Canadian Wildlife Species at Risk 2016: chapter 8

Table 7 - Threatened Category (172)

Table 7. Wildlife species assessed and designated in a "risk category" (Extirpated, Endangered, Threatened or Special Concern) (724 wildlife species), with range of occurrence (by province, territory or ocean), and date of assessment. For Extirpated wildlife species, the historical range of occurrence and the approximate date of disappearance from Canada are shown. Mammals (16), Birds (32), Reptiles (10), Amphibians (6), Fishes (40), Arthropods (8), Molluscs (5), Vascular Plants (47), Mosses (3), Lichens (5) Total: THREATENED CATEGORY (172)
Taxon Assessment Details Common Name Scientific Name Population Name Range of Occurrence Assessment Date
Mammals Bat, Pallid Antrozous pallidus - BC November 2010
Mammals Bison, Plains Bison bison bison - BC AB SK November 2013
Mammals Caribou Rangifer tarandus Boreal population YT NT BC AB SK MB ON QC NL November 2014
Mammals Caribou, Peary Rangifer tarandus pearyi - NT NU November 2015
Mammals Ermine haidarum subspecies Mustela erminea haidarum - BC May 2015
Mammals Fox, Gray Urocyon cinereoargenteus - ON November 2015
Mammals Fox, Swift Vulpes velox - AB SK November 2009
Mammals Marten, American Martes americana atrata Newfoundland population NL April 2007
Mammals Prairie Dog, Black-tailed Cynomys ludovicianus - SK November 2011
Mammals Seal, Northern Fur Callorhinus ursinus - BC Pacific Ocean November 2010
Mammals Whale, Beluga Delphinapterus leucas Cumberland Sound population NU Arctic Ocean May 2004
Mammals Whale, Fin Balaenoptera physalus Pacific population Pacific Ocean May 2005
Mammals Whale, Killer Orcinus orca Northeast Pacific transient population Pacific Ocean November 2008
Mammals Whale, Killer Orcinus orca Northeast Pacific northern resident population Pacific Ocean November 2008
Mammals Whale, Killer Orcinus orca Northeast Pacific offshore population Pacific Ocean November 2008
Mammals Wolf, Eastern Canis sp. cf. lycaon - ON QC May 2015
Birds Albatross, Short-tailed Phoebastria albatrus - BC Pacific Ocean November 2013
Birds Bittern, Least Ixobrychus exilis - MB ON QC NB NS April 2009
Birds (no symbol) Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus - BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS NL April 2010
Birds Crossbill percna subspecies, Red Loxia curvirostra percna - QC NL April 2016
Birds (no symbol) Flycatcher, Olive-sided Contopus cooperi - YT NT BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS NL November 2007
Birds Goshawk laingi subspecies, Northern Accipiter gentilis laingi - BC May 2013
Birds Gull, Ross's Rhodostethia rosea - NU MB April 2007
Birds Hawk, Ferruginous Buteo regalis - AB SK MB April 2008
Birds (no symbol) Knot roselaari type, Red Calidris canutus roselaari type - YT NT BC April 2007
Birds (no symbol) Longspur, Chestnut-collared Calcarius ornatus - AB SK MB November 2009
Birds Longspur, McCown's Rhynchophanes mccownii - AB SK April 2016
Birds (no symbol) Meadowlark, Eastern Sturnella magna - ON QC NB NS May 2011
Birds Murrelet, Marbled Brachyramphus marmoratus - BC May 2012
Birds (no symbol) Nighthawk, Common Chordeiles minor - YT NT BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS NL April 2007
Birds (no symbol) Owl brooksi subspecies, Northern Saw-whet Aegolius acadicus brooksi - BC April 2006
Birds Owl, Barn Tyto alba Western population BC November 2010
Birds Pipit, Sprague's Anthus spragueii - AB SK MB April 2010
Birds Screech-owl kennicottii subspecies, Western Megascops kennicottii kennicottii - BC May 2012
Birds Screech-owl macfarlanei subspecies, Western Megascops kennicottii macfarlanei - BC May 2012
Birds (no symbol) Shearwater, Pink-footed Puffinus creatopus - BC May 2004
Birds Shrike Prairie subspecies, Loggerhead Lanius ludovicianus excubitorides - AB SK MB May 2014
