Display and download climate data

The following climate datasets are available on the climate data viewer and climate data extraction tool. For other datasets, visit the library of climate resources.

Display and download historical climate datasets

Climate observations
Full dataset name Climate Normals; Monthly Climate summaries; and Daily Data
Dataset description

The Climate Normals dataset summarizes average climatic conditions from stations across Canada. The Monthly Climate Summaries dataset contain averages and extremes for each month for a suite of climate variables from station data across Canada. The Daily Data dataset provides daily data for a suite of climate variables from station data across Canada.

See the technical documentation on the Climate normals for more detailed information on this dataset.

See the technical documentation on the Monthly climate summaries for more detailed information on this dataset.

See the technical documentation on the Daily data for more detailed information on this dataset.

Station or gridded Station
Historical or future Historical
Variables available

Temperature
Precipitation
Humidity
Wind direction
Wind speed
Visibility
Pressure
Humidex
Wind chill
Weather

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View the climate stations on a map

Download long term climate averages

Download monthly climate data

Download daily climate data

River levels and flow
Full dataset name Historical hydrometric data
Dataset description

This dataset provides daily average flow data from National Hydrological Service (NHS). NHS provides Canadian hydrometric data and information services.

See the technical documentation on the Historical hydrometric data for more detailed information on this dataset.

Station or gridded Station
Historical or future Historical
Variables available

Flow
Flow level

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View hydrometric archive stations on a map

Download hydrometric archive data

Canada-wide precipitation
Full dataset name Regional Deterministic Precipitation Analysis
Dataset description

This dataset provides an estimate of precipitation across North America. The data are provided at a 6-hourly and 24-hourly time resolution.

See the technical documentation on the Regional Deterministic Precipitation Analysis for more detailed information on this dataset.

Station or gridded Gridded
Grid cell resolution Data are provided at a 10 or 15 km spatial resolution.
Historical or future Historical
Variables available Precipitation
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View Canada-wide precipitation data on a map

Download Canada-wide precipitation data

Historical changes at stations
Full dataset name Adjusted and homogenized Canadian climate data (AHCCD)
Dataset description

This dataset incorporates adjustments (derived from statistical procedures) to data to account for discontinuities from non-climatic factors.

See the technical documentation on the Adjusted and Homogenized Canadian Climate Data for more detailed information on this dataset.

Station or gridded Station
Historical or future Historical
Variables available Temperature
Precipitation
Pressure
Wind speed
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View historical changes at stations on a map

Download historical changes at stations data

Canada-wide historical changes
Full dataset name Gridded Historical Climate Data (CanGRD)
Dataset description

This dataset contains historical gridded temperature and precipitation anomalies interpolated from climate station data.

See the technical documentation on the Gridded Historical Climate Data for more detailed information on this dataset.

Station or gridded Gridded
Grid cell resolution Data are available at a 50km resolution across Canada.
Historical or future Historical
Variables available Temperature
Precipitation
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View Canada-wide historical changes on a map

Download Canada-wide historical changes data

Display and download modelled changes in climate (generated by climate simulations)

Global climate model scenarios
Full dataset name Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5)
Dataset description

This dataset provides historical and future climate scenarios based on an ensemble of global climate model projections from the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5).

See the technical documentation on the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 data for more detailed information on this dataset.

Station or gridded Gridded
Grid cell resolution Data are available across Canada at a 1x1 degree resolution.
Historical or future Both
Variables available Temperature
Precipitation
Snow depth
Sea ice thickness
Sea ice concentration
Wind speed
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View future global climate model scenarios on a map

Download historical and future global climate model scenarios data

Statistically downscaled climate scenarios
Full dataset name Statistically downscaled climate scenarios
Dataset description

This dataset provides historical and future high-resolution statistically downscaled climate scenarios of temperature and precipitation.

See the technical documentation on the Statistically downscaled climate scenarios for more detailed information on this dataset.

Station or gridded Gridded
Grid cell resolution Data is available at a 10km resolution across Canada.
Historical or future Both
Variables available Temperature
Precipitation
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View future statistically downscaled climate scenarios on a map

Download historical and future statistically downscaled climate scenarios data

Seasonal climate predictions
Full dataset name Canadian Seasonal to Inter-annual Prediction System (CanSIPS)
Dataset description This dataset provides predictions of atmospheric elements. Atmospheric elements include temperature, precipitation, wind speed and direction and others.
Station or gridded Gridded
Grid cell resolution This dataset has a resolution of 2.5 degrees and is global in extent.
Historical or future Future. Forecasts from the beginning of a month out to up to 12 months into the future are provided.
Variables available Temperature
Precipitation
Access this dataset Download Canadian seasonal climate predictions data
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