Clean growth and climate change working group reports


The Government of Canada produces a wide variety of publications in various print and electronic formats. Some formats may not be accessible to screen readers. Alternate accessible formats are available upon request. Please contact

On March 3, 2016 Canada’s First Ministers issued the Vancouver Declaration on clean growth and climate change. First Ministers agreed to develop a pan-Canadian Framework to achieve Canada’s international commitments in the Paris Agreement. They agreed to implement policies in support of meeting or exceeding Canada’s 2030 target of a 30% reduction below 2005 levels of emissions and transitioning Canada to a stronger, climate- resilient, low-carbon economy. A made-in-Canada plan to tackle climate change and grow the economy will cut across all sectors of Canada’s economy through a variety of measures, including  putting a price on carbon pollution, seeking energy-efficient solutions for our buildings and vehicles, and making our electricity cleaner.

Four working groups, comprised of federal, provincial and territorial officials were established to develop options, considering the following:

  • How and where to reduce emissions
  • Ideas for new innovation, technology and job creation
  • Pricing carbon pollution
  • Preparing for and responding to the impacts of climate change

Engaging Canadians

The working groups considered input from all Canadians. They met with Indigenous peoples and key stakeholders. They also reviewed the ideas and comments Canadians submitted online.

Options presented in the working group reports were discussed at meetings of Ministers of the Environment and Ministers of Innovation and Economic Development held in October and November 2016. On the basis of these reports, the Ministers proposed the basis for a Pan-Canadian Framework on Clean Growth and Climate Change, which First Ministers will consider at their meeting in December 2016.

Working Group on Specific Mitigation Opportunities

The working group looked at how and where to reduce emissions across Canada's economy. The report includes a variety of possible policy options. These policy options are presented from a national perspective, but can help to inform decision-making by federal, provincial, and territorial governments. The report includes estimates for emission reductions and costs. Other important factors are also examined, including possible impacts on the economy and Indigenous peoples.

Working Group on Adaptation and Climate Resilience

The working group examined how Canadians can prepare for the impacts of climate change. The report discusses ways to make sure Canadians have the information, skills, and resources they need to adapt. It looks at options for ensuring that Canada’s infrastructure can withstand climate impacts. It explores ways of keeping Canadians and our ecosystems healthy as the climate changes and building resilience in vulnerable places, like the North and coasts. And finally, it looks at ways to make sure we understand how climate change can affect how we protect Canadians from natural disasters.

Working Group on Carbon Pricing Mechanisms

The working group considered how pricing carbon pollution could reduce Canada's greenhouse gas emissions. The report looks at carbon pricing practices in Canada and around the world. It discusses the benefits and challenges of carbon pricing, relevant design considerations and principles for a pan-Canadian approach. The report presents broad options for the role of carbon pricing within the pan-Canadian framework for clean growth and climate change.

Working Group on Clean Technology, Innovation and Jobs

The working group examined how to stimulate economic growth, create jobs, and drive innovation to transition to a low-carbon economy.

Its report presents options for building early-stage innovation, promoting breakthrough research and development, accelerating commercialization and growth, fostering adoption, and strengthening collaboration and metrics for success.

Provinces and Territories have already taken action to address climate change. Learn more about their activities by following the links below.

Report a problem or mistake on this page
Please select all that apply:

Thank you for your help!

You will not receive a reply. For enquiries, contact us.

Date modified: