Chapter 4: Register of Specific Exemptions and Chemicals Subject to Restricted Use

Article 4 of the Convention allows Parties to obtain specific exemptions, e.g., exemptions that are specific to a chemical, a country and a use. These exemptions were included in the Convention because they allow a phase-out period, during which time countries can eliminate production and use and introduce substitute substances and processes. The time period for an exemption is generally five or less years after the date of entry into force of the Convention for the particular chemical. Upon request and in special circumstances, the COP may choose to extend the expiry date of a specific exemption for a period of up to five years.

Parties wishing to use exemptions will be required to submit a report to the Secretariat, and the Conference of the Parties will review the report and make recommendations to the Party requesting the exemption. A public register of specific exemptions will be established and maintained by the Secretariat. In conformity with the requirements of article 4.2, it will include:

Parties may, at any time, withdraw an entry from the Register if and when the POP is no longer used or produced in that country.

As noted in Chapter 3, Annex B, Part II of the Stockholm Convention provides for specific provisions for restricted use of DDT in disease vector malaria control. Each Party that produces and/or uses DDT must do so in accordance with the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations and guidelines, and only when locally safe, effective and affordable alternatives are not available. The Register of Specific Exemptions will be maintained by the Secretariat.

Parties using DDT will be required to:

The Convention also includes general exemptions for PCBs in existing use (with timelines for their phase-out and elimination), POPs in products, quantities of a chemical to be used in laboratory-scale research or as a reference standard, and unintentional trace contamination of final products where POPs are used as intermediate products.

Canada does not produce or use any of the Annex A substances that will be listed in the Register, and therefore did not request any exemptions be added to it on its behalf. Canada does not produce or use any currently listed Annex B chemical (i.e., DDT) and therefore does not require an exemption.

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