Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999: part 5

Part 5: Controlling Toxic Substances

Interpretation

Toxic substances

64. For the purposes of this Part and Part 6, except where the expression “inherently toxic” appears, a substance is toxic if it is entering or may enter the environment in a quantity or concentration or under conditions that

  1. (a) have or may have an immediate or long-term harmful effect on the environment or its biological diversity;

  2. (b) constitute or may constitute a danger to the environment on which life depends; or

  3. (c) constitute or may constitute a danger in Canada to human life or health.

Definition of “virtual elimination”

65. (1) In this Part, “virtual elimination” means, in respect of a toxic substance released into the environment as a result of human activity, the ultimate reduction of the quantity or concentration of the substance in the release below the level of quantification specified by the Ministers in the List referred to in subsection (2).

Virtual Elimination List

(2) The Ministers shall compile a list to be known as the Virtual Elimination List, and the List shall specify the level of quantification for each substance on the List.

Implementing virtual elimination

(3) When the level of quantification for a substance has been specified on the List referred to in subsection (2), the Ministers shall prescribe the quantity or concentration of the substance that may be released into the environment either alone or in combination with any other substance from any source or type of source, and, in doing so, shall take into account any factor or information provided for in section 91, including, but not limited to, environmental or health risks and any other relevant social, economic or technical matters.

Definition of “level of quantification”

65.1 In section 65, “level of quantification” means, in respect of a substance, the lowest concentration that can be accurately measured using sensitive but routine sampling and analytical methods.

General

Domestic Substances List

66. (1) The Minister shall, for the purposes of sections 73, 74 and 81, maintain a list to be known as the Domestic Substances List, and the List shall specify all substances that the Minister is satisfied were, between January 1, 1984 and December 31, 1986,

  1. (a) manufactured in or imported into Canada by any person in a quantity of not less than 100 kg in any one calendar year; or

  2. (b) in Canadian commerce or used for commercial manufacturing purposes in Canada.

Non-domestic Substances List

(2) The Minister shall, for the purpose of section 81, maintain a list to be known as the Non-domestic Substances List, and the List shall specify substances, other than

  1. (a) the substances referred to in subsection (1); and

  2. (b) living organisms within the meaning of Part 6.

Amendment of Lists

(3) Where a substance was not included on the Domestic Substances List and the Minister subsequently learns that, between January 1, 1984 and December 31, 1986, the requirements set out in paragraph (1)(a) or (b) were met in respect of the substance, the Minister shall add the substance to the List and, where necessary, delete it from the Non-domestic Substances List.

Amendment of Lists

(4) Where the Minister includes a substance on the Domestic Substances List and subsequently learns that, between January 1, 1984 and December 31, 1986, the requirements set out in paragraph (1)(a) or (b) were not met in respect of the substance, the Minister shall delete the substance from the List and may add it to the Non-domestic Substances List.

Publication of Lists

(5) The Minister shall publish in the Canada Gazette and in any other manner that the Minister considers appropriate the Domestic Substances List, the Non-domestic Substances List and any amendments to those Lists.

Designation

(6) The Minister may, by order, designate any person or class of persons to exercise the powers and perform the duties and functions set out in this section.

Regulation of criteria

67. (1) The Governor in Council may, on the recommendation of the Ministers, make regulations

  1. (a) respecting a property or characteristic of a substance, including, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, persistence and bioaccumulation;

  2. (b) prescribing the substances or groups of substances in respect of which the property or characteristic may be applicable;

  3. (c) prescribing the conditions under which and the circumstances in which the property or characteristic may be applicable; and

  4. (d) respecting the conditions, test procedures and laboratory practices to be followed for analysing, testing or measuring the property or characteristic.

Condition

(2) No regulation that is applicable to a mineral or metal may be made under subsection (1) unless, in the opinion of the Ministers, the natural occurrence, properties and characteristics of that mineral or metal in the environment have been taken into consideration.

1999, c. 33, s. 67; 2001, c. 34, s. 28(F).

Research, investigation and evaluation

68. For the purpose of assessing whether a substance is toxic or is capable of becoming toxic, or for the purpose of assessing whether to control, or the manner in which to control, a substance, including a substance specified on the List of Toxic Substances in Schedule 1, either Minister may

  1. (a) collect or generate data and conduct investigations respecting any matter in relation to a substance, including, without limiting the generality of the foregoing,

    1. whether short-term exposure to the substance causes significant effects,

    2. the potential of organisms in the environment to be widely exposed to the substance,

    3. whether organisms are exposed to the substance via multiple pathways,

    4. the ability of the substance to cause a reduction in metabolic functions of an organism,

    5. the ability of the substance to cause delayed or latent effects over the lifetime of an organism,

    6. the ability of the substance to cause reproductive or survival impairment of an organism,

    7. whether exposure to the substance has the potential to contribute to population failure of a species,

    8. the ability of the substance to cause transgenerational effects,

    9. quantities, uses and disposal of the substance,

    10. the manner in which the substance is released into the environment,

    11. the extent to which the substance can be dispersed and will persist in the environment,

    12. the development and use of alternatives to the substance,

    13. methods of controlling the presence of the substance in the environment, and

    14. methods of reducing the quantity of the substance used or produced or the quantities or concentration of the substance released into the environment;

  2. (b) correlate and evaluate any data collected or generated under paragraph (a) and publish results of any investigations carried out under that paragraph; and

  3. (c) provide information and make recommendations respecting any matter in relation to a substance, including, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, measures to control the presence of the substance in the environment.

Formulation of guidelines by the Ministers

69. (1) Either Minister or both Ministers, as the case may be, may issue guidelines for the purposes of the interpretation and application of the provisions of this Part for which they have responsibility.

Consultation

(2) In exercising the powers under subsection (1), either Minister or both Ministers shall offer to consult with the government of a province and the members of the Committee who are representatives of aboriginal governments and may consult with a government department or agency, aboriginal people, representatives of industry and labour and municipal authorities or with persons interested in assessing and controlling toxic substances.

Saving

(2.1) Nothing in subsection (2) shall prevent the Minister from exercising the powers under subsection (1) at any time after the sixtieth day following the day an offer is made under subsection (2).

Guidelines public

(3) Guidelines issued under this section shall be made available to the public, and the Minister who issued the guidelines shall give notice of them in the Canada Gazette and in any other manner that the Minister considers appropriate.

Information Gathering

Notice to the Minister

70. Where a person

  1. (a) imports, manufactures, transports, processes or distributes a substance for commercial purposes, or

  2. (b) uses a substance in a commercial manufacturing or processing activity,

and obtains information that reasonably supports the conclusion that the substance is toxic or is capable of becoming toxic, the person shall without delay provide the information to the Minister unless the person has actual knowledge that either Minister already has the information.

