 3.8 3.7 4.3 5.3 5.2 4.9 5.0 4.7 4.8 0.1
    Industry
    Goods-producing Industries 13.5 8.0 10.2 8.6 6.2 6.2 6.0 7.4 9.6 7.3 6.3 6.1 6.3 6.2 -0.1
    Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting Not available 8.2 7.8 7.9 8.2 7.3 7.3 7.9 8.4 8.4 7.9 7.8 7.5 7.1 -0.4
    Mining and Oil and Gas Extraction Not available 7.0 7.0 6.8 4.0 4.0 4.1 5.8 8.9 4.6 4.0 4.9 4.8 6.1 1.3
    Utilities10 4.4 2.5 2.5 3.4 1.8 2.0 1.8 1.8 2.8 2.0 2.3 2.5 1.7 2.3 0.6
    Construction 19.8 12.3 17.0 15.0 7.2 7.5 6.6 8.1 11.0 9.3 8.0 7.6 8.3 8.0 -0.3
    Manufacturing 12.8 6.6 8.8 6.7 5.7 5.8 5.8 7.4 9.4 6.3 5.4 5.1 5.1 4.7 -0.4
    Services-producing Industries 7.8 6.0 6.1 5.7 4.1 3.8 3.7 4.0 5.0 4.5 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.9 0.0
    Wholesale Trade Not available 5.0 6.9 5.7 3.8 3.5 3.2 3.7 4.6 3.9 3.7 3.8 3.6 3.2 -0.4
    Retail Trade Not available 6.4 7.0 6.4 4.6 4.0 4.4 4.9 6.3 5.6 5.2 4.8 4.6 4.5 -0.1
    Transportation and Warehousing 8.5 5.8 6.5 5.9 3.3 3.7 3.3 3.9 5.6 4.6 3.8 3.7 4.1 3.6 -0.5
    Finance and Insurance Not available 3.0 3.1 2.9 2.1 1.6 1.6 1.6 2.8 2.2 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.1 0.2
    Real Estate and Rental and Leasing Not available 5.0 5.3 4.3 3.4 2.8 2.8 3.2 4.1 3.5 3.6 2.9 2.9 3.0 0.1
    Professional, Scientific and Technical Services 7.6 4.6 4.9 5.0 3.1 2.9 2.7 3.0 4.3 3.2 3.1 3.2 3.4 3.2 -0.2
    Business, Building and Other Support Services11 14.5 12.1 12.7 10.8 8.6 7.9 7.8 9.0 10.6 9.8 8.5 8.2 8.0 8.6 0.6
    Educational Services 4.2 4.0 3.7 4.3 3.4 3.4 3.8 3.5 4.2 4.2 4.0 4.1 3.8 3.6 -0.2
    Health Care and Social Assistance 4.5 3.8 3.2 3.5 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.8 2.0 2.3 1.9 2.1 1.9 2.0 0.1
    Information, Culture and Recreation12 8.3 6.2 6.9 7.2 5.6 5.2 4.8 5.8 6.2 6.5 6.3 6.2 5.6 5.5 -0.1
    Accommodation and Food Services 14.2 11.0 10.8 9.2 7.6 6.9 6.9 7.3 8.5 7.7 7.0 6.9 6.5 6.3 -0.2
    Other Services (except Public Administration) 9.4 7.0 7.4 6.7 4.0 3.9 3.6 4.0 5.2 4.1 3.9 3.9 3.8 4.0 0.2
    Public Administration 6.1 5.6 4.4 4.5 2.7 2.6 2.3 2.0 2.4 2.4 2.7 2.4 2.3 2.2 -0.1
    Canada 12.0 8.4 8.8 9.5 6.6 6.3 6.0 6.6 8.5 7.9 7.4 7.2 7.0 6.9 -0.1
    • Note: Totals may not add up due to rounding.
    • 1 The years reviewed in this annex prior to 2005/2006 correspond to the last year of periods of recession in Canada observed in recent history (1982/1983 and 1990/1991) and the fifth year of economic recovery following these periods of recession (1987/1988 and 1995/1996) in order to compare economic conditions.
    • 2 Fiscal year data in this annex are the annual average of unadjusted monthly estimates produced by Statistics Canada. Data are rounded by Statistics Canada (in CANSIM) using the round-to-nearest-even method. When the number being rounded is followed by a number larger than five, the number being rounded is increased by one unit (e.g. 4.46 rounded to one decimal equals 4.5); when the number being rounded is followed by a number less than five, the number being rounded is left unchanged (e.g. 4.44 rounded to one decimal equals 4.4); when the number being rounded is followed by the number five, the number being rounded is increased by one unit if it is odd (e.g. 4.15 rounded to one decimal equals 4.2) and left unchanged if it is even (e.g. 4.45 rounded to one decimal equals 4.4).
    • 3 In January 2016, Statistics Canada made a revision to its Labour Force Survey estimates. As a result, key labour market statistics for years prior to 2014/2015 reported in previous Employment Insurance Monitoring and Assessment Reports have been restated to reflect this change.
    • 4 Percentage point difference between 2013/2014 and 2014/2015.
    • 5 Data specific to territories come from special tabulations provided by Statistics Canada and therefore are not included in the official total for Canada. Data in other categories (i.e. data by gender, age, educational attainment and industry) also excludes territorial data.
    • 6 Includes zero to eight years of education and some high school.
