Air pollutant emission performance for the 2019 model year on-road vehicle fleet

In relation to the On-Road Vehicle and Engine Emission Regulations under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999

Transportation Division

The information contained in this report is compiled from data reported to Environment and Climate Change Canada pursuant to the On-Road Vehicle and Engine Emission Regulations under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999. Information presented in this report is subject to ongoing verification.

Cat. No.: En81-31E-PDF
ISSN: EN 1927-2456
EC21187

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On this page

List of figures

List of tables

Executive summary

The On-Road Vehicle and Engine Emission Regulations (hereinafter referred to as the “Regulations”) establish national emission standards to limit smog-forming emissions (non-methane organic gases (NMOG), nitrous oxides (NOx), particulate matter (PM), cold non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHC), evaporative emissions (EVAP)) from new on-road vehicles and engines. The Tier 3 fleet average standards continue to align with the progressively more stringent standards adopted by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) over the 2017 through 2025 model years (MYs). These Regulations require importers and manufacturers of new vehicles to meet fleet average emission standards for air pollutants and establish annual compliance reporting requirements. The 2017 MY, is the first MY in which companies are required to meet the new Tier 3 standards.

This report summarizes the fleet average air pollutant emission performance of the Canadian 2019 MY fleet of vehicles. A total of 23 companies submitted end of MY reports comprising a total of 1 972 856 vehicles manufactured in Canada or imported into Canada for the purpose of first retail sale. This report includes the fleet average NMOG+NOx, cold NMHC and EVAP values for each company as well as their number of emission credits or deficits. It also provides a comparison of the distribution of vehicles certified to the various emission bins and compares the overall NMOG+NOx performance with that of the pre-Tier 3 MYs.

The average NMOG+NOx value for the Canadian 2019 MY combined fleet of light-duty vehicles and light-duty trucks 1 is 0.06664580 grams/mile compared to the standards of 0.072 grams/mile. The average NMOG+NOx value for the Canadian 2019 MY combined fleet of light-duty trucks 2, heavy-light duty trucks and medium-duty passenger vehicles is 0.07528215 grams/mile compared to the standard of 0.083 grams/mile. The average NMOG+NOx value for the Canadian 2019 MY fleet of Class 2B vehicles is 0.24332 grams/mile compared to the standard of 0.253 grams/mile. The average NMOG+NOx value for the Canadian 2019 MY fleet of Class 3 vehicles is 0.44316 grams/mile compared to the standard of 0.400 grams/mile.

The overall NMOG+NOx fleet averages demonstrate continued industry improvements in emission performance since 2004. While the fleet average value for the Class 3 fleet is above the applicable standards for the 2019 MY, companies have 3 years to offset any deficits incurred, and all currently remain in compliance with the fleet averaging provisions of the Regulations. All companies have complied with the 2019 PM and EVAP phase-in percentages and have met the cold NMHC fleet average standards.

1. Purpose

The purpose of this report is to summarize the fleet average air pollutant emission performance of individual companies and the overall Canadian fleet for the 2019 MY. It is based on data submitted by companies in their end of MY reports and any subsequent revisions received prior to the publication of this report. It also serves to report on the effectiveness of the Canadian fleet average air pollutant emission program in achieving the environmental performance objectives outlined in the Regulations.

2. The Regulations

On January 1, 2004, the On-Road Vehicle and Engine Emission Regulations came into effect under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 (CEPA). These Regulations introduced more stringent national emission standards for on-road vehicles and engines. The Regulations align Canada’s emission standards for light-duty vehiclesFootnote 1 (LDVs), light light-duty trucksFootnote 2 (LLDTs) composed of Light-Duty Trucks 1 (LDT1) and Light-Duty Trucks 2 (LDT2), heavy light-duty trucksFootnote 3 (HLDTs) composed of Light-Duty Trucks 3 (LDT3) and Light-Duty Trucks 4 (LDT4), medium-duty passenger vehiclesFootnote 4 (MDPVs), heavy-duty vehicles, heavy-duty engines and on-road motorcycles with those of the U.S. EPA through incorporation by reference to the U.S. CFR.

From MY 2004 through MY 2016, companies were required to meet fleet average NOx emission standards (Tier 1 and Tier 2 standards). Figure 1 shows the overall Canadian performance during those years.

Figure 1: NOx fleet averages and standards for MYs 2004 through 2016

Figure 1: NOx fleet averages and standards for model years 2004 through 2016
Long description for figure 1

Figure 1 is a graph presenting the average NOx values trend relative to the standard since 2004 for both the light-duty vehicle/light light-duty truck and heavy light-duty truck/medium-duty passenger vehicle fleets. Overall, the fleet average NOx value for the combined fleet of light-duty vehicles, light light-duty trucks, heavy light-duty trucks and medium-duty passenger vehicles has remained below the applicable standard from 2004 to 2016. It should be noted that the fleet average NOx values for the 2009 to 2016 MYs are shown as single points since light light-duty trucks, heavy light-duty trucks and medium-duty passenger vehicles were subject to the same standard as light-duty vehicles.