Notice requiring information, samples or testing

71. (1) The Minister may, for the purpose of assessing whether a substance is toxic or is capable of becoming toxic, or for the purpose of assessing whether to control, or the manner in which to control, a substance, including a substance specified on the List of Toxic Substances in Schedule 1,

  1. (a) publish in the Canada Gazette and in any other manner that the Minister considers appropriate a notice requiring any person who is described in the notice and who is or was within the period specified in the notice engaged in any activity involving the substance to notify the Minister that the person is or was during that period engaged in that activity;

  2. (b) publish in the Canada Gazette and in any other manner that the Minister considers appropriate a notice requiring any person who is described in the notice to provide the Minister with any information and samples referred to in subsection (2) that may be in the person’s possession or to which the person may reasonably be expected to have access; and

  3. (c) subject to section 72, send a written notice to any person who is described in the notice and who is or was within the period specified in the notice engaged in any activity involving the importation or manufacturing of the substance or any product containing the substance requiring the person to conduct toxicological and other tests that the Minister may specify in the notice and submit the results of the tests to the Minister.

Contents of notice

(2) A notice sent under paragraph (1)(b) may require any information and samples, including

  1. (a) in respect of a substance, available toxicological information, available monitoring information, samples of the substance and information on the quantities, composition, uses and distribution of the substance and products containing the substance; and

  2. (b) in respect of a work, undertaking or activity, plans, specifications, studies and information on procedures.

Compliance with notice

(3) Every person to whom a notice referred to in any of paragraphs (1)(a) to (c) is directed or sent shall comply with the notice within the time specified in the notice.

Extension of time

(4) Despite subsection (3), the Minister may, on request in writing from any person to whom a notice referred to in paragraph (1)(a), (b) or (c) has been sent, extend the time or times within which the person shall comply with the notice.

1999, c. 33, s. 71; 2001, c. 34, s. 29(F).

Exercise of power under paragraph 71(1)(c)

72. The Minister may not exercise the power under paragraph 71(1)(c) in relation to a substance unless the Ministers have reason to suspect that the substance is toxic or capable of becoming toxic or it has been determined under this Act that the substance is toxic or capable of becoming toxic.

Priority Substances and Other Substances

Categorization of substances on Domestic Substances List

73. (1) The Ministers shall, within seven years from the giving of Royal Assent to this Act, categorize the substances that are on the Domestic Substances List by virtue of section 66, for the purpose of identifying the substances on the List that, in their opinion and on the basis of available information,

  1. (a) may present, to individuals in Canada, the greatest potential for exposure; or

  2. (b) are persistent or bioaccumulative in accordance with the regulations, and inherently toxic to human beings or to non-human organisms, as determined by laboratory or other studies.

Information

(2) Where available information is insufficient to identify substances as referred to in that subsection, the Ministers may, to the extent possible, cooperate with other governments in Canada, governments of foreign states or any interested persons to acquire the information required for the identification.

Application of subsection 81(3)

(3) When categorizing substances under subsection (1), the Ministers shall examine the substances that are on the Domestic Substances List to determine whether an amendment should be made to the List to indicate that subsection 81(3) applies with respect to those substances.

Screening level risk assessment

74. The Ministers shall conduct a screening assessment of a substance in order to determine whether the substance is toxic or capable of becoming toxic and shall propose one of the measures described in subsection 77(2) if

  1. (a) the Ministers identify a substance on the Domestic Substances List to be a substance described in paragraph 73(1)(a) or (b); or

  2. (b) the substance has been added to the Domestic Substances List under section 105.

Definition of “jurisdiction”

75. (1) In this section, “jurisdiction” means

  1. (a) a government in Canada; or

  2. (b) the government of a foreign state or of a subdivision of a foreign state that is a member of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development.

Procedures for exchange of information with other jurisdictions

(2) The Minister shall, to the extent possible, cooperate and develop procedures with jurisdictions, other than the Government of Canada, to exchange information respecting substances that are specifically prohibited or substantially restricted by or under the legislation of those jurisdictions for environmental or health reasons.

Review of decisions of other jurisdictions

(3) Where the Minister is notified in accordance with procedures developed under subsection (2) of a decision to specifically prohibit or substantially restrict any substance by or under the legislation of another jurisdiction for environmental or health reasons, the Ministers shall review the decision in order to determine whether the substance is toxic or capable of becoming toxic, unless the decision relates to a substance the only use of which in Canada is regulated under another Act of Parliament that provides for environmental and health protection.

Priority Substances List

76. (1) The Ministers shall compile and may amend from time to time in accordance with subsection (5) a list, to be known as the Priority Substances List, and the List shall specify substances in respect of which the Ministers are satisfied priority should be given in assessing whether they are toxic or capable of becoming toxic.

Consultation

(2) For the purposes of subsection (1), the Minister shall offer to consult with the government of a province and the members of the Committee who are representatives of aboriginal governments and may consult with a government department or agency, aboriginal people, representatives of industry and labour and municipal authorities or with persons interested in the quality of the environment or the preservation and improvement of public health.

Minister may act

(2.1) At any time after the 60th day following the day on which the Minister offers to consult in accordance with subsection (2), the Minister may act under subsection (1) if the offer to consult is not accepted by the government of a province or members of the Committee who are representatives of aboriginal governments.

Request for addition to Priority Substances List

(3) Any person may file in writing with the Minister a request that a substance be added to the Priority Substances List and the request shall state the reasons for adding the substance to the List.

Consideration of request

(4) The Ministers shall consider a request filed under subsection (3) and, within 90 days after the request is filed, the Minister shall inform the person who filed the request of how the Minister intends to deal with it and the reasons for dealing with it in that manner.

Amendments to Priority Substances List

(5) The Ministers may amend the Priority Substances List

  1. (a) by adding a substance to the List where the Ministers are satisfied on the basis of a determination made as a result of a screening assessment conducted under section 74, the review of a decision of another jurisdiction under subsection 75(3), consultation under subsection (2) or a request made under subsection (3) or for any other reason that priority should be given in assessing whether the substance is toxic or capable of becoming toxic; and

  2. (b) by deleting a substance from the List where the Ministers have determined whether the substance is toxic or capable of becoming toxic.

Publication of Priority Substances List

(6) The Minister shall publish in the Canada Gazette and in any other manner that the Minister considers appropriate the Priority Substances List and any amendments to the List.

Weight of evidence and precautionary principle

76.1 When the Ministers are conducting and interpreting the results of

  1. (a) a screening assessment under section 74,

  2. (b) a review of a decision of another jurisdiction under subsection 75(3) that, in their opinion, is based on scientific considerations and is relevant to Canada, or

  3. (c) an assessment whether a substance specified on the Priority Substances List is toxic or capable of becoming toxic,

the Ministers shall apply a weight of evidence approach and the precautionary principle.

