Climate Change and Health: Adaptation Bulletin
North American Working Group on Climate Change and Human Health
In 2011, Health Canada, the Public Health Agency of Canada and the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention entered into an agreement to establish a North American Climate Change and Human Health (NACCHH) Working Group. The Federal Commission for the Protection Against Sanitary Risk in Mexico has recently become a member. The goal of the working group is to foster international relationships and increase adaptive capacity in the area of climate change and health. Four themes have been identified to guide working group activities and include:
- Climate change and infectious diseases
- Cross-border collaboration on adaptation
- Addressing climate change health impacts in the North
- Disseminating climate change and health information
The working group leverages expertise and skills through collaborative efforts from participating organizations that are described below.
Federal Climate Change Adaptation Initiatives in Canada
Health Canada is increasing knowledge about how a changing climate can affect human health and is providing tools to support adaptation. It is working to improve heat resiliency across Canada by disseminating resources to public health and emergency management decision makers to help in recognizing, preparing for, and adapting to extreme heat events. (Climate Change and Health)
A Climate Change and Health Adaptation Program for Northern First Nations and Inuit Communities supports community-based adaptation strategies. The program has supported over 50 community-driven research projects since 2008 throughout Canada's North. ( Climate Telling)
The Public Health Agency of Canada undertakes activities to address climate change and infectious diseases in Canada through the Preventative Public Health Systems and Adaptation to Climate Change Program. The program focuses on understanding the impacts of climate variability and climate change on infectious diseases through targeted research and risk assessment. It also facilitates the development, validation and refinement of practical adaptation strategies and tools related to climate change and infectious diseases. ( Preventative Public Health Systems and Adaptation to a Changing Climate Program)
Climate Change and Health Adaptation Action in the United States
United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
The US CDC's Climate Change Program leads efforts to prevent and adapt to the anticipated health impacts associated with climate change. The program seeks to identify populations most vulnerable to these impacts, anticipate future trends, and support systems that detect and respond to emerging health threats.
The Climate-Ready States and Cities Initiative is aimed at increasing the capacity of state and local health agencies to address climate change and health risks. Through the program, sixteen state and two city health departments are addressing priority health effects of climate change.
Description - Figure 1
Map of the United States showing the 16 states and the 2 local health agencies funded under the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Climate-Ready States & Cities Initiative for addressing priority health effects of climate change. The US CDC helps States and cities partner with local and national climate scientists to understand the potential impacts of climate change in their respective jurisdictions. The US CDC assists in the development and use of models to predict climate change and health impacts, to monitor health effects and to identify areas that are most vulnerable.
Health Departments funded under the Climate-Ready States & Cities Initiative include: Arizona Department of Health Services, California Department of Health, Florida Department of Health, Illinois Department of Public Health, Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Massachusetts Department of Health, Michigan Department of Community Health, Minnesota Department of Health, New Hampshire Department of Health and Human Services, New York State Department of Health, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, North Carolina Department of Public Health, Oregon Department of Health, Rhode Island Department of Health, San Francisco Department of Public Health, State of Maine Department of Health and Human Services, Vermont Department of Health and the Wisconsin Department of Health Services
Description - Figure 1
The US CDC has also developed the 'Building Resilience Against Climate Effects' (BRACE) Framework to help jurisdictions develop strategies and programs on climate change. Five steps are included in the framework to assist jurisdictions assess current and future vulnerabilities, identify effective strategies, develop an adaptation plan and evaluate efforts. Information on other climate change and health initiatives underway at the US CDC is available at:
Climate Change and Health Adaptation Action in Mexico
The Federal Commission for the Protection Against Sanitary Risk (COFEPRIS) is a decentralized organization within the Ministry of Health in Mexico. The mission of COFEPRIS is to protect the population against sanitary risks which include environmental hazards caused by a changing climate.
The Ministry of Health protects vulnerable populations from the impacts of climate change and has undertaken adaptation actions such as:
- Development of early warning system for specific diseases related to climate change
- Conducted a strategic evaluation of health sector infrastructure with a focus on vulnerability
- Updated the health sector regulatory framework relative to the health risks associated with climate change, among others
Many initiatives are underway to address climate change and health in Mexico that align with the General Law on Climate Change (GCCL) objectives. The GCCL defines the obligations of the state authorities and different levels of government and determines the scope and content of the national policy on climate change.
The GCCL launched the development of the National Strategy on Climate Change and the formulation of a Special Climate Change Program.
Highlights of NACCHH Activities
Extreme Heat and Health Webinar
The North American Climate Change and Human Health Working Group hosted a webinar on October 30th, 2013 entitled "Adapting to climate change: Actions to reduce heat-health risks in Canada and the United States".
Public health officials provided information on heat-health programs currently being implemented in the USA and Canada and activities undertaken before, during and after the heat season to reduce heat-health risks. Dr. Kristie Ebi also gave a presentation on adaptation to extreme heat in a changing climate. Over 120 people from the USA, Mexico and Canada participated in the webinar.
For further information or to obtain a recording of the Extreme Heat and Health Webinar, please contact: Climatinfo@hc-sc.gc.ca
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