Aluminum salts final content: acronyms

List of acronyms and abbreviations

amyloid beta
ACH
aluminum chlorohydrate
AD
Alzheimer's disease
ADAF
chemical-specific animal to human toxicodynamic adjustment factor
ADP
adenosine diphosphate
ADRDA
Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorders Association
AKAF
chemical-specific animal to human toxicokinetic adjustment factor
AMS
accelerator mass spectrometry
ApoE
apolipoprotein E
ASFA
Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Abstracts (World Health Organization Food and Agricultural Organization)
ATP
adenosine triphosphate
ATPase
class of enzymes that catalyze the decomposition of ATP into ADP
ATSDR
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services)
BAF
bioaccumulation factor
BCF
bioconcentration factor
BIOSIS
Biosciences Information Services
CAplus
Chemical Abstracts Plus
CAB
Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux
cAMP
cyclic adenosine monophosphate
CAS
Chemical Abstracts Service
CASReact
CAS Reaction
CBTB
Canadian Brain Tissue Bank
CEPA
Canadian Environmental Protection Act
CEPA 1999
Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999
CESARS
Chemical Evaluation Search and Retrieval System (Ontario Ministry of the Environment and Michigan Department of Natural Resources)
cGMP
cyclic guanosine monophosphate
ChemCats
Chemical Catalogs online
Chemlist
regulated Chemicals Listing
CHRIS
Chemical Hazard Release Information System
CI
confidence interval
CSHA
Canadian Study of Health and Aging
CT
computer tomography
CTV
critical toxicity value
Da
administered dose
Db
base diet dose
Dc
cumulative dose
DIN
Drug Identification Number
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid
DOC
dissolved organic carbon
DOM
dissolved organic material
DSM
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (American Psychiatric Association)
dw
dry weight
DWTP
drinking water treatment plant
EC50
median effective concentration
ECETOC
European Centre for Ecotoxicology and Toxicology of Chemicals
EDI
estimated daily intake
EEM
environmental effects monitoring
ELIAS
Environmental Library Integrated Automated System (Environment Canada library)
EPA
Environmental Protection Agency (U.S.)
ETAAS
electrothermal atomic absorption spectroscopy
FAO
Food and Agricultural Organization (United Nations)
GD
gestational day
GEOREF
Geo Reference Information System (American Geological Institute)
GLP
good laboratory practice
GVRD
Greater Vancouver Regional District
GVS&DD
Greater Vancouver Sewage & Drainage District
HDAF
chemical-specific human variability toxicodynamic adjustment factor
HKAF
chemical-specific human variability toxicokinetic adjustment factor

HSDB
Hazardous Substances Data Bank (U.S. National Library of Medicine)
ICD
International Classification of Diseases (World Health Organization)
IM
intramuscular
IPCS
International Programme on Chemical Safety (World Health Organization)
IV
intravenous
JECFA
Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives
KASAL
alkaline aluminum phosphate and dibasic sodium phosphate
LC50
median lethal concentration
LD50
median lethal dose
LOAEC
lowest observed adverse effect concentration
LOEC
lowest observed effect concentration
LOEL
lowest observed effect level
LSA
Ontario Longitudinal study of Aging
MEDLINE
Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (U.S. National Library of Medicine)
MINEQL+
chemical equilibrium modeling software
MMAD
mass median aerodynamic diameter
MMSE
mini-mental state examination
MOE
margin of exposure
mRNA
messenger ribonucleic acid
MS
multiple sclerosis
MWWTP
municipal wastewater treatment plant
NADPH
nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate
NATES
National Analysis of Trends in Emergencies System
NEMISIS
National Enforcement Management Information System and Intelligence System
NFT
neurofibrillary tangles
NICNAS
National Industrial Chemicals Notification and Assessment Scheme (Australian Government Department of Health and Aging)
NIH
National Institutes of Health (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services)
NINCDS
National Institute of Neurological and Communicative Disorders and Stroke
NOEC
no observed effect concentration
NOEL
no observed effect level
NTIS
National Technical Information Service (U.S. Department of Commerce)
OECD
Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development
OR
odds ratio
p value
the probability of obtaining a value of the test statistic at least as extreme as the one that was actually observed, given that the null hypothesis is true
PAC
polyaluminum chloride
PAQUID
Principle lifetime occupation and cognitive impairment in a French elderly
PAS
polyaluminum sulphate
PASS
polyaluminum silicate sulphate
PEC
predicted environmental concentration
PM
particulate matter
PM2.5
particulate matter less than 2.5 micrometers in aerodynamic diameter
PM10
particulate matter less than 10 micrometers in aerodynamic diameter
PND
postnatal day
PNEC
predicted no-effect concentration
POLTOX
Cambridge Scientific Abstracts (U.S. National Library of Medicine)
PPP2
protein phosphatase 2
PSL
Priority substances list
PSL2
Second priority substances list
PTEAM
Particle Total Exposure Assessment Methodology
PubMed
free internet access to MEDLINE
RMOC
Regional Municipality of Ottawa-Carleton
RR
relative risk
RTECS
Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (U.S. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health)
SALP
sodium aluminum phosphate
SOS
State of the Science
t½
half-life
TDI
total dietary intake
Tf
transferrin
TNF
alpha tumour necrosis factor
TOXLINE
toxicology database (U.S. National Library of Medicine)
TRI93
Toxic Chemical Release Inventory (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Toxic Substances)
TSS
total suspended solids
USEPA-ASTER
Assessment Tools for the Evaluation of Risk (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)
Vd
volumes of distribution
WASTEINFO
Waste Management Information (Bureau of the American Energy Agency)
WHAM
Windermere Humic-Aqueous Model software designed to calculate equilibrium chemical speciation in surface and ground waters, sediments and soils
WHO
World Health Organization
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