Publication after assessment

77. (1) Where the Ministers have conducted

  1. (a) a screening assessment under section 74,

  2. (b) a review of a decision of another jurisdiction under subsection 75(3) that, in their opinion, is based on scientific considerations and is relevant to Canada, or

  3. (c) an assessment whether a substance specified on the Priority Substances List is toxic or capable of becoming toxic,

the Ministers shall publish in the Canada Gazette and either Minister may publish in any other manner that that Minister considers appropriate a statement indicating one of the measures referred to in subsection (2) that the Ministers propose to take and a summary of the scientific considerations on the basis of which the measure is proposed.

Proposed measures

(2) Subject to subsection (3), for the purposes of subsection (1), the Ministers shall propose one of the following measures:

  1. (a) taking no further action in respect of the substance;

  2. (b) unless the substance is already on the Priority Substances List, adding the substance to the Priority Substances List; or

  3. (c) recommending that the substance be added to the List of Toxic Substances in Schedule 1 and, where applicable under subsection (4), the implementation of virtual elimination under subsection 65(3).

Mandatory proposal

(3) Where, based on a screening assessment conducted under section 74, the substance is determined to be toxic or capable of becoming toxic, and the Ministers are satisfied that

  1. (a) the substance may have a long-term harmful effect on the environment and is

    1. persistent and bioaccumulative in accordance with the regulations, and

    2. inherently toxic to human beings or non-human organisms, as determined by laboratory or other studies, and

  2. (b) the presence of the substance in the environment results primarily from human activity,

the Ministers shall propose to take the measure referred to in paragraph (2)(c).

Proposal for virtual elimination

(4) Where the Ministers propose to take the measure referred to in paragraph (2)(c) in respect of a substance and the Ministers are satisfied that

  1. (a) the substance is persistent and bioaccumulative in accordance with the regulations,

  2. (b) the presence of the substance in the environment results primarily from human activity, and

  3. (c) the substance is not a naturally occurring radionuclide or a naturally occurring inorganic substance,

the Ministers shall propose the implementation of virtual elimination under subsection 65(3) of the substance.

Scientific consultation

(5) Any person may, within 60 days after publication of the statement referred to in subsection (1), file with the Minister written comments on the measure the Ministers propose to take and the scientific considerations on the basis of which the measure is proposed.

Publication of final decision

(6) After taking into consideration in an expeditious manner the comments filed under subsection (5), the Ministers shall publish in the Canada Gazette

  1. (a) a summary of the screening assessment conducted under section 74, of the review of a decision of another jurisdiction under subsection 75(3) or of a report of the assessment of substances specified on the Priority Substances List, as the case may be;

  2. (b) a statement indicating the measure that the Ministers propose to take; and

  3. (c) where the measure is that referred to in paragraph (2)(c), a statement indicating the manner in which the Ministers intend to develop a proposed regulation or instrument respecting preventive or control actions in relation to the substance.

Report of assessment

(7) Where the Ministers publish a statement under subsection (6) in respect of a substance specified on the Priority Substances List, the Ministers shall make a report of the assessment of the substance available to the public.

Notice of objection

(8) Where the Ministers make an assessment whether a substance specified on the Priority Substances List is toxic or is capable of becoming toxic and decide not to recommend that the substance be added to the List of Toxic Substances in Schedule 1, any person may, within 60 days after publication of the decision in the Canada Gazette, file a notice of objection with the Minister requesting that a board of review be established under section 333 and stating the reason for the objection.

Recommendation to Governor in Council

(9) The Ministers shall make a recommendation for an order under subsection 90(1) when publishing a statement under paragraph (6)(b) indicating that the measure that they propose to take is a recommendation that the substance be added to the List of Toxic Substances in Schedule 1.

Notice of objection

78. (1) Subject to subsections (2) to (4), where a substance has been specified on the Priority Substances List for a period of five years and the Ministers have not yet determined whether the substance is toxic or capable of becoming toxic, any person may file a notice of objection with the Minister requesting that a board of review be established under section 333.

Notice of suspension of five year period

(2) Where a substance is specified on the Priority Substances List and the Ministers are satisfied that new or additional information is required to assess whether the substance is toxic or capable of becoming toxic, the Minister shall publish a notice in the Canada Gazette indicating

  1. (a) that the period of five years referred to in subsection (1) is suspended and the duration of the suspension; and

  2. (b) the new or additional information that is required to assess whether the substance is toxic or capable of becoming toxic, unless another provision of this Part requires the submission of the new or additional information.

Contents of notice

(3) Where a notice is published under subsection (2), the operation of subsection (1) in relation to the substance is suspended until the earlier of

  1. (a) the expiry of the period determined by the Ministers, notice of which is given in the Canada Gazette, and

  2. (b) the time when the required information becomes available to the Ministers.

Notice of objection after a suspension

(4) Where a notice is published under subsection (2) and the Ministers have not yet determined whether the substance is toxic or capable of becoming toxic within a period of two years after the date on which the suspension referred to in the notice ends, any person may file a notice of objection with the Minister requesting that a board of review be established under section 333.

Plans required for virtual elimination

79. (1) Where the Minister publishes in the Canada Gazette under subsection 77(6) a statement indicating that the proposed measure, as confirmed or amended, is the implementation of virtual elimination under subsection 65(3) in respect of a substance, the Minister shall in that statement require any person who is described in it to prepare and submit to the Minister a plan in respect of the substance in relation to the work, undertaking or activity of the person.

Content of plan

(2) Every person who is required to prepare and submit a plan under subsection (1)

  1. (a) shall include in it a description of the proposed actions in respect of the implementation of virtual elimination under subsection 65(3) of the substance in relation to the work, undertaking or activity of the person and the period within which the proposed actions are to be completed; and

  2. (b) may include in it relevant information respecting measurable quantities or concentrations of the substance, environmental or health risks and social, economic or technical matters.

Compliance with statement

(3) Every person to whom a statement referred to in subsection (1) is directed shall comply with it within the period specified in the statement.

Time delay

(4) The period of time to be specified in the statement shall begin no earlier than the date on which an order is made under subsection 90(1) adding the substance to the List of Toxic Substances in Schedule 1.

Substances and Activities New to Canada

Definitions

80. The definitions in this section apply in sections 81 to 89.

“significant new activity”
« nouvelle activité »

“significant new activity” includes, in respect of a substance, any activity that results in or may result in

  1. (a) the entry or release of the substance into the environment in a quantity or concentration that, in the Ministers’ opinion, is significantly greater than the quantity or concentration of the substance that previously entered or was released into the environment; or

  2. (b) the entry or release of the substance into the environment or the exposure or potential exposure of the environment to the substance in a manner and circumstances that, in the Ministers’ opinion, are significantly different from the manner and circumstances in which the substance previously entered or was released into the environment or of any previous exposure or potential exposure of the environment to the substance.

“substance”
« substance »

“substance” means a substance other than a living organism within the meaning of Part 6.

Manufacture or import of substances

81. (1) Where a substance is not specified on the Domestic Substances List and subsection (2) does not apply, no person shall manufacture or import the substance unless

  1. (a) the prescribed information with respect to the substance has been provided by the person to the Minister accompanied by the prescribed fee, on or before the prescribed date; and

  2. (b) the period for assessing the information under section 83 has expired.