Birds (no symbol) Swallow, Bank Riparia riparia - YT NT BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS NL May 2013
Birds (no symbol) Swallow, Barn Hirundo rustica - YT NT BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS NL May 2011
Birds (no symbol) Swift, Chimney Chaetura pelagica - SK MB ON QC NB NS NL April 2007
Birds Thrush, Bicknell's Catharus bicknelli - QC NB NS November 2009
Birds (no symbol) Thrush, Wood Hylocichla mustelina - ON QC NB NS November 2012
Birds (no symbol) Warbler, Canada Cardellina canadensis - YT NT BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS April 2008
Birds (no symbol) Warbler, Golden-winged Vermivora chrysoptera - MB ON QC April 2006
Birds Waterthrush, Louisiana Parkesia motacilla - ON QC November 2015
Birds (no symbol) Whip-poor-will, Eastern Antrostomus vociferus - SK MB ON QC NB NS April 2009
Birds Woodpecker, Lewis's Melanerpes lewis - BC April 2010
Birds Woodpecker, Red-headed Melanerpes erythrocephalus - SK MB ON QC April 2007
Reptiles Gophersnake, Great Basin Pituophis catenifer deserticola - BC May 2013
Reptiles Massasauga Sistrurus catenatus Great Lakes / St. Lawrence population ON November 2012
Reptiles Racer, Eastern Yellow-bellied Coluber constrictor flaviventris - AB SK November 2015
Reptiles Racer, Western Yellow-bellied Coluber constrictor mormon - BC November 2015
Reptiles Ratsnake, Gray Pantherophis spiloides Great Lakes / St. Lawrence population ON April 2007
Reptiles Rattlesnake, Western Crotalus oreganus - BC May 2015
Reptiles Ribbonsnake, Eastern Thamnophis sauritus Atlantic population NS November 2012
Reptiles Snake, Eastern Hog-nosed Heterodon platirhinos - ON November 2007
Reptiles (no symbol) Turtle, Blanding's Emydoidea blandingii Great Lakes / St. Lawrence population ON QC May 2005
Reptiles Turtle, Wood Glyptemys insculpta - ON QC NB NS November 2007
Amphibians Frog, Rocky Mountain Tailed Ascaphus montanus - BC November 2013
Amphibians Frog, Western Chorus Pseudacris triseriata Great Lakes / St. Lawrence - Canadian Shield population ON QC April 2008
Amphibians Salamander, Allegheny Mountain Dusky Desmognathus ochrophaeus Great Lakes / St. Lawrence population QC April 2007
Amphibians Salamander, Coastal Giant Dicamptodon tenebrosus - BC May 2014
Amphibians Salamander, Spring Gyrinophilus porphyriticus Adirondack / Appalachian population QC May 2011
Amphibians Spadefoot, Great Basin Spea intermontana - BC April 2007
Fishes Cisco, Shortjaw Coregonus zenithicus - NT AB SK MB ON May 2003
Fishes Dace, Umatilla Rhinichthys umatilla - BC April 2010
Fishes Darter, Channel Percina copelandi - ON QC May 2002
Fishes Darter, Eastern Sand Ammocrypta pellucida Ontario populations ON November 2009
Fishes Darter, Eastern Sand Ammocrypta pellucida Quebec populations QC November 2009
Fishes Eel, American Anguilla rostrata - ON QC NB PE NS NL Atlantic Ocean May 2012
Fishes (no symbol) Hake,White Urophycis tenuis Atlantic and Northern Gulf of St. Lawrence population Atlantic Ocean November 2013
Fishes Lamprey, Vancouver Entosphenus macrostomus - BC November 2008
Fishes (no symbol) Mako, Shortfin Isurus oxyrinchus Atlantic population Atlantic Ocean April 2006
Fishes (no symbol) Minnow, Plains Hybognathus placitus - SK May 2012
Fishes Minnow, Pugnose Opsopoeodus emiliae - ON May 2012
Fishes (no symbol) Plaice, American Hippoglossoides platessoides Newfoundland and Labrador population Atlantic Ocean April 2009
Fishes (no symbol) Plaice, American Hippoglossoides platessoides Maritime population Atlantic Ocean April 2009
Fishes (no symbol) Redfish, Acadian Sebastes fasciatus Atlantic population Atlantic Ocean April 2010
Fishes (no symbol) Redfish, Deepwater Sebastes mentella Northern population Atlantic Ocean April 2010
Fishes Redhorse, Black Moxostoma duquesnei - ON May 2015
Fishes (no symbol) Rockfish, Canary Sebastes pinniger - Pacific Ocean November 2007
