Senneville Migratory Bird Sanctuary

Photo of American Woodcock
Photo: © American Woodcock.

The Senneville Migratory Bird Sanctuary (MBS) is located at the western tip of the Island of Montreal and overlaps with the village of Senneville as well as the city of Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue.

Established in 1936 to protect a large variety of birds, this 555 hectare protected area is largely a forested landscape. A great variety of tree species grow in the sanctuary, including Red Maple, Sugar Maple, Red Ash, American Elm, Trembling Aspen, Crack and Black Willows, Swamp White Oak, Common Hackberry and American Basswood. More limited in size, the shrubland area is defined by a strong presence of Speckled Alder combined with numerous herbaceous plants, including Broad-leaved Meadowsweet, Leatherleaf and Buttonbush. The diversity of habitats within the MBS is broadened by fields and pastures, which make up approximately 10% of the landscape.

Importance of the Migratory Bird Sanctuary

Encompassing a largely forested area, as well as an array of habitats, the sanctuary supports several species of birds during both breeding and migration seasons. Observations made in the area of Senneville have reported the presence of several species of nesting birds, including the Pileated Woodpecker, Spotted Sandpiper, Wilson's Snipe, American Woodcock, Northern Harrier, Screech Owl and Great Horned Owl. Several species of swallows, large numbers of passerines and other species of woodpeckers, may also be seen in the sanctuary. The presence of species at risk, such as the Bobolink, is testament to the importance of the MBS in this region.

Access and Activities

MBSs are established for the protection and conservation of migratory birds.
Activities that could harm migratory birds, their nests or their eggs are prohibited.

MBSs can be and have been established on private, provincial, territorial and federally owned lands.
Access to each MBS varies by site and is at the discretion of the landowner and land manager.

Where MBSs are located on federal land, Environment and Climate Change Canada is responsible for the management and protection of migratory birds, nests, eggs and habitat. Where MBSs are located on provincial land, Environment and Climate Change Canada is responsible for the protection of migratory birds and their nests, while the chief game officer of the province is responsible for the management of habitat. Where MBSs are located on private or municipal land, Environment and Climate Change Canada is responsible for the protection of migratory birds and their nests. Habitat management is the responsibility of the landowner.

The standard prohibitions under the Migratory Bird Sanctuary Regulations apply to Senneville MBS: hunting migratory birds is prohibited, and no person shall disturb, destroy or take the nest of a migratory bird or have in his or her possession a live migratory bird, or a carcass, skin, nest or egg of a migratory bird, except under the authority of a permit issued by Environment and Climate Change Canada or unless specifically authorized by the Regulations. Possession of firearms or other hunting appliances is prohibited, and dogs and cats must not be allowed to run at large.

Access denial or restrictions imposed by the owners of land within the MBS may also apply.

For more information on entry, activities and permits in MBSs, please visit the Management and Activities section of the Migratory Bird Sanctuaries website. For more information on protected areas managed by Environment and Climate Change Canada in Quebec, please contact the regional office.

For greater certainty, nothing in this document shall be construed so as to abrogate or derogate from the protection provided for existing Aboriginal or treaty rights of the Aboriginal peoples of Canada by the recognition and affirmation of those rights in section 35 of the Constitution Act, 1982.

Map of the Area

  • Map of Senneville Migratory Bird Sanctuary
Long description of the map

Map showing the location of Senneville Migratory Bird Sanctuary relative to Quebec, Montréal, Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue, L'Île-Perrot, Lac Saint-Louis, Anse à l'Orme and Lake of Two Mountains. The map shows the boundaries of the sanctuary, which covers a portion of land near Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue. The scale of the map in tenths of a kilometer.

This map is for illustrative purposes only and should not be used to define legal boundaries. Senneville Migratory Bird Sanctuary can also be viewed using Google Maps. Please note that the Google map is a complementary source of information and does not represent the official map or site name.

Summary table

Summary table for Senneville Migratory Bird Sanctuary
Category Information
Protected Area designation Migratory Bird Sanctuary
Province or territory Quebec
Latitude/longitude 45° 26' 00" N 73° 57' 00" W
Size in hectares 555 ha
Date created (Gazetted) 1936
International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) management category III - Natural Monument or Feature
Additional designations Nature Reserve on private lands (in part)
Main habitat type Deciduous forest
Key bird species Bobolink and Pileated Woodpecker
Other species

Birds: Spotted Sandpiper, Wilson's Snipe, American Woodcock, Northern Harrier, Screech Owl, Great Horned Owl and Eastern Bluebird

Plants: Swamp White Oak, Common Hackberry, Red Maple, Red Ash, American Elm, Trembling Aspen, Crack Willow, Black Willow, Swamp White Oak, Sugar Maple, American Basswood, Speckled Alder, Broad-leaved Meadowsweet and Purple Twayblade

Amphibians and reptiles: Milk Snake and Grey Treefrog

Listed species under the Species at Risk Act (SARA) None
Management agency Canadian Wildlife Service, Quebec Region

Contact Information

Environment and Climate Change Canada - Quebec Region
Canadian Wildlife Service
Protected Areas Unit
801-1550, avenue d'Estimauville
9250 - 49th Street
Québec, Quebec G1J 0C3
Toll Free: 1-800-668-6767 (in Canada only)
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