Transitional provisions

(2) Where a person has, between January 1, 1987 and June 30, 1994, manufactured or imported a substance that is not specified on the Domestic Substances List, no person shall manufacture or import the substance after June 30, 1994 unless, within 180 days after that date or on or before the prescribed date, the prescribed information has been provided to the Minister with respect to the substance by that person.

Notification of significant new activity in respect of substance on List

(3) Where a substance is specified on the Domestic Substances List with an indication that this subsection applies with respect to the substance, no person shall use, manufacture or import the substance for a significant new activity that is indicated on the List with respect to the substance unless

  1. (a) the person has provided the Minister with the prescribed information, on or before the date that is specified by the Minister or prescribed, accompanied by the prescribed fee; and

  2. (b) the period for assessing the information specified by the Minister or provided under section 83 has expired.

Notification of significant new activity in respect of substance not on List

(4) Where a substance is not specified on the Domestic Substances List and the Minister publishes a notice in the Canada Gazette indicating that this subsection applies with respect to the substance, no person shall use the substance for a significant new activity that is indicated in the notice unless

  1. (a) the person has provided the Minister with the prescribed information, on or before the date that is specified by the Minister or prescribed, accompanied by the prescribed fee; and

  2. (b) the period for assessing the information specified by the Minister or provided under section 83 has expired.

Transfer of rights in respect of substance

(5) Where prescribed information with respect to a substance has been provided under subsection (1), (2), (3) or (4) by a person who subsequently transfers the right or privilege in relation to the substance for which the information was provided, the information is, subject to any conditions that may be prescribed, deemed to have been provided by the transferee of that right or privilege.

Application

(6) Subsections (1) to (4) do not apply to

  1. (a) a substance that is manufactured or imported for a use that is regulated under any other Act of Parliament that provides for notice to be given before the manufacture, import or sale of the substance and for an assessment of whether it is toxic or capable of becoming toxic;

  2. (b) transient reaction intermediates that are not isolated and are not likely to be released into the environment;

  3. (c) impurities, contaminants and partially unreacted materials the formation of which is related to the preparation of a substance;

  4. (d) substances produced when a substance undergoes a chemical reaction that is incidental to the use to which the substance is put or that results from storage or from environmental factors; or

  5. (e) a substance that is manufactured, used or imported in a quantity that does not exceed the maximum quantity prescribed as exempt from this section.

Governor in Council may amend Schedule 2

(7) For the purposes of the administration of this section, the Governor in Council has the exclusive responsibility for determining whether or not the requirements referred to in paragraph (6)(a) are met by or under an Act of Parliament referred to in that paragraph, or regulations made under that Act, and

  1. (a) if the Governor in Council determines that the requirements referred to in paragraph (6)(a) are met by or under an Act of Parliament referred to in that paragraph, or regulations made under that Act, the Governor in Council may by order add to Schedule 2 the name of that Act or those regulations, as the case may be, and the fact that an Act or regulations are listed in Schedule 2 is conclusive proof that the requirements referred to in paragraph (6)(a) are met; and

  2. (b) if the Governor in Council determines that the requirements referred to in paragraph (6)(a) are no longer met by or under an Act of Parliament, or regulations, listed in Schedule 2, the Governor in Council may by order delete from Schedule 2 the name of that Act or those regulations, as the case may be.

Waiver of information requirements

(8) On the request of any person to whom subsection (1), (2), (3) or (4) applies, the Minister may waive any of the requirements to provide information under that subsection if

  1. (a) in the opinion of the Ministers, the information is not needed in order to determine whether the substance is toxic or capable of becoming toxic;

  2. (b) the substance is to be used for a prescribed purpose or manufactured at a location where, in the opinion of the Ministers, the person requesting the waiver is able to contain the substance so as to satisfactorily protect the environment and human health; or

  3. (c) it is not, in the opinion of the Ministers, practicable or feasible to obtain the test data necessary to generate the information.

Publication of notice of waiver

(9) The Minister shall publish in the Canada Gazette a notice stating the name of any person to whom a waiver is granted and the type of information to which it relates.

Compliance with waiver

(10) Where the Minister waives any of the requirements for information under paragraph (8)(b), the person to whom the waiver is granted shall not use, manufacture or import the substance unless it is for the purpose prescribed pursuant to regulations made under paragraph 89(1)(f) or at the location specified in the request for the waiver, as the case may be.

Correction of information

(11) A person who has provided information under this section, including for the purposes of a request for a waiver under subsection (8), or under section 82 or 84 shall notify the Minister of any corrections to the information as soon as possible after learning of them.

Request for information previously waived

(12) Where the Minister is notified of any corrections to information that was provided for the purposes of a request for a waiver under subsection (8), the Minister may, after consideration by the Ministers of the corrections, require the person to whom the waiver was granted to provide the Minister with the information to which the waiver related within the time specified by the Minister.

Application of section 84

(13) Where the Ministers suspect, after considering

  1. (a) any corrections received under subsection (11), or

  2. (b) the information provided under subsection (12),

that a substance is toxic or capable of becoming toxic, the Minister may exercise any of the powers referred to in paragraphs 84(1)(a) to (c).

Notification of excess quantity

(14) Where a person manufactures or imports a substance in accordance with this section in excess of any quantity referred to in paragraph 87(1)(b), the person shall, within 30 days after the quantity is exceeded, notify the Minister that it has been exceeded.

Prohibition of activity

82. (1) Where the Minister has reasonable grounds to believe that a person has used, manufactured or imported a substance in contravention of subsection 81(1), (3) or (4), the Minister may, in writing, require the person to provide the information referred to in that subsection and prohibit any activity involving the substance until the expiry of the period for assessing the information under section 83.

Prohibition of activity

(2) Where the Minister has reasonable grounds to believe that a person has manufactured or imported a substance in contravention of subsection 81(2), the Minister may, in writing, prohibit any activity involving the substance until the prescribed information is provided to the Minister.

Waiver of information requirements

(3) On the request of any person required under subsection (1) or (2) to provide information, the Minister may waive any of the requirements for prescribed information if one of the conditions specified in paragraphs 81(8)(a) to (c) is met and, in that case, subsections 81(9) to (13) apply with respect to the waiver.

Assessment of information

83. (1) Subject to subsection (4), the Ministers shall, within the prescribed assessment period, assess information provided under subsection 81(1), (3) or (4) or paragraph 84(1)(c) or otherwise available to them in respect of a substance in order to determine whether it is toxic or capable of becoming toxic.

Assessment of information

(2) Subject to subsections (3) and (4), the Ministers shall assess information provided under subsection 82(1) or otherwise available to them in respect of a substance in order to determine whether it is toxic or capable of becoming toxic.

