Philipsburg Migratory Bird Sanctuary

Photo Part of Cerulean Warbler
Photo: Carl Savignac © Environment and Climate Change Canada. Cerulean Warbler.

The Philipsburg Migratory Bird Sanctuary (MBS) is located on the eastern shore of Missisquoi Bay, an incursion of Lake Champlain in Quebec. Lying within the municipality of Saint-Armand, the sanctuary's southern boundary is the American border.

Established in 1955, to safeguard numerous species of breeding birds, this approximately 527 hectare protected area plays host to a large variety of habitats. A pond, marshland, farm fields, hills, and forests of maple, poplar and alder are but some of the habitats that support the diverse array of species in the area, some of which are at risk.

Importance of the Migratory Bird Sanctuary

The Philipsburg MBS is a vital nesting site for sizeable numbers of bird species. A large array of breeding passerines and waterbirds live side by side in the sanctuary. Green Herons, Wood Ducks and Swamp Sparrows can be observed in the wetter areas of the sanctuary. The agricultural fields attract species like the Killdeer and the Eastern Bluebird. Species such as the Great Horned Owl, Ovenbird, Indigo Bunting, Scarlet Tanager, Brown Thrasher, Black-billed Cuckoo, Barred Owl, Yellow-bellied Sapsucker and Yellow-throated Vireo are more often found in forested areas. In recent years, the Wild Turkey has been spotted in the sanctuary, among other wild birds. Some species at risk, including the Cerulean Warbler and the Least Bittern, have also been sighted here. During migration, the MBS attracts significant numbers of birds, thus confirming its standing as a protected area.

Access and Activities

MBSs are established for the protection and conservation of migratory birds. Activities that could harm migratory birds, their nests or their eggs are prohibited.

MBSs can be and have been established on private, provincial, territorial and federally owned lands. Access to each MBS varies by site and is at the discretion of the landowner and land manager.

Where MBSs are located on federal land, Environment and Climate Change Canada is responsible for the management and protection of migratory birds, nests, eggs and habitat. Where MBSs are located on provincial land, Environment and Climate Change Canada is responsible for the protection of migratory birds and their nests, while the chief game officer of the province is responsible for the management of habitat. Where MBSs are located on private or municipal land, Environment and Climate Change Canada is responsible for the protection of migratory birds and their nests. Habitat management is the responsibility of the landowner.

The standard prohibitions under the Migratory Bird Sanctuary Regulations apply to Philipsburg MBS: hunting migratory birds is prohibited, and no person shall disturb, destroy or take the nest of a migratory bird or have in his or her possession a live migratory bird, or a carcass, skin, nest or egg of a migratory bird, except under the authority of a permit issued by Environment and Climate Change Canada or unless specifically authorized by the Regulations. Possession of firearms or other hunting appliances is prohibited, and dogs and cats must not be allowed to run at large.

Access denial or restrictions imposed by the owners of land within the MBS may also apply.

For more information on entry, activities and permits in MBSs, please visit the Management and Activities section of the Migratory Bird Sanctuaries website. For more information on protected areas managed by Environment and Climate Change Canada in Quebec, please contact the regional office.

For greater certainty, nothing in this document shall be construed so as to abrogate or derogate from the protection provided for existing Aboriginal or treaty rights of the Aboriginal peoples of Canada by the recognition and affirmation of those rights in section 35 of the Constitution Act, 1982.

Map of the Area

  • Map of Carillon Island Migratory Bird Sanctuary
Long description of the map

Map showing the location of Philipsburg Migratory Bird Sanctuary relative to Quebec, the United States, Saint-Armand, Baie Missisquoi and Lake Champlain. The map shows the boundaries of the sanctuary, which extends inland from Lake Champlain, in part along the United States border, towards Saint-Armand. The scale of the map is in tenths of a kilometer.

This map is for illustrative purposes only and should not be used to define legal boundaries. Philipsburg Migratory Bird Sanctuary can also be viewed using Google Maps. Please note that the Google map is a complementary source of information and does not represent the official map or site name.

Summary table

Summary table for Corossol Island Migratory Bird Sanctuary
Category Information
Protected Area designation Migratory Bird Sanctuary
Province or territory Quebec
Latitude/longitude 45° 01' 34" N 73° 04' 33" W
Size in hectares (ha) 527 ha
Date created (Gazetted) 1955
International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) management category IV Habitat/Species Management Area
Additional designations None
Main habitat type Maple, poplar and alder groves
Key bird species Cerulean Warbler, Least Bittern, Tufted Titmouse
Other species Birds: Green Heron, Wood Duck, Great Horned Owl, Yellow-bellied Sapsucker, Scarlet Tanager, Eastern Bluebird, Yellow-throated Vireo, Brown Thrasher, Black-billed Cuckoo and Ovenbird Amphibians and reptiles: Wood Frog, Green Frog and Eastern Newt, Milksnake, Watersnake, Spotted Salamander Mammals: Southern Flying Squirrel, Woodland Vole, Short-tailed Shrew, White-tailed Deer, Muskrat.
Listed species under the Species at Risk Act (SARA) Cerulean Warbler, Least Bittern
Management agency Canadian Wildlife Service, Quebec Region

Contact Information

Environment and Climate Change Canada - Quebec Region
Canadian Wildlife Service
Protected Areas Unit
801-1550, avenue d'Estimauville
9250 - 49th Street
Québec, Quebec G1J 0C3
Toll Free: 1-800-668-6767 (in Canada only)
Email: ec.enviroinfo.ec@canada.ca
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