    • 7 Includes high school graduation and some post-secondary education (not completed).
    • 8 Includes certificates (including trade certificates) or diplomas from an educational institution beyond the secondary level, which comprise certificates from a vocational school, apprenticeship training, community college, collège d'enseignement général et professionnel (cégep) and school of nursing. Also included are certificates below a bachelor's degree obtained at a university.
    • 9 Includes at least a university bachelor's degree.
    • 10 Monthly data that are confidential under the Statistics Act are excluded from the calculation of the annual average.
    • 11 This industry combines codes 55 (management of companies and enterprises) and 56 (administrative and support, waste management and remediation services) from the North American Industry Classification System.
    • 12 This industry combines codes 51 (information and cultural industries) and 71 (arts, entertainment and recreation) from the North American Industry Classification System.
    • Source: Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey, CANSIM Tables 282-0003 (for data by educational attainment), 282-0007 (for data by industry) and 282-0087 (for data specific to provinces, by gender and age), and special tabulations (for data specific to territories).
  • Annex 1.6 Duration of Unemployment (by Province, Gender and Age)
    Average Duration of Unemployment1, 2, 3, 4
    (Number of Weeks) Change (%)5
    2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011 2011/2012 2012/2013 2013/2014 2014/2015 2013/2014–2014/2015
    Province and Territory
    Newfoundland and Labrador 19.1 19.1 16.4 17.3 17.3 16.8 17.6 16.9 16.8 17.2 0.4
    Prince Edward Island 13.2 14.0 12.2 14.0 14.7 14.4 12.5 13.7 15.9 16.2 0.3
    Nova Scotia 14.9 13.7 14.8 13.8 16.5 19.2 17.3 17.2 19.9 19.3 -0.6
    New Brunswick 14.2 13.6 11.6 15.1 14.9 18.0 17.2 16.5 19.4 19.6 0.2
    Quebec 20.2 20.8 19.1 18.1 19.4 20.8 22.8 23.3 23.9 23.5 -0.4
    Ontario 15.9 15.4 14.8 14.9 20.1 22.5 22.6 22.0 22.0 21.6 -0.4
    Manitoba 14.5 12.9 12.6 11.3 12.7 14.9 15.0 16.3 17.2 16.2 -1.0
    Saskatchewan 14.3 10.7 10.6 9.7 12.1 15.8 15.5 15.2 14.3 13.3 -1.0
    Alberta 12.3 9.4 9.1 8.5 14.9 17.9 15.8 13.1 14.3 14.1 -0.2
    British Columbia 18.1 14.3 13.8 12.2 16.7 18.7 21.7 19.4 20.7 19.8 -0.9
    Gender
    Men 17.8 16.9 16.8 15.8 19.3 21.6 22.6 21.2 21.9 21.5 -0.4
    Women 16.3 15.7 13.5 13.6 17.0 19.0 19.2 19.9 20.2 19.5 -0.7
    Age
    15 to 24 Years (Youth) 9.0 8.0 7.8 7.9 10.4 11.0 11.3 11.4 12.1 12.1 0.0
    25 to 54 Years 19.3 18.6 18.0 16.9 20.0 22.7 22.9 23.2 23.1 22.6 -0.5
    55 Years and Older (Older Workers) 28.0 27.2 22.1 23.1 29.6 30.6 34.2 29.9 31.0 29.9 -1.1
    Canada 17.1 16.4 15.3 14.9 18.4 20.4 21.1 20.6 21.1 20.6 -0.5
    • Note: Totals may not add up due to rounding.
    • 1 Duration of unemployment is the number of continuous weeks during which a person has been without work and is looking for work, or is on temporary layoff.
    • 2 Prior to 1997, Statistics Canada top-coded data on duration of unemployment on the Labour Force Survey (LFS) to 99 weeks. This restriction no longer applies with the questionnaire of the 1997 LFS. As a result, Statistics Canada provides two sets of statistics for the average duration of unemployment: a) one set with no upper limit to length of unemployment that begins in 1997; and b) one set top-coded to 99 weeks that begins in 1976. Starting with the Employment Insurance Monitoring and Assessment Report 2014/2015, figures on the average duration of employment is based on data with no upper limit regarding duration of unemployment; data from previous years have been restated to reflect this change. The previous reporting methodology was based on data with an upper limit of 99 weeks.
    • 3 Fiscal year data in this annex are the annual average of unadjusted monthly estimates produced by Statistics Canada. Data are rounded by Statistics Canada (in CANSIM) using the round-to-nearest-even method. When the number being rounded is followed by a number larger than five, the number being rounded is increased by one unit (e.g. 4.46 rounded to one decimal equals 4.5); when the number being rounded is followed by a number less than five, the number being rounded is left unchanged (e.g. 4.44 rounded to one decimal equals 4.4); when the number being rounded is followed by the number five, the number being rounded is increased by one unit if it is odd (e.g. 4.15 rounded to one decimal equals 4.2) and left unchanged if it is even (e.g. 4.45 rounded to one decimal equals 4.4).
    • 4 In January 2016, Statistics Canada made a revision to its Labour Force Survey estimates. As a result, key labour market statistics for years prior to 2014/2015 reported in previous Employment Insurance Monitoring and Assessment Reports have been restated to reflect this change.
    • 5 Difference in number of weeks between 2013/2014 and 2014/2015.
    • Source: Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey, CANSIM Table 282-0047.
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