The Regulations were subsequently amended in 2015 to set new emission standards (Tier 3) for passenger cars, light-duty trucks and certain heavy-duty vehicles for 2017 and later MYs that are imported or manufactured in Canada. The amendments establish progressively more stringent vehicles and fleet average standards over the MYs 2017 to 2025 for combined emissions of NMOG and NOx and establish a phase-in schedule for more stringent PM and evaporative emission standards, in alignment with the U.S. EPA standards adopted in 2014.

A company’s fleet of light-duty vehicles, light-duty trucks and medium-duty passenger vehicles will have to comply with progressively more stringent exhaust emission standards, reaching a fleet average standard for emission of NMOG+NOx of 30 milligrams per mile as of MY 2025. Similarly, heavy-duty vehicle weight classes 2BFootnote 5  and 3Footnote 6  will be required to comply with progressively more stringent fleet average standards for emissions of NMOG+NOx, reaching fleet average standards of 178 milligrams/mile and 247 milligrams/mile, respectively, as of MY 2022.

Also, as of MY 2017, new PM exhaust emission standards are introduced by means of a phase-in approach through which an increasing percentage of vehicles in a company’s fleet for each successive MY will be required to comply with the standards, with full implementation starting with MY 2021. An alternative phase-in compliance approach for these standards allows companies to conform to the standards by demonstrating that an equivalent number of vehicles conform to the new standards, when averaged over more than 1 MY included in the phase-in period. For vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) up to 6000 lb, the PM standard is 3 milligrams/mile. For vehicles with a GVWR above 6 000 lb and up to 14 000 lb, this standard is 3 milligrams/mile for the applicable light-duty trucks and MDPVs, and 8 milligrams/mile and 10 milligrams/mile for heavy-duty vehicle weight classes 2B and 3, respectively.

As of MY 2017, new EVAP standards are introduced by means of a phase-in approach through which an increasing percentage of a company’s fleet of vehicles for each successive MY will be required to comply with the standards, with full implementation starting with MY 2022. An alternative phase-in compliance approach for these standards allows companies to conform to the standards by demonstrating that an equivalent number of vehicles conform to the new standards, when averaged over more than 1 MY included in the phase-in period. For LDV and LDT1 vehicles, this standard is 0.3 grams per test. For LDT2 vehicles, this standard is 0.4 grams per test. For HLDTs, this standard is 0.5 grams per test and for heavy-duty vehicles (Class 2B and 3), this standard is 0.6 grams per test.

The amendments also introduce new fleet average standards in Canada for cold temperature exhaust emissions of NMHCs. For fleets consisting of vehicles with a GVWR up to 6000 lb, the cold temperature NMHC fleet average standard is fixed at 0.3 grams/mile, starting with the 2017 MY. For fleets consisting of vehicles with a GVWR above 6 000 lb and up to 10 000 lb, the cold temperate NMHC fleet average standard is fixed at 0.5 grams/mile, starting with the 2017 MY.

Flexibilities for vehicles sold concurrently in Canada and the United States are included for compliance with the fleet average emission standards as well as the phase-in emission standards. These flexibilities recognize that the emission performance of a company’s fleet of vehicle models that are sold concurrently in the United States is effectively anchored by the U.S. regulatory program.

The Regulations require that all companies submit a compliance report to the Minister no later than May 1 after the end of each MY. The end of MY report must contain detailed information concerning the company’s fleet(s) and/or groups of vehicles.

For more information regarding the Regulations, or more specifically, the calculation of fleet average values and emission credits or deficits, please refer to the Regulations, which can be found on the Environment and Climate Change Canada CEPA Environmental Registry.

3. Tier 3 reporting for the 2019 MY

Under the Tier 3 standards, companies certify a vehicle to a combined "NMOG+NOx" bin. These bins represent the Federal Test Procedure (FTP) standards that vehicles are certified against. For the 2019 MY, a company’s fleet average NMOG+NOx FTP values are calculated over the following fleets:

  1. a company’s fleet that is composed of all of its light-duty vehicles and light-duty trucks 1 to which the applicable NMOG+NOx standard applies for a useful life of 120 000 miles
  2. a company’s fleet that is composed of all of its light-duty vehicles and light-duty trucks 1 to which the applicable NMOG+NOx standard applies for a useful life of 150 000 miles
  3. a company’s fleet that is composed of all of its light-duty trucks 2, heavy light-duty trucks and medium-duty passenger vehicles
  4. a company’s fleet that is composed of all of its Class 2B vehicles
  5. a company’s fleet that is composed of all of its Class 3 vehicles

Table 1, table 2 and table 3 presents the corresponding exhaust emission standards for the Tier 3 FTP bins.

Table 1: light-duty vehicle, light light-duty truck, heavy light-duty truck and medium-duty passenger vehicle Tier 3 FTP bin exhaust emission standards (grams/mile)
Bin number NMOG+NOx CO Formaldehyde PM
160 0.160 4.2 0.004 0.003
125 0.125 2.1 0.004 0.003
110a 0.110 2.1 0.004 0.003
85a 0.085 2.1 0.004 0.003
70 0.070 1.7 0.004 0.003
50 0.050 1.7 0.004 0.003
30 0.030 1.0 0.004 0.003
20 0.020 1.0 0.004 0.003
0 0.000 0.0 0.000 0.000

a Transitional bins to which vehicles may be certified to through MY 2019.

