Consultation document on risk management options for lead wheel weights: references


[CAREC] Canadian Auto Recyclers’ Environmental Code. (2012). Summerhill Impact and the Automotive Recyclers of Canada. January 2012.

[CELA] Canadian Environmental Law Association. (2011) Improving the Management of End-of-Life Vehicles in Canada. CELA Publication: 784.

[ECOS] Environmental Council of the States (2011). Phasing out the sale and installation of lead wheel weights. Resolution Number 08-9.

[TIA] Tire Industry Association. Best Management Practices to Transition the Tire Industry Away from Lead Wheel Weights (PDF Format, 64 KB).

[TURI] Toxics Use Reduction Institute. (2006). Five Chemicals Alternatives Assessment Study, Chapter 3, Lead and Lead Compounds, June 30, 2006.

Aucott M. and Caldarelli A. (2011). Investigation of release, fate and transport of lead from motor vehicle wheel weights. Office of Science. Research Project Summary.

California Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). (2011). Wheel Weight Alternatives Assessment (PDF Format, 1430 KB). Department of Toxic Substances Control, November, 2011.

California Department of Toxic Substances Control (accessed 27 Dec 2013).

California Law. California Health and Safety Code. Section 25215.6-7.

Deocampo D. M., Reed P. J., Kalenuik A. P. (2012) Road Dust Lead (Pb) in Two Neighborhoods of Urban Atlanta (GA, USA). Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health. June 2012; 2020-2030.

Ecological Center, 2012, Lead Free Wheel Weights Reference Manual (PDF Format, 7200 KB), Updated January 2012.

Environment Canada. (2001). Policy Framework for Environmental Performance Agreements, June 2001.

Environment Canada. (2003). Lead Fishing Sinkers and Jigs in Canada: Review of Their Use Patterns and Toxic Impacts On Wildlife. Occasional Paper Number 108, Canadian Wildlife Service.

Environment Canada. (2013). Background Study and Use Pattern for Lead Wheel Weights in Canada. Final Report. ToxEcology Environmental Consulting Ltd.

European Union Directive. (2002). Amending Annex II to Directive 2000/53/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on End-of-life vehicles, Commission Directive 2002/525/EC.

Health Canada. (2013a). Risk Management Strategy for Lead. Final report. Ottawa (ON): Health Canada.

Health Canada. (2013b). Final Human Health State of the Science Report on Lead. Final report. Ottawa (ON): Health Canada.

Irvine K. N., Perrelli M. F., Ngoen-klan R., Droppo, I. G. (2009). Metal levels in street sediment from an industrial city: spatial trends, chemical fractionation, and management implications. J Soils Sediments 9:328-341. DOI 10.1007/s11368-009-0098-5

London Metal Exchange. (accessed 1 Oct 2012)

Perfect Equipment Inc. Environmental Policy - Recycling Program. (accessed 1 Oct 2012)

Root, R. A. (2000). Lead Loading of Urban Streets by Motor Vehicle Wheel Weights. Environmental Health Perspectives. Volume 108-10.

Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat. (2012). Canada Among World Leaders in Cutting Red Tape (accessed 1 Oct 2012).

U.S. Geological Survey. (2006). Stocks and Flows of Lead-Based Wheel Weights in the United States. U.S. Department of the Interior. Open-File Report 2006-1111.

Report a problem or mistake on this page
Please select all that apply:

Thank you for your help!

You will not receive a reply. For enquiries, contact us.

Date modified: