Canada-United Kingdom collaboration on improving weather and environmental services

Official title: Memorandum of Understanding between the United Kingdom’s Meteorological Office and the Department of the Environment of Canada for Collaboration on Weather, Atmospheric, Hydrologic and Oceanographic Research and Development and Implementation of Related Assimilation and Prediction Systems for the Enhancement of National Safety and Economic Prosperity

Subject category:
Type of agreement / instrument:
Memorandum of Understanding
  • Signed by Canada: May 6, 2016
Lead & partner departments:
Environment and Climate Change Canada
For further information:
Web links:
ECCC Inquiry Centre
Compendium edition:
February 2022
Reference #:

Plain language summary

Modern meteorological and environmental prediction is one of the best tools available to manage our society relative to changing weather and climate and to reduce the loss of life and property due to high-impact weather events. Considering that for more than 100 years, both the United Kingdom and Canada have been responsible for many of the success stories underlying modern forecasting systems; it was decided to strengthen collaborations with an MOU to enhance research and development in atmospheric, hydrologic and oceanographic sciences. This will encourage joint efforts to resolve common challenges, including data management in support of health and safety, economic prosperity and the protection of the environment.


The purpose of this Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) is to recognize the long-standing cooperation between the Participants; to facilitate the exchange of information, technology, and management practices; and to create a mechanism through which future efforts can be coordinated.

Key elements

The MOU sets a framework to collaboratively work on activities aiming at improving environmental prediction, implementing hazard preparedness through emergency management and all-hazards dissemination systems, bringing greater awareness of the role of regional meteorology on hemispheric and global weather and climate conditions, improving understanding of and ability to manage and protect the world’s oceans and polar regions, sharing of environmental data and products, collaborating in meteorological, hydrologic, oceanographic, and climate research, observations, and applications development, organizing effective meetings, workshops, and conferences for the mutual exchange of scientific and technical knowledge and ideas, as well as through other forms of cooperation that may be identified by the Parties.

Expected results

This MOU is expected to achieve the following activities, among others: exchange of numerical environmental prediction model outputs and configurations, sharing of databases, contribution to collaborative projects on critical themes such as environmental prediction in the Arctic.

Canada’s involvement

This agreement is important to Canada because it officialises and strengthens the longstanding and fruitful collaboration between ECCC and the UK Met Office on atmospheric sciences and operationalization of innovations aiming at improving weather and environmental services.

In Canada, this MOU is implemented by means of the existing Joint Statement between the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade of Canada and the Department of Business, Innovation and Skills of the United Kingdom concerning Joint Initiatives in the Fields of Science, Technology and Entrepreneurship signed in 2012, aiming at enhancing collaboration between government bodies, knowledge based institutions, and businesses in the areas of science, technology, entrepreneurship and innovation that are of high strategic priority to both countries.

Results / progress


In May 2016, UK Met Office and ECCC signed the MOU and agreed to develop joint projects, building on existing collaboration in the fields of weather observation technologies, data assimilation, ensemble and satellite applications, modelling and physic processes, and assimilation of weather radar observables.

Collaboration is ongoing at the working level.


At this time, no reports have been issued.


The MOU enables ECCC and the UK Met Office to collaborate on technical aspects of satellite data assimilation, such as pre-processing and quality control, channel selection, and assigned observation errors.

Collaboration between the London and Montreal Volcanic Ash Advisory Centres has facilitated the exchange of information on volcanic ash events for adjacent areas over the North Atlantic. Satellite monitoring of volcanic ash plumes has also benefited from the launch of a new satellite mission (GOES-R).

 ECCC and UK Met Office experts in airborne measurements continue to share instrumentation, experience in probe calibration and data processing. The ongoing collaboration has resulted in the mutual development of a significant expertise in airborne measurements of aerosols, microphysical properties of clouds and precipitation.

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