Table 2: Class 2B vehicle Tier 3 FTP bin exhaust emission standards (grams/mile)
Bin number NMOG+NOx CO
395a 0.395 6.4
340a 0.340 6.4
250 0.250 6.4
200 0.200 4.2
170 0.170 4.2
150 0.150 3.2
0 0.000 0.0

a Transitional bins to which vehicles may be certified to through MY 2021.

Table 3: Class 3 vehicle Tier 3 FTP bin exhaust emission standards (grams/mile)
Bin number NMOG+NOx CO
630a 0.630 7.3
570a 0.570 7.3
400 0.400 7.3
270 0.270 4.2
230 0.230 4.2
200 0.200 3.7
0 0.000 0.0

a Transitional bins to which vehicles may be certified to through MY 2021.


Table 4 presents the companies that submitted an end of MY report which contained vehicles that were certified to Tier 3 standards, including the vehicle makes and the number of Tier 3 certified test groups.

Table 4: scope of company reports (Tier 3)
Company Makes Number of test groups
Aston Martin Lagonda Ltd. Aston Martin 3
BMW Group Canada BMW, Mini, Rolls-Royce 24
FCA Canada Inc. Chrysler, Dodge, Jeep, Fiat, Alfa Romeo, RAM 39
Ferrari North America, Inc. Ferrari 2
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Ltd. Ford, Lincoln 56
General Motors of Canada Company Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, GMC 47
Honda Canada Inc. Acura, Honda 29
Hyundai Auto Canada Corp. Hyundai 31
Jaguar Land Rover Canada, ULC Jaguar, Land Rover 11
Kia Canada Inc. Kia 21
Maserati North America, Inc. Maserati 5
Mazda Canada Inc. Mazda 10
McLaren Automotive Ltd. McLaren 2
Mercedes-Benz Canada Inc. Mercedes, Smart 29
Mitsubishi Motor Sales of Canada Mitsubishi 7
Nissan Canada Inc. Infiniti, Nissan 29
Porsche Cars Canada, Ltd. Porsche 11
Roush Performance Ford 1
Subaru Canada, Inc. Subaru 7
Tesla Motors Canada Inc. Tesla 4
Toyota Canada Inc. Lexus, Scion, Toyota 37
Volkswagen Group Canada Audi, Bentley, Bugatti, Lamborghini, Volkswagen 22
Volvo Cars of Canada Corp. Volvo 4

Table 5 summarizes the distribution of vehicles by the NMOG+NOx standard for each bin.

Table 5: distribution of Tier 3 vehicles by NMOG+NOx standard of each bin
Tier and bin number NMOG+NOx standard
(grams/mile)
Total number of vehicles in “bin” Percentage of vehicles in “bin”
Tier 3 Bin 630 0.630 0 0.00
Tier 3 Bin 570 0.570 21 021 1.07
Tier 3 Bin 400 0.400 10 841 0.55
Tier 3 Bin 395 0.395 1 0.00
Tier 3 Bin 340 0.340 15 067 0.76
Tier 3 Bin 270 0.270 11 074 0.56
Tier 3 Bin 250 0.250 26 871 1.36
Tier 3 Bin 230 0.230 1 318 0.07
Tier 3 Bin 200 0.200 25 413 1.29
Tier 3 Bin 170 0.170 1 724 0.09
Tier 3 Bin 160 0.160 21 347 1.08
Tier 3 Bin 150 0.150 4 386 0.22
Tier 3 Bin 125 0.125 404 441 20.50
Tier 3 Bin 110a 0.110 115 323 5.85
Tier 3 Bin 85a 0.085 3 455 0.18
Tier 3 Bin 70 0.070 784 492 39.76
Tier 3 Bin 50 0.050 171 108 8.67
Tier 3 Bin 30 0.030 322 432 16.34
Tier 3 Bin 20 0.020 910 0.05
Tier 3 Bin 0 0.000 31 632 1.60

Total number of Tier 3 vehicles in 2019 MY fleet is 1 972 856.

a Transitional bins.


3.1 Fleet average NMOG+NOx emission performance

This section describes the manufacturers NMOG+NOx fleet average performance.

Table 6 and table 7, both taken from section 86.1811-17 of the CFR, present the declining fleet average Tier 3 FTP and Supplemental Federal Test Procedure (SFTP) emission standards for NMOG+NOx for light-duty vehicles, light-duty trucks, heavy-light duty trucks and medium-duty passenger vehicles from MY 2017 to MY 2025.

