Ecological screening assessment report on perfluorooctane sulfonate, salts and precursors: appendix 3


Appendix 3: Risk Quotients for Migratory Birds

Appendix 3 (Liver): Risk Quotients for North American Migratory BirdsFootnote a
SpeciesFootnote a/Tissue Sample
Location
EEV
(Maximum
Concentration
of PFOS in
Bird Liver
(µg.g-1 ww Liver)
or Plasma
(µg.ml-1)
Reference ENEVFootnote b Q
Bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) Michigan 1.74 Kannan et al., 2004 0.609 2.86
Bald eagle  (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) Illinois 0.467 Kannan et al., 2001 0.609 0.77
Osprey Florida 0.959 Kannan et al., 2001 0.609 1.57
Common loon (Gavia immer) North Carolina 0.595 Kannan et al., 2001 0.609 0.98
Common loon (Gavia immer) Northern Quebec 0.026 Martin et al., 2004 0.609 0.04
Red-throated loon North Carolina 1.12 Kannan et al., 2001 0.609 1.84
Double-crested cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus) Louisiana 0.288 Kannan et al., 2001 0.609 0.47
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) Niagara River 0.425 Sinclair et al., 2005 0.609 0.70
Common merganser  (Mergus merganser) Niagara River 0.715 Sinclair et al., 2005 0.609 1.17
Bufflehead (Bucephala abeola) Niagara River 0.882 Sinclair et al., 2005 0.609 1.45
Common goldeneye (Bucephala clangula) Niagara River 0.505 Sinclair et al., 2005 0.609 0.83
Lesser scaup (Aythya affinis) Niagara River 0.240 Sinclair et al., 2005 0.609 0.39
Brandt’s cormorant   California 1.78 Kannan et al., 2001 0.609 2.92
Northern fulmar (Fulmarus glacialis) Canadian arctic 0.0015 Martin et al., 2004 0.609 0.002
Black guillemot (Cepphus grylle) Canadian arctic Not detected Martin et al., 2004 0.609 -
Black-legged kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla) Canadian arctic 0.02 Tomy et al., 2004 0.609 0.03
Glaucous gulls (Larus hyperboreus) Canadian arctic 0.0332 Tomy et al., 2004 0.609 0.05
Great black-backed gull North Carolina 0.841 Kannan et al., 2001 0.609 1.38
Herring gull North Carolina 0.353 Kannan et al., 2001 0.609 0.58
Franklin’s gull Montana 0.061 Kannan et al., 2001 0.609 0.10
Black-crowned night heron California 0.648 Kannan et al., 2001 0.609 1.06
Great blue heron Louisiana 0.916 Kannan et al., 2001 0.609 1.50
Great egret Florida 1.03 Kannan et al., 2001 0.609 1.69
White pelican California 1.12 Kannan et al., 2001 0.609 1.84
Appendix 3 (Serum and Plasma): Risk Quotients for North American Migratory BirdsFootnote a.1
SpeciesFootnote a.1/Tissue Sample
Location
EEV
(Maximum
Concentration
of PFOS in
Bird Liver
(µg.g-1 ww Liver)
or Plasma
(µg.ml-1)
Reference ENEVFootnote b.1 Q
Bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) Wisconsin 2.220 Kannan et al., 2001 0.873 2.54
Double-crested cormorant  (Phalacrocorax auritus) Lake Huron 0.372 Kannan et al., 2001 0.873 0.43
Herring gull Lake Huron 0.391 Kannan et al., 2001 0.873 0.45
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