Fishes (no symbol) Rockfish, Quillback Sebastes maliger - Pacific Ocean November 2009
Fishes (no symbol) Rockfish, Yellowmouth Sebastes reedi - Pacific Ocean April 2010
Fishes (no symbol) Salmon, Atlantic Salmo salar South Newfoundland population NL Atlantic Ocean November 2010
Fishes Salmon, Chinook Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Okanagan population BC Pacific Ocean April 2006
Fishes Sculpin, Coastrange Cottus aleuticus Cultus population BC April 2010
Fishes (no symbol) Sculpin, Rocky Mountain Cottus sp. Eastslope populations AB May 2005
Fishes Shiner, Carmine Notropis percobromus - MB April 2006
Fishes Shiner, Pugnose Notropis anogenus - ON May 2013
Fishes Shiner, Silver Notropis photogenis - ON May 2011
Fishes Smelt, Rainbow Osmerus mordax Lake Utopia small-bodied population NB November 2008
Fishes (no symbol) Smelt, Rainbow Osmerus mordax Lake Utopia large-bodied population NB November 2008
Fishes (no symbol) Stickleback, Little Quarry Lake Benthic Threespine Gasterosteus aculeatus - BC November 2015
Fishes (no symbol) Stickleback, Little Quarry Lake Limnetic Threespine Gasterosteus aculeatus - BC November 2015
Fishes (no symbol) Sturgeon, Atlantic Acipenser oxyrinchus St. Lawrence populations QC Atlantic Ocean May 2011
Fishes (no symbol) Sturgeon, Atlantic Acipenser oxyrinchus Maritimes populations NB NS Atlantic Ocean May 2011
Fishes Sturgeon, Lake Acipenser fulvescens Great Lakes - Upper St. Lawrence populations ON QC November 2006
Fishes Sturgeon, White Acipenser transmontanus Lower Fraser River population BC November 2012
Fishes Sucker, Mountain Catostomus platyrhynchus Milk River populations AB SK November 2010
Fishes Sucker, Salish Catostomus sp. cf. catostomus - BC November 2012
Fishes (no symbol) Trout, Bull Salvelinus confluentus Saskatchewan - Nelson Rivers populations AB November 2012
Fishes Trout, Westslope Cutthroat Oncorhynchus clarkii lewisi Alberta population AB November 2006
Fishes Wolffish, Northern Anarhichas denticulatus - Arctic Ocean Atlantic Ocean November 2012
Fishes Wolffish, Spotted Anarhichas minor - Arctic Ocean Atlantic Ocean November 2012
Arthropods (no symbol) Bumble Bee occidentalis subspecies, Western Bombus occidentalis occidentalis - BC AB SK May 2014
Arthropods (no symbol) Flower Moth, Verna's Schinia verna - AB SK MB May 2005
Arthropods (no symbol) Grasshopper, Lake Huron Trimerotropis huroniana - ON November 2015
Arthropods Skipper vestris subspecies, Dun Euphyes vestris vestris - BC May 2013
Arthropods (no symbol) Sweat Bee, Sable Island Lasioglossum sablense - NS November 2014
Arthropods (no symbol) Tiger Beetle, Audouin’s Night-stalking Omus audouini - BC November 2013
Arthropods (no symbol) Tiger Beetle, Gibson's Big Sand Cicindela formosa gibsoni - AB SK November 2012
Arthropods (no symbol) Tiger Moth, Island Grammia complicata - BC May 2013
Molluscs Jumping-slug, Dromedary Hemphillia dromedarius - BC May 2014
Molluscs (no symbol) Mapleleaf Quadrula quadrula Great Lakes - Western St. Lawrence population ON April 2006
Molluscs (no symbol) Mud-piddock, Atlantic Barnea truncata - Atlantic Ocean November 2009
Molluscs Taildropper, Blue-grey Prophysaon coeruleum - BC April 2016
Molluscs (no symbol) Wartyback, Threehorn Obliquaria reflexa - ON May 2013
Vascular Plants (no symbol) Arnica, Griscom's Arnica griscomii ssp. griscomii - QC NL November 2014
Vascular Plants Ash, Blue Fraxinus quadrangulata - ON November 2014
Vascular Plants Aster, Anticosti Symphyotrichum anticostense - QC NB May 2000
Vascular Plants Aster, Gulf of St. Lawrence Symphyotrichum laurentianum - QC NB PE May 2004
Vascular Plants Aster, Western Silvery Symphyotrichum sericeum - MB ON May 2000
Vascular Plants Aster, White Wood Eurybia divaricata - ON QC November 2002
Vascular Plants Aster, Willowleaf Symphyotrichum praealtum - ON May 2003