Table 6: declining fleet average Tier 3 FTP emission standards for NMOG+NOx (grams/mile)
MY LDV, LDT1 - 150 000 mile useful lifea LDV, LDT1 - 120 000 mile useful lifea LDT2, HLDTb
2017c 0.086 0.073 0.101
2018 0.079 0.067 0.092
2019 0.072 0.061 0.083
2020 0.065 0.055 0.074
2021 0.058 0.049 0.065
2022 0.051 0.043 0.056
2023 0.044 0.037 0.047
2024 0.037 0.031 0.038
2025 0.030 0.026 0.030

a Vehicles certified to standards based on a useful life of 120 000 miles may comply based on the fleet-average standard specified for 150 000 mile useful life in certain circumstances as specified in paragraph (b)(8)(iii)(A) of this section.
b MDPVs are subject to all the same emission standards and certification provisions that apply to LDT4.
c HLDT and MDPV must meet the Tier 3 standards starting with MY 2018.

Table 7: declining fleet average Tier 3 SFTP emission standards for NMOG+NOx (grams/mile)
MY NMOG+NOx (grams/mile)
2017a 0.103
2018 0.097
2019 0.090
2020 0.083
2021 0.077
2022 0.070
2023 0.063
2024 0.057
2025 0.050

a HLDT and MDPV must meet the Tier 3 standards starting with MY 2018.


Table 8, taken from section 86.1818-18 of the CFR, presents the declining fleet average Tier 3 FTP emission standards for NMOG+NOx for Class 2B and Class 3 vehicles from MY 2018 to MY 2022.

Table 8: declining fleet average FTP emission standards for NMOG+NOx (grams/mile)
MY Class 2B Class 3
2016a 0.333 0.548
2017a 0.310 0.508
2018 0.278 0.451
2019 0.253 0.400
2020 0.228 0.349
2021 0.203 0.298
2022 0.178 0.247

a Fleet-average standards are shown for 2016 and 2017 for purposes of voluntary early compliance.


3.1.1. Light-duty vehicles and light-duty trucks 1, 120k

Table 9 presents the summary of the company average NMOG+NOx FTP values for their LDV/LDT1 120k fleets.

Table 9: summary of company average NMOG+NOx FTP values for the light-duty vehicle and light-duty truck 1, 120K fleet
Company Total number of vehicles in fleet Fleet average NMOG+NOx value
(grams/mile)
Total 2019 MY credits Credit balance
Aston Martin Lagonda Ltd. 2 0.125 0 0
Jaguar Land Rover Canada, ULC 57 0.125 0 0
McLaren Automotive Ltd. 195 0.125 0 0

Table 10 presents the summary of the company average NMOG+NOx SFTP values for their LDV/LDT1 120k fleets.

Table 10: summary of company average NMOG+NOx SFTP values for the light-duty vehicle and light-duty truck 1, 120K fleet
Company Total number of vehicles in fleet Fleet average NMOG+NOx value
(grams/mile)
Total 2019 MY credits Credit balance
Aston Martin Lagonda Ltd. 2 0.125 0 0
Jaguar Land Rover Canada, ULC 57 0.09 0 0
McLaren Automotive Ltd. 195 0.09 0 0

3.1.2. Light-duty vehicles and light-duty trucks 1, 150k

Table 11 presents the summary of the company average NMOG+NOx FTP values for their LDV/LDT1 150k fleets.

Table 11: summary of company average NMOG+NOx FTP values for the light-duty vehicle and light-duty truck 1, 150K fleet
Company Total number of vehicles in fleet Fleet average NMOG+NOx value
(grams/mile)
Total 2019 MY credits Credit balance
Aston Martin Lagonda Ltd. 146 0.125 0 0
BMW Group Canada 23 245 0.055876 375 2 062
FCA Canada Inc. 10 010 0.11258 -406 -1 406
Ferrari North America, Inc. 364 0.125 0 0
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Ltd. 28 635 0.082149 -291 -641
General Motors of Canada Company 66 623 0.065138 457 -1 226
Honda Canada Inc. 173 915 0.0933256 0 0
Hyundai Auto Canada Corp. 115 753 0.0710509 0 0
Jaguar Land Rover Canada, ULC 510 0.0486 12 99
Kia Canada Inc. 64 285 0.071422 37 -291
Maserati North America, Inc. 172 0.160 0 0
Mazda Canada Inc. 36 709 0.080244 -303 1 809
Mercedes-Benz Canada Inc. 17 214 0.065886 105 620
Mitsubishi Motor Sales of Canada 11 460 0.070000 23 137
Nissan Canada Inc. 84 027 0.061281 901 2 096
Porsche Cars Canada, Ltd. 2 130 0.1432 0 0
Roush Performance 20 0.125 0 0
Subaru Canada, Inc. 36 430 0.064422 0 0
Tesla Motors Canada Inc. 13 364 0.00000 962 1 970
Toyota Canada Inc. 86 011 0.082336 -889 2 134
Volkswagen Group Canada 78 118 0.041290 2 399 4 878
Volvo Cars of Canada Corp. 1 762 0.03168 0 0

Table 12 presents the summary of the company average NMOG+NOx SFTP values for their LDV/LDT1 150k fleets.

