Inkerman Migratory Bird Sanctuary

Great Blue Herons
Photo: © Great Blue Heron.

Inkerman Migratory Bird Sanctuary (MBS) is an isolated wooded peninsula situated 2 km northeast of the village of Inkerman, New Brunswick, in Inkerman Parish in Gloucester County. The habitat consists of a wooded swamp dominated by red spruce, red maple, white birch and smaller numbers of trembling aspen, balsam fir and white spruce.

Importance of the Migratory Bird Sanctuary

The sanctuary supports colonial nesting species that require specific habitats and are extremely vulnerable to any threats that may affect this habitat. The colonial nesters using the site are known to be extremely sensitive to human disturbance and require undisturbed habitat in which to raise their young. This habitat usually consists of offshore islands or isolated peninsulas, such as those found on Inkerman MBS.

The MBS protects a breeding population of over 50 pairs of Great Blue Herons: over 1% of the provincial population. The site also once supported the largest colony of Black crowned Night-Heron in the Atlantic region; however, these birds have since relocated 18 km to the north of this site.

Access and Activities

MBSs are established for the protection and conservation of migratory birds. Activities that could harm migratory birds, their nests or their eggs are prohibited.

MBSs can be and have been established on private, provincial, territorial and federally owned lands. Access to each MBS varies by site and is at the discretion of the landowner and land manager.

Where MBSs are located on federal land, Environment and Climate Change Canada is responsible for the management and protection of migratory birds, nests, eggs and habitat. Where MBSs are located on provincial land, Environment and Climate Change Canada is responsible for the protection of migratory birds and their nests, while the chief game officer of the province is responsible for the management of habitat. Where MBSs are located on private or municipal land, Environment and Climate Change Canada is responsible for the protection of migratory birds and their nests. Habitat management is the responsibility of the landowner.

The standard prohibitions under the Migratory Bird Sanctuary Regulations apply to Inkerman MBS: hunting migratory birds is prohibited, and no person shall disturb, destroy or take the nest of a migratory bird or have in his or her possession a live migratory bird, or a carcass, skin, nest or egg of a migratory bird, except under the authority of a permit issued by Environment and Climate Change Canada or unless authorized by the Regulations. Possession of firearms or other hunting appliances is prohibited. Dogs and cats must not be allowed to run at large.

Access prohibitions or restrictions by the MBS landowners may also apply.

For more information on entry, activities and permits in MBSs, please visit the Management and Activities section of the Migratory Bird Sanctuaries website. For more information on Environment and Climate Change Canada's protected areas, please contact the regional office.

For greater certainty, nothing in this document shall be construed so as to abrogate or derogate from the protection provided for existing Aboriginal or treaty rights of the Aboriginal peoples of Canada by the recognition and affirmation of those rights in section 35 of the Constitution Act, 1982.

Map of the Area

  • Great Blue Heron
Long description of the map

Map showing the location of the Inkerman Migratory Bird Sanctuary in relation to New Brunskwick, Inkerman and Pokemouche Bay. The map shows the boundaries of the sanctuary, which is terrestrial and runs along a portion of the coastline in Pokemouche Bay. the scale of the map is in hundreds of meters.

This map is for illustrative purposes only and should not be used to define legal boundaries. Inkerman MBS can also be viewed using Google Maps. Please note that the Google map is a complementary source of information and does not represent the official map or site name.

Summary Table

Summary table for Inkerman Migratory Bird Sanctuary
Category Information
Protected Area designation Migratory Bird Sanctuary
Province or territory New Brunswick
Latitude/longitude 47°40' N, 64°50' W
Size in hectares (ha) 16 ha
Date created (Gazetted) 1998
International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) management category N/A
Additional designations Part of Pointe aux Rats Musqués Heronry Important Bird Area
Main habitat type Wooded swamp dominated by red spruce, red maple, white birch and lesser amounts of trembling aspen, balsam fir and white spruce. An isolated wooded peninsula with changing actual nesting area over time.
Key bird species Great Blue Heron and Black-crowned Night-Heron
Listed species under the Species at Risk Act (SARA) None
Management agency Canadian Wildlife Service, Atlantic Region
Landowners Private

Contact Information

Environment and Climate Change Canada - Atlantic Region
Canadian Wildlife Service
Protected Areas Program
17 Waterfowl Lane
Sackville NB E4L 1G6
Toll Free: 1-800-668-6767 (in Canada only)
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