Time for assessment

(3) An assessment of information under subsection (2) shall be made following the date on which the information is provided within a period that does not exceed the number of days in the prescribed assessment period.

Extension of assessment period

(4) Where the Ministers are of the opinion that further time is necessary to assess any information, the Minister may, before the expiry of the assessment period referred to in subsection (1) or (3), extend the period for assessing the information, but the extension shall not exceed the number of days in the prescribed assessment period.

Notification of extension

(5) Where the Minister extends the period for assessing information, the Minister shall, before the expiry of the assessment period referred to in subsection (1) or (3), notify the person who provided the information.

Termination of period

(6) The Minister may, before the expiry of the assessment period referred to in subsection (1) or (3), terminate the period for assessing information and, immediately before doing so, shall notify the person who provided the information.

Action to be taken after assessment

84. (1) Where the Ministers have assessed any information under section 83 and they suspect that a substance is toxic or capable of becoming toxic, the Minister may, before the expiry of the period for assessing the information,

  1. (a) permit any person to manufacture or import the substance, subject to any conditions that the Ministers may specify;

  2. (b) prohibit any person from manufacturing or importing the substance; or

  3. (c) request any person to provide any additional information or submit the results of any testing that the Ministers consider necessary for the purpose of assessing whether the substance is toxic or capable of becoming toxic.

Additional information or testing

(2) Where the Minister requests additional information or test results under paragraph (1)(c), the person to whom the request is directed shall not manufacture or import the substance unless

  1. (a) the person provides the additional information or submits the test results; and

  2. (b) the period for assessing information under section 83 has expired or a period of 90 days after the additional information or test results were provided has expired, whichever is later.

Variation of conditions and prohibitions

(3) The Minister may vary or rescind a condition or prohibition specified or imposed under paragraph (1)(a) or (b).

Expiry of prohibition

(4) Any prohibition on the manufacture or importation of a substance imposed under paragraph (1)(b) expires two years after it is imposed unless, before the expiry of the two years, the Governor in Council publishes in the Canada Gazette a notice of proposed regulations under section 93 in respect of the substance, in which case the prohibition expires on the day the regulations come into force.

Publication of conditions and prohibitions

(5) Where the Minister specifies, imposes, varies or rescinds any condition for or prohibition on the manufacture or importation of a substance, the Minister shall publish in the Canada Gazette a notice setting out the condition or prohibition and the substance in respect of which it applies.

Significant new activity

85. (1) Where the Ministers have assessed any information under section 83 in respect of a substance that is not on the Domestic Substances List and they suspect that a significant new activity in relation to the substance may result in the substance becoming toxic, the Minister may, within 90 days after the expiry of the period for assessing the information, publish in the Canada Gazette, and in any other manner that the Minister considers appropriate, a notice indicating that subsection 81(4) applies with respect to the substance.

Variation or revocation

(2) The Minister may, by notice published in the Canada Gazette, vary the significant new activities in relation to a substance for which a notice has been given under subsection (1) or indicate that subsection 81(4) no longer applies with respect to that substance.

Contents of notice

(3) A notice referred to in subsection (1) or (2) shall indicate, by inclusion or exclusion, the significant new activities in relation to the substance in respect of which subsection 81(4) is to apply, and if regulations in respect of those significant new activities are not made under paragraphs 89(1)(c), (d) and (g), specify the information to be provided to the Minister under that subsection, the date within which it is to be provided and the period within which it is to be assessed under section 83.

Notification of persons required to comply

86. Where a notice is published in the Canada Gazette under subsection 85(1) in respect of a substance, every person who transfers the physical possession or control of the substance shall notify all persons to whom the possession or control is transferred of the obligation to comply with subsection 81(4).

Amendment of Lists

87. (1) The Minister shall add a substance to the Domestic Substances List and, if it appears on the Non-domestic Substances List, delete it from that List, within 120 days after the following conditions are met:

  1. (a) the Minister has been provided with information in respect of the substance under section 81 or 82 and any additional information or test results required under subsection 84(1);

  2. (b) the Ministers are satisfied that the substance has been manufactured in or imported into Canada by the person who provided the information in excess of

    1. 1000 kg in any calendar year,

    2. an accumulated total of 5000 kg, or

    3. the quantity prescribed for the purposes of this section; and

  3. (c) the period for assessing the information under section 83 has expired; and

  4. (d) no conditions specified under paragraph 84(1)(a) in respect of the substance remain in effect.

Amendment of Lists

(2) Where the Minister adds a substance to the Domestic Substances List and subsequently learns that the substance was not manufactured or imported as described in subsection (1), the Minister shall delete the substance from the Domestic Substances List, and if it has been deleted from the Non-domestic Substances List, the Minister shall add it to that List.

Significant new activity

(3) Where a substance is on the Domestic Substances List or is to be added to the List under subsection (1), the Minister may amend the List in respect of the substance to indicate that subsection 81(3) applies with respect to the substance or that it no longer applies or by varying the significant new activities in relation to the substance in respect of which subsection 81(3) is to apply.

Contents of amendment

(4) An amendment referred to in subsection (3) shall indicate, by inclusion or exclusion, the significant new activities in relation to the substance in respect of which subsection 81(3) is to apply, and if regulations in respect of those significant new activities are not made under paragraphs 89(1)(c), (d) and (g), specify the information to be provided to the Minister under that subsection, the date within which it is to be provided and the period within which it is to be assessed under section 83.

Amendments of Lists

(5) Despite subsection (1), the Minister shall add a substance to the Domestic Substances List and, if it appears on the Non-Domestic Substances List, delete it from that List, within 120 days after the following conditions are met:

  1. (a) the Minister has been provided with any information in respect of the substance under subsections 81(1) to (13) or section 82, any additional information or test results required under subsection 84(1), and any other prescribed information;

  2. (b) the period for assessing the information under section 83 has expired; and

  3. (c) no conditions specified under paragraph 84(1)(a) in respect of the substance remain in effect.

Publication of masked name

88. Where the publication under this Part of the explicit chemical or biological name of a substance would result in the release of confidential business information in contravention of section 314, the substance shall be identified by a name determined in the prescribed manner.

Regulations

89. (1) The Governor in Council may, on the recommendation of the Ministers, make regulations

  1. (a) respecting substances or establishing groups of substances for the purposes of the provision of information under section 81 or 82, including groups of inanimate biotechnology products, polymers, research and development substances and substances manufactured only for export;

  2. (b) prescribing maximum exempt quantities for the purpose of paragraph 81(6)(e);

  3. (c) respecting the information to be provided to the Minister under subsection 81(1), (2), (3) or (4) or section 82;

  4. (d) prescribing dates on or before which information shall be provided under subsection 81(1), (2), (3) or (4);

  5. (e) respecting the maintenance of books and records for the administration of any regulation made under this section;

  6. (f) prescribing the purpose for which a substance must be used so as to permit the waiver of information requirements under subsection 81(8);

  7. (g) prescribing periods within which the Ministers shall assess information under subsection 83(1);

  8. (h) respecting the conditions, test procedures and laboratory practices to be followed in developing test data on a substance in order to comply with the information requirements of section 81 or 82 or requests for information under paragraph 84(1)(c);

  9. (i) prescribing quantities for the purpose of section 87;

  10. (i.1) prescribing information that shall be provided to the Minister under subsection 87(5);

  11. (j) prescribing the manner of determining a name for a substance for the purpose of section 88; and

  12. (k) generally for carrying out the purposes and provisions of sections 66 and 80 to 88.