Table 12: summary of company average NMOG+NOx SFTP values for the light-duty vehicle and light-duty truck 1, 150K fleet
Company Total number of vehicles in fleet Fleet average NMOG+NOx value
(grams/mile)
Total 2019 MY credits Credit balance
Aston Martin Lagonda Ltd. 146 0.09 0 0
BMW Group Canada 148 0.090 437 2 300
FCA Canada Inc. 23 245 0.071210 -139 706
Ferrari North America, Inc. 10 010 0.10386 0 0
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Ltd. 364 0.125 28 1 623
General Motors of Canada Company 28 635 0.089027 1 096 1 681
Honda Canada Inc. 66 623 0.073550 0 0
Hyundai Auto Canada Corp. 173 915 0.0871023 0 0
Jaguar Land Rover Canada, ULC 115 753 0.0717048 0 0
Kia Canada Inc. 64 285 0.071935 1 161 1 161
Maserati North America, Inc. 172 0.130 0 0
Mazda Canada Inc. 36 709 0.082311 282 4 248
Mercedes-Benz Canada Inc. 17 214 0.075468 250 1 943
Mitsubishi Motor Sales of Canada 11 460 0.090000 0 88
Nissan Canada Inc. 84 027 0.070797 1 614 3 249
Porsche Cars Canada, Ltd. 2 130 0.08945 0 0
Roush Performance 20 0.110 0 0
Subaru Canada, Inc. 36 430 0.056321 0 0
Tesla Motors Canada Inc. 13 364 0.00000 1 203 2 431
Toyota Canada Inc. 86 011 0.066530 2 019 3 677
Volkswagen Group Canada 78 118 0.049673 3 150 7 502
Volvo Cars of Canada Corp. 1 762 0.08027 0 0

3.1.3 Light-duty trucks 2, heavy light-duty trucks, and medium-duty passenger vehicles

Table 13 presents the summary of the company average NMOG+NOx FTP values for their LDT2/HLDT/MDPV fleets.

Table 13: summary of company average NMOG+NOx FTP values for the light duty truck 2, heavy light-duty truck, and medium-duty passenger vehicle, 150K fleet
Company Total number of vehicles in fleet Fleet average NMOG+NOx value
(grams/mile)
Total 2019 MY credits Credit balance
BMW Group Canada 18 585 0.078501 84 -253
FCA Canada Inc. 223 309 0.0899421 -1 550 -5 616
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Ltd. 200 389 0.0808142 438 -1 429
General Motors of Canada Company 180 808 0.0787169 774 -3 852
Honda Canada Inc. 30 399 0.10287 0 0
Jaguar Land Rover Canada, ULC 11 678 0.071880 130 631
Kia Canada Inc. 6 942 0.07376 64 64
Maserati North America, Inc. 291 0.160 0 0
Mazda Canada Inc. 33 683 0.064944 608 1 082
Mercedes-Benz Canada Inc. 19 918 0.082573 9 -83
Mitsubishi Motor Sales of Canada 6 950 0.05798 174 495
Nissan Canada Inc. 57 258 0.0061467 4 400 4 195
Porsche Cars Canada, Ltd. 5 723 0.07573 0 0
Subaru Canada, Inc. 29 723 0.074586 0 0
Toyota Canada Inc. 117 897 0.0671016 1 874 -208
Volkswagen Group Canada 50 314 0.069760 666 674
Volvo Cars of Canada Corp. 10 116 0.042329 0 0

Table 14 presents the summary of the company average NMOG+NOx SFTP values for their LDT2/HLDT/MDPV fleets.

Table 14: summary of company average NMOG+NOx SFTP values for the light duty truck 2, heavy light-duty truck, and medium-duty passenger vehicle, 150K fleet
Company Total number of vehicles in fleet Fleet average NMOG+NOx value
(grams/mile)
Total 2019 MY credits Credit balance
BMW Group Canada 18 585 0.084998 93 649
FCA Canada Inc. 223 309 0.0840609 1 326 318
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Ltd. 200 389 0.0841144 1 179 2 776
General Motors of Canada Company 180 808 0.0873858 473 -943
Honda Canada Inc. 30 399 0.094098 0 0
Jaguar Land Rover Canada, ULC 11 678 0.097049 0 0
Kia Canada Inc. 6 942 0.07410 110 110
Maserati North America, Inc. 291 0.130 0 0
Mazda Canada Inc. 33 683 0.069594 687 2 227
Mercedes-Benz Canada Inc. 19 918 0.062446 549 1 977
Mitsubishi Motor Sales of Canada 6 950 0.090000 0 83
Nissan Canada Inc. 57 258 0.071632 1 052 991
Porsche Cars Canada, Ltd. 5 723 0.08095 0 0
Subaru Canada, Inc. 29 723 0.056031 0 0
Toyota Canada Inc. 117 897 0.0700041 2 357 3 939
Volkswagen Group Canada 50 314 0.070697 971 2 645
Volvo Cars of Canada Corp. 10 116 0.082013 0 0

3.1.4 Class 2B vehicles

Table 15 presents the summary of the company average NMOG+NOx FTP values for their Class 2B vehicle fleets.