Vascular Plants (no symbol) Baccharis, Eastern Baccharis halimifolia - NS November 2011
Vascular Plants Bartonia, Branched Bartonia paniculata ssp. paniculata - ON November 2003
Vascular Plants Blazing Star, Dense Liatris spicata - ON April 2010
Vascular Plants Coffee-tree, Kentucky Gymnocladus dioicus - ON November 2000
Vascular Plants Cryptantha, Tiny Cryptantha minima - AB SK May 2012
Vascular Plants (no symbol) Daisy, Lakeside Tetraneuris herbacea - ON May 2002
Vascular Plants Deerberry Vaccinium stamineum - ON November 2000
Vascular Plants (no symbol) Desert-parsley, Gray's Lomatium grayi - BC November 2008
Vascular Plants (no symbol) Fern, Lemmon's Holly Polystichum lemmonii - BC May 2003
Vascular Plants (no symbol) Fern, Mountain Holly Polystichum scopulinum - BC QC NL May 2005
Vascular Plants Gentian, Victorin's Gentianopsis virgata ssp. victorinii - QC May 2004
Vascular Plants Goldenrod, Showy Solidago speciosa Boreal population ON November 2010
Vascular Plants Goldenseal Hydrastis canadensis - ON May 2000
Vascular Plants Goosefoot, Smooth Chenopodium subglabrum - AB SK MB April 2006
Vascular Plants Greenbrier, Round-leaved Smilax rotundifolia Great Lakes Plains population ON November 2007
Vascular Plants Hackberry, Dwarf Celtis tenuifolia - ON November 2003
Vascular Plants Hyacinth, Wild Camassia scilloides - ON May 2002
Vascular Plants Jacob's-ladder, Van Brunt's Polemonium vanbruntiae - QC November 2002
Vascular Plants Lady's-slipper, Small White Cypripedium candidum - MB ON November 2014
Vascular Plants Locoweed, Hare-footed Oxytropis lagopus - AB May 2014
Vascular Plants Meadowfoam, Macoun's Limnanthes macounii - BC November 2004
Vascular Plants Mosquito-fern, Mexican Azolla mexicana - BC November 2008
Vascular Plants Mouse-ear-cress, Slender Halimolobos virgata - AB SK May 2000
Vascular Plants (no symbol) Paintbrush, Cliff Castilleja rupicola - BC May 2005
Vascular Plants (no symbol) Pea, Silky Beach Lathyrus littoralis - BC May 2013
Vascular Plants Pepperbush, Sweet Clethra alnifolia - NS May 2014
Vascular Plants (no symbol) Phlox, Showy Phlox speciosa ssp. occidentalis - BC November 2004
Vascular Plants (no symbol) Popcornflower, Slender Plagiobothrys tenellus - BC November 2008
Vascular Plants Quillwort, Bolander's Isoetes bolanderi - AB April 2006
Vascular Plants Rue-anemone, False Enemion biternatum - ON May 2005
Vascular Plants Sanicle, Bear's-foot Sanicula arctopoides - BC November 2015
Vascular Plants (no symbol) Sanicle, Purple Sanicula bipinnatifida - BC May 2001
Vascular Plants Soapweed Yucca glauca - AB SK May 2013
Vascular Plants Spiderwort, Western Tradescantia occidentalis - AB SK MB November 2002
Vascular Plants (no symbol) Thistle, Hill's Cirsium hillii - ON November 2004
Vascular Plants Toothcup Rotala ramosior Great Lakes Plains population ON November 2014
Vascular Plants Twayblade, Purple Liparis liliifolia - ON QC November 2010
Vascular Plants Water-willow, American Justicia americana - ON QC May 2000
Vascular Plants (no symbol) Willow, Green-scaled Salix chlorolepis - QC April 2006
Vascular Plants Woodsia, Blunt-lobed Woodsia obtusa - ON QC April 2007
Mosses (no symbol) Bryum, Porsild's Haplodontium macrocarpum - NU BC AB NL November 2003
Mosses (no symbol) Moss, Alkaline Wing-nerved Pterygoneurum kozlovii - BC SK November 2004
Mosses Moss, Haller's Apple Bartramia halleriana - BC AB November 2011
Lichens (no symbol) Lichen, Black-foam Anzia colpodes - ON QC NB NS May 2015
Lichens (no symbol) Lichen, Crumpled Tarpaper Collema coniophilum - BC November 2010
Lichens Lichen, Seaside Bone Hypogymnia heterophylla - BC April 2008
Lichens (no symbol) Lichen, Wrinkled Shingle Pannaria lurida - NB PE NS NL April 2016
Lichens (no symbol) Waterfan, Eastern Peltigera hydrothyria - QC NB NS November 2013
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