Prescribed assessment period

(2) For the purposes of sections 81 and 83, where no assessment period is prescribed or specified with respect to a substance, the prescribed assessment period is 90 days after the Minister is provided with the prescribed information.

Prescription of quantities

(3) Regulations made under paragraph (1)(b) or (i) may prescribe quantities in respect of a substance in terms of

  1. (a) whether or not the substance is on the Non-domestic Substances List or is a member of a group of substances established by regulations made under paragraph (1)(a); or

  2. (b) the purposes for which the substance is manufactured or imported.

Prescription of information and assessment periods

(4) Regulations made under paragraph (1)(c), (d) or (g) may prescribe information, dates or periods in respect of a substance in terms of

  1. (a) whether or not the substance is on the Non-domestic Substances List or is a member of a group of substances established by regulations made under paragraph (1)(a);

  2. (b) the purposes for which the substance is manufactured or imported; or

  3. (c) the quantity in which the substance is manufactured or imported.

Regulation of Toxic Substances

Addition to List of Toxic Substances

90. (1) Subject to subsection (3), the Governor in Council may, if satisfied that a substance is toxic, on the recommendation of the Ministers, make an order adding the substance to the List of Toxic Substances in Schedule 1.

Priority

(1.1) In developing proposed regulations or instruments respecting preventive or control actions in relation to substances specified on the List of Toxic Substances in Schedule 1, the Ministers shall give priority to pollution prevention actions.

Deletion from List

(2) Subject to subsection (3), the Governor in Council may, if satisfied that the inclusion of a substance specified on the List of Toxic Substances in Schedule 1 is no longer necessary, on the recommendation of the Ministers, make an order

  1. (a) deleting the substance from the List and deleting the type of regulations specified in the List as being applicable with respect to the substance; and

  2. (b) repealing the regulations made under section 93 with respect to the substance.

Order subject to conditions

(3) Where a board of review is established under section 333 in relation to a substance, no order may be made under subsection (1) or (2) in relation to the substance until the board’s report is received by the Ministers.

Publication of proposed regulation or instrument

91. (1) Subject to subsections (6) and (7), a proposed regulation or instrument respecting preventive or control actions in relation to a substance shall be published by the Minister in the Canada Gazette within two years after the publication of the Ministers’ statement under paragraph 77(6)(b) indicating that the measure that they propose to take, as confirmed or amended, is a recommendation that the substance be added to the List of Toxic Substances in Schedule 1.

Timeframes in relation to virtual elimination

(2) A proposed regulation or instrument in respect of preventive or control actions in relation to a substance for which a statement has been published under subsection 77(6) indicating that the measure proposed by the Ministers is the implementation of virtual elimination under subsection 65(3) shall specify the dates on which the preventive or control actions are to take effect.

Measurable quantity or concentration

(3) In establishing the quantity or concentration that is measurable in relation to a substance for the purposes of a proposed regulation or instrument referred to in subsection (2), the Ministers shall take into consideration information concerning sensitive and readily available analytical methods and any relevant information contained in plans referred to in subsection 79(2).

Additional measures in relation to virtual elimination

(4) The Minister shall, where applicable, publish in the Canada Gazette a statement accompanying the proposed regulation or instrument for a substance referred to in subsection (2) describing any additional measures that the Ministers intend to recommend with respect to the implementation of virtual elimination under subsection 65(3) and summarizing their reasons for so intending.

Considerations in relation to virtual elimination

(5) In determining the preventive or control actions in relation to a substance and the dates on which those actions are to take effect that are to be set out in a proposed regulation or instrument referred to in subsection (2), and in determining any additional measures described in a statement published under subsection (4), the Ministers shall take into consideration any factor or information that, in the opinion of the Ministers, is relevant, including, but not limited to,

  1. (a) information contained in plans referred to in section 79; and

  2. (b) environmental or health risks identified in the summary published under subsection 77(6) and any other relevant social, economic or technical matters.

Publication of subsequent proposals

(6) Any proposed regulation or instrument respecting preventive or control actions in relation to a substance that is made after the publication of a proposed regulation or instrument published within the period of two years referred to in subsection (1) shall be published in the Canada Gazette.

Suspension of time where board of review

(7) Where a board of review is established under section 333, the period of two years referred to in subsection (1) is suspended from the establishment of the board and does not recommence until the board’s report is received by the Ministers.

Publication of preventive or control actions

92. (1) Subject to subsection (2), any regulation or instrument respecting preventive or control actions in relation to a substance shall be made and published in the Canada Gazette within 18 months after the publication of the proposed regulation or instrument under subsection 91(1) or (6), unless a material substantive change is required to be made to it.

Suspension of time where board of review

(2) Where a board of review is established under section 333 in relation to a substance, the period of 18 months referred to in subsection (1) is suspended from the establishment of the board and does not recommence until the board has submitted its report to the Minister under subsection 340(1).

Regulations

92.1 For the purposes of subsection 65(3), the Ministers may make regulations prescribing the quantity or concentration of a substance that may be released into the environment either alone or in combination with any other substance from any source or type of source.

Regulations

93. (1) Subject to subsections (3) and (4), the Governor in Council may, on the recommendation of the Ministers, make regulations with respect to a substance specified on the List of Toxic Substances in Schedule 1, including regulations providing for, or imposing requirements respecting,

  1. (a) the quantity or concentration of the substance that may be released into the environment either alone or in combination with any other substance from any source or type of source;

  2. (b) the places or areas where the substance may be released;

  3. (c) the commercial, manufacturing or processing activity in the course of which the substance may be released;

  4. (d) the manner in which and conditions under which the substance may be released into the environment, either alone or in combination with any other substance;

  5. (e) the quantity of the substance that may be manufactured, processed, used, offered for sale or sold in Canada;

  6. (f) the purposes for which the substance or a product containing it may be imported, manufactured, processed, used, offered for sale or sold;

  7. (g) the manner in which and conditions under which the substance or a product containing it may be imported, manufactured, processed or used;

  8. (h) the quantities or concentrations in which the substance may be used;

  9. (i) the quantities or concentrations of the substance that may be imported;

  10. (j) the countries from or to which the substance may be imported or exported;

  11. (k) the conditions under which, the manner in which and the purposes for which the substance may be imported or exported;

  12. (l) the total, partial or conditional prohibition of the manufacture, use, processing, sale, offering for sale, import or export of the substance or a product containing it;