Table 15: summary of company average NMOG+NOx FTP values for the Class 2B vehicle fleet
Company Total number of vehicles in fleet Fleet average NMOG+NOx value
(grams/mile)
Total 2019 MY credits Credit balance
FCA Canada Inc. 13 891 0.24583 100 1 341
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Ltd. 32 722 0.24637 217 1 066
General Motors of Canada Company 21 595 0.25000 65 -442
Mercedes-Benz Canada Inc. 5 254 0.1902 330 403

3.1.5 Class 3 vehicles

Table 16 presents the summary of the company average NMOG+NOx FTP values for their Class 3 fleets.

Table 16: summary of company average NMOG+NOx FTP values for the Class 3 vehicle fleet
Company Total number of vehicles in fleet Fleet average NMOG+NOx value
(grams/mile)
Total 2019 MY credits Credit balance
FCA Canada Inc. 7 326 0.3280 528 774
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Ltd. 24 769 0.50745 -2 662 -2 725
General Motors of Canada Company 10 841 0.40000 0 614
Mercedes-Benz Canada Inc. 1 318 0.2300 224 216

Average NMOG+NOx values above the applicable NMOG+NOx standards for a given fleet can be attributed to the following factors:

  1. the company elects to exclude from mandatory compliance with the fleet average NMOG+NOx standard its group of U.S. certified vehicles that are sold in Canada and the U.S. (this exclusion is allowed because the objective of the fleet averaging provisions is to achieve an overall Canadian vehicle fleet emission performance comparable to that of the U.S., while minimizing the regulatory burden on companies; an analysis conducted by Environment and Climate Change Canada indicated that, even under extreme scenarios, the variations between the Canadian and U.S. fleet averages are expected to be small)
  2. the company made use of an interim provision allowing them to include their LDV/LDT1 120k mile useful life vehicles certified to bins greater than bin 70 in their LDV/LDT1 150k mile useful life fleet (this interim provision may be used through MY 2019; this allows their LDV/LDT1 120k vehicles to meet the less stringent standard of the LDV/LDT1 150k fleet)
  3. the average NMOG+NOx value is above the NMOG+NOx standard for 1 of its fleets (a company can offset a deficit from 1 fleet with credits from another fleet within the same averaging set)
  4. the average NMOG+NOx value is above the applicable standard (a company can offset a deficit in a subsequent MY)

3.1.6 NMOG+NOx averaging sets

NMOG+NOx credits may be exchanged only within an averaging set, as follows:

  1. LDV and LDT1 certified to standards based on a useful life of 120 000 miles and 10 years
  2. LDV and LDT
  3. HDV

However, FTP and SFTP credits are not interchangeable.

3.1.7. Early action credits

Early Action credits are earned over the 2015-2016 MYs for a company’s fleet of LDV/LDT1 vehicles and over the 2016-2017 MYs for a company’s fleet of LDT2/HLDT/MDPV vehicles if the respective NMOG+NOx fleet averages are below the 0.160 standard.

Early action credits are also earned over the 2016-2017 MYs for a company’s fleet of Class 2B vehicles or fleet of Class 3 vehicles if the respective NMOG+NOx fleet averages are below the applicable standards for the MY in question set out in table 8.

3.1.8. Overall performance of Canadian fleets

Figure 2 shows the overall Canadian NMOG+NOx fleet averages from the 2015 to 2019 MYs for the LDV/LDT1 and LDT2/HLDT/MDPV fleets.


Figure 2: NMOG+NOx fleet averages and standards for the light-duty vehicle and light-duty truck 1 fleet and the light-duty truck 2, heavy light-duty trucks and medium-duty passenger vehicles fleet

Figure 2: NMOG+NOx fleet averages and standards
Long description for figure 2

Figure 2 shows the overall Canadian NMOG+NOx fleet averages from the 2015 to 2019 MY for the LDV/LDT1 and LDT2/HLDT/MDPV fleets.

Year LDV/LDT1 fleet average LDT2/HLDT/MDPV fleet average Fully phased-in standard LDV/LDT1 standard LDT2/HLDT/MDPV standard
2015 0.1465676 - 0.03 0.16 0.16
2016 0.1366518 0.1336806 0.03 0.16 0.16
2017 0.09370673 0.1113309 0.03 0.086 0.101
2018 0.07638061 0.09138542 0.03 0.079 0.092
2019 0.06664580 0.07528215 0.03 0.072 0.083


Figure 3 shows the overall Canadian NMOG+NOx fleet averages from the 2018 to 2019 MY for the Class 2B and Class 3 fleets.


Figure 3: NMOG+NOx fleet averages and standards for the Class 2B fleet and the Class 3 fleet

Figure 2: NMOG+NOx fleet averages and standards
Long description for figure 3
Year Class 2B fleet average Class 3 fleet average Fully phased-in class 2B standard Fully phased-in class 3 standard Class 2B standard Class 3 standard
2018 0.24563 0.45054 0.178 0.247 0.278 0.451
2019 0.24332 0.44316 0.178 0.247 0.253 0.400

3.2 Fleet average cold NMHC emission performance

This section describes the manufacturer’s cold NMHC fleet average performance.

Table 17 presents the fleet average cold temperature NMHC exhaust emission standards.

