Reference method for PCDDs and PCDFs in pulp and paper mill effluents: references


  1. Creaser, C.S., and A.A. Haddad, "Fractionation of Polychlorinated Biphenyls, Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins, and Polychlorinated Dibenzofurans on Porous Graphitic Carbon", Analytical Chemistry, Vol.61, No. 11, p. 1300-1302 (1989).
  2. EC and HWC (Environment Canada and Health and Welfare Canada), "Canadian Environmental Protection Act, Priority Substances List Assessment Report No. 1, Polychlorinated Dibenzodioxins and Polychlorinated Dibenzofurans", PSL - 1E (1990).
  3. Environment Canada, "A Method for the Analysis of Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins and Polychlorinated Dibenzofurans in Ambient Air Samples", Ref. # CD 890201 (Feb. 1989). (Unpublished)
  4. Keith, L.H., W. Crummett, J. Deegan, R.A. Libby, J.K. Taylor, and G. Wentler, "Principles of Environmental Analysis", Analytical Chemistry, Vol.55, No. 14, p.2217 (December 1983).
  5. Lamparski, L.L., and T.J. Nestrick, "Determination of Tetra-, Hexa-, and Octachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin Isomers in Particulate Samples at Part Per Trillion Levels", Analytical Chemistry, Vol.52, No.3, p. 2045-2054 (1980).
  6. NCASI (National Council of the Paper Industry for Air and Stream Improvement), "Procedures for the Analysis of Pulp and Paper Industry Wastewater, Solid Waste and Bleached Pulp for Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins and Polychlorinated Dibenzofurans", NCASI Method PCDD/F - 90.01 (June 1990).
  7. U.S. EPA (The United States Environmental Protection Agency), "EPA Method 1613 : Tetra-through Octa-chlorinated Dioxins and Furans by Isotope Dilution HRGC/HRMS, Revision A" (April, 1990).

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