  13. (m) the total, partial or conditional prohibition of the import or export of a product that is intended to contain the substance;

  14. (n) the quantity or concentration of the substance that may be contained in any product manufactured, imported, exported, offered for sale or sold in Canada;

  15. (o) the manner in which, conditions under which and the purposes for which the substance or a product containing it may be advertised or offered for sale;

  16. (p) the manner in which and conditions under which the substance or a product containing it may be stored, displayed, handled, transported or offered for transport;

  17. (q) the packaging and labelling of the substance or a product containing it;

  18. (r) the manner, conditions, places and method of disposal of the substance or a product containing it, including standards for the construction, maintenance and inspection of disposal sites;

  19. (s) the submission to the Minister, on request or at any prescribed times, of information relating to the substance;

  20. (t) the maintenance of books and records for the administration of any regulation made under this section;

  21. (u) the conduct of sampling, analyses, tests, measurements or monitoring of the substance and the submission of the results to the Minister;

  22. (v) the submission of samples of the substance to the Minister;

  23. (w) the conditions, test procedures and laboratory practices to be followed for conducting sampling, analyses, tests, measurements or monitoring of the substance;

  24. (x) the circumstances or conditions under which the Minister may, for the proper administration of this Act, modify

    1. any requirement for sampling, analyses, tests, measurements or monitoring, or

    2. the conditions, test procedures and laboratory practices for conducting any required sampling, analyses, tests, measurements or monitoring; and

  25. (y) any other matter that by this Part is to be defined or prescribed or that is necessary to carry out the purposes of this Part.

Definition of “sell”

(2) In this section, “sell” includes, in respect of a substance, the transfer of the physical possession or control of the substance.

Advice by Committee

(3) Before a regulation is made under subsection (1), the Minister shall give the Committee an opportunity to advise the Ministers.

Substances regulated under other Acts of Parliament

(4) The Governor in Council shall not make a regulation under subsection (1) in respect of a substance if, in the opinion of the Governor in Council, the regulation regulates an aspect of the substance that is regulated by or under any other Act of Parliament in a manner that provides, in the opinion of the Governor in Council, sufficient protection to the environment and human health.

Amendment to the List of Toxic Substances in Schedule 1

(5) A regulation made under subsection (1) with respect to a substance may amend the List of Toxic Substances in Schedule 1 so as to specify the type of regulation that applies with respect to the substance.

Interim orders

94. (1) Where

  1. (a) a substance

    1. is not specified on the List of Toxic Substances in Schedule 1 and the Ministers believe that it is toxic or capable of becoming toxic, or

    2. is specified on that List and the Ministers believe that it is not adequately regulated, and

  2. (b) the Ministers believe that immediate action is required to deal with a significant danger to the environment or to human life or health,

the Minister may make an interim order in respect of the substance and the order may contain any provision that may be contained in a regulation made under subsection 93(1).

Effect of order

(2) Subject to subsection (3), an interim order has effect

  1. (a) from the time it is made; and

  2. (b) as if it were a regulation made under section 93.

Approval of Governor in Council

(3) An interim order ceases to have effect unless it is approved by the Governor in Council within 14 days after it is made.

Consultation

(4) The Governor in Council shall not approve an interim order unless the Minister has

  1. (a) within 24 hours after making the order, offered to consult with all affected governments to determine whether they are prepared to take sufficient action to deal with the significant danger; and

  2. (b) consulted with other ministers of the Crown in right of Canada to determine whether any action can be taken under any other Act of Parliament to deal with the significant danger.

Recommendation of regulations

(5) Where the Governor in Council approves an interim order, the Ministers shall, within 90 days after the approval, publish in the Canada Gazette a statement indicating whether the Ministers intend to recommend to the Governor in Council

  1. (a) that a regulation having the same effect as the order be made under section 93; and

  2. (b) if the order was made in respect of a substance that was not specified on the List of Toxic Substances in Schedule 1, that the substance be added to that List under section 90.

Contravention of unpublished order

(6) No person shall be convicted of an offence consisting of a contravention of an interim order that, at the time of the alleged contravention, had not been published in the Canada Gazette unless it is proved that, at the date of the alleged contravention, that person had been notified of the interim order.

Cessation of effect

(7) Subject to subsection (3), an interim order ceases to have effect on the earliest of

  1. (a) the day it is repealed,

  2. (b) the day a regulation referred to in subsection (5) is made, and

  3. (c) two years after the order is made.

Release of Toxic Substances

Report and remedial measures

95. (1) Where there occurs or is a likelihood of a release into the environment of a substance specified on the List of Toxic Substances in Schedule 1 in contravention of a regulation made under section 92.1 or 93 or an order made under section 94, any person described in subsection (2) shall, as soon as possible in the circumstances,

  1. (a) subject to subsection (4) and any regulations made under paragraph 97(b), notify an enforcement officer or any other person designated pursuant to the regulations and provide a written report on the matter to the enforcement officer or other person;

  2. (b) take all reasonable measures consistent with the protection of the environment and public safety to prevent the release or, if it cannot be prevented, to remedy any dangerous condition or reduce or mitigate any danger to the environment or to human life or health that results from the release of the substance or may reasonably be expected to result if the substance is released; and

  3. (c) make a reasonable effort to notify any member of the public who may be adversely affected by the release or likely release.

Application

(2) Subsection (1) applies to any person who

  1. (a) owns or has the charge, management or control of a substance immediately before its release or its likely release into the environment; or

  2. (b) causes or contributes to the release or increases the likelihood of the release.

Report by property owner

(3) Where there occurs a release of a substance as described in subsection (1), any person, other than a person described in subsection (2), whose property is affected by the release and who knows that it is a substance specified on the List of Toxic Substances in Schedule 1 shall, as soon as possible in the circumstances and subject to subsection (4), report the matter to an enforcement officer or to any person that is designated by regulation.

Report to provincial official

(4) Where there are in force, by or under the laws of a province or an aboriginal government, provisions that the Governor in Council, by regulation, declares to be adequate for dealing with a release described in subsection (1), a report required by paragraph (1)(a) or subsection (3) shall be made to a person designated by those provisions.

Intervention by enforcement officer

(5) Where any person fails to take any measures required under subsection (1), an enforcement officer may take those measures, cause them to be taken or direct any person referred to in subsection (2) to take them.

Limitation on power of direction

(6) A direction of an enforcement officer under subsection (5) that is inconsistent with a requirement imposed by or under any other Act of Parliament is void to the extent of the inconsistency.

Access to property

(7) Any enforcement officer or other person authorized or required to take any measures under subsection (1) or (5) may enter and have access to any place or property and may do any reasonable things that may be necessary in the circumstances.

Personal liability

(8) Any person, other than a person described in subsection (2), who provides assistance or advice in taking the measures required by subsection (1) or who takes any measures authorized under subsection (5) is not personally liable either civilly or criminally in respect of any act or omission in the course of providing assistance or advice or taking any measures under those subsections unless it is established that the person acted in bad faith.