Table 17: fleet average cold temperature NMHC exhaust emission standards
Vehicle weight category Cold temperature NMHC sales- weighted fleet average standard (grams/mile)
LDV and LLDT 0.3
HLDT 0.5

3.2.1 Light-duty vehicles and light light-duty trucks

Table 18 presents the summary of company average cold NMHC values for their LDV/LLDT fleets.

Table 18: summary of company average cold NMHC values for the light-duty vehicle and light light-duty truck fleet
Company Total number of vehicles in fleet Fleet average cold NMHC value
(grams/mile)
Total 2019 MY credits Credit balance
Aston Martin Lagonda Ltd. 148 0.3 0 0
BMW Group Canada 32 978 0.3 0 0
FCA Canada Inc. 63 590 0.3 0 0
Ferrari North America, Inc. 364 0.3 0 0
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Ltd. 97 253 0.3 0 0
General Motors of Canada Company 115 519 0.3 0 0
Honda Canada Inc. 189 695 0.3 0 0
Hyundai Auto Canada Corp. 111 169 0.3 0 0
Jaguar Land Rover Canada, ULC 5 608 0.3 0 0
Kia Canada Inc. 70 041 0.3 0 0
Maserati North America, Inc. 172 0.3 0 0
Mazda Canada Inc. 70 208 0.2 7 021 15 293
McLaren Automotive Ltd. 195 0.3 0 0
Mercedes-Benz Canada Inc. 31 114 0.3 0 0
Mitsubishi Motor Sales of Canada 18 410 0.3 0 0
Nissan Canada Inc. 133 316 0.3 0 0
Porsche Cars Canada, Ltd. 3 744 0.3 0 0
Roush Performance 20 0.5 0 0
Subaru Canada, Inc. 66 153 0.3 0 0
Toyota Canada Inc. 183 208 0.3 0 0
Volkswagen Group Canada 107 989 0.3 0 0
Volvo Cars of Canada Corp. 8 650 0.4 0 0

3.2.2 Heavy light-duty trucks and medium-duty passenger vehicles

Table 19 presents the summary of company average cold NMHC values for their HLDT/MDPV fleets.

Table 19: summary of company average cold NMHC values for the heavy light-duty truck and medium duty passenger vehicle fleet
Company Total number of vehicles in fleet Fleet average NMHC value
(grams/mile)
Total 2019 MY credits Credit balance
BMW Group Canada 8 783 0.3 1 757 3 135
FCA Canada Inc. 167 068 0.4 16 707 45 201
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Ltd. 129 858 0.4 12 986 40 544
General Motors of Canada Company 123 811 0.4 12 381 38 846
Honda Canada Inc. 14 619 0.3 0 0
Jaguar Land Rover Canada, ULC 4 209 0.4 421 951
Maserati North America, Inc. 291 0.5 0 0
Mercedes-Benz Canada Inc. 5 877 0.3 1 175 1 175
Nissan Canada Inc. 3 629 0.5 0 0
Porsche Cars Canada, Ltd. 4 109 0.3 0 0
Toyota Canada Inc. 20 504 0.5 0 0
Volkswagen Group Canada 18 501 0.3 3 700 5 263
Volvo Cars of Canada Corp. 3 228 0.3 0 0

3.3 Fleet average EVAP emission performance

This section describes the manufacturers EVAP fleet average performance.

Table 20 presents the fleet average EVAP emission standards.

Table 20: Tier 3 diurnal plus hot soak emission standards in grams per test
Vehicle category Low-altitude conditions - fleet average
LDV, LDT1 0.3
LDT2 0.4
HLDT 0.5
HDV 0.6

3.3.1 Light-duty vehicles and light-duty trucks 1

Table 21 presents the summary of company average EVAP values for their LDV/LDT1 fleets.

Table 21: summary of company average EVAP values for the light-duty vehicle and light duty truck 1 fleet
Company Total number of vehicles in fleet Fleet average EVAP value
(grams/mile)
Total 2019 MY credits Credit balance
BMW Group Canada 21 489 0.3 0 0
FCA Canada Inc. 879 0.3 0 0
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Ltd. 16 830 0.3 0 0
General Motors of Canada Company 1 702 0.3 0 0
Honda Canada Inc. 135 375 0.3 0 0
Hyundai Auto Canada Corp. 94 570 0.3 0 0
Jaguar Land Rover Canada, ULC 423 0.3 0 0
Kia Canada Inc. 57 835 0.3 0 0
Mazda Canada Inc. 17 294 0.3 0 0
Mercedes-Benz Canada Inc. 14 289 0.3 0 0
Mitsubishi Motor Sales of Canada 11 460 0.3 0 0
Nissan Canada Inc. 69 133 0.3 0 0
Porsche Cars Canada, Ltd. 1 102 0.4 0 0
Subaru Canada, Inc. 31 812 0.3 0 0
Toyota Canada Inc. 50 618 0.3 0 0
Volkswagen Group Canada 70 931 0.3 0 0
Volvo Cars of Canada Corp. 1 762 0.3 0 0

3.3.2 Light-duty trucks 2

Table 22 presents the summary of company average EVAP values for their LDT2 fleets.

