Aluminium and your health

Learn about aluminium, its health risks and how to reduce your exposure

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About aluminium

Aluminium occurs both naturally and in synthetic form. It can enter the environment through various processes, including:

Aluminium is also found in various products available to consumers, such as:

Aluminium occurs naturally in foods and is permitted as an additive to food and food packaging.

Safety of aluminium

Under Canada’s Chemicals Management Plan, we review and manage the potential risks that chemical substances can pose to people in Canada and the environment. The first stage of the review process is a draft chemical risk assessment.

We have completed the draft assessment for 55 aluminium-containing substances. We are proposing that the following may pose a risk to human health:

These 2 substances are common ingredients in some antiperspirant and deodorant products. Repeated inhalation of these substances from using aerosol antiperspirants and foot deodorant sprays may lead to lung effects that are harmful to our health.

This is not a concern for non-aerosol antiperspirants and deodorants, which are applied to the skin.

We’re also proposing that:

What we’re doing to reduce your exposure

Our assessment is not yet final. We are continuing to evaluate the potential risks posed by the 55 aluminium-containing substances before we publish our conclusion. This includes:

Currently, there are restrictions on aluminum chlorohydrate and aluminum hydroxychloride used in deodorants and antiperspirants:

If the final assessment confirms these proposed findings, we will consider:

What you can do to reduce your exposure

You can take steps to reduce your exposure to harmful chemicals.

If you’re exposed to aluminum chlorohydrate or aluminum hydroxychloride at work, talk to your employer and occupational health and safety (OHS) official about:

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