Voluntary report

96. (1) Where a person has knowledge of the occurrence or likelihood of a release into the environment of a substance specified on the List of Toxic Substances in Schedule 1, but the person is not required to report the matter under this Act, the person may report any information relating to the release or likely release to an enforcement officer or to any person to whom a report may be made under section 95.

Request for confidentiality

(2) A person making a report under subsection (1) may request that the person’s identity and any information that could reasonably reveal the identity not be released.

Requirement for confidentiality

(3) Where a person makes a request under subsection (2), no person shall release or cause to be released the identity of the person making the request or any information that could reasonably be expected to reveal their identity unless the person making the request authorizes the release in writing.

Employee protection

(4) Despite any other Act of Parliament, no employer shall dismiss, suspend, demote, discipline, harass or otherwise disadvantage an employee, or deny an employee a benefit of employment, by reason that

  1. (a) the employee has made a report under subsection (1);

  2. (b) the employee, acting in good faith and on the basis of reasonable belief, has refused or stated an intention of refusing to do anything that is an offence under this Act; or

  3. (c) the employee, acting in good faith and on the basis of reasonable belief, has done or stated an intention of doing anything that is required to be done by or under this Act.

Regulations

97. The Governor in Council may make regulations

  1. (a) designating persons for the purposes of paragraph 95(1)(a) and subsection 95(3) and prescribing the form of the report to be made under those provisions and the information to be contained in it;

  2. (b) respecting the notification and reporting of a release;

  3. (c) declaring provisions to be adequate for the purpose of subsection 95(4); and

  4. (d) generally for carrying out the purposes and provisions of sections 95 and 96.

Recovery of reasonable costs and expenses by Her Majesty

98. (1) Her Majesty in right of Canada may recover the costs and expenses of and incidental to taking any measures under subsection 95(5) from

  1. (a) any person referred to in paragraph 95(2)(a); and

  2. (b) any person referred to in paragraph 95(2)(b) to the extent that that person knowingly or negligently caused or contributed to the release.

Reasonably incurred

(2) The costs and expenses referred to in subsection (1) shall only be recovered to the extent that they can be established to have been reasonably incurred in the circumstances.

Joint and several liability

(3) Subject to subsection (4), the persons referred to in subsection (1) are jointly and severally liable or solidarily liable for the costs and expenses referred to in that subsection.

Limitation

(4) A person referred to in paragraph 95(2)(b) shall not be held liable under subsection (3) to an extent greater than the extent to which the person knowingly or negligently caused or contributed to the release.

Procedure

(5) A claim under this section may be sued for and recovered by Her Majesty in right of Canada with costs in proceedings brought or taken therefor in the name of Her Majesty in right of Canada in any court of competent jurisdiction.

Recourse or indemnity

(6) This section does not limit or restrict any right of recourse or indemnity that a person may have against any other person.

Limitation period

(7) Where events giving rise to a claim under this section occur, no proceedings in respect of the claim may be instituted after five years from the date on which the events occur or become evident to the Minister, whichever is later.

Minister’s certificate

(8) A document purporting to have been issued by the Minister certifying the day on which the events giving rise to a claim under this section came to the knowledge of the Minister shall be received in evidence and, in the absence of any evidence to the contrary, the document shall be considered as proof of that fact without proof of the signature or of the official character of the person appearing to have signed the document and without further proof.

Remedial measures

99. Where, in respect of a substance or a product containing a substance, there is a contravention of this Part or any regulation made under this Part, the Minister may, in writing,

  1. (a) direct any manufacturer, processor, importer, retailer or distributor of the substance or product to take any or all of the following measures:

    1. give public notice in a manner directed by the Minister of any danger to the environment or to human life or health posed by the substance or product,

    2. mail a notice as described in subparagraph (i) to every manufacturer, processor, distributor or retailer of the substance or product, or

    3. mail a notice as described in subparagraph (i) to every person to whom the substance or product is known to have been delivered or sold; and

  2. (b) direct any manufacturer, processor, distributor, importer or retailer of the substance or product to take any or all of the following measures:

    1. replace the substance or product with one that does not pose a danger to the environment or to human life or health,

    2. accept the return of the substance or product from the purchaser and refund the purchase price, or

    3. any other measures for the protection of the environment or of human life or health.

Export of Substances

Export Control List

100. The Ministers may, by order,

  1. (a) add to Part 1 of the Export Control List in Schedule 3 any substance the use of which is prohibited in Canada by or under an Act of Parliament, and delete any substance from that Part;

  2. (b) add to Part 2 of the Export Control List in Schedule 3 any substance that is subject to an international agreement that requires notification or requires the consent of the country of destination before the substance is exported from Canada, and delete any substance from that Part; and

  3. (c) add to Part 3 of the Export Control List in Schedule 3 any substance the use of which is restricted in Canada by or under an Act of Parliament, and delete any substance from that Part.

Notice to Minister

101. (1) Subject to subsection (4), no person shall export a substance specified in the Export Control List in Schedule 3 unless the person provides prior notice of the proposed export to the Minister in accordance with the regulations made under subsection 102(1).

Restrictions on export

(2) Subject to subsection (4), no person shall export a substance specified in Part 1 of the Export Control List in Schedule 3 unless the export of the substance

  1. (a) is for the purpose of destroying the substance or complying with a direction under subparagraph 99(b)(iii); and

  2. (b) is done in accordance with any regulations made under subsection 102(1).

Restrictions on export

(3) Subject to subsection (4), no person shall export a substance specified in Part 2 or 3 of the Export Control List in Schedule 3 unless the export of the substance is done in accordance with any regulations made under subsection 102(1).

Total prohibition on export

(4) No person shall export a substance specified in the Export Control List in Schedule 3 if the export of the substance is prohibited by a regulation made under subsection 102(2).

Regulations respecting exports

102. (1) The Governor in Council may, on the recommendation of the Ministers, make regulations in relation to substances specified in the Export Control List in Schedule 3

  1. (a) respecting the information that must be given to the Minister regarding an export of such a substance, the time when or period within which the information must be given, and the manner in which it must be given;

  2. (b) respecting the information that must accompany an export of such a substance and the manner in which it must accompany the substance;

  3. (c) respecting conditions under which a person may export such a substance;

  4. (d) respecting the information that must be kept by a person who exports such a substance and the manner in which, the period for which and the place where the information must be kept; and

  5. (e) generally for carrying out the purposes of section 101.

Regulations prohibiting exports

(2) The Governor in Council may, on the recommendation of the Ministers, make regulations prohibiting the export of a substance specified in the Export Control List in Schedule 3.

Publication of exports

103. If a person exports a substance specified in the Export Control List in Schedule 3, the Minister shall publish in the Environmental Registry the name or specifications of the substance, the name of the exporter and the name of the country of destination.

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