Table 22: summary of company average EVAP values for the light-duty truck 2 fleet
Company Total number of vehicles in fleet Fleet average EVAP value
(grams/mile)
Total 2019 MY credits Credit balance
BMW Group Canada 9 802 0.3 980 1 792
FCA Canada Inc. 51 853 0.4 0 0
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Ltd. 64 936 0.4 0 0
General Motors of Canada Company 52 833 0.4 0 0
Honda Canada Inc. 8 970 0.4 0 0
Jaguar Land Rover Canada, ULC 5 051 0.4 0 0
Kia Canada Inc. 6 468 0.4 0 0
Mazda Canada Inc. 21 361 0.3 2 136 6 661
Mercedes-Benz Canada Inc. 1 941 0.3 194 330
Mitsubishi Motor Sales of Canada 6 950 0.3 695 1 876
Nissan Canada Inc. 32 253 0.4 0 0
Porsche Cars Canada, Ltd. 1 614 0.7 0 0
Subaru Canada, Inc. 26 691 0.3 0 0
Toyota Canada Inc. 97 393 0.4 0 0
Volkswagen Group Canada 30 895 0.4 0 0
Volvo Cars of Canada Corp. 6 888 0.3 0 0

3.3.3. Heavy light-duty trucks and medium-duty passenger vehicles

Table 23 presents the summary of company average EVAP values for their HLTD/MDPV fleets.

Table 23: summary of company average EVAP values for the heavy light-duty truck and medium-duty passenger vehicle fleet
Company Total number of vehicles in fleet Fleet average EVAP value
(grams/mile)
Total 2019 MY credits Credit balance
BMW Group Canada 8 271 0.5 0 0
FCA Canada Inc. 106 341 0.5 0 0
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Ltd. 122 655 0.5 0 0
General Motors of Canada Company 123 797 0.5 0 0
Honda Canada Inc. 14 619 0.5 0 0
Jaguar Land Rover Canada, ULC 1 808 0.5 0 0
Mercedes-Benz Canada Inc. 5 877 0.5 0 0
Nissan Canada Inc. 1 602 0.5 0 0
Porsche Cars Canada, Ltd. 4 109 0.5 0 0
Toyota Canada Inc. 1 677 0.5 0 0
Volkswagen Group Canada 14 774 0.4 1 477 1 477
Volvo Cars of Canada Corp. 3 228 0.5 0 0

3.3.4. Class 2B and Class 3 vehicles

Table 24 presents the summary of company average EVAP values for their Class 2B and Class 3 fleets.

Table 24: summary of company average EVAP values for the Class 2B and Class 3 vehicle fleet
Company Total number of vehicles in fleet Fleet average EVAP value
(grams/mile)
Total 2019 MY credits Credit balance
General Motors of Canada Company 5 793 0.6 0 0

3.3.5 Evaporative emission averaging sets

The following separate averaging sets apply for evaporative emission standards:

  1. LDV and LDT1 together represent a single averaging set
  2. LDT2 represents a single averaging set
  3. HLDT represents a single averaging set
  4. HDV represents a single averaging set

Credits can be exchanged across averaging sets as follows if additional credits are needed to offset a deficit after the final year of maintaining deficit credits:

  1. you may exchange LDV/LDT1 and LDT2 emission credits
  2. you may exchange HLDT and HDV emission credits

3.4 PM and EVAP phase-in performance

For the 2019 MY, 40% of a company’s fleet of light-duty vehicles, light-duty trucks and medium-duty passenger vehicles and 40% of a company’s fleet of Class 2b and Class 3 vehicles must meet the Tier 3 PM standards and 60% of a company’s overall fleet must meet the Tier 3 EVAP standards. All companies met these requirements.

4. Conclusions

The 2019 MY results represents the third reporting cycle under the new more stringent Tier 3 emission standards. All companies subject to reporting requirements submitted end of MY reports comprising a total of 1 972 856 vehicles manufactured in Canada or imported into Canada for the purpose of first retail sale.

The average NMOG+NOx value for the Canadian 2019 MY combined fleet of light-duty vehicles and light-duty trucks 1 is 0.06664580 grams/mile compared to the standards of 0.072 grams/mile. The average NMOG+NOx value for the Canadian 2019 MY combined fleet of light-duty trucks 2, heavy-light duty trucks and medium-duty passenger vehicles is 0.07528215 grams/mile compared to the standard of 0.083 grams/mile. The average NMOG+NOx value for the Canadian 2019 MY fleet of Class 2B vehicles is 0.24332 grams/mile compared to the standard of 0.253 grams/mile. The average NMOG+NOx value for the Canadian 2019 MY fleet of Class 3 vehicles is 0.44316 grams/mile compared to the standard of 0.400 grams/mile.

The overall NMOG+NOx fleet averages demonstrate industry improvements in emission performance. While the fleet average value for the Class 3 fleet is above the applicable standards for the 2019 MY, companies have 3 years to offset any deficits incurred, and all currently remain in compliance with the fleet averaging provisions of the Regulations.

All companies have complied with the 2019 PM and EVAP phase-in percentages and have met the cold NMHC fleet average standards.

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